The scientist’s understanding begins from the outside and attempts to work in—from the bottom up. He begins with subjective empiricism and attempts to deduce an objective model.

The wisdom of Torah begins from the inside and works its way out—from the top down. It begins with a contemplation of the inner teachings of Torah, the Creator’s own objective model, and leads to perception of those truths within this world.

Ultimately, what we want is the empirical view—to see the divine from within our world on its own terms with our five senses. It’s only that the view from above must come first to guide us.

Likutei Sichot, vol. 15, Noach 2.