1

Terumah may be used for eating, drinking, and smearing upon oneself, for smearing upon oneself is equivalent to drinking, as [indicated by Psalms 109:18]: "It has entered his innards like water and like oil into his bones." And drinking is like eating.1

[One should] eat a substance fit to be eaten, drink a substance fit to be drunk, and smear a substance fit to be smeared. One should not smear wine and vinegar.2 One may, however, smear oneself with pure oil3 and may kindle impure oil. It is referred to as oil [fit for] burning universally.

א

הַתְּרוּמָה נִתֶּנֶת לַאֲכִילָה וְלִשְׁתִיָּה וּלְסִיכָה שֶׁהַסִּיכָה הִיא כִּשְׁתִיָּה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהילים קט יח) "וַתָּבֹא כַמַּיִם בְּקִרְבּוֹ וְכַשֶּׁמֶן בְּעַצְמוֹתָיו". וְהַשְּׁתִיָּה בִּכְלַל אֲכִילָה. לֶאֱכל דָּבָר שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לֶאֱכל. וְלִשְׁתּוֹת דָּבָר שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לִשְׁתּוֹת. וְלָסוּךְ דָּבָר שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לָסוּךְ. לֹא יָסוּךְ יַיִן וְחֹמֶץ. אֲבָל סָךְ הוּא אֶת הַשֶּׁמֶן הַטָּהוֹר וּמַדְלִיק אֶת הַטָּמֵא וְזֶהוּ הַנִּקְרָא שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה בְּכָל מָקוֹם:

2

It is permitted to compress dates that are terumah and collect them as a cake of dried dates.4 It is, however, forbidden to make them into beer.5 [For the same reason,] we do not make dates into honey, nor apples, wine, nor fall produce into vinegar.6 Similarly, with regard to other produce, we do not change them from their natural state if they are terumah; the only exceptions are olives and grapes.7

If one transgressed and made food into a beverage, one should drink it.8 When a non-priest partakes of date-honey, apple-wine, or the like that is terumah inadvertently, he is not liable to make restitution.9 If he partook [of such products] intentionally, he should be given stripes for rebellious conduct.10

ב

תְּמָרִים שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה מֻתָּר לְחָבְצָן וּלְקַבְּצָן כְּעִגּוּל הַדְּבֵלָה. וְאָסוּר לַעֲשׂוֹת מֵהֶם שֵׁכָר. וְכֵן אֵין עוֹשִׂין תְּמָרִים דְּבַשׁ וְלֹא תַּפּוּחִים יַיִן וְלֹא פֵּרוֹת הַסְּתָו חֹמֶץ. וְכֵן שְׁאָר כָּל הַפֵּרוֹת אֵין מְשַׁנִּין אוֹתָן מִבְּרִיָּתָן בִּתְרוּמָה חוּץ מִזֵּיתִים וַעֲנָבִים בִּלְבַד. עָבַר וְעָשָׂה הָאוֹכֵל מַשְׁקֶה הֲרֵי זֶה שׁוֹתֵהוּ. וְזָר שֶׁאָכַל דְּבַשׁ תְּמָרִים וְיֵין תַּפּוּחִים וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶן בִּשְׁגָגָה אֵינוֹ חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם. וְאִם אָכַל בְּמֵזִיד מַכִּין אוֹתוֹ מַכַּת מַרְדּוּת:

3

We may not place dried dates and dried figs [that are terumah] into brine.11 One may, however, place wine in brine.12 We do not place fragrant herbs in oil, because doing so removes it from the category of food and makes it oil for smearing. One may mix wine, honey, pepper, and the like, in order to partake of them.13

ג

אֵין נוֹתְנִין דְּבֵלָה וּגְרוֹגָרוֹת לְתוֹךְ הַמֻּרְיָס מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מְאַבְּדָן. אֲבָל נוֹתְנִין אֶת הַיַּיִן לְתוֹךְ הַמֻּרְיָס. וְאֵין מְפַטְּמִין אֶת הַשֶּׁמֶן מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מוֹצִיאוֹ מִכְּלַל מַאֲכָלוֹת וְעוֹשֵׂהוּ שֶׁמֶן מִשְׁחָה. אֲבָל מְעָרְבִין יַיִן וּדְבַשׁ וּפִלְפְּלִין וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּאֵלּוּ לְאָכְלָן:

4

We do not boil wine that is terumah, because this reduces its quantity.14 We do not pickle onions that are terumah in vinegar that is terumah, because this spoils the vinegar.

We do not mix grain with legumes.15 All substances that become distinct from each other when they are sorted through a sieve may be mixed together. When the land of Judah was laid waste,16 [the people] began mixing one type of grain with another17 and one type of legumes with another. They did not, however, [mix] grain with legumes.

ד

אֵין מְבַשְּׁלִין יַיִן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מְמַעֲטוֹ. אֵין כּוֹבְשִׁין בְּצָלִים שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה בְּחֹמֶץ שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמַּפְסִיד הַחֹמֶץ. אֵין מְעָרְבִין תְּבוּאָה בְּקִטְנִיּוֹת. וְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁיִּתְפָּרֵשׁ זֶה מִזֶּה כְּשֶׁכּוֹבְרִין אוֹתוֹ מְעָרְבִין. וּמִשֶּׁחָרְבָה יְהוּדָה הִתְחִילוּ לְעָרֵב תְּבוּאָה בִּתְבוּאָה וְקִטְנִית בְּקִטְנִית אֲבָל לֹא תְּבוּאָה בְּקִטְנִית:

5

In the same way as ordinary flour is sifted, so too, a priest [sifts flour] that is terumah. He sifts [what is fit] to eat and discards the bran.18 If he desires to make fine flour, he should sift it many times until he produces a kab or two kabbim from a se'ah.19 He should not discard the remainder, because it is fit to be eaten.20 Instead, he should place it in a private place.21

ה

כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁמְּרַקְּדִין אֶת הַקֶּמַח בְּחֻלִּין כָּךְ נוֹהֵג הַכֹּהֵן בִּתְרוּמָה. מְרַקֵּד לֶאֱכל וּמַשְׁלִיךְ אֶת הַמֻּרְסָן. הֲרֵי שֶׁרָצָה לַעֲשׂוֹת סלֶת מְנֻפֶּה בְּנָפָיוֹת הַרְבֵּה עַד שֶׁיּוֹצִיא קַב אוֹ קַבַּיִם מִן הַסְּאָה לֹא יַשְׁלִיךְ אֶת הַשְּׁאָר מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי לַאֲכִילָה אֶלָּא יַנִּיחֵהוּ בְּמָקוֹם מֻצְנָע:

6

Oil that is terumah should not be used to seal an oven or a range,22 nor should it be smeared on a shoe or sandal.23 Nor should one smear it on his foot while [the foot] is in a shoe or sandal.24 He may, however, smear [oil that is terumah] on his foot and put on a shoe or smear his entire body and then roll on a new leather mat. Even though they will be smeared, he need not show concern.25 He should not, however, place oil on a marble tablet to roll upon because he causes it to be ruined.26

ו

שֶׁמֶן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה אֵין חוֹסְמִין בּוֹ תַּנּוּר וְכִירַיִם. וְאֵין סָכִין בּוֹ מִנְעָל וְסַנְדָּל. וְלֹא יָסוּךְ רַגְלוֹ וְהוּא בְּתוֹךְ מִנְעָל וְסַנְדָּל אֲבָל סָךְ אֶת רַגְלוֹ וְלוֹבֵשׁ הַמִּנְעָל אוֹ הַסַּנְדָּל וְסָךְ כָּל גּוּפוֹ וּמִתְעַגֵּל עַל גַּבֵּי קַטוֹבְלִיָּא חֲדָשָׁה וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהֵן נִסּוֹכִין אֵינוֹ חוֹשֵׁשׁ. אֲבָל לֹא יִתֵּן שֶׁמֶן עַל גַּבֵּי טַבְלָא שֶׁל שַׁיִשׁ לְהִתְעַגֵּל עָלֶיהָ מִפְּנֵי שֶׁמְּאַבְּדוֹ:

7

Whenever anyone partakes of terumah - even fruit27 - he must wash his hands [before doing so. This applies] even if his hands are pure, as will be explained in the appropriate place.28 It may not be eaten on a table at which a non-priest [is dining; this is] a decree lest he partake of it. Terumah from the Diaspora29 may be eaten on a table at which a non-priest [is dining] and, like ordinary food, does not require that one wash his hands before partaking of it.

We do not smear oil that is terumah with soiled30 hands.31 If, however, [such oil] fell on his flesh, he can rub it with soiled hands.32 One may apply oil that is terumah to an infant during the seven days after he was born [even though he is uncircumcised].33 For a newborn is not considered as uncircumcised for the first seven days [of his life].34

ז

כָּל הָאוֹכֵל תְּרוּמָה אֲפִלּוּ פֵּרוֹת צָרִיךְ נְטִילַת יָדַיִם אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהָיוּ יָדָיו טְהוֹרוֹת כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בִּמְקוֹמוֹ. וְאֵינָהּ נֶאֱכֶלֶת עִם הַזָּר עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן גְּזֵרָה שֶׁמָּא יֹאכַל מִמֶּנָּה. וּתְרוּמַת חוּצָה לָאָרֶץ נֶאֱכֶלֶת עִם הַזָּר עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן וְאֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה נְטִילַת יָדַיִם כְּחֻלִּין. וְאֵין סָכִין תְּרוּמָה בְּיָדַיִם מְסֹאָבוֹת. נָפַל עַל בְּשָׂרוֹ מְשַׁפְשְׁפוֹ בְּיָדַיִם מְסֹאָבוֹת. אֲבָל סָכִין אֶת הַקָּטָן בְּשֶׁמֶן תְּרוּמָה בְּתוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה. שֶׁהַנּוֹלָד כָּל שִׁבְעָה אֵינוֹ חָשׁוּב עָרֵל:

8

A priest may smear oil that is terumah on himself and then bring his daughter's son who is an Israelites and roll him on his back.35 If he smears oil [that is terumah] on his body and enters a bathhouse, a non-priest may massage him36 in the bathhouse even though [the oil] will be applied to him.

ח

סָךְ הוּא הַכֹּהֵן עַצְמוֹ בְּשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה וּמֵבִיא בֶּן בִּתּוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמַעֲגִילוֹ עַל גַּבָּיו. וְאִם סָךְ עַצְמוֹ בְּשֶׁמֶן וְנִכְנָס לַמֶּרְחָץ מֻתָּר לְזָר לְמָשְׁחוֹ בַּמֶּרְחָץ אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא נִסּוֹךְ מִמֶּנּוּ:

9

When the daughter of a priest applied chilbah37 which is terumah to her hair, an Israelite woman is not permitted to apply [the remaining chilbah] to [her hair]. She may, however, rub her hair together with the hair [of the daughter of the priest].38

Why were priests given permission to apply chilbah which is terumah to their hair?39 Because it is not fit for human consumption [as food].40

ט

כֹּהֶנֶת שֶׁחָפְפָה רֹאשָׁהּ בְּתִלְתָּן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה אֵין הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִית מֻתֶּרֶת לָחֹף אַחֲרֶיהָ. אֲבָל מְעַגֶּלֶת שְׂעָרָהּ בִּשְׂעָרָהּ. וּמִפְּנֵי מָה הֻתְּרוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים לָחֹף שְׂעָרָן בְּתִלְתָּן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינוֹ רָאוּי לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם:

10

The stems of figs, dried figs, wild figs, carobs, the insides of melons,41 the peels of melons, esrogim, and cucumbers even if they do not contain any food, and the extremities of the vegetables that are discarded by homeowners [when preparing vegetables],42 are forbidden to non-priests.43 The extremities of the vegetables that are cut off by gardeners, by contrast, are permitted to non-priests.44

The casings of beans and sesame seeds are forbidden if they contain food. If they do not contain food, they are permitted.

י

עֻקְצֵי תְּאֵנִים וּגְרוֹגָרוֹת וְהַכְּלִיסִים וְהֶחָרוּבִין וּמֵעֵי אֲבַטִּיחַ וּקְלִפֵּי אֲבַטִּיחַ וְאֶתְרוֹג וּמְלָפְפוֹן אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶן אֹכֶל וּקְנִיבַת יָרָק שֶׁמַּשְׁלִיכִין בַּעֲלֵי בָּתִּים הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִים לְזָרִים. אֲבָל קְנִיבַת יָרָק שֶׁמְּקַנְּבִים הַגַּנָּנִין מֻתֶּרֶת לְזָרִים. קְלִפֵּי פּוֹלִין וְשֻׁמְשְׁמִין אִם יֵשׁ בָּהֶן אֹכֶל אֲסוּרִין. אֵין בָּהֶן אֹכֶל מֻתָּרִין:

11

The seeds of esrogim are permitted to be eaten.45 The seeds of olives, dates, and carobs, [by contrast,] even though they were not collected by a priest, are forbidden to a non-priest.46 With regard to other seeds, [the rule is]: If they were collected and have moisture, so that they can be sucked, they are forbidden to a non-priest. If they were discarded, they are permitted.47

יא

גַּרְעִינֵי אֶתְרוֹג מֻתָּרִים. גַּרְעִינֵי זֵיתִים וּתְמָרִים וְחָרוּבִין אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא כְּנָסָן הַכֹּהֵן הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִין לְזָרִים. וּשְׁאָר הַגַּרְעִינִין בִּזְמַן שֶׁכְּנָסָן וְיֵשׁ בָּהֶן לַחְלוּחִית לִמְצֹץ אוֹתָן אֲסוּרִין לְזָר וְאִם הִשְׁלִיכָן מֻתָּרוֹת:

12

Bran from wheat: Fresh bran is forbidden, for it is fit to be eaten by humans. Aged bran is permitted.48 Until when is the bran considered fresh? For the entire time that people are accustomed to beat the grain at the granaries.

יב

הַסֻּבִּין שֶׁל חִטִּים חֲדָשׁוֹת אֲסוּרִין מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם. וְשֶׁל יְשָׁנוֹת מֻתָּר. וְעַד מָתַי נִקְרְאוּ חֲדָשׁוֹת כָּל זְמַן שֶׁבְּנֵי אָדָם רְגִילִין לַחְבֹּט בֵּין הַגֳּרָנוֹת:

13

Lower quality and slight rotten kernels of grain that are terumah are forbidden.49 If they already produce dust,50 they are permitted. When one pours water over dregs [of grapes] that are terumah, the first and second batches are forbidden to non-priests, but the third is permitted.51 If one does not pour water over them, but instead, strains off the wine from the seeds, even the third straining is forbidden to non-priests.

יג

הַנְּצוֹלוֹת וְהָרַקְבָנִיּוֹת שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה אֲסוּרוֹת וְאִם הֶעֱלוּ אָבָק מֻתָּרוֹת. שְׁמָרִים שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה שֶׁנָּתַן עֲלֵיהֶם מַיִם הָרִאשׁוֹן וְהַשֵּׁנִי אָסוּר לְזָרִים וְהַשְּׁלִישִׁי מֻתָּר וְאִם לֹא נָתַן עֲלֵיהֶם מַיִם אֶלָּא מְסַנֵּן הַיַּיִן מֵעַל הַשְּׁמָרִים בִּלְבַד אַף הַשְּׁלִישִׁי אָסוּר לְזָרִים:

14

When one has cleared the kernels of wheat that are terumah from a grainheap, we do not require the owner to sit and collect the [leftover] kernels one by one and [only after collecting them] bring ordinary grain there. Instead, he may sweep the area in the ordinary manner, and then bring ordinary grain there.52 Similarly, when a jug of oil that is terumah spills, we don't require [the owner] to sponge it up until [the earth] is dry.53 Instead, he may conduct himself as he does with ordinary [oil].54

יד

מְגוּרָה שֶׁפִּנָּה מִמֶּנָּה חִטֵּי תְּרוּמָה אֵין מְחַיְּבִין אוֹתוֹ לִהְיוֹת יוֹשֵׁב וּמְלַקֵּט אַחַת אַחַת וְאַחַר כָּךְ יִתֵּן לְתוֹכָהּ חֻלִּין אֶלָּא מְכַבֵּד כְּדַרְכּוֹ וְנוֹתֵן לְתוֹכָהּ חֻלִּין. וְכֵן חָבִית שֶׁל שֶׁמֶן תְּרוּמָה שֶׁנִּשְׁפְּכָה אֵין מְחַיְּבִין אוֹתוֹ לִהְיוֹת יוֹשֵׁב וּמְטַפֵּחַ אֶלָּא נוֹהֵג בָּהּ כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁנּוֹהֵג בְּחֻלִּין:

15

When a person pours out oil that is terumah from a jug, he should continue pour until the stream [of oil] ceases and the oil begins to drip, little by little. Once three drops have dropped one after the other, it is sufficient. It is permitted to place ordinary oil in that jug.55 If, however, he did not place ordinary oil and leaned the jug on its side until the remnants [of the oil] collected together, those remnants are terumah.56

טו

הַמְעָרֶה כַּד שֶׁל שֶׁמֶן תְּרוּמָה הֲרֵי זֶה מְעָרֶה עַד שֶׁיִּפְסֹק הָעַמּוּד וְיַתְחִיל הַשֶּׁמֶן לִנְטֹף מְעַט מְעַט וְכֵיוָן שֶׁנָּטְפוּ שָׁלֹשׁ טִפִּים זוֹ אַחַר זוֹ דַּיּוֹ. וּמֻתָּר לִתֵּן בְּכַד שֶׁמֶן חֻלִּין. הֲרֵי שֶׁלֹּא נָתַן אֶלָּא הִנִּיחַ הַכַּד עַד שֶׁנִּתְמַצֵּית אוֹתָהּ הַתַּמְצִית תְּרוּמָה:

16

A priest may fill a lamp with oil fit to be burnt57 and give it to an Israelite to ascend to a loft and enter a room to perform tasks on behalf of a priest,58 but not for the sake of an Israelite. If they were partners, it is permitted.

טז

מְמַלֵּא הַכֹּהֵן נֵר שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה וְנוֹתְנוֹ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל לַעֲלוֹת בּוֹ לַעֲלִיָּה וּלְהִכָּנֵס לַחֶדֶר לַעֲשׂוֹת צָרְכֵי הַכֹּהֵן אֲבָל לֹא צָרְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל. וְאִם הָיָה שֻׁתָּף עִמּוֹ מֻתָּר:

17

When an Israelite was a guest at a priest's [home]59 and the priest kindled oil fit to be burnt for him and then departed, he is not required to extinguish [the lamp] until it burns out on its own.60 An Israelite may dip a wick in the lamp of a priest61 and kindle it so that he may proceed [using] it.62

יז

יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁהָיָה אוֹרֵחַ אֵצֶל כֹּהֵן וְהִדְלִיק לוֹ שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה וְעָמַד הַכֹּהֵן וְהָלַךְ לוֹ אֵינוֹ חַיָּב לְכַבּוֹתוֹ עַד שֶׁכָּבֶה מֵאֵלָיו וְטוֹבֵל הַיִּשְׂרָאֵל פְּתִילָה בְּנֵר הַכֹּהֵן וּמַדְלִיק לֵילֵךְ בָּהּ:

18

When livestock belonging to a priest was standing next to livestock belonging to an Israelite or when garments belonging to a priest were being woven next to garments belonging to an Israelite, oil that is fit for burning may be kindled because of them without the permission of the priest.63

Similarly, we can light oil that is fit to be burnt in synagogues, houses of study, and dark alleyways without the permission of a priest.64 And a person who does not have ordinary oil to kindle a Chanukah lamp may kindle oil that is fit to be burnt without permission of a priest.65 We may kindle oil that is fit to be burnt above the sick with the permission of a priest.66

יח

בְּקָרוֹ שֶׁל כֹּהֵן שֶׁהָיָה עוֹמֵד אֵצֶל בְּקָרוֹ שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל. וְכֵלָיו שֶׁל כֹּהֵן שֶׁהָיָה נֶאֱרָג אֵצֶל כֵּלָיו שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל. הֲרֵי זֶה מַדְלִיק עֲלֵיהֶן שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה שֶׁלֹּא בִּרְשׁוּת הַכֹּהֵן. וְכֵן מַדְלִיקִין שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה בְּבָתֵּי כְּנֵסִיּוֹת וּבְבָתֵּי מִדְרָשׁוֹת וּבַמְּבוֹאוֹת הָאֲפֵלִים שֶׁלֹּא בִּרְשׁוּת כֹּהֵן. וּמִי שֶׁאֵין לוֹ חֻלִּין לְהַדְלִיק נֵר חֲנֻכָּה מַדְלִיק שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה שֶׁלֹּא בִּרְשׁוּת הַכֹּהֵן. מַדְלִיקִין שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה עַל גַּבֵּי הַחֻלִּין בִּרְשׁוּת כֹּהֵן:

19

When a daughter of an Israelite who is married to a priest frequently visits her father, he may light [such oil] with her permission.67 It is permitted for a priest to kindle oil fit to be burnt in a house of mourning or at a wedding celebration68 even though a multitude of people are present. We do not suspect that the people will partake of it. At a wedding celebration, [this will not take place] because they will not touch it because of their garments are clean,69 and in a house of mourning, the people will not feel free to do so because of their mourning.70

יט

בַּת יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁנִּשֵּׂאת לְכֹהֵן וְהִיא לְמוּדָה אֵצֶל אָבִיהָ מַדְלִיק בִּרְשׁוּתָהּ. מֻתָּר לְכֹהֵן לְהַדְלִיק שֶׁמֶן שְׂרֵפָה אֲפִלּוּ בְּבֵית הָאָבֵל אוֹ בְּבֵית הַמִּשְׁתֶּה שֶׁיֵּשׁ שָׁם עִרְבּוּב. וְאֵין חוֹשְׁשִׁין שֶׁמָּא יְסֻפְּקוּ מִמֶּנָּה בְּבֵית הַמִּשְׁתֶּה שֶׁמִּפְּנֵי נִקְיוֹן כְּלֵיהֶם אֵין נוֹגְעִין בּוֹ. וּבְבֵית הָאָבֵל מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין לָהֶם פְּנַאי מִפְּנֵי הָאָבֵל:

20

When a person sows terumah unknowingly, he should turn it over.71 If he did so intentionally, he must maintain [the crop].72 Once it reaches a third of its growth, whether he sowed it intentionally or unknowingly, he must maintain [the crop].73 If it was flax, even if it reached a third of its growth and even if he sowed it intentionally, he must turn it over.74 This is a penalty so that he should not sow it with the intention of benefiting from its fibers.75

כ

הַזּוֹרֵעַ אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה בְּשׁוֹגֵג יְהַפֵּךְ בְּמֵזִיד יְקַיֵּם. הֵבִיאָה שְׁלִישׁ בֵּין בְּמֵזִיד בֵּין בְּשׁוֹגֵג יְקַיֵּם. וְאִם הָיָה פִּשְׁתָּן אֲפִלּוּ הֵבִיאָה שְׁלִישׁ וַאֲפִלּוּ בְּמֵזִיד יְהַפֵּךְ. קְנָס קָנְסוּ בּוֹ שֶׁלֹּא יִזְרַע וְיִתְכַּוֵּן לֵהָנוֹת בְּעֵצָיו:

21

Produce that grows from terumah is considered as ordinary produce with regard to all matters76 except that it is forbidden to non-priests.77 Our Sages decreed that it be forbidden to non-priests like terumah [as a safeguard], lest a priest maintain possession of impure terumah with the intent of sowing it and producing [a crop of] ordinary produce and this lead to undesirable consequences. Therefore, it is permitted to eat the products [of such plantings] with impure hands78 and a person who has immersed himself that day79 may partake of them like ordinary produce.

כא

גִּדּוּלֵי תְּרוּמָה הֲרֵי הֵן כְּחֻלִּין לְכָל דָּבָר אֶלָּא שֶׁאֲסוּרִים לְזָרִים. גָּזְרוּ חֲכָמִים עֲלֵיהֶן שֶׁיִּהְיוּ אֲסוּרִין לְזָרִים כִּתְרוּמָה מִשּׁוּם תְּרוּמָה טְמֵאָה שֶׁבְּיַד הַכֹּהֵן שֶׁלֹּא יַשְׁהֶנָּה אֶצְלוֹ כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּזְרָעֶנָּה וְתֵצֵא לְחֻלִּין וְנִמְצָא בָּא בָּהּ לִידֵי תַּקָּלָה. לְפִיכָךְ מֻתָּר לֶאֱכל הַגִּדּוּלִין בְּיָדַיִם טְמֵאוֹת וּמֻתָּר לִטְבוּל יוֹם כְּחֻלִּין:

22

Produce grown from produce grown [from terumah] are like ordinary produce with regard to all matters.80 [This applies] even to types of produce whose seeds do not decompose81 provided the new growth exceeds the root82 in the second generation of produce. [In such a situation,] the new growth elevates the root even if the seed does not decompose and the entire [plant] is permitted to be eaten by non-priests.83

The same applies with regard to [produce that grows from] terumah from the Diaspora,84 terumah mixed with ordinary produce,85 extra terumah,86 or seeds from garden vegetables that are not eaten themselves, e.g., turnips and radishes. Although the turnips and radishes themselves are terumah, [the produce] growing from their [seeds] is like ordinary produce with regard to all matters.87Similarly, when a person sows flaxseed that is terumah, the plants growing from it are permitted to non-priests.88

כב

גִּדּוּלֵי גִּדּוּלִין חֻלִּין לְכָל דָּבָר. וַאֲפִלּוּ דָּבָר שֶׁאֵין זַרְעוֹ כָּלֶה אִם רַבּוּ הַגִּדּוּלִין עַל הָעִקָּר בְּגִדּוּלֵי הַגִּדּוּלִין הֲרֵי הַגִּדּוּלִין הַשְּׁנִיִּים מַעֲלִין אֶת הָעִקָּר אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין זַרְעוֹ כָּלֶה וְיִהְיֶה הַכּל מֻתָּר לְזָרִים. וְכֵן תְּרוּמַת חוּצָה לָאָרֶץ וְהַמְדֻמָּע וְתוֹסֶפֶת תְּרוּמָה וְזֵרְעוֹנֵי גִּנָּה שֶׁאֵינָם נֶאֱכָלִים כְּגוֹן זֶרַע לֶפֶת וּצְנוֹן אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאוֹתוֹ לֶפֶת וּצְנוֹן תְּרוּמָה גִּדּוּלֵיהֶן מֻתָּרִין וַהֲרֵי הֵן חֻלִּין לְכָל דָּבָר. וְכֵן הַזּוֹרֵעַ פִּשְׁתָּן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה הַגִּדּוּלִין מֻתָּרִין לְזָרִים:

23

When a person sows terumah that is impure, even though the produce that grows is ritually pure, it is forbidden to partake of it.89 [The rationale is that] since the terumah that was sown was forbidden to be eaten, it was already cast off. [Hence, it remains forbidden].

כג

הַזּוֹרֵעַ תְּרוּמָה טְמֵאָה אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהַגִּדּוּלִים טְהוֹרִין הֲרֵי הֵן אֲסוּרִין בַּאֲכִילָה. הוֹאִיל וְהַתְּרוּמָה שֶׁנִּזְרְעָה אֲסוּרָה בַּאֲכִילָה הָיְתָה כְּבָר נִדְּחוּ:

24

If he cut off the leaves that grew and then another set of leaves grew and he cut them off, the produce that emerge afterwards is permitted to be eaten.90

כד

חָתַךְ אֶת הֶעָלִין שֶׁצָּמְחוּ וְיָצְאוּ עָלִין שְׁנִיִּין וַחֲתָכָן הֲרֵי אֹכֶל שֶׁיָּצָא אַחַר כָּךְ מֻתָּר בַּאֲכִילָה:

25

When plants of ordinary produce became impure and afterwards, they were sown and designated as terumah, they are permitted [to be eaten. The rationale is that] sowing them caused them to be considered pure and they did not become impure while they were terumah so that they would be forbidden.

כה

שְׁתִילֵי חֻלִּין שֶׁנִּטְמְאוּ וּזְרָעָן וַעֲשָׂאָן תְּרוּמָה הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מֻתָּרִין. שֶׁהֲרֵי טָהֲרוּ בִּזְרִיעָה וְלֹא נִטְמְאוּ כְּשֶׁהֵן תְּרוּמָה כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיוּ אֲסוּרִין:

26

When a stalk [of grain] was in the midst of a grain heap and one straightened the edges of the grain heap,91 this stalk is considered tevel, because it was in the grain heap when it was straightened. If [that stalk] was planted,92 and then it was singled out and designated as terumah, there is an unresolved question if it is terumah. Since it was planted, it is possible to say that it was released from the categorization as tevel93 and is considered as produce for which all the required work was not completed.

If, however, it was designated as terumah before it was planted, it is terumah.94 Therefore if one ripped off [a portion] of it and ate it willfully, he is liable for death [at the hand of heaven]. If he did so unknowingly, he must [make restitution and add] a fifth. If he bent over and ate from the ground with his mouth, his intent95 is of no consequence because of the approach of people at large [and] it is not the ordinary practice for people to eat in this manner. Therefore he is not liable for death, nor for the [additional] fifth if he acted unknowingly.

כו

שִׁבּלֶת שֶׁהָיְתָה בְּתוֹךְ הַכְּרִי וּמֵרַח הַכְּרִי כֻּלּוֹ הֲרֵי אוֹתָהּ הַשִּׁבּלֶת טֶבֶל. הוֹאִיל וְנִמְרְחָה בְּתוֹךְ הַכְּרִי. שְׁתָלָהּ וְאַחַר כָּךְ קָרָא עָלֶיהָ שֵׁם וַעֲשָׂאָהּ תְּרוּמָה הֲרֵי זוֹ סְפֵק תְּרוּמָה הוֹאִיל וּזְרָעָהּ. שֶׁמָּא פָּרַח הַטֶּבֶל מִמֶּנָּה וְנַעֲשֵׂית כְּפֵרוֹת שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא נִגְמְרוּ. אֲבָל אִם עֲשָׂאָהּ תְּרוּמָה קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּזְרָעֶנָּה הֲרֵי זוֹ תְּרוּמָה. לְפִיכָךְ אִם תָּלַשׁ מִמֶּנָּה וְאָכַל בְּמֵזִיד חַיָּב מִיתָה. בְּשׁוֹגֵג מְשַׁלֵּם אֶת הַחֹמֶשׁ. וְאִם גָּחַן וְאָכַל בְּפִיו מִן הָאָרֶץ בְּטֵלָה דַּעְתּוֹ אֵצֶל כָּל אָדָם. שֶׁאֵין דֶּרֶךְ בְּנֵי אָדָם בְּכָךְ. לְפִיכָךְ פָּטוּר מִן הַמִּיתָה וּמִן הַחֹמֶשׁ אִם הָיָה שׁוֹגֵג:

27

The obligations of leket, shichichah, pe'ah, terumah the tithes and the tithe given to the poor apply with regard to a field of produce that grew from terumah. Poor Israelites and poor priests come and take these presents. The poor priests eat those that they acquire. The poor Israelites sell theirs to the priests for the price of terumah.96 Similarly, a Levite must sell his tithes to a priest.97

כז

שָׂדֶה שֶׁל גִּדּוּלֵי תְּרוּמָה חַיֶּבֶת בְּלֶקֶט שִׁכְחָה וּפֵאָה וּבִתְרוּמָה וּמַעַשְׂרוֹת וּבְמַעֲשַׂר עָנִי. וַעֲנִיֵּי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַעֲנִיֵּי כֹּהֲנִים נוֹטְלִים מִמֶּנָּה מַתָּנוֹת אֵלּוּ. עֲנִיֵּי כֹּהֲנִים אוֹכְלִין אֶת שֶׁלָּהֶם וַעֲנִיֵּי יִשְׂרָאֵל מוֹכְרִין אֶת שֶׁלָּהֶם לַכֹּהֲנִים בִּדְמֵי תְּרוּמָה וְהַדָּמִים שֶׁל עֲנִיִּים. וְכֵן בֶּן לֵוִי מוֹכֵר הַמַּעֲשֵׂר שֶׁלּוֹ לַכֹּהֲנִים:

28

A person who crushes such produce is praiseworthy. When a person threshes it with an animal, what should he do?98 He should tie a bucket around the animals neck and place the type of grain it is threshing in it. Thus he will neither be muzzling the animal, nor feeding it terumah.

כח

הַחוֹבֵט גִּדּוּלִין אֵלּוּ מְשֻׁבָּח. וְהַדָּשׁ בִּבְהֵמָה כֵּיצַד יַעֲשֶׂה. תּוֹלֶה כְּפִיפוֹת בְּצַוְּארֵי בְּהֵמָה וְנוֹתֵן לְתוֹכָן מֵאוֹתוֹ הַמִּין. נִמְצָא לֹא זוֹמֵם אֶת הַבְּהֵמָה וְלֹא מַאֲכִיל אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה: