Lag BaOmer is a festive day on the Jewish calendar, celebrating the anniversary of the passing of the great sage and mystic Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, author of the Zohar. It also commemorates another event. In the weeks between Passover and Shavuot, a plague raged amongst the disciples of the great sage Rabbi Akiva. On Lag BaOmer the dying ceased. Here is how it is celebrated:

1. Light Bonfires

It is traditional to light bonfires on Lag BaOmer eve. These commemorate the immense light that Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai introduced into the world via his mystical teachings. This was especially true on the day of his passing, Lag BaOmer, when he revealed to his disciples secrets of the Torah whose profundity and intensity the world had yet to experience. The Zohar relates that the house was filled with fire and intense light, to the point that the assembled could not approach or even look at Rabbi Shimon.

Read: Why a Jew Must Be On Fire

Dancing in Meron on Lag BaOmer. (Photo: David Cohen/Flash 90)
Dancing in Meron on Lag BaOmer. (Photo: David Cohen/Flash 90)

2. Go to Meron

By far the largest Lag BaOmer celebration takes place in and around Rabbi Shimon’s tomb, located in the northern Israeli village of Meron. Hundreds of thousands attend the festivities, and the round-the-clock celebration, singing and dancing are unparalleled.

3. Shoot Bows and Arrows (Keep Safe)

Children customarily go out into the fields and play with imitation bows and arrows. This commemorates the midrashic tradition that no rainbow was seen during Rabbi Shimon’s lifetime. Rainbows first appeared after Noah’s flood, when G‑d promised to never again devastate the world. When people are deserving of punishment, G‑d sends a rainbow instead. Rabbi Shimon’s merit protected the world, rendering the rainbow superfluous.

4. Attend a Lag BaOmer Parade

The Lubavitcher Rebbe encouraged the practice of arranging children’s parades on Lag BaOmer in celebration of Jewish unity—a major Lag BaOmer theme.

5. The Miracle of Carobs

In some circles it is customary to eat carobs on Lag BaOmer. This commemorates a lifesaving miracle that Rabbi Shimon experienced. For a period of thirteen years, Rabbi Shimon and his son were fugitives from the Roman regime, in hiding in a cave in northern Israel. Miraculously, a carob tree grew at the entrance of the cave, providing nourishment for its two holy occupants.

Read: 13 Years in a Cave, Now What?

The Carob Tree of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai by Yehoshua Wiseman
The Carob Tree of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai by Yehoshua Wiseman

6. A Day of Joy

All the Omer mourning practices are suspended on Lag BaOmer. Permitted are weddings, haircuts,1 music, etc.

Photo: Chaim Perl Photography/
Photo: Chaim Perl Photography/

For an in-depth article on the history of Lag BaOmer, click here.

Take a Quiz to see if you’re a Lag BaOmer “maven.”