Chapter 5

1Now all the work that Solomon did for the House of the Lord was completed, and Solomon brought his father David's hallowed things, and the silver and the gold and all the vessels he deposited in the treasuries of the House of God.   אוַתִּשְׁלַם֙ כָּל־הַמְּלָאכָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֥ה שְׁלֹמֹ֖ה לְבֵ֣ית יְהֹוָ֑ה וַיָּבֵ֨א שְׁלֹמֹ֜ה אֶת־קָדְשֵׁ֣י| דָּוִ֣יד אָבִ֗יו וְאֶת־הַכֶּ֚סֶף וְאֶת־הַזָּהָב֙ וְאֶת־כָּל־הַכֵּלִ֔ים נָתַ֕ן בְּאֹֽצְר֖וֹת בֵּ֥ית הָֽאֱלֹהִֽים:
and Solomon brought his father David’s hallowed things: Whatever is mentioned in this verse-according to its simple meaning-refers to that which remained to him from the things that David hallowed, as is written above (I Chron. 18:11): “Those also King David dedicated to the Lord, [along] with the silver and the gold that he took from all the nations, etc.,” and that which he left over he deposited into the treasuries of the House of God. And [in] Midrash Aggadah (Pesikta Rabbathi 6:7), some sages say that [he did not use these articles for the building of the Temple] because he knew that it was destined to be destroyed, in order that the nations should not say, “Our deity is strong,” for it took revenge on this House, which was built from the loot and the spoils that David robbed from their heathen temples. Some say: So said Solomon, “There was a famine during the days of David my father for three consecutive years, year after year, and he should have given away these hallowed things to sustain the poor of Israel with them.” I wish to bring support [to the view that Solomon did not build the Temple with the spoils of the nations], for regarding all the devoted things that David dedicated, as is written above (ibid.), it is not stated that with this Solomon made such and such a thing, as it is stated regarding the copper, as it is said (ibid. verse 8): “And from Tibhath and from Cun, cities of Hadadezer, David took huge quantities of copper, with which Solomon made the copper sea, etc.,” but of the silver and gold, about which it is not stated that Solomon made anything from it, it may be deduced that he did not make [anything from it]. Therefore, it is not written here any copper, but silver and gold. According to the simple interpretation, it seems to me that Scripture does not mention copper because copper is cheap, and it is not proper or fitting to bring it into the treasuries of the House of God.  
2Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the chiefs of the tribes, the princes of the fathers' [houses] of the Children of Israel, to Jerusalem, to bring up the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord from the City of David, which is Zion.   באָז֩ יַקְהֵ֨יל שְׁלֹמֹ֜ה אֶת־זִקְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְאֶת־כָּל־רָאשֵׁ֨י הַמַּטּ֜וֹת נְשִׂיאֵ֧י הָֽאָב֛וֹת לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶל־יְרֽוּשָׁלִָ֑ם לְֽהַֽעֲל֞וֹת אֶת־אֲר֧וֹן בְּרִֽית־יְהֹוָ֛ה מֵעִ֥יר דָּוִ֖יד הִ֥יא צִיּֽוֹן:
Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel: He conducted [the matter] with the attribute of wisdom, in that he gathered the elders, and not the youths, [which was] better than David [had done,] who gathered even the youths, as it is written, “And David assembled all the leaders of Israel… Jerusalem” (I Chron. 28:1).  
3And all the men of Israel assembled on the festival; that is the seventh month.   גוַיִּקָּֽהֲל֧וּ אֶל־הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ כָּל־אִ֥ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בֶּחָ֑ג ה֖וּא הַחֹ֥דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִעִֽי:
on the festival: the festival of Succoth.  
4And all the elders of Israel came, and the Levites bore the Ark.   דוַיָּבֹ֕אוּ כֹּ֖ל זִקְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ הַֽלְוִיִּ֖ם אֶת־הָֽאָרֽוֹן:
5And they brought up the Ark and the Tent of Meeting, and all the sacred vessels that were in the Tent; the priests [and] the Levites brought them up.   הוַיַּֽעֲל֚וּ אֶת־הָֽאָרוֹן֙ וְאֶת־אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֔ד וְאֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵ֥י הַקֹּ֖דֶשׁ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בָּאֹ֑הֶל הֶֽעֱל֣וּ אֹתָ֔ם הַכֹּֽהֲנִ֖ים הַלְוִיִּֽם:
and the Tent of Meeting: that Moses made, Solomon hid it in the treasuries of the House of God with the remaining vessels and the hallowed articles, because he did not need them, and our Sages (Tosefta of Sotah 13:1) said that they were hidden away.  
all the sacred vessels that were in the Tent: that David had given to the Ark: the priests and the Levites brought them up. This refers back to the above, where Scripture says: “and the Levites bore the Ark,” and he explains: Who were those Levites that I mentioned to you above? The Levitic priests, for the priests are also of the sons of Levi, but they were not real Levites, and so it is written (I Kings 8:3): “and the priests took up the Ark.” And the Levites also brought up the vessels and the Tent of Meeting according to their regulations.  
6And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, who were gathered with him before the Ark were sacrificing sheep and oxen that could not be counted or numbered because of their abundance.   ווְהַמֶּ֣לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֔ה וְכָל־עֲדַ֧ת יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל הַנּֽוֹעָדִ֥ים עָלָ֖יו לִפְנֵ֣י הָֽאָר֑וֹן מְזַבְּחִים֙ צֹ֣אן וּבָקָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־יִסָּֽפְר֛וּ וְלֹ֥א יִמָּנ֖וּ מֵרֹֽב:
7And the priests brought the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord to its place, to the Debir of the House, to the Holy of Holies, to [the place] beneath the wings of the cherubim.   זוַיָּבִ֣יאוּ הַ֠כֹּֽהֲנִים אֶת־אֲר֨וֹן בְּרִֽית־יְהֹוָ֧ה אֶל־מְקוֹמ֛וֹ אֶל־דְּבִ֥יר הַבַּ֖יִת אֶל־קֹ֣דֶשׁ הַקֳּדָשִׁ֑ים אֶל־תַּ֖חַת כַּנְפֵ֥י הַכְּרוּבִֽים:
8And the cherubim were spreading their wings over the place of the Ark, and the cherubim covered over the Ark and over its staves from above.   חוַיִּֽהְי֚וּ הַכְּרוּבִים֙ פֹּֽרְשִׂ֣ים כְּנָפַ֔יִם עַל־מְק֖וֹם הָֽאָר֑וֹן וַיְכַסּ֧וּ הַכְּרוּבִ֛ים עַל־הָֽאָר֥וֹן וְעַל־בַּדָּ֖יו מִלְמָֽעְלָה:
And the cherubim were spreading their wings over the place of the Ark: in the place where the Ark was standing Therefore -  
and the cherubim covered over the Ark and over its staves from above: above the Ark. So were the staves standing, and they extended so far out toward the east, that the Ark could stand exactly beneath the cherubim without the hindrance of the staves. Therefore, “and the cherubim covered over the Ark.” And they also covered part of the staves adjacent to the Ark, but not all of them, because they reached until the east. But you cannot explain that the cherubim covered the entire staves. And also, because of this-  
9And they extended the staves so that the ends of the staves were seen from the Ark before the Debir, but they were not seen outside, and they were there until this day.   טוַיַּֽאֲרִיכוּ֘ הַבַּדִּים֒ וַיֵּֽרָאוּ֩ רָאשֵׁ֨י הַבַּדִּ֚ים מִן־הָֽאָרוֹן֙ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י הַדְּבִ֔יר וְלֹ֥א יֵֽרָא֖וּ הַח֑וּצָה וַֽיְהִי־שָׁ֔ם עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה:
And they extended the staves so that the ends of the staves were seen from the Ark before the Debir: For if it were not so, but [if they were] the same; i.e., if they were extended with one measure one from the other, [i. e., the part of the staves extending eastward equaled the part extending westward]. The staves that Moses made were still there, and they stood in the Holy of Holies of the Tent of Meeting, which was only ten [cubits], whereas this was twenty [cubits], and it reached from wall to wall. With the cherubim of Moses, about which it is also written, “spreading and covering,” they did not have to move any part of the staves from their place, because the cherubim of Moses were standing over the Ark on the Ark cover, but as for the cherubim mentioned here-Solomon made them standing on their feet on the ground, but nevertheless, those of Moses were still attached to the Ark cover. This is how Rabbi Nathan explained it, (but our Rabbi explained) that the priests wished to bring the Ark into the Debir with its staves, but they were unable to do so, because the Cloud filled the House of the Lord, and they could not bring the cherubim up to the western wall. Therefore, they [the staves] protruded into the dividing curtain. To me, this poses a difficulty, however, because it is written (I Kings 8:10f.): “And it came to pass when the priests came out, etc.,” and afterwards, “the glory of the Lord filled the House of God (sic).” (Rabbi Joseph of blessed memory, however, explained) that it does not say וַיִּתְאָרְכוּ [in the reflexive conjugation], which would mean that they became elongated by themselves, but וַיַּאֲרִיכוּ [in the causative conjugation], which means that others elongated them, and he explained that the craftsmen elongated them to twenty cubits, and their two ends touched the eastern wall and their [other] two ends touched the western wall. It is, however, puzzling how they could spread out their wings and cover the Ark, which was ten cubits from them.  
10There was nothing in the Ark but the two tablets that Moses gave in Horeb, when the Lord made [a covenant] with the Children of Israel when they left Egypt.   יאֵין בָּֽאָר֔וֹן רַק שְׁנֵ֣י הַלֻּח֔וֹת אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן מֹשֶׁ֖ה בְּחֹרֵ֑ב אֲשֶׁ֨ר כָּרַ֚ת יְהֹוָה֙ עִם־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בְּצֵאתָ֖ם מִמִּצְרָֽיִם:
11And it came to pass when the priests left the Holy, for all the priests that were present had sanctified themselves; not taking heed of the divisions.   יאוַיְהִ֕י בְּצֵ֥את הַכֹּֽהֲנִ֖ים מִן־הַקֹּ֑דֶשׁ כִּ֠י כָּל־הַכֹּֽהֲנִ֚ים הַנִּמְצְאִים֙ הִתְקַדָּ֔שׁוּ אֵ֖ין לִשְׁמ֥וֹר לְמַחְלְקֽוֹת:
And it came to pass when the priests left the Holy: He should have immediately written, “and the House became full of the cloud of the House of the Lord,” but he interrupted in between, and so in I Kings (8:10): “And it came to pass, when the priests came out of the Holy, and the cloud filled the House of the Lord.”  
for all the priests that were present had sanctified themselves: for this thing.  
not taking heed of the divisions: The twenty-four of the Levites and the twenty-four of the priests, but all those present sanctified themselves.  
12And the Levites who sang-all of them, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and their brethren, attired in fine linen, with cymbals and with psalteries and with harps, standing east of the altar, and with them were priests-one hundred twenty sounding with trumpets.   יבוְהַֽלְוִיִּ֣ם הַֽמְשֹֽׁרְרִ֣ים לְכֻלָּ֡ם לְאָסָ֡ף לְהֵימָ֣ן לִ֠ידֻתוּן וְלִבְנֵיהֶ֨ם וְלַֽאֲחֵיהֶ֜ם מְלֻבָּשִׁ֣ים בּ֗וּץ בִּמְצִלְתַּ֙יִם֙ וּבִנְבָלִ֣ים וְכִנֹּר֔וֹת עֹֽמְדִ֖ים מִזְרָ֣ח לַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ וְעִמָּהֶ֚ם כֹּֽהֲנִים֙ לְמֵאָ֣ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֔ים מַחְצְרִ֖ים (כתיב מַחְצְררִ֖רים) בַּֽחֲצֹֽצְרֽוֹת:
13And the trumpeters and the singers were as one, to make one sound, to praise and to thank the Lord, and when they raised a sound with trumpets and with cymbals and with the musical instruments and with praise to the Lord, "for He is good, because His kindness is eternal," and the House became full of the cloud of the House of the Lord.   יגוַיְהִ֣י כְ֠אֶחָד לַֽמְחַצְרִ֨ים (כתיב לַֽמְחַצְצרִ֨ים) וְלַֽמְשֹֽׁרְרִ֜ים לְהַשְׁמִ֣יעַ קֽוֹל־אֶחָ֗ד לְהַלֵּ֣ל וּלְהֹדוֹת֘ לַֽיהֹוָה֒ וּכְהָרִ֣ים ק֠וֹל בַּֽחֲצֹֽצְר֨וֹת וּבִמְצִלְתַּ֜יִם וּבִכְלֵ֣י הַשִּׁ֗יר וּבְהַלֵּ֚ל לַיהֹוָה֙ כִּ֣י ט֔וֹב כִּ֥י לְעוֹלָ֖ם חַסְדּ֑וֹ וְהַבַּ֛יִת מָלֵ֥א עָנָ֖ן בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה:
And the trumpeters, etc. were as one: The meaning is: And they were united - all the trumpeters together. Now for what purpose were they united? To make one sound together to praise and to thank the Lord.  
14And the priests could not stand to serve because of the cloud, because the glory of the Lord filled the House of God.   ידוְלֹא־יָֽכְל֧וּ הַכֹּֽהֲנִ֛ים לַֽעֲמ֥וֹד לְשָׁרֵ֖ת מִפְּנֵ֣י הֶֽעָנָ֑ן כִּֽי־מָלֵ֥א כְבֽוֹד־יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־בֵּ֥ית הָֽאֱלֹהִֽים: