Key Jewish Facts

Key Jewish Facts contains the essentials which every Jew should know about Judaism.

Jewish Beliefs: The Fundamentals of Judaism
What do Jews believe in? The Rambam—a great Jewish rabbi and philosopher—summarized the Jewish faith in 13 principles.
Middot — Character Development
The Torah puts great stress on character development — on becoming better people.
General Jewish Knowledge: Learn the Basics
The Jewish Alphabet, the Jewish calendar, the books of the Jewish cannon—here’s your place to get the fundamental facts of Judaism.
What Is Torah?
The Torah is comprised of two parts, the Written Law and the Oral Tradition. Learn the basics of the Oral Tradition here.
Tefillah—Prayers: What it Means to Daven
Discover how Jews pray, when Jews pray, and the meaning of Jewish prayers.
Shabbat
The Fourth of the Ten Commandments is: “Remember the Shabbat day to keep it holy ... for G‑d created the world in six days and rested on the seventh” [Exodus 20:8].
The Jewish Festivals
The word Pesach means “Passover” recalling the “passing over” of G‑d over the Jewish houses during the tenth plague of the slaying of the firstborn.
Kashrut
The Torah commands us only to eat animals which have split hoofs and chew their cud.
Sefer Torah, Tefillin, Mezuzah, Tzitzit
The most sacred items in Judaism are written in Hebrew by a scribe upon hand-processed parchment.
Lifecycles in Judaism
Birth, coming of age, marriage, death … Judaism has celebrations and rituals associated with every major juncture in life.
Berachot — Blessings
Before a Jew eats or performs a mitzvah, he or she recites a special blessing recognizing G-d, the creator of all.
Kohanim and Leviim
Jewish people are grouped into tribal clans, each one providing another element toward the nation’s spiritual perfection.
Jewish History
The Jewish people have come a long way since G-d called Abraham to follow Him to the promised land.
Eretz Yisrael: The Land of Israel
The Holy Land of Israel is the beating heart of the Jewish consciousness and the center of Jewish activity.