Adar is the 12th month on the Jewish calendar counting from Nisan.

“When Adar enters, joy increases,” the Talmud says. This reaches its climax on the 14th of the month, as we celebrate Mordechai and Esther’s triumph over the wicked Haman.

The spirit of Purim permeates the entire month, making it a time of unparalleled rejoicing and good mazal (“fortune”) for the Jewish people.

During a Jewish leap year, which occurs seven times in a 19-year cycle (approximately once every three years), there is an added month called “Adar I,” inserted before this month of Adar (termed “Adar II” in leap years). This aligns the lunar months with the solar year, ensuring that the holidays fall in the proper seasons.