Chapter 25

1Then David and the generals of the army separated for the service of the sons of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun, who prophesied with harps, with lyres, and with cymbals, and the number of those men expert in their work, according to their service, was:   אוַיַּבְדֵּ֣ל דָּוִיד֩ וְשָׂרֵ֨י הַצָּבָ֜א לַֽעֲבֹדָ֗ה לִבְנֵ֚י אָסָף֙ וְהֵימָ֣ן וִֽידוּת֔וּן הַנִּבְּאִ֛ים (כתיב הַנִּבְּיאִ֛ים) בְּכִנֹּר֥וֹת בִּנְבָלִ֖ים וּבִמְצִלְתָּ֑יִם וַיְהִי֙ מִסְפָּרָ֔ם אַנְשֵׁ֥י מְלָאכָ֖ה לַֽעֲבֹֽדָתָֽם:
Then David separated for the service: to sing the songs.  
the sons of Asaph, etc.: Out of all the Levites he separated only the sons of Asaph, etc.  
Heman, and Jeduthun, who prophesied: When they would play these musical instruments, they would prophesy. A similar incident [is told] of Elisha: (II Kings 3:15): “’And now fetch me a musician.’ And when the musician played, the hand of the Lord came upon him.”  
and the number of those men expert in their work… was:: i.e., There were twenty-four watches, corresponding to the twenty-four watches [of the priests (Moharich)]: viz. the four sons of Asaph, the six of Jeduthun, and the fourteen of Heman, totaling twenty-four. Below, he sums them all up, as it is written (verse 7): “And their number with their brethren, etc.”  
2Of the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph through Asaph, who prophesied according to the direction of the king.   בלִבְנֵ֣י אָסָ֗ף זַכּ֧וּר וְיוֹסֵ֛ף וּנְתַנְיָ֥ה וַֽאֲשַׂרְאֵ֖לָה בְּנֵ֣י אָסָ֑ף עַל יַד־אָסָ֔ף הַנִּבָּ֖א עַל־יְדֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ:
3Of Jeduthun the sons of Jeduthun: Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Isaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah-six, beside their father Jeduthun with the harp, who prophesied with [songs of] thanksgiving and praise to the Lord.   גלִֽידוּת֑וּן בְּנֵ֣י יְדוּת֡וּן גְּדַלְיָ֡הוּ וּצְרִ֡י וִֽ֠ישַׁעְיָהוּ חֲשַׁבְיָ֨הוּ וּמַתִּתְיָ֜הוּ שִׁשָּׁ֗ה עַל֩ יְדֵ֨י אֲבִיהֶ֚ם יְדוּתוּן֙ בַּכִּנּ֔וֹר הַנִּבָּ֕א עַל־הוֹד֥וֹת וְהַלֵּ֖ל לַיהֹוָֽה:
and Mattithiah - six: But you will find only five. [The answer is that] his wife was pregnant with Shimei, and he saw through the holy spirit that he too was destined to be the chief of a watch; therefore he says “six.” And that is what is stated further: (verse 17): “The tenth: Shimei.” This is what the liturgical poet set down (in the Kedushah of Yozer of Parashath Shekalim): “Inscribed from the womb to be counted in the watch of the Sanctuary.”  
beside their father Jeduthun: עַל יְדֵי, similar to (Neh. 3:8): “And beside him (עַל יָדוֹ) … repaired.”  
who prophesied with [songs of] thanksgiving and praise: For on the harp they would play songs of “Give thanks (הוֹדוּ) ” and songs of “Hallelujah (הַלְלוּיָהּ) ,” and he would prophesy.  
4Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamti Ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, Mahazioth.   דלְהֵימָ֑ן בְּנֵ֣י הֵימָ֡ן בֻּקִּיָּ֡הוּ מַתַּנְיָ֡הוּ עֻ֠זִּיאֵל שְׁבוּאֵ֨ל וִֽירִימ֜וֹת חֲנַנְיָ֣ה חֲנָ֗נִי אֱלִיאָ֚תָה גִדַּ֙לְתִּי֙ וְרֹמַ֣מְתִּי עֶ֔זֶר יָשְׁבְּקָ֣שָׁה מַלּ֔וֹתִי הוֹתִ֖יר מַֽחֲזִיאֽוֹת:
and Romamti Ezer: This is one name.  
5All these were sons of Heman, the king's seer, in words of God to raise the horn, and God gave Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.   הכָּל־אֵ֨לֶּה בָנִ֜ים לְהֵימָ֗ן חֹזֵ֥ה הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ בְּדִבְרֵ֥י הָֽאֱלֹהִ֖ים לְהָרִ֣ים קָ֑רֶן וַיִּתֵּ֨ן הָֽאֱלֹהִ֜ים לְהֵימָ֗ן בָּנִ֛ים אַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָׂ֖ר וּבָנ֥וֹת שָׁלֽוֹשׁ:
the king’s seer, in words of God to raise the horn: the horn of the prophecy, for he would prophesy for the king. A similar instance of this is (I Sam. 2:10): “… and raise the horn of His anointed one.”  
and God gave Heman: Had not God given him children, it would have been impossible for him to have fourteen sons and three daughters, with all of them fit to be chiefs of watches. A similar case is (Ruth 4:13): “… and the Lord gave her conception, and she bore a son.” Had not this been a gift from the Lord, it would have been impossible for Boaz to father a son, because he was old. Similarly, (Deut. 34:1): “and the Lord showed him all the land.” Had this vision not been from the Lord, it would have been impossible to see so far.  
6All these were alongside their father in song in the House of the Lord, with cymbals, psalteries and harps, for the service of the House of God, alongside the king, Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.   וכָּל־אֵ֣לֶּה עַל־יְדֵי֩ אֲבִיהֶ֨ם בַּשִּׁ֜יר בֵּ֣ית יְהֹוָ֗ה בִּמְצִלְתַּ֙יִם֙ נְבָלִ֣ים וְכִנֹּר֔וֹת לַֽעֲבֹדַ֖ת בֵּ֣ית הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים עַל יְדֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אָסָ֥ף וִֽידוּת֖וּן וְהֵימָֽן:
7And their number with their brethren, trained in song to the Lord; every expert-two hundred eighty-eight.   זוַיְהִ֚י מִסְפָּרָם֙ עִם־אֲחֵיהֶ֔ם מְלֻמְּדֵי־שִׁ֖יר לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה כָּ֨ל־הַמֵּבִ֔ין מָאתַ֖יִם שְׁמוֹנִ֥ים וּשְׁמוֹנָֽה:
every expert: Heb. הַמֵּבִין. In regard to song, the expression is appropriate, for it is written: (below verse 8): “expert (מֵבִין) with pupil.” [Also] (15:22): “And Chenaniah, the leader of the Levites in song; he would chastise in song because he was an expert (מֵבִין).”  
8And they cast lots, a watch against [a watch], like the small one so the great one, scholar with pupil.   חוַיַּפִּ֜ילוּ גּֽוֹרָל֣וֹת מִשְׁמֶ֗רֶת לְעֻמַּת֙ כַּקָּטֹ֣ן כַּגָּד֔וֹל מֵבִ֖ין עִם־תַּלְמִֽיד:
And they cast lots, a watch against: The meaning is a watch against a watch, and a similar [case] is [found] above (16:5): “… but I have walked from tent to tent and from tabernacle,” which means: “and from tabernacle to tabernacle.”  
like the small one so the great one, scholar with pupil: The meaning is that they cast lots for the watches, this one against that one, a watch against a watch, the small one was like the great one, the expert master with the pupil, all of them were equal in this, for the one on whom the first lot fell, if to the small one, he would come first to be the first one, and if last, he would be the last one, and so all of them, whether a scholar or a pupil, whether a small person or a great one. And these watches of the Levites followed the watches of the priests: the one to whom the first lot fell had the first lot, and his watch was with the watch of Jehoiarib the priest, and the one to whom the second lot fell waited, and his watch was with the watch of Jedaiah the priest.  
9And the first lot of Asaph came out to Joseph, Gedaliah the second; he and his brethren and his sons, twelve.   טוַיֵּצֵ֞א הַגּוֹרָ֧ל הָֽרִאשׁ֛וֹן לְאָסָ֖ף לְיוֹסֵ֑ף גְּדַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י הֽוּא־וְאֶחָ֥יו וּבָנָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
And the first lot of Asaph came out to Joseph: his first son.  
Gedaliah the second: Gedaliah was the firstborn of Jeduthun.  
he and his brethren and his sons, twelve: The meaning is that for every watch twelve Levites would come, for all of them equalled two hundred and eighty-eight, and if you divide them into twenty- four parts, each part will consist of twelve Levites. So it appears to me. And this is the meaning of “and his brethren and his sons” : referring to Joseph and to Gedaliah. And since they are both mentioned in one verse, he wrote only once, “he and his sons and his brethren.” And not every “his brethren,” and “their brethren” in this context mean his actual brothers; but he calls one group brethren (in German, Bruderschaft).  
10The third: Zaccur; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יהַשְּׁלִשִׁ֣י זַכּ֔וּר בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
The third: Zaccur: the firstborn of Asaph.  
11The fourth to Izri: his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יאהָֽרְבִיעִי֙ לַיִּצְרִ֔י בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
The fourth to Izri: the second son of Jeduthun.  
12The fifth: Nethaniah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יבהַֽחֲמִישִׁ֣י נְתַנְיָ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
The fifth: Nethaniah: the third son of Asaph. So the lot fell from this one to that one.  
13The sixth: Bikkuiah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יגהַשִּׁשִּׁ֣י בֻקִּיָּ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
14The seventh: Isarelah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   ידהַשְּׁבִעִ֣י יְשַׂרְאֵ֔לָה בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
15The eighth: Isaiah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   טוהַשְּׁמִינִ֣י יְשַׁעְיָ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
16The ninth: Mattaniah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   טזהַתְּשִׁיעִ֣י מַתַּנְיָ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
17The tenth: Shimei; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יזהָֽעֲשִׂירִ֣י שִׁמְעִ֔י בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
18The eleventh: Azarel; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יחעַשְׁתֵּֽי־עָשָׂ֣ר עֲזַרְאֵ֔ל בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
19The twelfth to Hashabiah: his sons and his brethren, twelve.   יטהַשְּׁנֵ֚ים עָשָׂר֙ לַֽחֲשַׁבְיָ֔ה בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
20To the thirteenth: Shubael; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כלִשְׁלֹשָׁ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ שֽׁוּבָאֵ֔ל בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
21To the fourteenth: Mattithiah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כאלְאַרְבָּעָ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ מַתִּתְיָ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
22To the fifteenth: to Jeremoth; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כבלַֽחֲמִשָּׁ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ לִֽירֵמ֔וֹת בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
23To the sixteenth: to Hananiah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כגלְשִׁשָּׁ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ לַֽחֲנַנְיָ֔הוּ בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
24To the seventeenth: to Joshbekashah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כדלְשִׁבְעָ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ לְיָשְׁבְּקָ֔שָׁה בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
25To the eighteenth: to Hanani; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כהלִשְׁמוֹנָ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ לַֽחֲנָ֔נִי בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
26To the nineteenth: to Millothi; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כולְתִשְׁעָ֚ה עָשָׂר֙ לְמַלּ֔וֹתִי בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
27To the twentieth: to Eliathah; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כזלְעֶשְׂרִים֙ לֶֽאֱלִיָּ֔תָה בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
28To the twenty-first: to Hothir; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כחלְאֶחָ֚ד וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ לְהוֹתִ֔יר בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
29To the twenty-second: to Giddalti; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   כטלִשְׁנַ֚יִם וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ לְגִדַּ֔לְתִּי בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
30To the twenty third: to Mahazioth; his sons and his brethren, twelve.   ללִשְׁלֹשָׁ֚ה וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ לְמַֽ֣חֲזִיא֔וֹת בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר:
31To the twenty-fourth: to Romamti Ezer, his sons and his brethren, twelve.   לאלְאַרְבָּעָ֚ה וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ לְרוֹמַ֣מְתִּי עָ֔זֶר בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶחָ֖יו שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָֽׂר: