1

When a person slaughters an animal and its offspring on the same day, the meat is permitted to be eaten.1 The slaughterer, however, is punished by lashes,2as [Leviticus 22:28] states: "Do not slaughter [an ox or a sheep]3 and its offspring on one day." He receives lashes only for slaughtering the second animal. Accordingly, if one person slaughtered one of such a pair and another person slaughtered the second, [the one who slaughtered the second alone] receives lashes.

א

הַשׁוֹחֵט אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד הַבָּשָׂר מֻתָּר בַּאֲכִילָה וְהַשּׁוֹחֵט לוֹקֶה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כב כח) "אֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ לֹא תִשְׁחֲטוּ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד". וְאֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה אֶלָּא עַל שְׁחִיטַת הָאַחֲרוֹן. לְפִיכָךְ אִם שָׁחַט אֶחָד מִשְּׁנֵיהֶן וּבָא חֲבֵרוֹ וְשָׁחַט אֶת הַשֵּׁנִי חֲבֵרוֹ לוֹקֶה:

2

The prohibition against slaughtering [an animal] and its offspring applies in all times and in all places, with regard to ordinary animals and sacrificial animals. [With regard to the latter category, it applies] with regard to sacrifices of which we partake and with regard to sacrifices of which we do not partake.4 Therefore if one slaughtered the first animal in the Temple courtyard and the second outside of it or the first outside the Temple courtyard and the second inside, the one who slaughtered the second animal receives lashes [for violating the prohibition against slaughtering] an animal and its offspring. [This applies] whether they were both ordinary animals,5 they were both sacrificial animals,6 or one7 was an ordinary animal and one, a sacrificial one.

ב

אִסּוּר אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ נוֹהֵג בְּכָל זְמַן וּבְכָל מָקוֹם. בְּחֻלִּין וּבְמֻקְדָּשִׁין. בֵּין קָדָשִׁים הַנֶּאֱכָלִין בֵּין קָדָשִׁים שֶׁאֵינָן נֶאֱכָלִין. לְפִיכָךְ הָרִאשׁוֹן שֶׁשָּׁחַט בַּעֲזָרָה וְהַשֵּׁנִי בַּחוּץ. אוֹ הָרִאשׁוֹן בַּחוּץ וְהַשֵּׁנִי בַּעֲזָרָה. בֵּין שֶׁהָיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶן חֻלִּין אוֹ שְׁנֵיהֶן קָדָשִׁים. בֵּין שֶׁהָיָה אֶחָד מֵהֶן חֻלִּין וְאֶחָד קָדָשִׁים. זֶה שֶׁשָּׁחַט אַחֲרוֹן לוֹקֶה מִשּׁוּם אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ:

3

The prohibition against slaughtering [an animal] and its offspring applies only with regard to ritual slaughter, as the verse states: "Do not slaughter." [Implied] is that the prohibition involves the slaughter of both animals. If, however, one chopped off the head of one of them or it became a nevelah in his hand,8 it is permitted to slaughter [the other]. Similarly, if he slaughtered the first and chopped off the head of the second or it became a nevelah in his hand, he is not liable.

ג

אֵין אִסּוּר אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ נוֹהֵג אֶלָּא בִּשְׁחִיטָה בִּלְבַד שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כב כח) "לֹא תִשְׁחֲטוּ" בִּשְׁחִיטַת שְׁנֵיהֶן הוּא הָאִסּוּר. אֲבָל אִם נָחַר הָרִאשׁוֹן אוֹ נִתְנַבֵּל בְּיָדוֹ מֻתָּר לִשְׁחֹט. וְכֵן אִם שָׁחַט הָרִאשׁוֹן וְנִחָר הַשֵּׁנִי אוֹ נִתְנַבֵּל בְּיָדוֹ פָּטוּר:

4

When a deaf-mute, an intellectually or emotionally incapable person, or a minor slaughtered the first animal privately,9 it is permitted to slaughter the second animal afterwards because their slaughter is not considered as slaughter.10

ד

חֵרֵשׁ שׁוֹטֶה וְקָטָן שֶׁשָּׁחֲטוּ בֵּינָם לְבֵין עַצְמָן אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹן מֻתָּר לִשְׁחֹט שֵׁנִי אַחֲרֵיהֶם. לְפִי שֶׁאֵין שְׁחִיטָתָן שְׁחִיטָה (כְּלָל):

5

When one slaughters the first animal, but a question arises whether it is a nevelah or not, it is forbidden to slaughter the second [animal].11 If one slaughters it, he is not liable for lashes.12

ה

הַשּׁוֹחֵט אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹן וַהֲרֵי הוּא סְפֵק נְבֵלָה אָסוּר לִשְׁחֹט הַשֵּׁנִי. וְאִם שְׁחָטוֹ אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה:

6

Slaughter from which it is not fit to eat is, nevertheless, considered slaughter. Therefore if the first person slaughtered an ordinary animal in the Temple courtyard,13 one which is trefe, an ox condemned to be stoned, a calf whose neck is to be broken, a red heifer, or slaughtered for the sake of a false deity,14a person who slaughters the second animal is liable. Similarly, if one slaughtered the first animal and another slaughtered the second though it is an ordinary animal in the Temple courtyard, an ox condemned to be stoned, a calf whose neck is to be broken, or a red heifer, [the second person] is liable for lashes.

ו

שְׁחִיטָה שֶׁאֵינָהּ רְאוּיָה לַאֲכִילָה שְׁמָהּ שְׁחִיטָה. לְפִיכָךְ הָרִאשׁוֹן שֶׁשָּׁחַט חֻלִּין בַּעֲזָרָה אוֹ טְרֵפָה אוֹ שׁוֹר הַנִּסְקָל וְעֶגְלָה עֲרוּפָה וּפָרָה אֲדֻמָּה אוֹ שֶׁשָּׁחַט לְעַכּוּ''ם וּבָא הָאַחֲרוֹן וְשָׁחַט אֶת הַשֵּׁנִי לוֹקֶה. וְכֵן אִם שָׁחַט הָרִאשׁוֹן אֶת הָאֶחָד וּבָא הָאַחֲרוֹן וְשָׁחַט אֶת הַשֵּׁנִי וַהֲרֵי הוּא חֻלִּין בָּעֲזָרָה אוֹ שׁוֹר הַנִּסְקָל אוֹ עֶגְלָה עֲרוּפָה וּפָרָה אֲדֻמָּה הֲרֵי זֶה לוֹקֶה:

7

When [the second animal] is slaughtered for the sake of a false deity,15[the slaughterer] is not liable because of [the prohibition against slaughtering] an animal and its offspring, for he is liable for capital punishment.16If, however, he was given a warning for [the prohibition against slaughtering an animal] and its offspring and was not given a warning for the worship of false deities,17 he receives lashes.18

ז

שְׁחָטוֹ לְעַכּוּ''ם פָּטוּר מִשּׁוּם אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ שֶׁהֲרֵי נִתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ. וְאִם הִתְרוּ בּוֹ מִשּׁוּם אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ וְלֹא הִתְרוּ בּוֹ מִשּׁוּם עַכּוּ''ם לוֹקֶה:

8

The prohibition against slaughtering [an animal] and its offspring applies only with regard to a kosher domesticated animal. [This is derived from the exegesis of Leviticus, loc. cit.]:19 "Do not slaughter [an ox or a sheep] and its offspring on one day."

[This prohibition] does apply with regard to hybrid species. What is implied? When a [male] deer mates with a [female] goat and one slaughters the goat and its offspring, one is liable. When, however, a [male] goat mates with a [female] deer and one slaughters the deer and its offspring, it is forbidden to slaughter [the deer and its offspring], if one slaughters them, however, one is not liable for lashes.20 The Torah forbade slaughtering a cow21 and its offspring and not a deer and its offspring.

ח

אֵין אִסּוּר אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ נוֹהֵג אֶלָּא בִּבְהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה בִּלְבַד שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כב כח) "וְשׁוֹר אוֹ שֶׂה אֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ לֹא תִשְׁחֲטוּ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד". וְנוֹהֵג בְּכִלְאַיִם. כֵּיצַד. צְבִי שֶׁבָּא עַל הָעֵז וְשָׁחַט הָעֵז וְאֶת בְּנָהּ לוֹקֶה. אֲבָל הָעֵז שֶׁבָּא עַל הַצִּבְיָה אָסוּר לִשְׁחֹט אוֹתָהּ וְאֶת בְּנָהּ. וְאִם שָׁחַט אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה. פָּרָה וּבְנָהּ אָסְרָה תּוֹרָה לֹא צִבְיָה וּבְנָהּ:

9

If the offspring of this deer was female and it gave birth to offspring, one is liable for lashes should he slaughter the female offspring of this deer and its offspring [on the same day].22 Similarly, if a hybrid species is produced by mating a sheep and a goat - regardless of which is male and which is female - [the slaughterer can be held liable for] lashes for [violating the prohibition against slaughtering] an animal and its offspring.

ט

הָיְתָה בַּת הַצִּבְיָה הַזֹּאת נְקֵבָה וְיָלְדָה בֵּן וְשָׁחַט אֶת הַנְּקֵבָה בַּת הַצִּבְיָה וְאֶת בְּנָהּ לוֹקֶה. וְכֵן כִּלְאַיִם הַבָּא מִמִּין כֶּבֶשׂ וּמִמִּין עֵז בֵּין מִכֶּבֶשׂ עִם הָעֵז בֵּין מֵעֵז עִם הַכִּבְשָׂה לוֹקֶה מִשּׁוּם אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ:

10

It is permitted to slaughter a pregnant animal. The fetus is considered as a limb of its mother.23 If the fetus emerged alive after the slaughter of its mother and stepped on the ground,24 one should not slaughter it on the same day. If one did, one is not liable for lashes.25

י

מֻתָּר לִשְׁחֹט אֶת הַמְעֻבֶּרֶת. עֻבָּר יֶרֶךְ אִמּוֹ הוּא. וְאִם יָצָא הָעֻבָּר חַי אַחַר שְׁחִיטָה וְהִפְרִיס עַל גַּבֵּי קַרְקַע אֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתוֹ בְּיוֹם אֶחָד. וְאִם שָׁחַט אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה:

11

The prohibition against slaughtering [an animal] and its offspring applies with regard to a mother, for the offspring is certainly its own. If one knows with certainty that a male fathered offspring, the two should not be slaughtered on the same day. If one slaughtered [them together, however,] he is not liable for lashes, for there is a doubt whether or not the prohibition applies with regard to males.26

יא

אִסּוּר אוֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ נוֹהֵג בִּנְקֵבוֹת שֶׁזֶּה [] בְּנָהּ וַדַּאי. וְאִם נוֹדַע וַדַּאי שֶׁזֶּה הוּא אָבִיו אֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין שְׁנֵיהֶן בְּיוֹם אֶחָד. וְאִם שָׁחַט אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה. שֶׁהַדָּבָר סָפֵק אִם נוֹהֵג בִּזְכָרִים אוֹ אֵינוֹ נוֹהֵג:

12

When a person slaughters a cow and afterwards slaughters two of its offspring, he is liable for two sets of lashes.27 If he slaughters [several of] its offspring and then it, he is liable for [only] one set of lashes.28 If he slaughtered it, its female offspring and the offspring of its offspring, he is liable for two sets of lashes.29 If he slaughtered it, the offspring of its offspring and its female offspring, he is liable for [only] one set of lashes.30

יב

הַשּׁוֹחֵט אֶת הַפָּרָה וְאַחַר כָּךְ שָׁחַט שְׁנֵי בָּנֶיהָ לוֹקֶה שְׁתֵּי מַלְקִיּוֹת. שָׁחַט אֶת בָּנֶיהָ וְאַחַר כָּךְ שָׁחַט הִיא לוֹקֶה אַחַת. שְׁחָטָהּ וְאֶת בִּתָּהּ וְאֶת בֶּן בִּתָּהּ לוֹקֶה שְׁתַּיִם. שְׁחָטָהּ וְאֶת בֶּן בִּתָּהּ וְאַחַר כָּךְ שָׁחַט אֶת הַבַּת לוֹקֶה אַחַת בֵּין הוּא בֵּין אַחֵר:

13

When two people [each] purchased an animal: one the mother and one the offspring and they brought the matter for judgment,31 the one who purchased [the animal] first is allowed to slaughter it first,32 the other one should wait until the next day. If the second purchaser slaughtered [his animal] first, he gains and the first must wait until the next day.

יג

שְׁנַיִם שֶׁלָּקְחוּ שְׁתֵּי בְּהֵמוֹת זֶה הָאֵם וְזֶה הַבַּת וּבָאוּ לְדִין. זֶה שֶׁלָּקַח רִאשׁוֹן יִשְׁחֹט רִאשׁוֹן וְהַשֵּׁנִי יַמְתִּין לְמָחָר. וְאִם קָדַם הַשֵּׁנִי וְשָׁחַט זָכָה וְיַמְתִּין הָרִאשׁוֹן עַד לְמָחָר:

14

Four times a year, it is necessary for a person who sells an animal to a colleague to inform him that he already sold the mother or the daughter of the animal to another person for the sake of slaughtering it so that the latter purchaser will wait and not slaughter until the next day.33 They are: the day preceding the final holiday of Sukkot,34 the day preceding the first holiday of Pesach,35 the day preceding Shavuot,36 and the day preceding Rosh HaShanah.37

יד

בְּאַרְבָּעָה פְּרָקִים בְּשָׁנָה הַמּוֹכֵר בְּהֵמָה לַחֲבֵרוֹ צָרִיךְ לְהוֹדִיעוֹ וְלוֹמַר לוֹ כְּבָר מָכַרְתִּי אִמָּהּ אוֹ בִּתָּהּ לְאַחֵר לִשְׁחֹט כְּדֵי שֶׁיַּמְתִּין זֶה הָאַחֲרוֹן וְלֹא יִשְׁחֹט עַד לְמָחָר. וְאֵלּוּ הֵן. עֶרֶב יוֹם טוֹב הָאַחֲרוֹן שֶׁל חַג. וְעֶרֶב יוֹם טוֹב הָרִאשׁוֹן שֶׁל פֶּסַח. וְעֶרֶב עֲצֶרֶת. וְעֶרֶב רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה:

15

When does the above apply? When he saw that the person who purchased it last was anxious to buy and it was at the end of the day, [in which instance,] it can be presumed that he will slaughter it immediately. If, however, there was ample time during the day, he is not required to inform him, for perhaps he will not slaughter until the following day.38

טו

בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים כְּשֶׁרָאָה זֶה שֶׁלָּקַח בָּאַחֲרוֹנָה נֶחְפָּז לִקְנוֹת וְהָיָה בְּסוֹף הַיּוֹם שֶׁחֶזְקָתוֹ שֶׁהוּא שׁוֹחֵט עַתָּה. אֲבָל אִם הָיָה רֶוַח בַּיּוֹם אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְהוֹדִיעוֹ שֶׁמָּא לֹא יִשְׁחֹט אֶלָּא לְמָחָר:

16

When one sells the mother to a groom and the daughter to the bride, he must notify them.39 For certainly, they will slaughter them both on the same day. Similar laws apply in all analogous situations.

טז

והַמּוֹכֵר אֶת הָאֵם לֶחָתָן וְהַבַּת לַכַּלָּה צָרִיךְ לְהוֹדִיעָן. שֶׁוַּדַּאי בְּיוֹם אֶחָד שׁוֹחֲטִין. וְכֵן כָּל כַּיּוֹצֵא בָּזֶה:

17

[With regard to the term] one day mentioned in the context of [the prohibition against slaughtering an animal] and its offspring, the day follows the night.40 what is implied? He slaughtered the first animal at the beginning of Tuesday night, he may not slaughter the other one until the beginning of Wednesday night. Similarly, if he slaughtered one at the close of Wednesday, before bein hashemashot,41 he may slaughter the other one at the beginning of Wednesday night. If he slaughtered the first during bein hashemashot Wednesday evening, he may not slaughter the second until after nightfall on Thursday.42 If he slaughtered it during the day on Thursday, he does not receive lashes.43

יז

יוֹם אֶחָד הָאָמוּר בְּאֹתוֹ וְאֶת בְּנוֹ הַיּוֹם הוֹלֵךְ אַחַר הַלַּיְלָה. כֵּיצַד. הֲרֵי שֶׁשָּׁחַט רִאשׁוֹן בִּתְחִלַּת לֵיל רְבִיעִי לֹא יִשְׁחֹט הַשֵּׁנִי עַד תְּחִלַּת לֵיל חֲמִישִׁי. וְכֵן אִם שָׁחַט הָרִאשׁוֹן בְּסוֹף יוֹם רְבִיעִי קֹדֶם בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת שׁוֹחֵט הַשֵּׁנִי בִּתְחִלַּת לֵיל חֲמִישִׁי. שָׁחַט רִאשׁוֹן בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת שֶׁל לֵיל חֲמִישִׁי לֹא יִשְׁחֹט הַשֵּׁנִי עַד לֵיל שִׁשִּׁי. וְאִם שָׁחַט בְּיוֹם חֲמִישִׁי אֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה: