End of Solomon's Reign

In his old age, Solomon fell victim to some sins. He took many wives, and they turned his heart away from G‑d. He permitted idol worship and brought upon himself G‑d's wrath. However, for the sake of his father David, G‑d told him he would he spared sorrow in his lifetime, but that his son would see his kingdom over all Israel torn from him. Only the tribe of Judah would remain loyal to the House of David.

Solomon began to be troubled in his kingdom. He was threatened and perpetually attacked by Hadad, the Edomite prince, who was eager to avenge the disastrous defeat which the Edomite army had sustained in the time of David. At the same time, Solomon was made uneasy by the serious rebellion of Jeroboam, one of his own officers, who had evidently relied on influential support. Jeroboam, the son of Nevat, an outstanding young man of the tribe of Ephraim, had been met by the prophet Ahijah and was promised the kingdom over the ten northern tribes of Israel. The ambitious Jeroboam, encouraged by the prophecy of Ahijah, soon found an occasion to rebel against Solomon. David had left breaches in the wall surrounding Jerusalem so that people coming there would find easy entrance. Solomon now decided to fortify the city by having these openings sealed. Thereupon, Jeroboam came out strongly against the step, maintaining that Solomon did this against David's wishes. Jeroboam used the occasion to plot Solomon's overthrow. Solomon learned of the conspiracy and sought to apprehend Jeroboam. The latter fled to Egypt where he stayed till Solomon's death.

Solomon's Spiritual Influence

Solomon was not only a great king and ruler; he was also a Divinely inspired writer and philosopher. As the disciple of the prophet Nathan, Solomon wrote with prophetic wisdom the books of Proverbs, Song of Songs, and Ecclesiastes, all three of which form part of our holy Bible. The knowledge and study of the Torah attained a high level during the lifetime of King Solomon, Solomon's last words with which he concludes his book of Ecclesiastes, "Fear G‑d and keep His commandments for this is the whole purpose of man" truly reflect his great wisdom and personality.

King Solomon's reign extended over a period of forty years (2924-2964). After his death his son Rehabeam ascended the throne.