The Gaonic Era

The Gaonim filled a vital need by developing new forms of Torah scholarship, including anthologies of laws grouped by subject matter culled from all over the Talmud, with all debates and reasoning removed, thus making it easy to locate a halacha.
Generally the Jews got along better with the Muslim Arabs than with the Christians.
Throughout their time, the Gaonim made a number of decrees to enhance Jewish life.
Major Gaonim and their accomplishments.
As people began supporting their own community institutions, financial contributions from Jews worldwide to the Babylonian yeshivas slowed to a trickle.
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