1

An animal or a fowl that was sodomized,1 which killed a person, which was set aside for pagan worship, or which was worshipped, are all unacceptable [as sacrifices] for the altar.2

א

אֶחָד הַבְּהֵמָה וְאֶחָד הָעוֹף שֶׁנִּרְבְּעָה אוֹ שֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הָאָדָם אוֹ הֻקְצָה אוֹ נֶעֱבַד הַכּל פָּסוּל לְגַבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

2

When an animal or a fowl had relations with a person, was sodomized, or killed a person, it should be executed by stoning if [the act was observed] by two witnesses.3 It is forbidden to benefit from their flesh.4 Needless to say, such animals are forbidden [as sacrifices] for the altar.

With regard to which situations was it said that they are forbidden [as sacrifices] for the altar? When [the animals] were permitted to ordinary individuals, e.g., there was only one witness [who observed the transgression] and the owner remained silent5 or the owner testified [concerning the transgression] although no witnesses were present.6 If there was one witness who observed the transgression and the owner contradicts him, the animals are permitted, even [as sacrifices] for the altar.

ב

הָרוֹבֵעַ וְהַנִּרְבָּע וְשֶׁהֵמִית אֶת הָאָדָם אִם הָיוּ שָׁם שְׁנֵי עֵדִים הֲרֵי הַבְּהֵמָה אוֹ הָעוֹף נִסְקָלִין וּבְשָׂרָן אָסוּר בַּהֲנָאָה. וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר בְּאֵלּוּ שֶׁהֵן אֲסוּרִין לְגָבוֹהַּ. וּבַמֶּה אָמְרוּ שֶׁהֵן אֲסוּרִין לַמִּזְבֵּחַ כְּשֶׁהָיוּ מֻתָּרִין לְהֶדְיוֹט. כְּגוֹן שֶׁהָיָה שָׁם עֵד אֶחָד בִּלְבַד וְהַבְּעָלִים שׁוֹתְקִין אוֹ עַל פִּי הַבְּעָלִים אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין עֵד כְּלָל. הָיָה שָׁם עֵד אֶחָד וְהַבְּעָלִים מַכְחִישִׁין אוֹתוֹ הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מֻתָּרִין אַף לַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

3

When sport was made with an animal and it was trained to gore until it killed a person, it is acceptable [as a sacrifice] for the altar, because it is considered as having been compelled against its will.7

An animal is not disqualified because it had relations with a person or because it was sodomized unless the male who sodomized it was nine years old.8 Whether it was sodomized by a Jew, a gentile,9 or a servant, since it was sodomized by a human, it is disqualified. If a human was the recipient of sex from an animal, [the animal] is not disqualified unless the female with whom it had relations was three years old10 or the male with whom it had relations was nine years old.11

ג

בְּהֵמָה שֶׁשָּׂחֲקוּ בָּהּ וְהִגִּיחוּהָ עַד שֶׁהֵמִיתָה אֶת הָאָדָם הֲרֵי זוֹ כְּשֵׁרָה לַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא כַּאֲנוּסָה. אֵין הַבְּהֵמָה נִפְסֶלֶת מִשּׁוּם רוֹבֵעַ אוֹ נִרְבָּע עַד שֶׁיִּהְיֶה הָאָדָם שֶׁרְבָעָהּ בֶּן תֵּשַׁע שָׁנִים וְיוֹם אֶחָד. בֵּין יִשְׂרָאֵל בֵּין עַכּוּ''ם [בֵּין] עֶבֶד הוֹאִיל וּרְבָעָהּ אָדָם נִפְסְלָה. וְאִם הָאָדָם הוּא שֶׁנִּרְבַּע מִן הַבְּהֵמָה אֵינָהּ נִפְסֶלֶת עַד שֶׁתִּהְיֶה הָאִשָּׁה הַנִּרְבַּעַת בַּת שָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים וְיוֹם אֶחָד אוֹ יְהֵא הָאִישׁ הַנִּרְבָּע בֶּן תֵּשַׁע שָׁנִים וְיוֹם אֶחָד:

4

When is an animal or a fowl disqualified because it was set aside for pagan worship?12 When the priests perform a deed with it, e.g., they shear it or work with it for the sake of pagan worship. With words alone, by contrast, it is not considered as set aside for pagan worship, for an entity cannot be consecrated to a false deity.13

ד

מֵאֵימָתַי תִּפָּסֵל הַבְּהֵמָה אוֹ הָעוֹף מִשּׁוּם מֻקְצֶה מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשׂוּ בָּהֶן הַכְּמָרִים מַעֲשֶׂה. כְּגוֹן שֶׁיִּגְזְזוּ אוֹתָהּ אוֹ יַעַבְדוּ בָּהּ לְשֵׁם עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה. אֲבָל בִּדְבָרִים אֵינוֹ נַעֲשֶׂה מֻקְצֶה שֶׁאֵין הֶקְדֵּשׁ לַעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה:

5

An animal that had relations with a person or that was sodomized becomes forbidden [as a sacrifice] for the altar whether it belongs to the person with whom it shared relations or it belongs to a colleague14 and regardless of whether those relations were carried out under compulsion or voluntarily, whether they were willful or inadvertent, or whether they were performed before [the animal was] consecrated or afterwards.15

When, by contrast, an animal is set aside for pagan worship, it becomes disqualified if it belonged to the person who set it aside and he set it aside for pagan worship before he consecrated it as a sacrifice. If, however, one set aside an animal belonging to a colleague16 or [even] his own animal after he consecrated it as a sacrifice,17it is permitted [to be offered as a sacrifice].18 [The rationale is that] a person cannot set aside an entity that does not belong to him [for pagan worship].19

ה

הָרוֹבֵעַ וְהַנִּרְבָּע בֵּין שֶׁהָיְתָה הַבְּהֵמָה שֶׁלּוֹ בֵּין שֶׁהָיְתָה שֶׁל חֲבֵרוֹ בֵּין בְּאֹנֶס בֵּין בְּרָצוֹן בֵּין בְּזָדוֹן בֵּין בִּשְׁגָגָה בֵּין לִפְנֵי הֶקְדֵּשָׁהּ בֵּין לְאַחַר הֶקְדֵּשָׁהּ הֲרֵי זוֹ אֲסוּרָה לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. אֲבָל הַמֻּקְצֶה אִם הִיא שֶׁלּוֹ וְהֻקְצָה קֹדֶם שֶׁיַּקְדִּישׁ נִפְסַל. הִקְצָה שֶׁל חֲבֵרוֹ אוֹ שֶׁהִקְצָה שֶׁלּוֹ אַחַר שֶׁהִקְדִּישׁוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר. שֶׁאֵין אָדָם מַקְצֶה דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ שֶׁלּוֹ:

6

[When an animal] has been worshipped as a false deity, it is forbidden [as a sacrifice] whether one served his own animal or one belonging to a colleague,20 whether he acted under compulsion or voluntarily, willfullly or inadvertently, whether he did so before the animal was consecrated or afterwards. [In the latter instance,] it should be left to pasture until it becomes permanently blemished and then it should be redeemed, as we stated.21

When an animal is worshipped, it and everything upon it22 are forbidden [as sacrifices] for the altar. For it is forbidden to benefit from all coverings of entities worshipped as false deities.23 If, however, [an animal has merely been] set aside for pagan worship, it is forbidden, but the entities on it are permitted [as sacrifices for the altar].24

ו

הַנֶּעֱבָד בֵּין שֶׁעָבַד שֶׁלּוֹ בֵּין שֶׁל חֲבֵרוֹ בֵּין בְּאֹנֶס בֵּין בְּרָצוֹן בֵּין בְּזָדוֹן בֵּין בִּשְׁגָגָה בֵּין לִפְנֵי הֶקְדֵּשׁ בֵּין לְאַחַר הֶקְדֵּשׁ הֲרֵי זֶה אָסוּר. וְיִרְעֶה עַד שֶׁיִּפּל בּוֹ מוּם קָבוּעַ וְיִפָּדֶה בּוֹ כְּמוֹ שֶׁבֵּאַרְנוּ. וְהַנֶּעֱבָד הוּא וְכָל מַה שֶּׁעָלָיו אֲסוּרִין לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. שֶׁכָּל צִפּוּי נֶעֱבָד אֲסוּרִין בַּהֲנָאָה. אֲבָל הַמֻּקְצֶה הוּא אָסוּר וּמַה שֶּׁעָלָיו מֻתָּר לַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

7

When a person bows down to a mountain, although he may benefit from it,25 its stones are forbidden to [be used as part of] the altar.26 Similarly, when one bows down to a flowing stream in his land,27 its water is invalid28 for use as a libation.29

[Even though] an asherah30 has been nullified,31 one should not bring logs from it for the arrangement of wood on the altar.32 Similarly, when one bows down to an animal, just as it is disqualified [as a sacrifice] for the altar, its wool is disqualified for use in the priestly garments,33 its horns are disqualified for use as trumpets,34 its thighs are disqualified for use as flutes,35 and its intestines as strands [for the lyres].36 Everything is unacceptable.37

ז

הַמִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לְהָר אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא מֻתָּר בַּהֲנָאָה הֲרֵי אֲבָנָיו אֲסוּרִין לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וְכֵן הַמִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לְמַעְיָן הַנּוֹבֵעַ בְּאַרְצוֹ הֲרֵי מֵימָיו פְּסוּלִין לְנַסֵּךְ. אֲשֵׁרָה שֶׁבָּטְלָה אֵין מְבִיאִין מִמֶּנָּה גְּזָרִים לַמַּעֲרָכָה. וְכֵן הַמִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לִבְהֵמָה כְּשֵׁם שֶׁנִּפְסְלָה לַמִּזְבֵּחַ כָּךְ צֶמֶר שֶׁלָּהּ פָּסוּל לְבִגְדֵי כְּהֻנָּה. וְקַרְנֶיהָ פְּסוּלִין לַחֲצוֹצְרוֹת וְשׁוֹקֶיהָ לַחֲלִילִין וּבְנֵי מֵעֶיהָ לְנִימִין הַכּל פָּסוּל:

8

Anything that is connected with the name of a false deity should not be employed in the service of the Sanctuary even though it is permitted to benefit from it.38

What is meant by a present given to a harlot?39 When one tells a harlot, "This entity is given to you as your wages."40 This applies to a gentile harlot, a maidservant, a Jewish woman who is forbidden to the man41 as an ervah42or by a negative commandment.43 If, however, a woman is unmarried, the present given to her may be used [as a sacrifice] even if the man is a priest.44 Similarly, if a person's wife is a niddah,45 a present given to her may be used [as a sacrifice] even though she is an ervah.46

ח

כָּל שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ שֵׁם לַעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה לִמְלֶאכֶת הַקֹּדֶשׁ אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא מֻתָּר בַּהֲנָאָה. אֵי זֶהוּ (דברים כג-יט) "אֶתְנָן" הָאוֹמֵר לְזוֹנָה הֵא לִיךְ דָּבָר זֶה בִּשְׂכָרֵךְ. אֶחָד זוֹנָה כּוּתִית אוֹ שִׁפְחָה אוֹ יִשְׂרְאֵלִית שֶׁהִיא עֶרְוָה עָלָיו אוֹ מֵחַיָּבֵי לָאוִין. אֲבָל הַפְּנוּיָה אֲפִלּוּ הָיָה כֹּהֵן אֶתְנָנָהּ מֻתָּר. וְכֵן אִשְׁתּוֹ נִדָּה אֶתְנָנָהּ מֻתָּר אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהִיא עֶרְוָה:

9

If a man married one of the women forbidden to him because of a negative commandment,47 whatever he gives her for the sake of intimate relations is considered as "the present [of a harlot]"48 and is forbidden [to be offered as a sacrifice]. A present given [by a male to] a male [for the purpose of intimacy] is forbidden [as a sacrifice].49 If a woman gives a present to a male for the purpose of intimacy, [it is not considered] "a present [of a harlot]" and is permitted [as a sacrifice].50

ט

נָשָׂא אַחַת מֵחַיָּבֵי לָאוִין כָּל שֶׁיִּתֵּן לָהּ מֵחֲמַת בְּעִילָה הֲרֵי זֶה אֶתְנָן וְאָסוּר. וְהַזָּכוּר אֶתְנָנוֹ אָסוּר. נָתְנָה הָאִשָּׁה אֶתְנָן לַבּוֹעֵל הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר מִשּׁוּם אֶתְנָן:

10

When a person tells a colleague: "Here is an article for you. In return for it, have your [Canaanite] maidservant spend the night with my Jewish bondsman," it is considered "a present [of a harlot]."51 [The above applies] provided [the Jewish bondsman] does not have a wife and children. If, however, he does have a wife and children, he is permitted [to engage in intimacy] with a Canaanite maidservant, as will be explained.52 This also applies if one tells a harlot:53 "Here is an article for you. In return for it, engage in relations with so-and-so who is Jewish." [The present is considered as] "a present [of a harlot]."

י

הָאוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ הֵא לְךָ דָּבָר זֶה וְתָלִין שִׁפְחָתְךָ אֵצֶל עַבְדִּי הָעִבְרִי הֲרֵי זֶה אֶתְנָן. וְהוּא שֶׁאֵין לוֹ אִשָּׁה וּבָנִים. אֲבָל אִם יֵשׁ לוֹ אִשָּׁה וּבָנִים הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר בְּשִׁפְחָה כְּנַעֲנִית כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר. וְהוּא הַדִּין בְּאוֹמֵר לְזוֹנָה הֵא לִיךְ דָּבָר זֶה וְהִבָּעֲלִי לִפְלוֹנִי הַיִּשְׂרְאֵלִי הֲרֵי זֶה אֶתְנָן:

11

If a person made an agreement to give a harlot one lamb and [instead,] he gave her many - even if he gave her 1000 - they are considered as "presents [to a harlot]"54 and are all forbidden [as sacrifices] for the altar.

If he gave her a present and did not engage in relations with her, but told her: "Let this be in your possession until I engage in relations with you," it becomes forbidden [as a sacrifice] when he engages in relations with her.55 If she had it sacrificed before he engaged in relations with her, it is acceptable56 and if she was obligated to bring a sacrifice, she has discharged her obligation, provided when he gave it to he told her: "When you accept my [proposition], you acquire it from the present time."57 If he did not tell her so, [it is not acceptable] because she cannot bring an article that does not belong to her58 as a sacrifice.

יא

פָּסַק עִם הַזּוֹנָה לִתֵּן לָהּ טָלֶה אֶחָד וְנָתַן לָהּ הַרְבֵּה אֲפִלּוּ נָתַן אֶלֶף כֻּלָּן אֶתְנָן וַאֲסוּרִין לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. נָתַן לָהּ אֶתְנָנָהּ וְלֹא בָּא עָלֶיהָ אֶלָּא אָמַר לָהּ יְהִי אֶצְלֵךְ עַד שֶׁאָבוֹא עָלַיִךְ כְּשֶׁיָּבוֹא עָלֶיהָ יֵאָסֵר. קָדְמָה וְהִקְרִיבַתּוּ קֹדֶם שֶׁיָּבוֹא עָלֶיהָ כָּשֵׁר [וְאִם הָיְתָה חַיֶּבֶת קָרְבָּן יָצְאָה יְדֵי חוֹבָתָהּ]. וְהוּא שֶׁיֹּאמַר לָהּ בְּעֵת שֶׁנָּתַן אֵימָתַי שֶׁתֵּרָצִי לִי קְנִי אוֹתוֹ מֵעַכְשָׁו. אֲבָל אִם לֹא אָמַר לָהּ כֵּן אֵינָהּ יְכוֹלָה לְהַקְרִיב דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינָהּ שֶׁלָּהּ:

12

If she took the initiative and consecrated it [for a sacrifice] before he entered relations with her and afterwards, he engaged in relations with her [before it was sacrificed], there is an unresolved doubt59 whether it is considered "the present [of a harlot"] - because he engaged in relations with her before it was sacrificed - or whether it is not considered as such, since she consecrated it before relations.60 Hence, it should not be sacrificed,61 but if it is sacrificed, it is acceptable.62

יב

קָדְמָה וְהִקְדִּישַׁתּוּ קֹדֶם שֶׁיָּבוֹא עָלֶיהָ וְאַחַר כָּךְ בָּא עָלֶיהָ הֲרֵי זֶה סָפֵק אִם הוּא אֶתְנָן הוֹאִיל וּבָא עָלֶיהָ קֹדֶם שֶׁתַּקְרִיבֶנּוּ. אוֹ אֵינוֹ אֶתְנָן שֶׁהֲרֵי הִקְדִּישַׁתּוּ קֹדֶם בִּיאָה. לְפִיכָךְ לֹא יִקָּרֵב וְאִם קָרַב נִרְצָה:

13

If he engaged in relations with her, but did not give her anything, and then afterwards - even many years afterwards - he gave it to her, it is considered "the present [of a harlot"].

When does the above apply?63 With regard to a gentile woman64 whom he told: "Engage in relations with me in exchange for this lamb," for she does not have to draw it into her domain [to acquire it]65 or with regard to a Jewish woman when the lamb was left in her courtyard and he told her: "If I do not give you money on this day, [the lamb] is yours."66 If, however, he told her : "Engage in relations with me in exchange for this lamb" without any further explanation and then engaged in relations and sent her the lamb afterwards, it is permissible [to be sacrificed; it is not considered] "the present [of a harlot]."

יג

בָּא עָלֶיהָ וְלֹא נָתַן לָהּ וּלְאַחַר זְמַן נָתַן לָהּ אֲפִלּוּ אַחַר כַּמָּה שָׁנִים הֲרֵי זֶה אֶתְנָן. בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים בְּכוּתִית שֶׁאָמַר לָהּ הִבָּעֲלִי לִי בְּטָלֶה זֶה שֶׁאֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה מְשִׁיכָה. אוֹ בְּיִשְׂרְאֵלִית שֶׁהָיָה הַטָּלֶה בַּחֲצֵרָהּ וְאָמַר לָהּ אִם לֹא אֶתֵּן לָךְ מָעוֹת בְּיוֹם פְּלוֹנִי הֲרֵי הוּא שֶׁלָּךְ. אֲבָל אִם אָמַר לָהּ הִבָּעֲלִי לִי בְּטָלֶה סְתָם וּבָא עָלֶיהָ וּלְאַחַר זְמַן שָׁלַח לָהּ טָלֶה הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר מִשּׁוּם אֶתְנָן:

14

Only the actual physical substance of [the article given] is forbidden as "the present [of a harlot]" or "the exchange [for a dog]." Therefore [these prohibitions] apply only to articles that are [in essence] fit to be sacrificed on the altar, e.g., a kosher animal, turtle doves, small doves, wine, oil, and fine flour. If he gave her money67 and she bought a sacrifice with it, it is acceptable.

יד

אֵין אָסוּר מִשּׁוּם אֶתְנָן וּמְחִיר אֶלָּא גּוּפָן. לְפִיכָךְ אֵינוֹ חָל אֶלָּא עַל דָּבָר הָרָאוּי לִקָּרֵב עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. כְּגוֹן בְּהֵמָה טְהוֹרָה וְתוֹרִין וּבְנֵי יוֹנָה וְיַיִן וְשֶׁמֶן וְסלֶת. נָתַן לָהּ מָעוֹת וְלָקְחָה בָּהֶן קָרְבָּן הֲרֵי זֶה כָּשֵׁר:

15

If he gave her grain and she had it made into fine flour; [he gave her] olives and she had oil made from them; [he gave her] grapes, and she had wine made from them, they are acceptable, because their form has changed.68

If he gave her a consecrated animal as her present, it does not become forbidden to the altar.69 Even if he designated her as one of those to eat from his Paschal sacrifice70 or his festive offering71 as a present, the consecrated animals are not disqualified, for the Temple already acquired them at the time they were consecrated.72 Similarly, if he gave her an entity that did not belong to him, he did not disqualify it, for a person cannot cause an article that does not belong to him to be forbidden unless the owner despairs of its recovery.73

If, however, he gave her doves, even though they are consecrated, they can be considered as "a present to a harlot." This concept was conveyed as part of the Oral Tradition.74

טו

נָתַן לָהּ חִטִּים וַעֲשָׂאָתָן סלֶת. זֵיתִים וַעֲשָׂאָתָן שֶׁמֶן. עֲנָבִים וַעֲשָׂאָתָן יַיִן. הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ כְּשֵׁרִים שֶׁכְּבָר נִשְׁתַּנּוּ. נָתַן לָהּ בֶּהֱמַת קָדָשִׁים בְּאֶתְנָנָהּ לֹא נֶאֶסְרָה לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וַאֲפִלּוּ מָנָה אוֹתָהּ עַל פִּסְחוֹ וְעַל חֲגִיגָתוֹ בְּאֶתְנָנָהּ לֹא נִפְסְלוּ הַמֻּקְדָּשִׁין שֶׁכְּבָר זָכָה בָּהֶן גָּבוֹהַּ מִשָּׁעָה שֶׁהִקְדִּישָׁן. וְכֵן אִם נָתַן לָהּ דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ שֶׁלּוֹ לֹא פְּסָלוֹ שֶׁאֵין אָדָם אוֹסֵר דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ שֶׁלּוֹ אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן נִתְיָאֲשׁוּ הַבְּעָלִים. אֲבָל אִם נָתַן לָהּ עוֹפוֹת אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהֵן מֻקְדָּשִׁין אֶתְנָן חָל עֲלֵיהֶם וַאֲסוּרִים וּמִדִּבְרֵי קַבָּלָה הוּא דָּבָר זֶה:

16

What is meant by "an exchange for a dog"?75 A person tells a colleague: "Take this lamb in exchange for this dog." Similarly, if he exchanged a dog for several animals or fowl, they are all forbidden [as sacrifices] for the altar.

טז

אֵי זֶה הוּא (דברים כג-יט) "מְחִיר כֶּלֶב". זֶה הָאוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ הֵא לְךָ טָלֶה זֶה תַּחַת כֶּלֶב זֶה. וְכֵן אִם הֶחְלִיף כֶּלֶב בְּכַמָּה בְּהֵמוֹת אוֹ עוֹפוֹת וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶן כֻּלָּן אֲסוּרוֹת לַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

17

When two partners divided [their goods], one took ten lambs and one took nine lambs and a dog, [the lambs] that are with the dog are permitted [as sacrifices], but [there are restrictions with regard to] the ten given in exchange for them. If the value of one of them is equivalent to the value of the dog or greater, it should be set aside and it [alone] is considered as "the exchange [for a dog]." The remainder are permitted [as sacrifices]. If the value of each of them is less than the value of the dog, they are all forbidden.76

יז

שְׁנֵי שֻׁתָּפִין שֶׁחָלְקוּ. זֶה לָקַח עֲשָׂרָה טְלָאִים וְזֶה לָקַח תִּשְׁעָה וְכֶלֶב אֶחָד. שֶׁעִם הַכֶּלֶב מֻתָּרִין. אֲבָל הָעֲשָׂרָה שֶׁכְּנֶגְדוֹ אִם יֵשׁ אֶחָד מֵהֶם דָּמָיו כִּדְמֵי הַכֶּלֶב אוֹ יָתֵר עַל דְּמֵי הַכֶּלֶב מוֹצִיאוֹ מִן הָעֲשָׂרָה כְּנֶגֶד הַכֶּלֶב וְיִהְיֶה מְחִירוֹ וּשְׁאֵרָן מֻתָּרִים. וְאִם כָּל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד מֵהֶן דָּמָיו פְּחוּתִין מִדְּמֵי הַכֶּלֶב הֲרֵי הָעֲשָׂרָה כֻּלָּן אֲסוּרִים:

18

If [the entity given in] exchange [for the dog] underwent a change, for example, he exchanged a dog for wheat and ground it into flour, it is permitted.77

The present [given] to a dog78 and an exchange given for a harlot79 are permitted. "A present to a harlot" and "the exchange for a dog" are permitted to be given to the Temple, for they undergo a change.80 The actual substance of a present [to a harlot] should not be used as beaten metal for the Temple, as [implied by Deuteronomy 23:19]: "For every vow," [which is interpreted81] as including sheet metal.

יח

נִשְׁתַּנָּה הַמְּחִיר כְּגוֹן שֶׁהֶחְלִיף כֶּלֶב בְּחִטִּים וְנַעֲשׂוּ סלֶת הֲרֵי זֶה מֻתָּר. אֶתְנַן כֶּלֶב וּמְחִיר זוֹנָה מֻתָּרִין. (דברים כג-יט) "אֶתְנַן זוֹנָה וּמְחִיר כֶּלֶב" מֻתָּרִין לְבֶדֶק הַבַּיִת שֶׁהֲרֵי הֵן מִשְׁתַּנִּין. אֲבָל גּוּפָן שֶׁל אֶתְנָן לֹא יֵעָשֶׂה רִקּוּעִין לַבַּיִת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים כג-יט) "לְכָל נֶדֶר" לְהָבִיא אֶת הָרִקּוּעִים: