1. How much is the atonement fine? The amount the judges evaluate as being the worth of the person who was killed; everything depends on his worth, as [implied by Exodus 21:30]: "And he shall give the ransom of his soul according to all that will be imposed upon him."
The atonement fine for a servant, whether an adult or a minor, whether a male or a female, is the amount determined by the Torah: 30 selaim of fine silver. [This applies] whether the servant was worth 100 maneh or only one dinar.
If a servant is lacking only a bill of release, a fine is not imposed, for he does not have a master, for he has already attained his freedom.
2. To whom is the atonement fine paid? To the heirs of the deceased. If a woman is killed, the atonement fine is paid to her heirs [as though she had not married], and not to her husband.
If a person who is half a servant, and half a freed man is killed, half of the fine should be given to the owner, and the other half is fit to be given, but there is no one to take it.
3. When an ox gores a pregnant woman and causes her to miscarry, its owners are not liable for the value of the fetus. [This law applies] even when the ox is mu'ad to gore. For the obligation [stated in] the Torah to pay for the value of the fetus applies only when it is a human who causes the damages.
4. If, however, an ox [that is mu'ad] gores a maid-servant and causes her to miscarry, [the owner] is required to pay for the value of the fetus. For this is equivalent to having gored a pregnant donkey.
If the ox is tam, [the owner] must pay half the value of the fetus from the body of the ox.
5. How is this sum evaluated? We assess the value of this maid-servant when she was pregnant, and how much she is worth now. [The owner of the ox] must pay [the owner of the maid-servant] the difference or half the difference.
If [the ox] kills the maid-servant, [despite the fact that she is pregnant, its owner] need pay only the fine determined by the Torah, as we have explained.
6. When an ox intended to gore an animal and instead gored a man, [the owner is not liable], even if the man dies, as explained. Nevertheless, if [the ox] injures him, [the owner of the ox] is liable for the damages. If the ox is tam, he should pay half the damages from the body of the ox. If it is mu'ad, he must pay the entire amount of the damages.
7. When an ox that is tam kills [a man] and then causes damage, it is sentenced to execution, but there is no financial claim on its owners.
If an ox that is mu'ad kills and then causes damage, the liability [resulting from the damages] is determined, and then it is sentenced to execution. If it is sentenced to execution first, the liability [resulting from the damages] is determined afterwards.
8. How is this money collected? From the profit that will accrue from the labor of the ox after it has been sentenced. [This step is taken] because once it is sentenced to be stoned to death, it no longer has owners who are considered liable for the damages it caused.
If [in the above situation] it was sentenced to death and then it fled, no liability [resulting from the damages] is assigned.
9. When an ox killed a human, and afterwards its owner consecrates it, it is not consecrated. Similarly, if he declares it ownerless, it is not ownerless. If he sells it, the sale is not effective. If a watchman returns it to its owner, it is not considered to have been returned. If it is slaughtered, one is forbidden to benefit from its meat.
When does the above apply? After it has already been sentenced to death. If, however, it had not been sentenced to death [different rules apply]. If its owner consecrates it, it is consecrated. If he declares it ownerless, it is ownerless. If he sells it, the sale is effective. If a watchman returns it to its owner, it is considered to have been returned. If it is slaughtered first, one is not forbidden to benefit from its meat.
10. When an ox [that killed a human] becomes intermingled with other oxen before it was sentenced to death, they are all not held liable. [The rationale is that] just as the judgment of a human being [must be concluded in the presence of that person], so too, the judgment of the ox must be concluded in the presence of the ox.
If an ox becomes intermingled with other oxen - even 1000 - after it was sentenced to death, they all must be stoned to death. It is forbidden to benefit from them, and their carcasses must be buried, as is required whenever an animal is stoned to death.
11. When a pregnant cow kills a person - and similarly, all animals that were used for a sinful purpose [that requires their execution] - the laws that apply to it apply to its calf. For it and its calf gored; it and its calf were sodomized.
12. [The following rules apply if a cow] gored a person to death and then became pregnant: If it became pregnant and bore a calf before it was sentenced to death, the calf is permitted. If it bore a calf after the sentence was delivered, the calf is forbidden, for a fetus is considered an extension of its mother.
If [the calf] became intermingled with other calves, they must all be enclosed in a closed room until they die.
13. When the witnesses whose testimony caused an ox to be sentenced for execution are disqualified because they lied, whoever first takes possession of the ox acquires it as his own. [The rationale is that] once it was sentenced to death, the owners gave up their ownership of it.
If witnesses testify that the owner [of an ox sodomized his animal] and they were disqualified because they lied, the ox remains the property of its [original] owner. Although another person drew it after him, he does not acquire it. [The rationale is that] since the owner knows that he did not sin, and that these are false witnesses, he was planning to have them disqualified. Therefore, he did not give up ownership [of his animal].