The 2nd day1 of the Festival of Matzos,2 Day 1 of the Omer3

לֵיל בּ דְּחַג הַמַּצּוֹת, קְרִיאַת שְׁמַע שֶׁעַל הַמִּטָּה כְּמוֹ בְּכָל יוֹם טוֹב.

[On the second night of Pesach,] the Prayer before Retiring at Night4 is recited as on other festivals.5

גַּם מִי שֶׁאֵין לוֹ אָב, רַחֲמָנָא לִצְלָן, אוֹמֵר לִפְנֵי מַה נִּשְׁתַּנָּה “טאַטעֶ אִיךְ וועֶל בּאַ דִיר פְרעֶגעֶן פִיר קַשְׁיוֹת", וְסְמוּכוֹת לָזֶה, שֶׁגַּם מִי שֶׁאֵין לוֹ אָב וְאֵם, רַחֲמָנָא לִצְלָן, צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר בְּבִרְכַּת הַמָּזוֹן: הָרַחֲמָן הוּא יְבָרֵךְ אֶת אָבִי מוֹרִי כו' אִמִּי מוֹרָתִי כו'.

Even a person whose father is (G‑d forbid) no longer alive should introduce the Four Questions6 by saying: Tatte, ich vel ba dir fregn fir kashes — “Father,I’m going to ask you four questions.”

Support for this practice can be found in the Grace after Meals. Even a person whose parents are (G‑d forbid) no longer alive should say,7 “May the Merciful One bless my father and teacher…, and my mother and teacher….”8

Probing Beneath the Surface

Obviously, in the final sense, the questions and requests are being directed to G‑d, Father of us all. Just as a beloved child turns to his father with questions, so too, on Pesach night, every Jew turns to his or her Father in Heaven with childlike simplicity. This arouses G‑d’s love for us, as it is written,9 “For Israel is a youth, and [therefore] I love him.”10