Chapter 12

1Jehoash was seven years old when he became king.   אבֶּן־שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים יְהוֹאָ֥שׁ בְּמָלְכֽוֹ:
2Jehoash became king in the seventh year of Jehu, and he reigned in Jerusalem for forty years; and his mother's name was Zibiah from Beersheba.   בבִּשְׁנַת־שֶׁ֚בַע לְיֵהוּא֙ מָלַ֣ךְ יְהוֹאָ֔שׁ וְאַרְבָּעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירֽוּשָׁלָ֑םִ וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ צִבְיָ֖ה מִבְּאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע:
3And Jehoash did what was proper in the eyes of the Lord all his days, what Jehoiada the priest instructed him.   גוַיַּ֨עַשׂ יְהוֹאָ֧שׁ הַיָּשָׁ֛ר בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה כָּל־יָמָ֑יו אֲשֶׁ֣ר הוֹרָ֔הוּ יְהוֹיָדָ֖ע הַכֹּהֵֽן:
all his days, that Jehoiada the priest instructed him: but after Jehoiada died, the princes of Judah came to prostrate themselves before the king, and they defiled him. They said to him, One who enters the Holy of Holies is in peril of dying. Yet you hid there for six years. You are fit to be a god. “Then the king listened to them” (II Chron. 24:17).  
4However, the high places were not removed. The people were still slaughtering sacrifices and burning incense on the high places.   דרַ֥ק הַבָּמ֖וֹת לֹא־סָ֑רוּ ע֥וֹד הָעָ֛ם מְזַבְּחִ֥ים וּֽמְקַטְּרִ֖ים בַּבָּמֽוֹת:
5And Jehoash said to the priests, "All money of the hallowed things which is brought to the house of the Lord, the money of anyone who passes [the numbering], each one the money of the value of the people [whose value he vows to donate,] all money which comes upon a man's heart to bring to the house of the Lord.   הוַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוֹאָ֜שׁ אֶל־הַכֹּהֲנִ֗ים כֹּל֩ כֶּ֨סֶף הַקֳּדָשִׁ֜ים אֲשֶׁר־יוּבָ֚א בֵית־יְהֹוָה֙ כֶּ֣סֶף עוֹבֵ֔ר אִ֕ישׁ כֶּ֥סֶף נַפְשׁ֖וֹת עֶרְכּ֑וֹ כָּל־כֶּ֗סֶף אֲשֶׁ֚ר יַֽעֲלֶה֙ עַ֣ל לֶב־אִ֔ישׁ לְהָבִ֖יא בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה:
the money of anyone who passes the numbering, each one the money of the value of the people, [whose value he vows to donate]: Two types of money are mentioned here: (1) the money of anyone who passes the numbering. That is the money of the shekels, concerning which it is stated (Ex. 30:13,14), “Everyone who passes the numbering,” and (2) anyone who volunteers the value of his person; i.e., One who says, My value shall be incumbent upon me to donate.  
all money which comes upon…: [I.e., all money which one desires to give,] such as one who says, It is incumbent upon me to donate a maneh (twenty-five selaim or one hundred dinarim) for the repairs of the Temple.  
6The priests shall take for themselves each one from his acquaintance; and they shall strengthen the damage of the house, wherever damage is found."   ויִקְח֚וּ לָהֶם֙ הַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים אִ֖ישׁ מֵאֵ֣ת מַכָּר֑וֹ וְהֵ֗ם יְחַזְּקוּ֙ אֶת־בֶּ֣דֶק הַבַּ֔יִת לְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִמָּצֵ֥א שָׁ֖ם בָּֽדֶק:
The priests shall take for themselves: It shall be theirs, and they shall take upon themselves to strengthen the damage of the Temple from their own money.  
from his acquaintance: [Heb. מַכָּרוֹ, like מַכִּירוֹ, i.e.,] from his acquaintance who frequently visits him.  
damage: splits and cracks in the wall.  
7And it was that in the twenty-third year of King Jehoash, the priests did not strengthen the damages of the house.   זוַיְהִ֗י בִּשְׁנַ֨ת עֶשְׂרִ֧ים וְשָׁל֛שׁ שָׁנָ֖ה לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ יְהוֹאָ֑שׁ לֹֽא־חִזְּק֥וּ הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים אֶת־בֶּ֥דֶק הַבָּֽיִת:
8And King Jehoash summoned Jehoiada the priest and the priests and said to them, "Why are you not repairing the damage of the house? Now, take no money from your acquaintances, but give it for the damage of the house."   חוַיִּקְרָא֩ הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ יְהוֹאָ֜שׁ לִיהוֹיָדָ֚ע הַכֹּהֵן֙ וְלַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם מַדּ֛וּעַ אֵינְכֶ֥ם מְחַזְּקִ֖ים אֶת־בֶּ֣דֶק הַבָּ֑יִת וְעַתָּ֗ה אַל־תִּקְחוּ־כֶ֙סֶף֙ מֵאֵ֣ת מַכָּֽרֵיכֶ֔ם כִּֽי־לְבֶ֥דֶק הַבַּ֖יִת תִּתְּנֻֽהוּ:
Now, take no money: anymore, and do not repair the Temple from your money.  
but give it for the damage of the house: If it will be little, let it be little, and if it will be left over, let it be left over.  
9And the priests agreed not to take money from the people and not to repair the damage of the house.   טוַיֵּאֹ֖תוּ הַכֹּֽהֲנִ֑ים לְבִלְתִּ֚י קְחַת־כֶּ֙סֶף֙ מֵאֵ֣ת הָעָ֔ם וּלְבִלְתִּ֥י חַזֵּ֖ק אֶת־בֶּ֥דֶק הַבָּֽיִת:
10And Jehoiada the priest took one chest and bored a hole in its door; and he placed it near the altar on the right, where a person enters the house of the Lord: and the priests, the guards of the threshold, would put all the money that was brought into the house of the Lord, into there.   יוַיִּקַּ֞ח יְהוֹיָדָ֚ע הַכֹּהֵן֙ אֲר֣וֹן אֶחָ֔ד וַיִּקֹּ֥ב חֹ֖ר בְּדַלְתּ֑וֹ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֹתוֹ֩ אֵ֨צֶל הַמִּזְבֵּ֜חַ מִיָּמִ֗ין (כתיב בִיָּמִ֗ין) בְּבֽוֹא־אִישׁ֙ בֵּ֣ית יְהֹוָ֔ה וְנָֽתְנוּ־שָׁ֚מָּה הַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ שֹׁמְרֵ֣י הַסַּ֔ף אֶת־כָּל־הַכֶּ֖סֶף הַמּוּבָ֥א בֵית־יְהֹוָֽה:
near the altar: in the Temple court.  
on the right, where a person comes: on the right of the people’s entrance.  
the guards of the threshold: the thresholds of the Temple court, those in charge of the keys of the Temple court, for Jonathan rendered it as “Amarkalia,” and the “Amarkalim” were seven, for the seven gates of the Temple court. Tosefta Shekalim 2:15  
11And it was when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest went up and packed and counted the money which was brought into the house of the Lord.   יאוַֽיְהִי֙ כִּרְאוֹתָ֔ם כִּֽי־רַ֥ב הַכֶּ֖סֶף בָּֽאָר֑וֹן וַיַּ֨עַל סֹפֵ֚ר הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְהַכֹּהֵ֣ן הַגָּד֔וֹל וַיָּצֻ֙רוּ֙ וַיִּמְנ֔וּ אֶת־הַכֶּ֖סֶף הַנִּמְצָ֥א בֵית־יְהֹוָֽה:
And it was: from day to day.  
12And they would give the counted money into the hands of the foremen of the work who were appointed in the house of the Lord; and they spent it for the carpenters and for the builders who work in the house of the Lord.   יבוְנָתְנוּ֙ אֶת־הַכֶּ֣סֶף הַֽמְתֻכָּ֔ן עַל־יְדֵי֙ (כתיב יְדֵ֙) עֹשֵֹ֣י הַמְּלָאכָ֔ה הַמֻּפְקָדִ֖ים (כתיב הַֻפְקָדִ֖ים) בֵּ֣ית יְהֹוָ֑ה וַיּוֹצִיאֻ֜הוּ לְחָרָשֵׁ֚י הָעֵץ֙ וְלַבֹּנִ֔ים הָעֹשִֹ֖ים בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה:
And they would give the counted money: They would give that counted money. After they would take it out of the chest and weigh it, they would give it into the hands of the treasurers who were in charge of the performers of the work.  
the counted: Heb. [הַמְתֻכָּן,] an expression of a number, like (Ex. 5:18) “and the number (וְתֹכֶן) of bricks you shall give.”  
who were appointed: [Heb. הַמֻּפְקָדִים].  
and they spent it: [lit. and they took it out.] An expression of expenditure to hire carpenters.  
and for the builders: They are the architects, the stonesmiths whose colleagues would work under their orders, the supervisors of the crafts.  
13And for the masons and for the stonecutters and to buy wood and quarried stones to repair the damage of the house of the Lord, and for everything which would be spent for the house to strengthen it.   יגוְלַגֹּֽדְרִים֙ וּלְחֹצְבֵ֣י הָאֶ֔בֶן וְלִקְנ֚וֹת עֵצִים֙ וְאַבְנֵ֣י מַחְצֵ֔ב לְחַזֵּ֖ק אֶת־בֶּ֣דֶק בֵּית־יְהֹוָ֑ה וּלְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יֵצֵ֥א עַל־הַבַּ֖יִת לְחַזְקָֽה:
And for the masons: for the builders of the wall, the apprentices of the architects.  
and for the stonecutters: from the mountain.  
14However, there would not be made for the house of the Lord, silver pitchers, musical instruments, basins, trumpets, or any golden or silver utensils, from the money brought into the house of the Lord.   ידאַךְ֩ לֹ֨א יֵעָשֶֹ֜ה בֵּ֣ית יְהֹוָ֗ה סִפּ֥וֹת כֶּ֙סֶף֙ מְזַמְּר֚וֹת מִזְרָקוֹת֙ חֲצֹ֣צְר֔וֹת כָּל־כְּלִ֥י זָהָ֖ב וּכְלִי־כָ֑סֶף מִן־הַכֶּ֖סֶף הַמּוּבָ֥א בֵית־יְהֹוָֽה:
15But they would give it to the foremen over the work, and they would repair therewith the house of the Lord.   טוכִּֽי־לְעֹשֵֹ֥י הַמְּלָאכָ֖ה יִתְּנֻ֑הוּ וְחִזְּקוּ־ב֖וֹ אֶת־בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה:
16And they would not reckon with the men into whose hand they would give the money to give the foremen over the work, for they did [the work] honestly.   טזוְלֹ֧א יְחַשְּׁב֣וּ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִתְּנ֚וּ אֶת־הַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ עַל־יָדָ֔ם לָתֵ֖ת לְעֹשֵֹ֣י הַמְּלָאכָ֑ה כִּ֥י בֶאֱמֻנָ֖ה הֵ֥ם עֹשִֹֽים:
And they would not reckon with the men: The supervisors would not make a reckoning with the men, the treasurers into whose hand the supervisors would always give the money to give it to the foremen over the work, since they were not suspicious in their eyes, for they did the work honestly.  
for they did [the work] honestly: They were known to be honest men.  
17The money for guilt- offerings and the money for sin-offerings would not be brought to the house of the Lord; they would go to the priests.   יזכֶּ֚סֶף אָשָׁם֙ וְכֶ֣סֶף חַטָּא֔וֹת לֹ֥א יוּבָ֖א בֵּ֣ית יְהֹוָ֑ה לַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים יִהְיֽוּ:
The money for guilt-offerings and the money for sin-offerings: If one set aside money for his sin-offering or for his guilt- offering, and purchased an animal, and there remained of the money.  
would not be brought to the house of the Lord: to repair the damage of the Temple.  
they would go to the priests: who would in turn purchase therefrom burnt- offerings, “fruit” for the altar; the flesh was for a burnt- offering and the hides were theirs. Thus we learned in Temurah (23b). This interpretation Jehoiada the priest expounded on. Everything that comes from the remainder of a guilt-offering shall be used to purchase burnt-offerings.  
18Then Hazael the king of Aram went up and fought with Gath and captured it; and Hazael set his face to ascend upon Jerusalem.   יחאָ֣ז יַעֲלֶ֗ה חֲזָאֵל֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אֲרָ֔ם וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם עַל־גַּ֖ת וַֽיִּלְכְּדָ֑הּ וַיָּ֚שֶׂם חֲזָאֵל֙ פָּנָ֔יו לַעֲל֖וֹת עַל־יְרוּשָׁלָֽםִ:
Then Hazael the king of Aram went up: after the death of Jehoiada, when Joash made himself for a god.  
19And Jehoash, the king of Judah, took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his forefathers, the kings of Judah, had hallowed and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasuries of the house of the Lord and the royal palace, and sent it to Hazael the king of Aram, for which he turned back from marching on Jerusalem.   יטוַיִּקַּ֞ח יְהוֹאָ֣שׁ מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֗ה אֵ֣ת כָּל־הַקֳּדָשִׁ֡ים אֲשֶׁר־הִקְדִּ֣ישׁוּ יְהוֹשָׁפָ֣ט וִיהוֹרָם֩ וַאֲחַזְיָ֨הוּ אֲבֹתָ֜יו מַלְכֵ֚י יְהוּדָה֙ וְאֶת־קֳדָשָׁ֔יו וְאֵ֣ת כָּל־הַזָּהָ֗ב הַנִּמְצָ֛א בְּאֹצְר֥וֹת בֵּית־יְהֹוָ֖ה וּבֵ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח לַֽחֲזָאֵל֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אֲרָ֔ם וַיַּ֖עַל מֵעַ֥ל יְרוּשָׁלָֽםִ:
20And the rest of the acts of Joash and all that he did, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah.   כוְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י יוֹאָ֖שׁ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָֹ֑ה הֲלוֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה:
21And his servants rose up and revolted; and they struck Joash at Bethmillo that leads down to Silla.   כאוַיָּקֻ֥מוּ עֲבָדָ֖יו וַיִּקְשְׁרֽוּ־קָ֑שֶׁר וַיַּכּוּ֙ אֶת־יוֹאָ֔שׁ בֵּ֥ית מִלֹּ֖א הַיּוֹרֵ֥ד סִלָּֽא:
at Beth- millo: in that place.  
Millo: the name of a place.  
Silla: the name of a place.  
22And Jozacar the son of Shimeath and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, struck him and he died; and they buried him with his forefathers in the city of David; and his son Amaziah reigned in his stead.   כבוְיוֹזָבָ֣ד בֶּן־שִׁ֠מְעָת וִיהוֹזָבָ֨ד בֶּן־שֹׁמֵ֚ר | עֲבָדָיו֙ הִכֻּ֣הוּ וַיָּמֹ֔ת וַיִּקְבְּר֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֖יו בְּעִ֣יר דָּוִ֑ד וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ אֲמַצְיָ֥ה בְנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו:
And Jozacar the son of Shimeath and Jehozabad the son of Shomer: In II Chron. (24:26) it is written, “Shimeath the Ammonitess and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the Moabitess.” Now why did Scripture specify? To teach [us] that the Holy One, Blessed be He, requited him through people of his type. Let the ungrateful Ammonites and Moabites, who ignored our father Abraham’s favor, which he did for Lot, (viz. that he fought with the kings to rescue him, yet they hired Balaam to curse his descendants,) and requite Joash who ignored the favor of Jehoiada and killed Zechariah his son, as is explained in II Chron. (24:22). This interpretation is in Sifrei.