Gifts upon the Discharge of a Jewish Bondsperson

"You shall surely provide him from your flock, from your threshing floor, and from your vat, you shall give him from what G‑d, your G‑d, has blessed you"Deuteronomy 15:14.

Upon the discharge of a Jewish bondsperson, we are commanded to give him [or her] gifts, to assist him in his newfound freedom. We must not allow him to leave empty-handed.

Discharging a Jewish Bondsman Empty-Handed

"When you send him away free, you shall not let him go away empty-handed"Deuteronomy 15:13.

When a bondsman is discharged after six years of service, his master is forbidden to let him leave empty-handed. Rather, he must give him gifts.

Redemption of a Jewish Maidservant

"He must let her be redeemed"Exodus 21:8.

A person who acquires a Jewish maidservant must allow for her redemption through the various methods prescribed by the Torah.

Marrying a Jewish Maidservant

"If he did not designate her [for himself], then he shall enable her to be redeemed"—Exodus 21:8.

It is a [non-binding] mitzvah for the master of a Jewish maidservant to marry her [if she consents], or to wed her to his son. This mitzvah takes precedence over the master's obligation to allow for the maidservant's redemption.

This mitzvah, along with all the mitzvot that apply to Jewish bondspeople, only apply while the Jubilee is practiced in the Holy Land.

Reselling a Jewish Maidservant

"He shall have no power to sell her"Exodus 21:8.

One who acquires a Jewish maidservant is not empowered to then sell her to another master.