The 284th prohibition is that the High Court or the Rosh Golus1 are forbidden from relying on an individual's [other] qualities and appointing him as judge although he is not expert in the Torah's wisdom. In all appointments regarding Torah, we may look only at the person's expertise in the Torah's wisdom, knowledge of its positive commandments and prohibitions, and behavior suitable to [that knowledge].

The source of this prohibition to make an appointment based on other factors is G‑d's statement2 (exalted be He), "Do not give anyone special consideration regarding judgment."

In the words of the Sifri: "The verse, 'Do not give anyone special consideration regarding judgment' refers to the one who appoints judges." This means that this prohibition only applies to the person who has the ability to appoint judges. This person is forbidden from making such an appointment based on other considerations, as mentioned above. Our Sages said: "One should not say, 'I will appoint this person as a judge because he is attractive'; 'I will appoint this person as a judge because he is strong'; 'I will appoint this person as a judge because he is my relative'; 'I will appoint this person as a judge because he lent me money'; 'I will appoint this person as a judge because he knows all languages.' " He will end up acquitting the guilty and convicting the innocent— not because he is wicked but because of his ignorance. Therefore the Torah says, "Do not give anyone special consideration regarding judgment."