When blessing the new month in the synagogue on the Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh, it is customary to announce the time that the molad (birth of the new moon) occurs in Jerusalem, so that it can be kept in mind while saying the blessing.

Traditionally, the time is announced in hours, minutes and chalakim — e.g., "The molad will occur Sunday evening, eight minutes and seven chalakim after seven o'clock." A chelek is one 1080th part of an hour, or 3.33 seconds. In this table, we have noted the time of the molad in hours and minutes (e.g., 7:08 PM), and we've also noted the number of chalakim, for use in the traditional announcement.

All times listed here are Jerusalem times, and are so announced in the synagogue regardless of location.

For more about the molad, see What is the molad? at the bottom of this page.

Molad Times for 5781 (2020-2021)

Molad for Month of

Day of Week

Date

Time

Tishrei

Thursday

September 17, 2020

2:38 (17 chalakim) PM

Cheshvan

Shabbat

October 17, 2020

3:23 AM

Kislev

Sunday

November 15, 2020

4:07 (1 chelek) PM

Tevet

Tuesday

December 15, 2020

4:51 (2 chalakim) AM

Shevat

Wednesday

January 13, 2021

5:35 (3 chalakim) PM

Adar

Friday

February 12, 2021

6:19 (4 chalakim) AM

Nissan

Shabbat

March 13, 2021

7:03 (5 chalakim) PM

Iyar

Monday

April 12, 2021

7:47 (6 chalakim) AM

Sivan

Tuesday

May 11, 2021

8:31 (7 chalakim) PM

Tamuz

Thursday

June 10, 2021

9:15 (8 chalakim) AM

Av

Friday

July 9, 2021

9:59 (9 chalakim) PM

Elul

Sunday

August 8, 2021

10:43 (10 chalakim) AM


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Molad Times for 5782 (2021-2022)

Molad for Month of

Day of Week

Date

Time

Tishrei

Monday

September 6, 2021

11:27 (11 chalakim) PM

Cheshvan

Wednesday

October 6, 2021

12:11 (12 chalakim) PM

Kislev

Friday

November 5, 2021

12:55 (13 chalakim) AM

Tevet

Shabbat

December 4, 2021

1:39 (14 chalakim) PM

Shevat

Monday

January 3, 2022

2:23 (15 chalakim) AM

Adar 1

Tuesday

February 1, 2022

3:07 (16 chalakim) PM

Adar 2

Thursday

March 3, 2022

3:51 (17 chalakim) AM

Nissan

Friday

April 1, 2022

4:36 PM

Iyar

Sunday

May 1, 2022

5:20 (1 chelek) AM

Sivan

Monday

May 30, 2022

6:04 (2 chalakim) PM

Tamuz

Wednesday

June 29, 2022

6:48 (3 chalakim) AM

Av

Thursday

July 28, 2022

7:32 (4 chalakim) PM

Elul

Shabbat

August 27, 2022

8:16 (5 chalakim) AM


Click here to convert Secular to Jewish dates

Molad Times for 5783 (2022-2023)

Molad for Month of

Day of Week

Date

Time

Tishrei

Sunday

September 25, 2022

9:00 (6 chalakim) PM

Cheshvan

Tuesday

October 25, 2022

9:44 (7 chalakim) AM

Kislev

Wednesday

November 23, 2022

10:28 (8 chalakim) PM

Tevet

Friday

December 23, 2022

11:12 (9 chalakim) AM

Shevat

Shabbat

January 21, 2023

11:56 (10 chalakim) PM

Adar

Monday

February 20, 2023

12:40 (11 chalakim) PM

Nissan

Wednesday

March 22, 2023

1:24 (12 chalakim) PM

Iyar

Thursday

April 20, 2022

2:08 (13 chelek) PM

Sivan

Shabbat

May 20, 2023

2:52 (14 chalakim) AM

Tamuz

Sunday

June 18, 2023

3:36 (15 chalakim) PM

Av

Tuesday

July 18, 2023

4:20 (16 chalakim) AM

Elul

Wednesday

August 16, 2023

5:04 (17 chalakim) PM


Click here to convert Secular to Jewish dates

What Is the Molad?

The Jewish calendar is lunar-based, with each month representing one lunar cycle — the time it takes for the moon to complete one orbit around the earth.

The molad is the time of the moon's "birth." There is a point in the moon's orbit in which it is positioned directly between the earth and the sun, making it invisible to anyone standing on earth's surface. The molad occurs when the moon has moved far enough from this position that a thin crescent of its illuminated surface becomes visible, marking the start of a new Jewish month.

The time it takes for the moon to complete one orbit around the earth — as calculated by sages and confirmed by astronomical observation — is 29 days, 12 hours and 793 chalakim (there are 1,080 chalakim or "parts" in an hour, hence a chelek is 3.33... seconds). This represents the average time from molad to molad. The actual moment at which the moon becomes visible will vary slightly from the average molad, depending on the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun to each other at any given month, where on earth the observer is standing, the length of twilight at given seasons of the year, and other astronomical variables.

For this reason the Jewish calendar is “tweaked” so that Rosh Chodesh — the first of the month — is as close as possible to the time in which the moon would actually be seen in Jerusalem if we were still relying on actual observation of the moon to establish the start of a new month (as was done until the 5th century C.E.). Also, because a month has to be made up of whole days, the Jewish month alternates between 29 and 30 days. This is why Rosh Chodesh will often occur a day or more after the average molad.