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Daily Mitzvah

Day 128: Negative Commandment 133, 134

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Negative Commandment 133 (Digest)
A Non-Priest Eating the Priestly Tithe

"No non-priest shall eat of the holy [food]"Leviticus 22:10.

An individual who is not a priest may not eat Terumah (the priestly tithe), nor any of the other holy foods whose consumption is restricted to priests [and certain of their family members and non-Jewish indentured workers].

This precept also includes the prohibition against deriving benefit from any object that belongs to the "holy" [i.e. sacrifices or items belonging to the Temple coffers].

Negative Commandment 134 (Digest)
A Priest's Servants Consuming of the Priestly Tithe

"A tenant of the priest or a hired servant may not eat the holy [food]"Leviticus 22:10.

The tenant [i.e. a Hebrew servant indentured until the Jubilee year] of a priest, as well as the priest's hired servant [i.e. a Hebrew servant serving for a six-year term] may not eat Terumah (the priestly tithe).

Translation of (the unabridged text of) Sefer Hamitzvot by Rabbi Berel Bell, member of the Rabbinical Court of Montreal and director of Teacher Training for the Jewish Learning Institute.

From "Sefer Hamitzvot in English," published by Sichos in English.
Daily Quote
For man is a tree of the field
  –Deuteronomy 20:19
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