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What Is a Chassid?

What Is a Chassid?

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© Bella Tonini
© Bella Tonini

What is a chassid?

A fairly accurate rule of thumb is that if your question can be answered with one answer, then you haven’t asked much of a question. A truly significant question will always provoke numerous, different, and even contrasting answers. Here are some of the answers that appear in the writings and teachings of the chassidic masters to address the question of “what is a chassid”:

1) A chassid is pious. This definition actually predates the modern chassidic movement by many centuries: according to the Talmud, a “chassid” is a person who fulfills his or her duties toward G‑d and fellow “beyond the line of the law”—beyond what is commanded and obligatory.

2) A chassid is selfless. A chassid is a person who will forgo his own needs for the sake of another’s. In fact, a chassid will go so far as to sacrifice her own spiritual betterment for the sake of a fellow’s material benefit (though the distinction has gotten a bit complicated after Chassidism’s founder, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, declared that “the physical life of a Jew is a spiritual thing”).

3) A chassid is a mystic. A chassid doesn’t just study Kabbalah—she also understands it. Chassidic teaching takes the deepest secrets of Torah—concepts and narratives that, through the ages, were revealed to only a select few sages in every generation—and makes them accessible and comprehensible to every individual, and applicable in every individual’s life.

4) A chassid is alive. A chassid does everything with vitality, joy and passion.

5) A chassid is a revolutionary. A chassid never accepts the status quo. The fact that something is a certain way doesn’t mean that it should remain that way; in fact, it probably means that it’s here to be improved, transformed, reinvented. This includes the chassid’s own self. The chassid is a person who wakes up each morning and says to himself: I feel this way? Then perhaps I must change the way I feel. The world thinks this way? Then we must change the world’s thinking. A chassid believes that it’s not enough to behave a certain way and do certain things; rather, a person’s task in life is to recreate himself and remake the world.


What is the common denominator of all the above descriptions of the chassid? That a chassid is someone who relates to the soul of a thing rather than to its body, to its inner essence rather than its external manifestations.

Thus a chassid is a pious person—one who goes “beyond the line of the law” in his duties toward G‑d and man.

There are “external” reasons to do the right thing. Violating the laws of society can land one in prison, while a moral and virtuous life earns the respect and support of one’s family and community. Violating G‑d’s laws can incur divine wrath and retribution, and fulfilling G‑d’s commandments will certainly bring much reward in this world and the next. But as long as we’re talking carrots and sticks, we’re looking at life from the outside in. We are saying: what are the external factors and circumstances that are telling me to do this?

And when we look at life from the outside in, we do what we must do. No more. Whether we act out of fear of punishment or desire for reward or in quest of “fulfillment,” we do whatever it takes to avoid being punished or get rewarded or achieve fulfillment, no more.

The chassid, however, lives life from the inside. When a chassid does a mitzvah—when a chassid prays, or lights Chanukah candles, or does a favor for a fellow—the chassid does it because that is what, who and why he is. And when you do something because it’s what, who and why you are, you do it in the best, most beautiful, most complete and most absolute way. You do it perfectly; you do it more than perfectly.


Thus the chassid is full of life, joy and passion.

When you do something because you must, you do it because you must. But when you do something from the inside, you do it joyously. Your excitement fills the room and infects everyone within a five-mile radius. The very deed glows with life.


Thus a chassid is selfless. Because if every soul is “literally a part of G‑d above,” what is the “self”? Simply one expression of the common essence we all share.

Looking from the outside in, one sees millions and billions of distinct “selves,” each with its own needs and wants, wills and wiles. Hence difference. Hence conflict. Hence selfishness.

Looking from the inside out, we are all one. Helping you is as “selfish” as helping myself.


Thus the chassid is a mystic. “Secrets” are a product of an external perspective. When you stand outside of something and look at it from the outside in, there are revealed parts and hidden parts, accessible areas and arcane areas. A piece of knowledge may be “literary,” “legal,” “philosophical,” “inspirational,” “metaphorical,” “scientific,” “theological,” or any of the other handles the mind contrives to get a handle on a truth. Some aspects are “logical,” others less so; some aspects are “practical,” others less so. But when you’re looking from the inside, all these parts, areas, dimensions, aspects and forms are just the various expressions of the all-embracing core truth.

The chassid reaches for the essence of Torah. The chassid looks at Torah from the inside out. For the chassid, there are no secrets. No truth is too arcane to be granted admittance to the mind, no truth too spiritual to be applied in daily life.


A chassid is someone who relates to the soul of a thing rather than to its body, to its inner essence rather than its external manifestations.

Thus a chassid is a revolutionary.

Looking from the outside in, “reality” is the way things are. Looking from the inside out, reality is the way things are supposed to be.

Because G‑d, after all, created this world. Created it for a purpose. And G‑d said: This is what I made, and this is what I want you to make of what I made. When you look at yourself, when you look at your world, what you’re seeing is not My inner intent for creation—just the raw materials I laid out for you to work with. Look deeper and you’ll see the potential I put inside—the purpose for which I created it.

So a chassid is not intimidated by the way things are. Because the chassid knows that that’s just the surface, the husk, the outer skin. So the chassid puts on his x-ray goggles, rolls up his sleeves, and gets to work.

By Yanki Tauber; based on the teachings of the Rebbe.
Artwork by Bella Tonini. Bella Tonini was born in Argentina but has lived in the United States for most of her life. She has been creating artwork since she was a teenager, and continues to create daily either by drawing, painting, singing or cooking. Bella discovered her Jewish roots a few years ago, which opened her views on spirituality and creativity, leading her to create works of levity and whimsy.
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Ron Frost New Zealand April 23, 2016

Thank you for your comments, they have been most helpful. Also they reflect love and commitment and I am grateful. Shalom from New Zealand. Reply

Ruth UK August 7, 2015

Reading the above mentioned Bible verse from the OJB version, I noted that the word chasidus was written and not explained/translated. I can now see why now, and this explanation opens the verse up so beautifully for me now, I can only bow down and Give G-d the purest of worship, for He is so awesome, loving and giving. There nothing, there is no-one who compares with Him. Amen.

Thank you for such a full and wonderful explanation of the word.

Ruth. Reply

Casey April 13, 2015

I must say that every one of us Jew and gentile, has a spark of G-d's Spirit, a special part of our soul within us that can only be called "Chassid".

Our job is to listen, learn, follow Torah, and G ds word as he gave them. to do so joyously, without question. I will be confirmed as a Jew in June. have my Bat mitzvah in Israel, and can say without fear it is because I act and do every part of my life as a "Chassid" have come this far.
Thank you Adonai for the gifts you have given me May I always serve you well. Reply

Bella Baltimore March 24, 2015

Thank you so much! Bella Reply

Daniel Bilar US March 24, 2015

Playful, whimsical, deep full of signs .. it made me smile many times Reply

Bella Tonini Silver Spring, MD October 26, 2013

Good pairing! Reply

Lisa Gutknecht October 25, 2013

The sages, of blessed memory, do not actually contradict themselves.
It may appear that way initially to someone who has not yet arrived at the correct layers of meanings.
The sages, are in fact 'revealing' that which often seems hidden, to some learners and yet still keeping private some very intimate areas from those who do not yet understand the deeper intimacy of some areas of the Torah, which first require developing a deeper understanding of some quite detailed basics.
I hope that helps out the many misconceptions about the contradictions. They are intentionally designed that way, by extremely intellectual people from amongst our ancestors. They serve a purpose as boundary markers.
If they do not make sense, you are off on their meanings.. keep studying them. Reply

Anonymous October 25, 2013

With all the above in mind, is it therefore easier for a Noahide to be a true Chassid, seeing the Torah states that many of the commandments were put there, "because you are stupid" (no offence intended). An Orthodox Jew is concerned with fulfilling all 613 commandments, whereas a Noahide only has 7 commandments to fulfill, leaving much more time for studying the Kabbalah. This comment may seem somewhat banal, but isn't study of Kabbalah one of the most beneficial activities known to mankind? Reply

Anonymous New Jersey October 24, 2013

I wish i had a dollar for every Chasid that met none of your description categories. Reply

Jennie Annetta Cain Devon, England October 23, 2013

I love this. It makes total sense to me. Blessings. Reply

Chana Israel October 23, 2013

You've written something profoundly important, and may G-d help all of our youngsters, as well as readers of chabad.org, read and understand and internalize this. Reply

Robert Berkovits Annapolis Md. October 23, 2013

Very informative to explain the rationale for their practice of their religious beliefs.

From the above quotes in practicing their beliefs

"And when you do something because it’s what, who and why you are, you do it in the best, most beautiful, most complete and most absolute way. You do it perfectly; you do it more than perfectly."

Does this also mean buy the most expensive etrog and buy the very expensive menorah? It keeps the gelt flowing to the growers manufacturers and middlemen?


From Center For Inquiry's Campaign for Free Expression.
“Banning criticism of ideas is banning ideas.”
“Without questions, there are no answers.”
Reply

Casey Phoenix October 22, 2013

Thank you for letting me know what I am.
When I was 25 I lost my faith at the death of my child. blaming God for taking him I prayed for another son, a year later I got one, then I died.. for 45 min. when I awoke, I was naked in the morgue in the basement of the hospital. My Dr. was a missionary who had just returned to America. I was filled with joy, spirit and the gift of seeing people here on earths souls, the beauty or ugliness of their true beliefs in God.
I have since given up all I have for Gods needs. Bring the homeless the hungry the needy and the poor food, clothing, and the spirit of God. Joyfully willingly and wouldn't ever have it any other way..
God speaks, I follow, he leads the way, I follow..
Always have, always will Now I am a student at a local temple, and have left the Catholic Church because they can no longer satisfy my hunger and thirst for Tradition and respect for the old ways of the teachings of God. I believe he brought me here, to learn more thank you Reply

Michael October 22, 2013

Thank you this is very helpful. I like the last lines how everything is husks but if we work we can find the goodness inside. Reply

Joseph Solomon Orlando, FL. October 21, 2013

I must be so brave as to say that all of us, every person, Jew and gentile, has a spark of G-d's Spirit, a spark of G-dliness within that can only be called "Chassid". We all would realize this if we would make every effort to remove the orlah of the heart and klipot. To free ourselves from the morass of physicality that comes from being too well adjusted to distance from holiness, distance from G-d. Let us be our true selves, find our true nature, take "the raw materials of the physical world" and live according to the holiness contained within, according to a life, for which it was created. May HaShem see to it speedily. Kiddush HaShem! Reply

andrew yachad October 20, 2013

Berl Wein said: 'Once the revolutionaries have won and become the establishment, the revolution is over'. The Baal Shem Tov was a magnificent, amazingly original revolutionary, and fulfilled all the above-mentioned definitions of a chassid, but once the chassidic movement became established, sadly, the revolution was over. The unfortunate entrenchment of customs, infighting about the most insignificant things, the petty self-definitions of movements and communities have obscured, and sometimes extinguished the great and lofty ideals and foundations of the Torah which love of man and love of God are, and that were the hallmarks of the Besht's life and example to us. It is beyond high time for the chassidic movement to recreate the revolution that the Besht was, and burst beyond the human restrictions, definitions and limitations we put upon ourselves, to unconditionally love and accept and teach everybody about God and His love for us. The Rebbe is a wonderful example to follow. Reply

zeynep October 20, 2013

How very refreshing...How very revolutionary...
Thank you.
Reply

Anonymous October 20, 2013

Thank you for this succinct explanation , not too overwhelming for a beginner but it also gives one a clearer understanding.
The author's response (Jan 29, 2008) explaining the views held by the chabad-Lubavich community concerning women and Kabalah study was also informative. Reply

Barbara Canada October 8, 2013

When the prophets spoke to the people of Israel, it was not via ideas that popped into their heads but words spoken by God. If there are absolutes in the physical realm why do you suppose there aren't absolutes in the spiritual realm? If you went into anaphylactic shock would you look past the surface and conclude that insulin is also a valid remedy for your condition? After all, what is the essence of insulin? Isn't it produced for health and wellness?

I can't believe that the Jews, who have God's word, put so much weight on what men say especially when those rabbis contradict each other. If what they had to say was that important, God would have told it to the prophets. Or was he too busy? Or perhaps he forgot some things? ? Never. God's glory is infinite and his word is complete! Never underestimate your God. And never put teachers on pedestals. Reply

Levi ny October 4, 2013

the Jews (or "Sages" as you call them) apply a system of analysis which they have been using since Sinai. The "ideas" come from G-d, which he gave Moses. Perhaps you should do a proper study of what the Talmud's method is. (I spent 13 years studying intensive Talmud). Reply