Chapter 116

1I wished that the Lord would hear my voice [in] my supplications.   אאָהַבְתִּי כִּֽי־יִשְׁמַ֥ע | יְהֹוָ֑ה אֶת־ק֜וֹלִ֗י תַּֽחֲנוּנָֽי:
I wished that the Lord would hear my voice: So did David say after Saul’s demise, when he became king, “Return, my soul, to your resting place, for the Lord has bestowed kindness upon you.” And to You, my Master, I pine, for You extricated my soul from death.  
I wished that the Lord would hear: Heb. אהבתי, I wished (תאבתי) that God would hear my voice.  
2For He extended His ear to me, and I shall call out in my days.   בכִּֽי־הִטָּ֣ה אָזְנ֣וֹ לִ֑י וּבְיָ֘מַ֥י אֶקְרָֽא:
and I shall call out in my days: In the days of my distress I shall call Him, and in the days of my redemption I shall praise Him.  
3[When] bands of death surrounded me and the boundaries of the grave befell me, and I found trouble and grief,   גאֲפָפ֚וּנִי | חֶבְלֵי־מָ֗וֶת וּמְצָרֵ֣י שְׁא֣וֹל מְצָא֑וּנִי צָרָ֖ה וְיָג֣וֹן אֶמְצָֽא:
bands of death: Heb. חבלי, bands of enemies who sought to kill me. [The expressions] חבלי מות, שאוֹל חבלי, are all an expression of bands, like (I Sam. 10:5): “a band of (חבל) prophets.”  
4And I called out in the name of the Lord, "Please, O Lord, save my soul!   דוּבְשֵֽׁם־יְהֹוָ֥ה אֶקְרָ֑א אָֽנָּ֥ה יְ֜הֹוָ֗ה מַלְּטָ֥ה נַפְשִֽׁי:
5The Lord is gracious and righteous, and our God is merciful.   החַנּ֣וּן יְהֹוָ֣ה וְצַדִּ֑יק וֵ֖אלֹהֵ֣ינוּ מְרַחֵֽם:
6The Lord protects the simple; when I was poor, He saved me.   ושֹׁמֵ֣ר פְּתָאיִ֣ם יְהֹוָ֑ה דַּ֜לֹּתִ֗י וְלִ֣י יְהוֹשִֽׁיעַ:
7Return, my soul, to your rest, for the Lord has dealt bountifully with you.   זשׁוּבִ֣י נַ֖פְשִׁי לִמְנוּחָ֑יְכִי כִּ֥י יְ֜הֹוָ֗ה גָּ֘מַ֥ל עָלָֽיְכִי:
8For You have rescued my soul from death, my eye from tears, and my foot from stumbling.   חכִּ֚י חִלַּ֨צְתָּ | נַפְשִׁ֗י מִ֫מָּ֥וֶת אֶת־עֵינִ֥י מִן־דִּמְעָ֑ה אֶת־רַגְלִ֥י מִדֶּֽחִי:
9I shall walk before the Lord in the lands of the living.   טאֶֽתְהַלֵּךְ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה בְּ֜אַרְצ֗וֹת הַֽחַיִּֽים:
in the lands of the living: The land of Israel, for my enemies and my pursuers chased me out of it in the days of Saul, and against their will, I returned.  
10I believed so that I spoke; I humble myself exceedingly.   יהֶֽאֱמַנְתִּי כִּ֥י אֲדַבֵּ֑ר אֲ֜נִ֗י עָ֘נִ֥יתִי מְאֹֽד:
I believed so that I spoke: I believed the words of Ziba which he spoke about Mephibosheth, so that I should say (II Sam. 16:4), “Behold, all that belongs to Mephibosheth is yours.” Then I humbled myself exceedingly. I had spoken harshly, and I submitted myself to you [Mephibosheth].  
11I said in my haste, "All men are liars."   יאאֲנִי אָמַ֣רְתִּי בְחָפְזִ֑י כָּל־הָֽאָ֘דָ֥ם כֹּזֵֽב:
I said in my haste: to flee from before Absalom.  
“All men are liars”: Heb. כזב, [meaning that one] betrays his friend, for I saw my son betray me and seek my life, and [I saw] all Israel repay me with evil for good; therefore, I believed Ziba and said that Mephibosheth also lies and betrays me. Every expression of כָּזָב is purely an expression of lack of trust that they trusted in him; falenze in Old French, betrayal, deceit, like (Isa. 58:11): “whose water does not fail (יכזבו).” Others interpret it:  
I said in my haste: at the Rock of the Divisions, when Saul and his men were encircling me and my men, to seize me, and there it says (I Sam. 23:26): “and David was hastening to get away.”  
“All men are liars”: Even the prophet Samuel, who is faithful as a prophet, even he is a deceiver, for he anointed me king.  
12How can I repay the Lord for all His favors upon me?   יבמָֽה־אָשִׁ֥יב לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה כָּל־תַּגְמ֘וּל֥וֹהִי עָלָֽי:
13I shall lift up a cup of salvations, and I shall call out in the name of the Lord.   יגכּֽוֹס־יְשׁוּע֥וֹת אֶשָּׂ֑א וּבְשֵׁ֖ם יְהֹוָ֣ה אֶקְרָֽא:
I shall lift up a cup of salvations: I shall bring the libations for the thanksgiving offerings that I vowed, as he says, “To You I shall slaughter a thanksgiving offering,” and on that cup I shall call out about this salvation, for the Levite does not recite a song unless over the wine [libations].  
14I shall pay my vows to the Lord now in the presence of all His people.   ידנְדָרַי לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֲשַׁלֵּ֑ם נֶגְדָה־נָּ֜֗א לְכָל־עַמּֽוֹ:
in the presence of all His people: Heb. נגדה, in the presence of (נגד) all His people.  
15Difficult in the eyes of the Lord is the death of His pious ones.   טויָקָר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה הַ֜מָּ֗וְתָה לַֽחֲסִידָֽיו:
Difficult in the eyes of the Lord: The Holy One, blessed be He, showed me that it is a difficult thing and heavy in His eyes to kill His pious ones.  
the death: המותה, the death (המות) , [the final “hey” being superfluous] like (Gen. 39: 11, 12): “into the house (הביתה) … outside (החוצה).”  
16Please, O Lord, for I am Your servant; I am Your servant the son of Your maidservant; You have loosed my thongs.   טזאָֽנָּ֣ה יְהֹוָה֘ כִּֽי־אֲנִ֪י עַ֫בְדֶּ֥ךָ אֲֽנִ֣י עַ֖בְדְּךָ בֶּן־אֲמָתֶ֑ךָ פִּ֜תַּ֗חְתָּ לְמֽוֹסֵרָֽי:
Your servant the son of Your maidservant: There is no comparison between the training of a slave who was bought in the market and one who was born to a maidservant in the house.  
You loosed my thongs: You untied from my neck the bars and the thongs.  
17To You I shall slaughter a thanksgiving offering, and I shall call out in the name of the Lord.   יזלְֽךָ־אֶ֖זְבַּח זֶ֥בַח תּוֹדָ֑ה וּבְשֵׁ֖ם יְהֹוָ֣ה אֶקְרָֽא:
thanksgiving: Sacrifices of thanksgiving for the miracles that You performed for me.  
18I shall pay my vows to the Lord now in the presence of all His people,   יחנְדָרַי לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֲשַׁלֵּ֑ם נֶגְדָה־נָּ֜֗א לְכָל־עַמּֽוֹ:
my vows: The sacrifices that I vowed.  
19In the courtyards of the house of the Lord, in your midst, O Jerusalem. Hallelujah!   יטבְּחַצְר֚וֹת | בֵּ֬ית יְהֹוָ֗ה בְּֽת֘וֹכֵ֚כִי יְֽרֽוּשָׁלִָ֗ם הַֽלְלוּיָֽהּ:
in your midst: Heb. בתוככי, like בְּתוֹכֵ.