The wedding celebration is composed of two distinct and successive ceremonies: betrothal (kiddushin) and nuptials (nissuin). The kiddushin includes the betrothal blessings, the proposal, and the giving of the ring before two witnesses. This is followed by a transition stage—the public reading of the marriage contract. Afterwards, the nissuin begins. This consists of the seven blessings, followed by the breaking of the glass, and finally by yichud, several minutes of seclusion after leaving the chuppah.