1. This year is a Sabbatical year, a year which is “a Shabbos unto G‑d.” Likewise, Rosh Hashanah falls on Shabbos, which is significant. The literal meaning of the words “Rosh Hashanah” is “head of the year.” Just as the life force for all the limbs of the body is drawn from the head and the head controls all the limbs, similarly the life force for the entire year is drawn from Rosh Hashanah, and the day of Rosh Hashanah controls the outcome of all the days of the year that follow.1 Therefore, this year shares a particular connection with Shabbos.

This relationship with Shabbos is also emphasized by the second day of Rosh Hashanah. In general, the two days of Rosh Hashanah are considered as one long day, although that long day is divided into two twenty-four-hour periods.2 Since the first day of Rosh Hashanah falls on Shabbos, the second day also has a connection with Shabbos. Furthermore, the second day has an even deeper relationship with Shabbos. That relationship began with the very first Rosh Hashanah. Rosh Hashanah marks the anniversary of man’s creation, which took place on the sixth day. The following day (the second day of Rosh Hashanah) was Shabbos. Since the celebration of the festivals each year is a repetition3 of the spiritual influences expressed on the very first festival, it follows that each year the second day of Rosh Hashanah has a connection with Shabbos.4

Thus it is understandable that the entire service of Rosh Hashanah must be carried out in a Shabbos-like manner — through pleasure and through resting. From the verse, “And on the day of your rejoicing,5 on your festivals and on your Rosh Chodesh — days, you shall sound the trumpets over your burnt-offerings ... and they shall be a remembrance for you before your G‑d,” the Sifri learns that three sets of verses (and also three forms of service) must be fulfilled on Rosh Hashanah: Malchius (which deals with the acceptance of G‑d as King), Zichronos (which deals with the remembrance of the covenant between G‑d and the Jews) Shofros (which deals with the sounding of the Shofar). This year these types of service must be carried out in the spirit of Shabbos. Then Rosh Hashanah will influence the entire nature of the year so that all matters will be undertaken in a spirit of rest, joy, and pleasure.6 This is particularly true since the entire year is a Shemitah year, a year that is “a Shabbos unto G‑d.”

May this joy “break down barriers” — the barriers of Golus — and may the true and complete redemption come. Then our fulfillment of Mitzvos will reach its highest level, and they will be carried out “according to Your will.” A reflection of that redemption must be seen now in the last days of Golus. We must carry out a service that parallels in a spiritual sense the revelations that are to come then. This service is expressed in the verse from the Rosh Hashanah prayer: “This day is the beginning of Your works.” The expression, “Your works” refers to this physical world, the lowest world on the ladder of spiritual progression. “The beginning” alludes to G‑d’s will and pleasure, the highest levels of spiritual progression.7 “The beginning” the highest spiritual powers must be brought into contact with this physical world. This occurs on Rosh Hashanah. Then, the deepest G‑dly powers are aroused and revealed in this world in blessings of children, health, and sustenance in a manner which can be openly perceived.

May this actually come about. May we see the future redemption.8 May G‑d’s great generosity be revealed. The revelation will come through our expression of generosity in a physical sense through giving Tzedakah.9 Since this year begins on Shabbos — “the day of rejoicing,” in the words of the Sifri — it will be a year of joy and happiness and we will all be immediately inscribed and sealed for a long and a good life with open and revealed good.

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2. It is proper to mention again the importance of helping everyone meet his holiday needs. This principle is derived from the verse in Nechemia (8:10) “Eat sumptuously, and drink sweet beverages, and send portions to those for whom nothing is prepared.”10 Even though efforts were surely made to meet everyone’s Rosh Hashanah needs, other holidays remain in Tishrei and they must also be celebrated fully. Furthermore, the service of Rosh Hashanah elevated every Jew to a higher spiritual level. In Torah, the body must always follow the soul. If a Jew became spiritually higher, his physical needs may also have increased. Therefore, it is necessary to provide him with more. In this vein, it is proper to encourage efforts to insure that all Jews can celebrate Erev Yom Kippur; Motzaei Yom Kippur; Sukkos, the season of our rejoicing; Shemini Atzeres; and Simchas Torah “by eating sumptuously and drinking sweet beverages.” May the efforts be carried out with “good will” and may they arouse “good will” from G‑d.

Blessing after Reading The Pan Klolli, Erev Rosh Hashanah, 5740

3. [It is customary for Chassidim to write a Pan (a note asking for the Rebbe’s blessings) before Rosh Hashanah. In addition to these individual requests, the Chassidic community presents the Rebbe Shlita with a general request a Pan Klolli].

May G‑d fulfill the wishes of every single Jew everywhere in the world. Particularly in the areas that are mentioned here in these notes (the Pan-Klolli), these being the wishes of those who signed (and most probably, the wishes of many others, as well). May they all be completely fulfilled in the near future.

Since this is a year that begins with Shabbos and the nature of Shabbos is, “You shall declare Shabbos a delight,” and “all your work is completed” (and in addition to those activities performed by man — G‑d adds more — more than “You shall declare” and more in “the completion of work” — ). May those statements apply to all the matters mentioned here and all of our needs both physical and spiritual.

And may the year be a year of light, a year of blessing, a year of revelation. [Translator’s note: the Hebrew words for light, blessing and redemption begin with the first three letters of the Alef-Bais. And Torah, Tefillah, and Teshuva begin with the last letter of the Alef-Bais. The Rebbe asked that the blessings that are connected with the other letters also be fulfilled]. A year of Torah, a year of Tefillah (prayer), and a year of Teshuva. And soon may we merit the coming of Moshiach who will bring Tzaddikim to do Teshuva and will redeem us and take us walking upright to our land speedily.

May everyone and their families and all connected with them and the entire Jewish people be written down and inscribed for a good and sweet year with open and revealed good.

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Blessing in the Synagogue After Mincha, Erev Yom Kippur, 5740

4. May G‑d bless each and every Jew wherever they are and the entire Jewish people to be inscribed for a good and sweet year, with open and revealed good in spiritual and physical matters speedily and very soon.

Since this year began on the “the day of your rejoicing — this is the Shabbos” (Sifri) and also the “season of rejoicing” begins with “the day of your rejoicing — this is the Shabbos”, (and likewise the holiday of Shemini Atzeres is on Shabbos), may all matters be carried out in a manner of “and you shall declare the Shabbos a delight” that all matters and all blessings should be with true pleasure and a pleasure that can be appreciated with physical eyes.

May there be an arousal for the higher level of Teshuva (the level of Teshuva that is connected with joy) from G‑d form His full, open, holy, and wide hand (and also overflowing hand — as in the Siddur of the Baal Shem Tov, the word “overflowing” was printed instead of holy).

And may this be expressed through Torah study as the Alter Rebbe writes in Iggeres HaTeshuvah that the concept of the higher level of Teshuva is connected with Torah study (which in turn brings about deed, — the careful (exemplary manner) performance of Mitzvos) with true and revealed joy “and everlasting joy upon their heads.” (Isaiah 35:10)

In the near future we should merit to go “with our young and our old, our sons and daughters,” “a great company shall return there.”

That even in the last days of Golus, the Land of Israel will be complete, together with the completeness of the Torah, and together with the completeness of every person as an individual and from all Jews as our nation who are “sons to Hashem your G‑d”

And go greet Moshiach Tzidkeinu, with joy.. Amen so may it be G‑d’s will.

Again may we all and the entire Jewish people be inscribed for a good year with open and revealed good.