1. It is customary to “open with blessing,” the blessing of “And you shall rejoice in your festivals.” This is particularly true when the celebrations are carried out in a manner of “Among the multitude of the people is the glory of the king.” This especially applies when the gathering is being held in the synagogue, the house of study, and the house of good deeds of the Previous Rebbe.

In general, “a good hearted person is always celebrating.” This happiness is particularly apparent on the holidays and especially on the holiday of Sukkos. How much more so does it apply in the present year, shnas niflaos bah.1

The rejoicing of the holiday is enhanced by the influence of the ushpizen. The ushpizen of the previous days share a connection with the Torah; Moshe, gave the Torah to the Jewish people and Aharon is connected to the service of “Loving the created beings and drawing them close to the Torah.”2 This too relates to halachah, for halachah is the dimension of Torah study in which there is no concept of differences of opinion. In other realms of study, there are differences of opinion3 and “these and these are the words of the living G‑d,” but in regard to halachah,4 there is one single approach.

In connection with halachah, our Sages noted the verse, “The paths of the world are his,” and commented “Do not read halichos, ‘paths,’ but rather halachos.” This teaches a Jew that he should know that every aspect of his conduct in the “paths of the world” should be controlled by halachah, “Torah law.”5 This emphasizes how the Torah does not negate a person’s involvement in worldly activity, but rather fuses the Torah together with such involvement.

Since such a fusion involves two entities, it leads to two different approaches in service. There are some individuals — who are referred to with the name Yissachar — whose service focuses on the Torah (and their involvement in the world is secondary). Others — referred to with the name Zevulun — focus their service on worldly things.

(Even those in the category of Zevulun establish fix times for Torah study and, at that time, the Torah is their primary concern. Conversely, as Chassidus has emphasized, even those on the level of Yissachar should have some worldly involvement. Indeed, as the Talmud relates in regard to Eliezer ben Chersom, this worldly involvement can bring a person to prestigious wealth and prosperity. Nevertheless, he will remain Yissachar, a person whose primary concern is Torah study.)

A person’s worldly involvement has the potential to stimulate an increase in Torah as well. We see that in the present age, the new developments in the world at large have prompted new developments in Torah.6 The sages of the present era have been forced to deal with situations that did not exist before and, based on the general principles of our Torah tradition, establish laws which govern them.

For example, in the present age, it is possible for a Jew to travel to the moon. The question arises: When undertaking such a journey, when should the prayers for Sanctifying the Moon be said. There is no mention of — or even allusion to — such a question in the works of the Sages of the previous generations for such a circumstance was impossible and indeed inconceivable. Therefore, rather than consider such a matter, the sages dealt with subjects that were immediately relevant.

Similarly, in Zevulun’s commercial journeys, he surely reached the Southern Hemisphere,7 and there the question arises: When should the request for rain be made in prayer, during the rainy season in the northern hemisphere or at those times when rain descends in the southern hemisphere?8

In this manner, the involvement with worldly affairs brings about an increase in the realm of Torah study. Thus not only does worldly involvement provide Torah scholars with financial resources, it benefits them in the realm of Torah itself.

The above relates to the ushpiz of the present night, Yosef, for Yosef is connected with the concept of “increase”9 and with the Chassidic ushpiz, the Rebbe Maharash, whose service emphasizes that this increase must be made in a manner of Lechat’chilah Aribber.

And through this service, we will merit the coming of the Ultimate Redemption when, “new [dimensions of the] Torah will emerge from Me.” And at that time, G‑d will gather us together in Eretz Yisrael where we will continue to proceed “from strength to strength” in a manner of Lechat’chilah Aribber.