1. Yesterday was the Shabbos on which the first month of Adar was blessed. There are several aspects of this matter which require explanation: In the blessing of the month, it was referred to as Adar Rishon, “the first Adar.” In a simple sense, it is called “first,” because chronologically, it precedes the second month of Adar that is added because this is a leap year. Nevertheless, this name also implies that this month possesses a certain primacy in regard to its content.1

This name, however, raises a question: As mentioned continually over the last several months, Mashiach’s coming is imminent and when Mashiach comes, the months will be sanctified based on the testimony of witnesses.2 As such, there is the possibility that the order of the calendar as arranged at present will be changed and that this year will not be a leap year. This is the core of the question at hand:

If Mashiach comes in the present month, will the fact that it has already been announced — and that announcement was made with the power of the Torah — that this is “the first Adar” necessitate that the following month be considered the second Adar? Or is it possible that the court will review the situation and determine that the following month should be Nissan.

There are arguments supporting both of these possibilities. May we merit the fulfillment of the prophecy, “I will return your judges as in the former days,” with the coming of the Redemption and then we will be able to hear the decision on this matter from the Sanhedrin itself.3

2. The imminence of the Redemption is emphasized even more by the uniqueness of the present days, beginning from the 25th (כה) of Shvat, a date connected with the Priestly Blessing which begins, “In this manner כה, bless the children of Israel.” The Priestly Blessings includes all blessings including the blessing of the Redemption.

From the 25th of the month, we proceed to the 26th of the month, a date which is numerically equivalent to the Name י-ה-ו-ה. י-ה-ו-ה is the source which brings into being all existence.4 The significance of this concept is intensified in the present year, for the 26th of Shvat falls on Friday, the day of the week on which Adam, the first man, was created. Adam was the essence of the entire creation, and all other created beings were brought into existence for his sake.5 Accordingly, on the sixth day of the week, added strength is granted to the existence of the creation at large.6

May this sequence bring us to the time when we merit the recitation of the Priestly Blessing in the Beis HaMikdash. This will represent the ultimate expression of this blessing when the Name v-u-v-h will be pronounced. And this will begin by each person bringing himself to a state of Redemption.7 Similarly, this will be hastened by tzedakah. Through these efforts, we can merit that the true and ultimate Redemption will be realized.

The above should be publicized. Every Jew should know that the 25th of the month is connected with the bestowal of all forms of blessing to the Jews. This is followed by the 26th of the month which is equivalent to the name v-u-v-h and thus recalls the verse, “I have placed v-u-v-h before me at all times.”8

And this leads to Shabbos, the 27th of the month. 27 is the numerical equivalent of the Hebrew word זך which means “pure.” This refers to the pure olive oil used to kindle the Menorah in the Sanctuary.

Herein, there is a connection to Shabbos, for it is preferable to use olive oil for the Shabbos candles as well. The kindling of the Shabbos candles is performed by Jewish women. This reflects a connection to the Redemption which will come through the merit of the righteous women of the generation.9

And we will proceed from the month of Shvat10 to Rosh Chodesh Adar. And even before then, may we merit the true and ultimate Redemption, led by Mashiach.