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Gavra and Cheftza ("Person" and "Object")

Knowledge Base » Torah, The » Halacha (Torah law) » Halachic Concepts & Issues » Gavra and Cheftza ("Person" and "Object")
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Gavra and Cheftza ("Person" and "Object"): (lit. "man" and "object") Prohibitions or obligations are divided between those which apply to the "gavra," the person himself, mandating his behavior, and those which apply to the "cheftza," the object or the act in question, defining its status.
"Why should we pray for him?" one community member responded to my e-mail. "Have you already forgotten what he did to our brothers and sisters in the Gaza Strip?"
Ethics 3:1
Man turned away from G-d, searched for G-d, discovered truth, attained holiness. But the physical world had no part in this; it was just scenery, a backdrop painted with patches of withheld light, against which G-d/man saga played
"Creation" (beriah, in the Hebrew), which means bringing something into being out of a prior state of non-existence, implies a "before" and "after"; so to say that G-d created anything is also to say that He first (or simultaneously) created time...
Our Sages differentiate between the rational mitzvot (mishpatim) and the supra-rational mitzvot (chukim); a third, intermediate category are the "testimonial" or commemorative mitzvot (eidot). But in essence, says the Rebbe, the most rational mishpat is a...
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