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In the pre-Babylonian era, we find in the Scriptures only four months on the calendar that are identified by name: The first month (Nissan): Aviv Exodus 13:4. Literally, “spring” or “ripening.” The second month (Iyar): Ziv I Kings 6:1 and 6:37. Literally,...
Question: What is the appropriate way for a Jewish woman to celebrate Rosh Chodesh? I would like to start this tradition, as I have two little girls and I think that it would be wonderful to do this together. Answer: Rosh Chodesh, the day (or days) that c...
Question: Which portion of the Torah is read on Rosh Chodesh? Response: On Rosh Chodesh, the "head" of the new month, we read four aliyahs from Numbers 28. The requirements for any aliyah is a minimum of three verses. In Numbers 28, along with the daily a...
Why is Rosh Chodesh, the holiday that marks the entry of a new Jewish month, considered a "women's holiday"?
Indeed it is customary to remove the tefillin on Rosh Chodesh before starting the Musaf prayer. Two reasons are given for this practice: 1) In many communities, the liturgy for the Musaf kedushah begins with the words "Keter Yitnu L'cha," ("A crown is giv...
What's the big deal about Rosh Chodesh, the "New Moon," when the moon is hardly visible; shouldn't we celebrate instead the middle of the month when the moon is round and perfect?
The practice of the Sanhedrin in ancient times is the reason for Rosh Chodesh being one or two days -- depending on the month.
About the Jewish Leap Year
The Jewish calendar normally consists of twelve lunar months. A lunar month—from the moment when the crescent new moon appears until it disappears once again—is roughly 29.5 days. Twelve lunar months equal 354 days, eleven days less than the solar year. T...
1. The Hebrew Calendar Is Based on the Moon At the cusp of the Exodus, G‑d commanded Moses regarding the Hebrew calendar. Each time witnesses spotted the sliver of a burgeoning moon in the night sky, the start of the new month was declared. The month Nisa...
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