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Shammai: (1st century BCE) Mishnaic sage, student of Shemaiah and Abtalion, served as the head of the Sanhedrin under Hillel. Known for his quick temper and strict interpretation of the Torah. His Torah academy was known as the “House of Shammai.”
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Learning Pirkei Avot
Make your Torah study a permanent fixture of your life. Say little and do much. And receive every man with a pleasant countenance. (Ethics of Our Fathers ch.1:15)
His teachings and lessons have become ingrained in Jewish culture, making a permanent mark on the ethos of Judaism today.
Although the sages had removed themselves from overt participation in the government, they realized that due to Roman meddling in the Sanhedrin the spiritual life of the nation was being compromised.
The Schools of Hillel and Shammai
Presented in a style accessible to beginners, this series analyzes the difference in opinion between the schools of Hillel and Shammai by studying dozens of specific cases from their primary text in the Talmud.
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 7
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 6
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 5
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 4
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 3
Hillel and Shammai—Lesson 2
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