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Sanhedrin: the central rabbinical supreme court of ancient Israel, composed of 71 sages, which emerged as an especially crucial source of leadership following the destruction of the Second Temple; also, the tractate of the Talmud of that name
Let’s explore the Jewish court system, from the ancient Sanhedrin to modern-day rabbinical courts.
Practical Parshah - Shoftim
The Torah gives the Sages the power to enact new laws and observances. We look at the "rabbinical holidays" of Chanukah and Purim.
A few months after its creation, Napoleon's "Sanhedrin" (rabbinical supreme court) was dissolved. The Sanhedrin was created to approve certain religious regulations requested by the French "Assembly of Notables." The regulations were designed to blur the ...
Since Biblical times the months and years of the Jewish calendar have been established by the cycles of the moon and the sun. Torah law prescribes that the months follow closely the course of the moon, from its birth each month to the next New Moon.
Did the Sanhedrin ever imagine that centuries later there would be observant Jews standing here in the same spot, continuing to live by their calendar? Did they realize that the rulings that they last issued would ensure the continuity of Judaism?
Women Learn Sefer HaMitzvot
Women Learn Sefer HaMitzvot
Education reigns supreme in Judaism; and in tandem with the debating and ruling on Torah law, teaching is also the role of the Sanhedrin, the Supreme Court, even in the Messianic Era when divine wisdom will be our primary pursuit.
Understanding the Sanhedrin on five levels
One of the most fascinating clauses in the Torah's criminal justice system is the law of the "indefensible criminal." If the evidence against the accused is so compelling that not a single one of the 23-member tribunal is inclined to argue in his favor, h...
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