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Vespasian: Emperor of Rome from 69 until 79 CE, father of Titus. In 66 CE Emperor Nero sent Vespasian, then a general in the Roman army, to Judea to quell the revolt there. Vespasian restored Roman control over Judea, killing thousands of Jews, decimating the Galilee and laying siege to Jerusalem. During the siege, he was appointed Emperor, and returned to Rome. Vespasian's son Titus completed his father's work with the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai wisely foresaw that Jerusalem was doomed and understood the need to transplant the center of Torah scholarship to another location.
In 67 CE, the veteran Roman general Vespasian invaded Eretz Israel with four outstanding legions, including the X Legion, the most distinguished of all Roman legions.
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