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Religions & other 'Ism's

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Although most sages lived in Babylonia, there still was a sizable Torah community in Eretz Israel.
Generally the Jews got along better with the Muslim Arabs than with the Christians.
What Do Jews Believe?
What do Jews believe in? The Rambam—a great Jewish rabbi and philosopher—summarized the Jewish faith in 13 principles.
Based on the Thirteen Principles of Faith formulated by the Rambam in his Commentary on the Mishnah (tractate Sanhedrin 10:1). 1. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, blessed be His name, is the Creator and Guide of all the created beings, and ...
(4642-4702; 882-942)
abraham Rabbi Saadia ben Joseph, one of the last and most famous Gaonim, a great Talmudic scholar, Jewish philosopher and inspiring leader, was born in a small village near Fayyum, in Egypt (the site of the ancient city Pithom which together with Raamses ...
Throughout their time, the Gaonim made a number of decrees to enhance Jewish life.
(4870-4940; 1110-1180)
abraham During the "Golden Era" of Jewish history in Spain, there lived in Toledo the great Jewish historian, philosopher and defender of our faith, Rabbi Abraham ibn Daud HaLevi. On his mother's side he was a descendant of the noble family of Albalia of ...
(circa 4660-4700; 900-940)
Rav Sherira Gaon, the famous Head of the Pumbeditha Yeshiva in Babylonia was born about the year 4660 (900 of the Common Era). His father, Rav Chanina (or Chananya) was the Head of that Yeshiva, as also his grandfather Rav Yehudai Gaon had been. His famil...
Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, or the Alter Rebbe as he is affectionately know by his chassidim (followers of the chassidic movement), succeeded Rabbi Dovber, the Maggid of Mezritch, as the leader of the movement founded by the Baal Shem Tov. As a child p...
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