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ב"ה

Glossary

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Obadiah:  (8th century BCE) An Edomite by birth, later converted to Judaism and became a disciple of Elijah. Steward of King Ahab's household. Merited the gift of prophecy after hiding and feeding the prophets whom Jezebel persecuted. His prophecies pertain to the destruction of his native nation, Edom.  [7 related articles] Kings and Prophets » Obadiah
Obadiah, the Book of:  The shortest book in Tanach, containing Obadiah's prophecy that foretells Edom's destruction.  [4 related articles]
Og:  King of Bashan, an Emorite nation situated on the northern edge of the eastern bank of the Jordan River. Killed in battle by the Israelites shortly before Moses’ death. According to the Midrash, he was a giant who survived the Flood[7 related articles] Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Og
Ohel Moed:  (lit. "tent of meeting"); the Sanctuary 
Ohel, The:  (lit. “tent”); in chassidic usage, the structure built over the resting place of a tzaddik and frequented by chassidim in prayer.  [46 related articles] Chabad Personalities » Ohel, The
Ohr:  divine light  [11 related articles] Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Ohr
Ohr Ein Sof:  G-d’s infinite light  [10 related articles] Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Ohr Ein Sof
Olam:  World; Universe. 
Olam Haba:  (lit. “the world to come”); the spiritual realm of the souls in the afterlife; also used to refer to the Era of the Resurrection 
Olamot Elyonim:  (lit. "supernal worlds"); in Kabbalistic works there is generally reference made to four spiritual worlds: Atzilut - Emanation, Briyah - Creation, Yetzirah - Formation, and Asiyah - Action. In each one of these worlds, the Divine energy becomes progressively more disconnected from its source, thus beginning to feel itself as a separate entity. Our physical world is the lower half of the world of Asiyah, sometimes known as Asiyah HaGashmit.  [1 related article]
Omer Offering, The:  (lit. a biblical measure of approx. 43 oz.) the formal counting of the 49 days from the second day of Passover -- when the Omer offering was brought in the Holy Temple -- to the eve of Shavuot, signifying our preparation for the receiving of the Torah on the holiday of Shavuot.  [16 related articles]
On ben Peleth:  Originally a leader in Korah’s mutiny, his wife persuaded him to disaffiliate from the ill-fated cause, thus saving his life.  [5 related articles] Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » On ben Peleth
Oneg (Pleasure):  delight (particularly, spiritual delight)  [10 related articles] Kabbalistic Concepts & Terms » Oneg (Pleasure)
Onen:  An Onen is the halachic status of an immediate relative (the mourner) of the deceased from the moment he has learned of the death until the end of the burial.  [4 related articles]
Onkelos:  Nephew of the Roman Emperor Titus, converted to Judaism during the Mishnaic era. His Aramaic translation of the Torah was universally accepted and is printed in most editions of the Chumash[4 related articles]
Or Chozer:  (lit. “rebounding light”); light which reflects the input of a recipient 
Or HaChayim:  (lit. “the Light of Life”); commentary on the Torah based on the Kabbalah, composed by R. Chayim Ibn Attar (1696-1743), who was known as “the Holy Or HaChayim” 
Or Yashar:  (lit. “direct light”) light as it is revealed from its source  [1 related article]
Orach Chayim:  (lit. “Path of Life”); the first section of the Tur and the Shulchan Aruch, dealing with prayers, blessings, Shabbat, and the various festivals 
Orei Miklat:  (lit. "cities of refuge") In biblical times, six cities in the Land of Israel were designated as "cities of refuge." A person who accidentally killed someone found safe haven there from avenging relatives.  [24 related articles]
Orlah:  (a) The prohibition of benefiting from the fruit of a tree for the first three years after it is planted. (b) The forbidden fruit. (c) The tractate of the Mishnah that discusses these laws.  [18 related articles]
Orot & Keilim:  Lit. "lights and vessels"; in Kabbalah, the sefirot (divine attributes) are comprised of "lights" or divine emanations, channeled through "vessels" that define and qualify their effect upon creation.  [19 related articles]
Orot Makifim:  (lit. "cncompassing Lights"); the Divine emanations or effluence of an infinite order which cannot be confined within limited creatures, and thus are said to encompass them, albeit in a pervasive and transcendent manner  [1 related article]
Osnat:  a) an Egyptian woman whom Pharoah gave to Joseph, son of Jacob, to be his wife. The daughter of Poti-phera, a priest, she bore Joseph two sons, Menasseh and Ephraim, who became the patriarchs of the Israelite tribes of Menasseh and Ephraim. According to some sources, she was the daughter of Dinah, the result of her rape by Shechem. b) "Osnat" is a commonly used female first name in present-day Israel.  Five Books of Moses (Biblical Personalities) » Osnat
Osoph:  (5th century BCE) A Levite singer who lived through the Destruction of the Temple; authored many chapters of the Book of Psalms[1 related article] Kings and Prophets » Osoph
Othniel ben Kenaz:  Caleb’s half-brother and son-in-law. First of the Judges, a renowned scholar who judged the Israelites for forty years (1228-1188 BCE) following Joshua’s passing. At that time, the Israelites lacked leadership and fell prey to the Aramite king, Cushan-Rishathaim. Othniel successfully liberated the Israelites from this oppression.  [2 related articles] Joshua and the Judges » Othniel ben Kenaz
Ovadiah:  (8th century BCE) An Edomite by birth, later converted to Judaism and became a disciple of Elijah. Steward of King Ahab's household. Merited the gift of prophecy after hiding and feeding the prophets whom Jezebel persecuted. His prophecies pertain to the destruction of his native nation, Edom.  [7 related articles] Kings and Prophets » Ovadiah
Ovadiah:  The shortest book in Tanach, containing Obadiah's prophecy that foretells Edom's destruction.  [4 related articles]
Oveid:  a Chassid oriented to service through worship and emotional refinement. 
Oy Vey:  (Hebrew/Yiddish; int.) Woe!  [2 related articles] Language » Oy Vey

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9