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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9

Ibn Ezra, R. Abraham ben Meir:  Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra (c. 1089-1164), author of one of the early biblical commentaries  [4 related articles] People » Ibn Ezra, R. Abraham ben Meir
Ibur:  gestation; in a spiritual sense, the interrelationship of souls 
Iggeret HaKodesh:  (lit. “The Holy Letter”); the fourth portion of Tanya, consisting of a collection of pastoral letters sent by the Alter Rebbe to the chassidic community  [9 related articles]
Iggeret HaTeshuvah:  (lit. “The Repentance Letter”); the third portion of Tanya; a treatise on repentance  [9 related articles]
Ikkar:  of primary importance 
Ikvot Meshicha:  lit. "The heels of Moshiach (Aramaic)," refering to the period immediately before the coming of Moshiach, which so to speak, hears the approaching “footsteps of Moshiach”.  [4 related articles]
Ilah:  (lit. “cause”); in chassidic terminology, the first phase in a downward progression of energy 
Illuy:  (lit. “elevated one”); a young Torah genius; a child prodigy 
Im Yirtzeh Hashem:  "G-d willing."  [2 related articles] Speech; Communication » Faculties and Talents » Im Yirtzeh Hashem
Intimacy:    [72 related articles]
Isaac:  (a) (1713-1533 BCE) Second of the three Patriarchs, son of Abraham and Sarah, husband of Rebecca, father of Jacob and Esau. First to be circumcised when eight days old. Readily accompanied his father to be sacrificed at the “Binding of Isaac.” Primarily occupied himself with digging wells. (b) A common Jewish name.  [64 related articles]
Isaiah:  (7th century BCE) One of the greatest prophets, a contemporary of Hosea, Amos and Micah. His prophecies include the vision of the Merkavah and many descriptions of the Messianic Era[12 related articles] Biblical Personalities » People » Isaiah
Isaiah, the Book of:  The book of Tanach containing Isaiah's prophecies, including his vision of the Merkavah and many prophecies regarding the Messianic Era[3 related articles] Tanach » Isaiah, the Book of
Ish Bosheth:  (914-872 BCE) Son of King Saul. Following his father's death, he ruled for two years, fighting with David for the right to the throne. He gradually lost the support of the people, until his own general, Abner, swore allegiance to David. Ish Bosheth was ultimately murdered by two of his own captains.  [3 related articles]
Ishmael:  (1727-1590 BCE) Son of Abraham and Hagar. Banished together with his mother from Abraham’s household because of his potentially negatively influence on Isaac. Though a rogue in his younger years, he eventually repented. Ancestor of Arabic nations.  [17 related articles]
Ishmael ben Elisha, Rabbi:  (d. c. 140) Mishnaic sage, pupil of Rabbi Nechunia ben Hakaneh. As a child, he was rescued from Roman captors by Rabbi Joshua ben Gamla and brought to Judea, where excelled in Torah learning. He is famous for his enumeration of the thirteen principles of halachah hermeneutics. He authored the Halachic Midrash, the Mechilta. He is one of the Ten Martyrs brutally killed by the Romans  [9 related articles] People » Ishmael ben Elisha, Rabbi
Israel:  Means "prince of G-d"; Israel is (a) another name for the patriarch Jacob (b) the Jewish people (c) an Israelite - a Jew who is neither a Kohen nor a Levite (d) a common given name (e) the Land of Israel
Israelite:  (a) A member of the Jewish people (usually a definition for a person of biblical times). (b) A Jew not descending from the tribe of Levi. 
Isru Chag:  The day following each of the three pilgrimage festivals  [2 related articles]
Issachar:  Son of Jacob and Leah. Ninth of the Twelve Tribes. Progenitor of the Tribe of Issachar, famed for their assiduous Torah study that was financed by the Tribe of Zebulon[6 related articles]
Itaruta Dile’eyla (Arousal from Above):  (Aramaic, lit. "arousal from above"); a stimulus or Hamshachah initiated by G-d, or elicited as a Divine response to human initiative  [2 related articles] Kabbalah » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Itaruta Dile’eyla (Arousal from Above)
Itaruta Diletata (Arousal from Below):  (Aramaic, lit. "arousal from below"); an initiative taken by man by performing mitzvot and good deeds, which elicits a reciprocal response from G-d  [5 related articles] Kabbalah » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Itaruta Diletata (Arousal from Below)
It'hapcha (transformation):  (lit. “transformation”) the Divine service of transforming the profane into the holy  [11 related articles] Chassidism » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » It'hapcha (transformation)
Itkafia (conquest):  (lit. “bending back”) the Divine service of subjugating and subordinating the material nature of the body and the animal soul  [59 related articles] Chassidism » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Itkafia (conquest)
Iyar, Month of:  the second month of the Jewish year when counting from Nissan (or the eighth when counting from Tishrei), corresponds to April-May  [10 related articles]
Iyov:  Job; the Book of Job.  [2 related articles] Biblical Personalities » People » Iyov
Iyov:  The book of Tanach containing Malachi's prophecies, admonishing the Jews to serve G-d.  [3 related articles] Tanach » Iyov
Iyov:  A book of Tanach relating Job's suffering and his reaction thereto.  [3 related articles] Tanach » Iyov

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9