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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9

Daat (Knowledge; Awareness; Connection):  (lit. "knowledge"); the third of the ten sefirot, or divine emanations; the third stage of the intellectual process at which concepts, having proceeded from seminal intuition (Chochmah) through meditative gestation (Binah), now mature into their corresponding dispositions or attributes of character (middot)  [14 related articles] Kabbalah » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Daat (Knowledge; Awareness; Connection)
Daat Elyon & Daat Tachton:  (lit. "higher understanding" and "lower understanding"); respectively, (a) the G-d-like perspective from which the spiritual world is perceived as reality, and this world a mere echo of it; (b) the opposite, earthbound perspective.  [45 related articles]
Dagesh:  (a) emphasis; (b) a grammatical mark indicated by a dot inserted within certain Hebrew letters  [2 related articles] Speech; Communication » Faculties and Talents » Dagesh
Daled:  the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, prounounced "d," with a numerical value of 4  [14 related articles]
Dan:  Son of Jacob and Bilhah, fifth of the Twelve Tribes. ("Dan." is also an oft-used abbreviation for Daniel.)  [3 related articles]
Daniel:  (a) (c. 400 BCE) Together with Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, was exiled to Babylon and trained to be a chamberlain in the royal court. After successfully interpreting Nebuchadnezzar's dream, he was appointed to a high government position. During the reign of Belshazzar, Daniel deciphered writing that mysteriously appeared, predicting Babylon's downfall. He was thrown into a lions' den during Darius’ reign for praying to G-d; miraculously, he wasn’t harmed. (b) A common Jewish name.  [10 related articles]
Daniel, the Book of:  The book of Tanach describing the experiences of Daniel -- and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah -- in the Babylonian and Persian royal courts, as well as several of Daniel's prophecies.  [6 related articles] Tanach » Daniel, the Book of
Danzig, R. Abraham:  (1748-1820); a halachic authority and codifier of Jewish law, best known as the author of the works Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam, dealing with the laws of the Shulchan Aruch that address everyday life. He is sometimes referred to as the Chayei Adam.  People » Danzig, R. Abraham
Dathan & Abiram:  Among the leaders of Korah's mutiny, were swallowed by the earth together with the other mutineers. According to the Midrash, they were persistent trouble makers and rabble rousers. They are also identified as the two quarreling Israelites whom Moses reprimanded in Egypt[2 related articles]
Daughters of Zelophehad:  Mahlah, Noa, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah—five daughters of Zelophehad, who passed away in the desert leaving behind no sons. These righteous women approached Moses, requesting to receive their father’s portion in the Land of Canaan. G-d instructed Moses to comply with said request.  [13 related articles]
Daven:  (Yiddish) to pray 
David, King:  (a) (907-837 BCE) A Bethlehem native, youngest son of Jesse and Nitzevet. A shepherd boy, he rose to fame after slaying the Philistine hero Goliath. This earned him the hand of King Saul’s daughter Michal in marriage. Anointed by Samuel to succeed Saul after the latter failed to annihilate Amalek. This aroused Saul's jealousy, who then pursued him relentlessly. David became king after Saul’s death. During his monarchy, David successfully secured and expanded Israel’s borders, but was beset by a series of revolts and personal tribulations. Compiled the Book of Psalms. Succeeded by his son Solomon. (b) A common Jewish name.  [77 related articles]
Dayenu:  (lit. "it is enough for us"); the refrain in a song in the Haggadah recounting the kindnesses G-d bestowed upon the People of Israel after the Exodus  [14 related articles] Passover » Dayenu
Deborah:  (a) Fourth of the Judges, a prophetess who judged and taught the Israelites for forty years (1107-1067 BCE) following Ehud and Shamgar’s deaths. When the Israelites relapsed into idolatry they were subjected to the rule of the Canaanite king, Jabin, and his general, Sisera. Deborah and Barak led a small Israelite army in battle and completely destroyed the Canaanite army and gained independence. (b) A common Jewish name.  [16 related articles]
Delilah:  Philistine wife of Samson. The Philistines offered her 55,000 pieces of silver to report the secret of her husband’s strength, and she complied.  [2 related articles]
Demai:  Demai is produce which is forbidden by rabbinic law due to the uncertainty of whether the necessary tithes were separated  [2 related articles]
Deorayta:  (Aramaic, lit. "from the Torah"); an obligation explicitly commanded in the Written Torah 
Derech HaChayim:  (lit. “Path of Life”); Chassidic text by the second Lubavitcher Rebbe, R. DovBer (the Mitteler Rebbe) on the subject of teshuvah  Torah Books » Derech HaChayim
Derush:  (lit. "exposition"); the non-literal, homiletic interpretation of Scripture, as in the Midrash or Talmudic aggadot 
Deuteronomy, the Book of:  The fifth of the Five Books of Moses, records Moses' final message to the Israelites, delivered during the last weeks of his life. He admonishes them to remain faithful to G-d following their entry into the Land of Israel. The book concludes with Moses’ death.  [556 related articles]
Devarim:  The fifth of the Five Books of Moses, records Moses' final message to the Israelites, delivered during the last weeks of his life. He admonishes them to remain faithful to G-d following their entry into the Land of Israel. The book concludes with Moses’ death.  [556 related articles]
Devarim:  Deuteronomy, the fifth book of the Pentateuch  [62 related articles] Parshah (Weekly Torah Reading) » Devarim
Din, judgement:  (judgement), the attribute of Divine judgment 
Din, law:  (law), a particular Torah law or ruling 
Dinah:  (a) Daughter of Jacob and Leah. Abducted and violated by Shechem the son Hamor, and rescued by her brothers Simeon and Levi. (b) A common Jewish name.  [4 related articles]
Divine Providence:  the concept that every event in the universe and every experience in a person's life, and their every aspect, is specifically guided and determined by the Divine will  [248 related articles]
Divrei Hayamim:  The (two-part) final book of Tanach, authored by Ezra, chronicling the events from Creation until the return of the Babylonian exiles to the Land of Israel[2 related articles] Tanach » Divrei Hayamim
Doeg the Edomite:  (9th century BCE) When David was fleeing from Saul, Ahimelech, a priest in Nob, provided him with food and weapons. Doeg, the former head of the Sanhedrin who had abandoned the path of the Torah, informed Saul what Ahimelech had done. Saul ordered the execution of the 85 priests in Nob, and Doeg himself carried out the execution.  [2 related articles]
Donating to the Mishkan:  the gifts offered by the Children of Israel for the construction of the Mishkan, as commanded in the portion in the Book of Exodus by that name  [8 related articles] Biblical Events » History » Donating to the Mishkan
Dor Haflagah:  (lit. “the generation of the division,”) i.e., the generation who constructed the Tower of Babel and as punishment were divided and dispersed throughout the world.  Biblical Events » History » Dor Haflagah
Drashah:  sermon; exegetical rabbinical teaching 
Duchening:  (Yiddish) The blessing by the descendents of the priestly family of Aaron.  [42 related articles]
Dvar Torah:  (lit. "word of Torah"); a brief, usually oral, commentary on a topic from the Torah 
Dveikut:  (lit. “clinging”); profound concentration; spiritual attachment to, or unification with, the Divine; a communion with the Divine that removes one from physical awareness  [2 related articles]
Dwelling for G-d in the Physical World, A:  "a dwelling in the lowly realms": the concept taught by Chassidut that G-d desired to create a reality that is "lowly" and obscuring of His truth, in order that it be made into a "home" for Him-an environment that is hospitable to, subservient to, and expressive of His manifest presence  [179 related articles]

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9