Genesis Chapter 31

17So Jacob rose, and he lifted up his sons and his wives upon the camels.   יזוַיָּ֖קָם יַֽעֲקֹ֑ב וַיִּשָּׂ֛א אֶת־בָּנָ֥יו וְאֶת־נָשָׁ֖יו עַל־הַגְּמַלִּֽים:
his sons and his wives: He put the males before the females, but Esau put the females before the males, as it is said (below, 36:6): “And Esau took his wives and his sons, etc.” - [from Gen. Rabbah 74:5].   אֶת־בָּנָיו וְאֶת־נָשָׁיו: הִקְדִּים זְכָרִים לִנְקֵבוֹת, וְעֵשָׂו הִקְדִּים נְקֵבוֹת לִזְכָרִים, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וַיִּקַּח עֵשָׂו אֶת נָשָׁיו וְאֶת בָּנָיו וְגוֹמֵר:
18And he led all his livestock and all his possessions that he had acquired, the purchase of his acquisition, which he had acquired in Padan aram, to come to Isaac his father, to the land of Canaan.   יחוַיִּנְהַ֣ג אֶת־כָּל־מִקְנֵ֗הוּ וְאֶת־כָּל־רְכֻשׁוֹ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָכָ֔שׁ מִקְנֵה֙ קִנְיָנ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר רָכַ֖שׁ בְּפַדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם לָב֛וֹא אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִ֖יו אַ֥רְצָה כְּנָֽעַן:
the purchase of his acquisition: What he had purchased from [the sale of] his animals, viz. manservants, maidservants, camels, and donkeys. — [from Gen. Rabbah 74:5]   מִקְנֵה קִנְיָנוֹ: מַה שֶּׁקָּנָה מִצֹּאנוֹ, עֲבָדִים וּשְׁפָחוֹת וּגְמַלִּים וַחֲמוֹרִים:
19Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and [meanwhile] Rachel stole her father's teraphim.   יטוְלָבָ֣ן הָלַ֔ךְ לִגְזֹ֖ז אֶת־צֹאנ֑וֹ וַתִּגְנֹ֣ב רָחֵ֔ל אֶת־הַתְּרָפִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְאָבִֽיהָ:
to shear his sheep: that he had given into the hands of his sons, a journey of three days between him and Jacob.   לגזוז אֶת־צֹאנוֹ: שֶׁנָּתַן בְּיַד בָּנָיו דֶּרֶךְ שְׁלֹשֶׁת יָמִים בֵּינוֹ וּבֵין יַעֲקֹב:
and [meanwhile] Rachel stole her father’s teraphim: She intended to separate her father from idolatry. — [from Gen. Rabbah 74: 5]   וַתִּגְנֹב רָחֵל אֶת־הַתְּרָפִים: לְהַפְרִישׁ אֶת אָבִיהָ מֵעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה נִתְכַּוְּנָה (בראשית רבה):
20And Jacob concealed from Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was fleeing.   כוַיִּגְנֹ֣ב יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב אֶת־לֵ֥ב לָבָ֖ן הָֽאֲרַמִּ֑י עַל־בְּלִי֙ הִגִּ֣יד ל֔וֹ כִּ֥י בֹרֵ֖חַ הֽוּא:
21So he and all that were his fled, and he arose and crossed the river, and he directed his face toward Mount Gilead.   כאוַיִּבְרַ֥ח הוּא֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וַיָּ֖קָם וַיַּֽעֲבֹ֣ר אֶת־הַנָּהָ֑ר וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֶת־פָּנָ֖יו הַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד:
22On the third day, Laban was informed that Jacob had fled.   כבוַיֻּגַּ֥ד לְלָבָ֖ן בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י כִּ֥י בָרַ֖ח יַֽעֲקֹֽב:
On the third day: For there was a three-day journey between them.   בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי: שֶׁהֲרֵי דֶּרֶךְ שְׁלֹשֶׁת יָמִים הָיָה בֵינֵיהֶם:
23So he took his kinsmen with him, and he pursued him seven days' journey, and he overtook him at Mount Gilead.   כגוַיִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־אֶחָיו֙ עִמּ֔וֹ וַיִּרְדֹּ֣ף אַֽחֲרָ֔יו דֶּ֖רֶךְ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֑ים וַיַּדְבֵּ֥ק אֹת֖וֹ בְּהַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד:
his kinsmen: Heb. אֶחָיו, lit., his brothers, his kinsmen.   אֶת־אֶחָיו: קְרוֹבָיו:
seven-days’ journey: All those three days [during the time] the reporter went to tell Laban, Jacob went on his way. We find that Jacob was six days distant from Laban, and on the seventh day, Laban overtook him. We find that the entire distance that Jacob had traversed in seven days, Laban traversed in one day (as it is said: “and he pursued him seven-days’ journey,” but it does not say: “and he pursued him seven days.”) - [from Gen. Rabbah 74:6]   דֶּרֶךְ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים: כָּל אוֹתָן ג' יָמִים שֶׁהָלַךְ הַמַּגִּיד לְהַגִּיד לְלָבָן הָלַךְ יַעֲקֹב לְדַרְכּוֹ, נִמְצָא, יַעֲקֹב רָחוֹק מִלָּבָן שִׁשָּׁה יָמִים, וּבַשְּׁבִיעִי הִשִּׂיגוֹ לָבָן. לָמַדְנוּ שֶׁכָּל מַה שֶּׁהָלַךְ יַעֲקֹב בְּשִׁבְעָה יָמִים הָלַךְ לָבָן בְּיוֹם אֶחָד (שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וַיִּרְדֹּף אַחֲרָיו דֶּרֶךְ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים, וְלֹא נֶאֱמַר וַיִרְדֹּף אַחֲרָיו שִׁבְעַת יָמִים):
24And God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream of the night, and He said to him, "Beware lest you speak with Jacob either good or evil."   כדוַיָּבֹ֧א אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶל־לָבָ֥ן הָֽאֲרַמִּ֖י בַּֽחֲלֹ֣ם הַלָּ֑יְלָה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ פֶּן־תְּדַבֵּ֥ר עִם־יַֽעֲקֹ֖ב מִטּ֥וֹב עַד־רָֽע:
either good or evil: All the good of the wicked is considered evil to the righteous. — [from Yev. 103]   מִטּוֹב עַד־רָֽע: כָּל טוֹבָתָן שֶׁל רְשָׁעִים רָעָה הִיא אֵצֶל הַצַּדִּיקִים (יבמות ק"ג):
25And Laban overtook Jacob, and Jacob pitched his tent on the mountain, and Laban pitched with his kinsmen on Mount Gilead.   כהוַיַּשֵּׂ֥ג לָבָ֖ן אֶת־יַֽעֲקֹ֑ב וְיַֽעֲקֹ֗ב תָּקַ֤ע אֶת־אָֽהֳלוֹ֙ בָּהָ֔ר וְלָבָ֛ן תָּקַ֥ע אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו בְּהַ֥ר הַגִּלְעָֽד:
26And Laban said to Jacob, "What have you done, that you concealed from me, and led away my daughters like prisoners of war?   כווַיֹּ֤אמֶר לָבָן֙ לְיַֽעֲקֹ֔ב מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֔יתָ וַתִּגְנֹ֖ב אֶת־לְבָבִ֑י וַתְּנַהֵג֙ אֶת־בְּנֹתַ֔י כִּשְׁבֻי֖וֹת חָֽרֶב:
like prisoners of war: lit., like captives of a sword. Every army that goes to war is called חָרֶב, sword.   כִּשְׁבֻיוֹת חָֽרֶב: כָּל חַיִל הַבָּא לַמִּלְחָמָה קָרוּי חֶרֶב:
27Why have you fled secretly, and concealed from me, and not told me? I would have sent you away with joy and with songs, and with drum and with harp.   כזלָ֤מָּה נַחְבֵּ֨אתָ֙ לִבְרֹ֔חַ וַתִּגְנֹ֖ב אֹתִ֑י וְלֹֽא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֔י וָֽאֲשַׁלֵּֽחֲךָ֛ בְּשִׂמְחָ֥ה וּבְשִׁרִ֖ים בְּתֹ֥ף וּבְכִנּֽוֹר:
and concealed from me: [lit., you stole me, meaning] you concealed from me.   וַתִּגְנֹב אֹתִי: גָּנַבְתָּ אֶת דַּעְתִּי:
28And you did not allow me to kiss my sons and daughters. Now, you have acted foolishly.   כחוְלֹ֣א נְטַשְׁתַּ֔נִי לְנַשֵּׁ֥ק לְבָנַ֖י וְלִבְנֹתָ֑י עַתָּ֖ה הִסְכַּ֥לְתָּ עֲשֽׂוֹ:
29I have the power to inflict harm upon you, but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, 'Beware of speaking with Jacob either good or bad.'   כטיֶשׁ־לְאֵ֣ל יָדִ֔י לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת עִמָּכֶ֖ם רָ֑ע וֵֽאלֹהֵ֨י אֲבִיכֶ֜ם אֶ֣מֶשׁ | אָמַ֧ר אֵלַ֣י לֵאמֹ֗ר הִשָּׁ֧מֶר לְךָ֛ מִדַּבֵּ֥ר עִם־יַֽעֲקֹ֖ב מִטּ֥וֹב עַד־רָֽע:
I have the power: There is strength and power in my hand to inflict harm upon you. Also, every אל that refers to the Deity means that He is mighty and has much strength.   יֶשׁ־לְאֵל יָדִי: יֵשׁ כֹּחַ וְחַיִל בְּיָדִי לַעֲשׂוֹת עִמָּכֶם רַע, וְכָל אֵל שֶׁהוּא לְ' קֹדֶש עַל שֵׁם עִזּוּז וְרֹב אוֹנִים הוּא:
30But now, you have gone away, for you longed for your father's house, [but]why have you stolen my gods?"   לוְעַתָּה֙ הָלֹ֣ךְ הָלַ֔כְתָּ כִּֽי־נִכְסֹ֥ף נִכְסַ֖פְתָּה לְבֵ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ לָ֥מָּה גָנַ֖בְתָּ אֶת־אֱלֹהָֽי:
you longed: You wished. There are many words in Scripture (Ps. 84:3): “My soul yearns, yea, yea, it pines” ; (Job:14:15) “You desire the work of Your hands.”   נִכְסַפְתָּה: חָמַדְתָּ, וְהַרְבֵּה יֵשׁ בַּמִּקְרָא, נִכְסְפָה וְגַם כָּלְתָה נַפְשִׁי (תהילים פ"ד), לְמַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיךָ תִכְסֹף (איוב י"ד):
31And Jacob replied, and he said to Laban, "Because I was afraid, because I said, 'Lest you steal your daughters from me.'   לאוַיַּ֥עַן יַֽעֲקֹ֖ב וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְלָבָ֑ן כִּ֣י יָרֵ֔אתִי כִּ֣י אָמַ֔רְתִּי פֶּן־תִּגְזֹ֥ל אֶת־בְּנוֹתֶ֖יךָ מֵֽעִמִּֽי:
Because I was afraid, etc: He answered him the first [question] first, that he said to him (verse 26), “and you led away my daughters, etc.” - [from Avoth d’Rabbi Nathan , 37:11-13]   כִּי יָרֵאתִי וגו': הֱשִׁיבוֹ עַל רִאשׁוֹן רִאשׁוֹן, שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ, וַתְּנַהֵג אֶת בְּנֹתַי וְגוֹ':
32The one with whom you find your gods shall not live. In the presence of our brothers, recognize for yourself what is with me, and take [it] for yourself." For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.   לבעִ֠ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּמְצָ֣א אֶת־אֱלֹהֶ֘יךָ֘ לֹ֣א יִֽחְיֶה֒ נֶ֣גֶד אַחֵ֧ינוּ הַכֶּר־לְךָ֛ מָ֥ה עִמָּדִ֖י וְקַח־לָ֑ךְ וְלֹֽא־יָדַ֣ע יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב כִּ֥י רָחֵ֖ל גְּנָבָֽתַם:
shall not live: And from that curse, Rachel died on the way (Gen. Rabbah 74:4).   לֹא יִֽחְיֶה: וּמֵאוֹתָהּ קְלָלָה מֵתָה רָחֵל בַּדֶּרֶךְ (בראשית רבה)
what is with me: of yours. — [from Targum Jonathan]   מָה עִמָּדִי: מִשֶּׁלְּךָ:
33So Laban entered Jacob's tent and Leah's tent and the tent[s] of the two handmaids, but he did not find [them]; and he had come out of Leah's tent and entered Rachel's tent.   לגוַיָּבֹ֨א לָבָ֜ן בְּאֹֽהֶל־יַֽעֲקֹ֣ב | וּבְאֹ֣הֶל לֵאָ֗ה וּבְאֹ֛הֶל שְׁתֵּ֥י הָֽאֲמָהֹ֖ת וְלֹ֣א מָצָ֑א וַיֵּצֵא֙ מֵאֹ֣הֶל לֵאָ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֖א בְּאֹ֥הֶל רָחֵֽל:
Jacob’s tent: That is, Rachel’s tent, for Jacob was usually with her, and so Scripture states: (below, 46:19): “The sons of Rachel, Jacob’s wife.” In reference to all of them, however, it does not say, “Jacob’s wife.” - [from Gen. Rabbah 74:9]   בְּאֹֽהֶל־יַֽעֲקֹב: הוּא אֹהֶל רָחֵל, שֶׁהָיָה יַעֲקֹב תָּדִיר אֶצְלָהּ; וְכֵן הוּא אוֹמֵר בְּנֵי רָחֵל אֵשֶׁת יַעֲקֹב וּבְכֻּלָּן לֹא נֶאֱמַר אֵשֶׁת יַעֲקֹב:
and entered Rachel’s tent: when he came out of Leah’s tent, he went back into Rachel’s tent before he searched the tent[s] of the handmaids. Why [did he bother to do] all this? Because he was aware that she was one who touches everything. — [from Gen. Rabbah 74:9]   וַיָּבֹא בְּאֹֽהֶל־רָחֵֽל: כְּשֶׁיָּצָא מֵאֹהֶל לֵאָה חָזַר לוֹ לְאֹהֶל רָחֵל קֹדֶם שֶׁיְּחַפֵּשׂ בְּאֹהֶל הָאֲמָהוֹת, וְכָל כָּךְ לָמָּה? שֶׁהָיָה מַכִּיר בָּהּ שֶׁהִיא מַשְׁמְשָׁנִית:
34But Rachel had taken the teraphim and placed them into the camel saddle and sat upon them; so Laban felt about the entire tent but did not find [them].   לדוְרָחֵ֞ל לָֽקְחָ֣ה אֶת־הַתְּרָפִ֗ים וַתְּשִׂמֵ֛ם בְּכַ֥ר הַגָּמָ֖ל וַתֵּ֣שֶׁב עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם וַיְמַשֵּׁ֥שׁ לָבָ֛ן אֶת־כָּל־הָאֹ֖הֶל וְלֹ֥א מָצָֽא:
into the camel saddle: Heb. בְּכַר, an expression of pillows (כָּרִים) and cushions וּכְסָתוֹת, as the Targum renders: בָּעִבִיטָא דְגַמְלָא, which is a saddle, made like a pillow, and (in Eruvin 15b, 16a) we learned: “If they encircled it with pillows (עִבִיטִין).” These are the pack-saddles of the camels, bastel in French, pack-saddle.   בְּכַר הַגָּמָל: לְשׁוֹן כָּרִים וּכְסָתוֹת, כְּתַרְגּוּמוֹ בַּעֲבִיטָא דְגַמְלָא, וְהִיא מַרְדַּעַת הָעֲשׂוּיָה כְּמִין כַּר; וּבְעֵרוּבִין (דף ט"ז) שָׁנִינוּ הִקִּיפוּהָ בַּעֲבִיטִין, וְהֵן עֲבִיטֵי גְמַלִּים, בשט"ו בְּלַעַז:
35And she said to her father, "Let my lord not be annoyed, for I cannot rise before you, for the way of women is upon me." So he searched, but did not find the teraphim.   להוַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֶל־אָבִ֗יהָ אַל־יִ֨חַר֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י אֲדֹנִ֔י כִּ֣י ל֤וֹא אוּכַל֙ לָק֣וּם מִפָּנֶ֔יךָ כִּי־דֶ֥רֶךְ נָשִׁ֖ים לִ֑י וַיְחַפֵּ֕שׂ וְלֹ֥א מָצָ֖א אֶת־הַתְּרָפִֽים:
36And Jacob was annoyed, and he quarreled with Laban, and he said to Laban, "What is my transgression? What is my sin, that you have pursued me?   לווַיִּ֥חַר לְיַֽעֲקֹ֖ב וַיָּ֣רֶב בְּלָבָ֑ן וַיַּ֤עַן יַֽעֲקֹב֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְלָבָ֔ן מַה־פִּשְׁעִי֙ מַ֣ה חַטָּאתִ֔י כִּ֥י דָלַ֖קְתָּ אַֽחֲרָֽי:
that you have pursued: Heb. דָלַקְתָּ, you pursued, like (Lam. 4:19): “they chased us (דָּלָקֻנוּ) on the mountains,” and like (I Sam. 17:53):“from pursuing (מִדְּלוֹק) the Philistines.” - [from Targum Onkelos]   דָלַקְתָּ: רָדַפְתָּ, כְּמוֹ עַל הֶהָרִים דְּלָקֻנוּ (איכה ד'), וּכְמוֹ מִדְּלֹק אַחֲרֵי פְלִשְׁתִּים (שמואל א י"ז):
37For you have felt about all my things. What have you found of all the utensils of your house? Put it here, in the presence of my kinsmen and your kinsmen, and let them decide between the two of us.   לזכִּֽי־מִשַּׁ֣שְׁתָּ אֶת־כָּל־כֵּלַ֗י מַה־מָּצָ֨אתָ֙ מִכֹּ֣ל כְּלֵֽי־בֵיתֶ֔ךָ שִׂ֣ים כֹּ֔ה נֶ֥גֶד אַחַ֖י וְאַחֶ֑יךָ וְיוֹכִ֖יחוּ בֵּ֥ין שְׁנֵֽינוּ:
and let them decide: Let them clarify who is right, aprover in Old French, prove, clarify. — [from Targum Jonathan ben Uzziel]   וְיוֹכִיחוּ: וִיבָרְרוּ עִם מִי הַדִּין, אפרובי"ר בְּלַעַז:
38Already twenty years have I been with you, and your ewes and she goats have not aborted, neither have I eaten the rams of your flocks.   לחזֶה֩ עֶשְׂרִ֨ים שָׁנָ֤ה אָֽנֹכִי֙ עִמָּ֔ךְ רְחֵלֶ֥יךָ וְעִזֶּ֖יךָ לֹ֣א שִׁכֵּ֑לוּ וְאֵילֵ֥י צֹֽאנְךָ֖ לֹ֥א אָכָֽלְתִּי:
have not aborted: They have not aborted their fetuses, like: (Hos. 9:14): “a miscarrying (מַשְׁכִּיל) womb” (Job 21:10): “his cow bears young and does not abort (תְּשַׁכֵּל).”   לֹא שִׁכֵּלוּ: לֹא הִפִּילוּ עִבּוּרָם, כְּמוֹ רֶחֶם מַשְׁכִּיל (הושע ט'), תְּפַלֵּט פָּרָתוֹ וְלֹא תְשַׁכֵּל (איוב כ"א):
the rams of your flocks: From here they deduced that even a one-day-old ram is called a ram. Otherwise, what is his boast? He did not eat rams, but he ate lambs. If so, he is a thief. — [from B.K. 65b].   וְאֵילֵי צֹֽאנְךָ: מִכָּאן אָמְרוּ אַיִל בֶּן יוֹמוֹ קָרוּי אַיִל, שֶׁאִם לֹא כֵן, מַה שִּׁבְחוֹ? אֵלִים לֹא אָכַל, אֲבָל כְּבָשִׂים אָכַל, אִם כֵּן גַּזְלָן הוּא (בבא קמא ס"ה):
39I have not brought home to you anything torn [by other animals]; I would suffer its loss; from my hand you would demand it, what was stolen by day and what was stolen at night.   לטטְרֵפָה֙ לֹֽא־הֵבֵ֣אתִי אֵלֶ֔יךָ אָֽנֹכִ֣י אֲחַטֶּ֔נָּה מִיָּדִ֖י תְּבַקְשֶׁ֑נָּה גְּנֻֽבְתִ֣י י֔וֹם וּגְנֻֽבְתִ֖י לָֽיְלָה:
anything torn: By a lion or a wolf. — [from Targum Jonathan ben Uzziel]   טְרֵפָה: עַל יְדֵי אֲרִי וּזְאֵב:
I would suffer its loss: Heb. אִחַטֶּנָה, an expression similar to (Jud. 20:16): “and not miss (יַחֲטִיא);” (I Kings 1: 21): “My son Solomon and I will be lacking (חַטָּאִים).” I would suffer the loss; if it was missing, it was missing to me, for you would demand it from my hand.   אָֽנֹכִי אֲחַטֶּנָּה: לְשׁוֹן קֹלֵעַ בָּאֶבֶן אֶל הַשַּׂעֲרָה וְלֹא יַחֲטִא (שופטים כ'), אֲנִי וּבְנִי שְׁלֹמֹה חַטָּאִים (מלכים א א') – חֲסֵרִים, אָנֹכִי אַחְסְרֶנָּה, אִם חָסְרָה חָסְרָה לִי, שֶׁמִּיָּדִי תְּבַקְשֶׁנָּה:
I would suffer its loss: The Targum renders: דַּהִוַת שַׁגְיָא מִמִנְיָנָא, what was missing (נִפְקֶדֶת) and lacking from the count, like (Num. 31:49): “and no man was missing (נִפְקַד) from us,” which the Targum renders: לָא שְׁגָא.   אָֽנֹכִי אֲחַטֶּנָּה: תַּרְגּוּמוֹ דַּהַוַת שָׁגְיָא מִמִּנְיָנָא, שֶׁהָיתָה נִפְקֶדֶת וּמְחֻסֶּרֶת, כְּמוֹ וְלֹא נִפְקַד מִמֶּנּוּ אִישׁ (במדבר ל"א), תַּרְגּוּמוֹ לָא שְׁגָא):
what was stolen by day and what was stolen at night: לַיְלָה גְנֻבְתִי יוֹם וּגְנֻבְתִי, [similar to] גְנוּבַת יוֹם או ֹגְנוּבַת לַיְלָה, what was stolen by day and what was stolen at night, I paid all.   גְּנֻֽבְתִי יוֹם וּגְנֻֽבְתִי לָֽיְלָה: גְנוּבַת יוֹם אוֹ גְנוּבַת לַיְלָה, הַכֹּל שִׁלַּמְתִּי:
what was stolen: Heb. גְּנֻבְתִי Similar to (Lam. 1:1): “great (רַבָּתִי) among the nations, a princess (שָׂרָתִי) among the provinces;” (Isa. 1:21): “full (מְלֵאִתִי) of justice;” (Hos. 10:11): “that loves (אוֹהַבְתִּי) to thresh.”   גְּנֻֽבְתִי: כְּמוֹ רַבָּתִי בַגּוֹיִם שָׂרָתִי בַּמְּדִינוֹת (איכה א'), מְלֵאֲתִי מִשְׁפָּט (ישעיהו א') אֹהַבְתִּי לָדוּשׁ (הושע י'):
40I was [in the field] by day when the heat consumed me, and the frost at night, and my sleep wandered from my eyes.   מהָיִ֧יתִי בַיּ֛וֹם אֲכָלַ֥נִי חֹ֖רֶב וְקֶ֣רַח בַּלָּ֑יְלָה וַתִּדַּ֥ד שְׁנָתִ֖י מֵֽעֵינָֽי:
the heat consumed me: An expression of (Deut. 4:24): “a consuming (אֹכְלָה) fire.”   אֲכָלַנִי חֹרֶב: לְשׁוֹן אֵשׁ אֹכְלָה:
and the frost: Heb. וְקֶרַח, like (Ps. 147:17): “He hurls His ice (קַרְחוֹ).” The Targum renders: גְלִידא, ice, or frost.   וְקֶרַח: כְּמוֹ מַשְׁלִיךְ קַרְחוֹ (תהילים קמ"ז), תַּרְגּוּמוֹ גְּלִידָא:
my sleep: Heb. שְׁנָתִי. An expression of שֵׁנָה, sleep.   שְׁנָתִי: לְשׁוֹן שֵׁנָה:
41This is twenty years that I have spent in your house. I served you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your animals, and you changed my wages ten times.   מאזֶה־לִּ֞י עֶשְׂרִ֣ים שָׁנָה֘ בְּבֵיתֶ֒ךָ֒ עֲבַדְתִּ֜יךָ אַרְבַּע־עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ בִּשְׁתֵּ֣י בְנֹתֶ֔יךָ וְשֵׁ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים בְּצֹאנֶ֑ךָ וַתַּֽחֲלֵ֥ף אֶת־מַשְׂכֻּרְתִּ֖י עֲשֶׂ֥רֶת מֹנִֽים:
and you changed my wages: You would change the stipulation between us from speckled to spotted and from ringed to striped.   וַתַּֽחֲלֵף אֶת־מַשְׂכֻּרְתִּי: הָיִיתָ מְשַׁנֶּה תְּנַאי שֶׁבֵּינֵינוּ, מִנָּקֹד לְטָלוּא, וּמֵעֲקוּדִים לִבְרֻדִּים:
42Had not the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, been for me, you would now have sent me away empty handed. God has seen my affliction and the toil of my hands, and He reproved [you] last night."   מבלוּלֵ֡י אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִי֩ אֱלֹהֵ֨י אַבְרָהָ֜ם וּפַ֤חַד יִצְחָק֙ הָ֣יָה לִ֔י כִּ֥י עַתָּ֖ה רֵיקָ֣ם שִׁלַּחְתָּ֑נִי אֶת־עָנְיִ֞י וְאֶת־יְגִ֧יעַ כַּפַּ֛י רָאָ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים וַיּ֥וֹכַח אָֽמֶשׁ:
and the Fear of Isaac: He did not wish to say, “the God of Isaac,” because the Holy One, blessed be He, does not associate His name with the righteous while they are alive. Although He said to him upon his departure from Beer-sheba (above, 28:13): “I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father, and the God of Isaac,” since his eyes had become dim and a blind man is like a dead man, Jacob was afraid to say, “the God of,” and said, “and the Fear of.”   וּפַחַד יִצְחָק: לֹא רָצָה לוֹמַר אֱלֹהֵי יִצְחָק, שֶׁאֵין הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מְיַחֵד שְׁמוֹ עַל הַצַּדִּיקִים בְּחַיֵּיהֶם, וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ בְּצֵאתוֹ מִבְּאֵר שֶׁבַע אֲנִי ה' אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם אָבִיךָ וֵאלֹהֵי יִצְחָק, בִּשְׁבִיל שֶׁכָּהוּ עֵינָיו, וַהֲרֵי הוּא כַּמֵּת; יַעֲקֹב נִתְיָרֵא לוֹמַר אֱלֹהֵי, וְאָמַר וּפַחַד:
and He reproved [you] last night: Heb. וַיוֹכַח, an expression of reproof, but it is not an expression of clarification.   וַיּוֹכַח: לְשׁוֹן תּוֹכָחָה הוּא וְלֹא לְשׁוֹן הוֹכָחָה: