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Torah Reading for Shavuot Day 2

In Israel: Behaalotecha

Second Day of Shavuot Day 2
Monday, 7 Sivan, 5779
10 June, 2019
Select a portion:
Complete: (Deuteronomy 15:19 - 16:17; Numbers 28:26-31; Habakkuk 2:20 - 3:19)
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First Portion

Deuteronomy Chapter 15

19Every firstborn male that is born of your cattle or of your flock you shall sanctify to the Lord, your God. You shall neither work with the firstborn of your ox, nor shear the firstborn of your flock.   יטכָּל־הַבְּכ֡וֹר אֲשֶׁר֩ יִוָּלֵ֨ד בִּבְקָֽרְךָ֤ וּבְצֹֽאנְךָ֙ הַזָּכָ֔ר תַּקְדִּ֖ישׁ לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ לֹ֤א תַֽעֲבֹד֙ בִּבְכֹ֣ר שׁוֹרֶ֔ךָ וְלֹ֥א תָגֹ֖ז בְּכ֥וֹר צֹאנֶֽךָ:
Every firstborn male… you shall sanctify [to the Lord]: But elsewhere (Lev. 27:26) it says, “[But the firstborn which will be a firstborn for the Lord of the livestock,] no man shall sanctify it.” How is this [reconciled]? [The verse in Leviticus means that] one may not sanctify [the firstborn] to be another sacrifice [but only as a firstborn sacrifice]. And our verse here teaches us that it is a duty to proclaim [over the firstborn animal], “You are hereby sanctified as a firstborn.” Another explanation: It is impossible to say “sanctify [this firstborn animal],” because [Scripture] already says, “no man must shall sanctify it” (Lev. 27:26). And yet it is impossible to say that we shall not sanctify it, for [here] it already says, “you shall sanctify.” So how [can these two verses be reconciled]? [The answer is that we are dealing with an indirect sanctification, namely:] One may sanctify the value of the privilege [i.e., the owner of the firstborn animal has the privilege of choosing to which kohen he will give it. This privilege has a market value, namely how much an Israelite will pay so that the owner of the firstborn will give it to his grandson who is a kohen . The verse, therefore, means:] one may dedicate the value of this privilege according to its benefit and give it to the Temple [treasury]. — [Ar . 29a]   כל הבכור וגו' תקדיש: ובמקום אחר הוא אומר לא יקדיש, שנאמר (ויקרא כז, כו) אך בכור אשר יבכר לה' וגו', הא כיצד, אינו מקדישו לקרבן אחר, וכאן למד שמצוה לומר הרי אתה קדוש לבכורה. דבר אחר אי אפשר לומר תקדיש שכבר נאמר לא יקדיש, ואי אפשר לומר לא יקדיש שהרי כבר נאמר תקדיש, הא כיצד, מקדישו אתה הקדש עלוי, ונותן להקדש כפי טובת הנאה שבו:
You shall neither work with the firstborn of your ox, nor shear [the firstborn of your flock]: The Rabbis derived that also the the converse [i.e., shearing your ox and working the flock] is prohibited. Scripture is merely speaking [here] of the usual manner [in which these animals are used]. — [Bech. 25a]   לא תעבוד בבכור שורך ולא תגוז וגו': אף החלוף למדו רבותינו שאסור, אלא שדבר הכתוב בהווה:
20You shall eat it before the Lord, your God, year by year, in the place the Lord chooses-you and your household.   כלִפְנֵי֩ יְהֹוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֤יךָ תֹֽאכְלֶ֨נּוּ֙ שָׁנָ֣ה בְשָׁנָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֣ר יְהֹוָ֑ה אַתָּ֖ה וּבֵיתֶֽךָ:
You shall eat it before the Lord, your God: [Scripture] is addressing the kohen , for we have already found [a statement to the effect] that it [the firstborn] is part of the dues given to kohanim , whether the animal is unblemished or whether it is blemished. For it is stated, “and their flesh [i.e., of the firstborn animals] shall be yours [i.e., the kohen 's]” (Num. 18:18). - [Bech. 28a] [In both cases, the kohen is entitled to eat the entire animal. The difference between the blemished and the unblemished animals is that the blemished animal is slaughtered outside the Temple, and its flesh may be eaten anywhere by anyone invited by the kohen . The unblemished animal, however, must be slaughtered in the Temple courtyard, its blood dashed on the altar, and its fat burned on the altar. The flesh must be eaten by the kohen and his household within the time allotted for eating it.]   לפני ה' אלהיך תאכלנו: לכהן הוא אומר, שכבר מצינו שהוא ממתנות כהונה אחד תם ואחד בעל מום, שנאמר (במדבר יח, יח) ובשרם יהיה לך וגו':
[You shall eat it before the Lord…] year by year: From here we derive the law that one should not delay it [i.e., from sacrificing it] beyond its first year (Bech. 28a). [If so, however,] one might think that it becomes unfit [as a sacrifice] when the first year has elapsed. [Therefore, the Torah tells us that] it [the firstborn animal] has already been compared to ma’aser [sheini], as it is said,“And you shall eat before the Lord, your God… the tithes of your grain, your wine, and your oil, and the firstborn of your cattle and of your sheep” (Deut. 14:23). Just as ma’aser sheini does not become unfit [when it is left over] from one year to the next, neither does the firstborn animal become unfit. However, [this verse means] that the proper way to fulfill this commandment [of the firstborn animal] is during its first year.   שנה בשנה: מכאן שאין משהין אותו יותר על שנתו. יכול יהא פסול משעברה שנתו, כבר הוקש למעשר, שנאמר (לעיל יד כג) ואכלת לפני ה' אלהיך מעשר דגנך תירושך ויצהרך ובכורות בקרך וצאנך, מה מעשר שני אינו נפסל משנה לחברתה, אף בכור אינו נפסל, אלא שמצוה תוך שנתו:
year by year: If one slaughtered it at the end of its first year [on the last day], he may eat it on that day and one day of the next year. This teaches [us] that it [a firstborn animal] may be eaten for two days and one [intervening] night. — [Bech. 27b]   שנה בשנה: אם שחטו בסוף שנתו אוכלו אותו היום ויום אחד משנה אחרת. למד שנאכל לשני ימים ולילה אחד:
21And if there be any blemish in it, whether it be lame, or blind, or any ill blemish, you shall not sacrifice it to the Lord, your God.   כאוְכִי־יִֽהְיֶ֨ה ב֜וֹ מ֗וּם פִּסֵּ֨חַ֙ א֣וֹ עִוֵּ֔ר כֹּ֖ל מ֣וּם רָ֑ע לֹ֣א תִזְבָּחֶ֔נּוּ לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ:
[And if there be any] blemish [in it]: [This is] a כְּלָל, a general statement [not limiting itself to anything in particular].   מום: כלל:
lame, or blind: [This is] a פְּרָט, particular things, [limiting the matter to these things].   פסח או עור: פרט:
any ill blemish: [Once again the verse] reverts to כְּלָל, a general statement. [Now we have learned that when a verse expresses a כְּלָל, then a פְּרָט, and then a כְּלָל again, just as in this case, we apply the characteristics of the פְּרָט to the whole matter.] Just as the blemishes detailed [lame or blind] are externally visible blemishes that do not heal, so too, any externally visible blemish that does not heal [renders a firstborn animal unfit for sacrifice and may be eaten as ordinary flesh]. — [Bech. 37a]   כל מום רע: חזר וכלל. מה הפרט מפורש מום הגלוי ואינו חוזר, אף כל מום שבגלוי ואינו חוזר:
22You shall eat it within your cities, the unclean and the clean together, as the deer, and as the gazelle.   כבבִּשְׁעָרֶ֖יךָ תֹּֽאכְלֶ֑נּוּ הַטָּמֵ֤א וְהַטָּהוֹר֙ יַחְדָּ֔ו כַּצְּבִ֖י וְכָֽאַיָּֽל:
23However, you shall not eat its blood; you shall pour it on the ground, as water.   כגרַ֥ק אֶת־דָּמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א תֹאכֵ֑ל עַל־הָאָ֥רֶץ תִּשְׁפְּכֶ֖נּוּ כַּמָּֽיִם:
However, you shall not eat its blood: [Although eating the blood of any animal is prohibited, this prohibition is mentioned here] so that you should not say: “Since this [blemished firstborn animal] is entirely permitted [to be eaten now after its blemish, even though] it started out from a forbidden status, since it was sanctified, [and now it is permitted] for it is slaughtered outside [the Temple] without having to be redeemed, and [it may be] eaten. I might [therefore] think that its blood is permitted as well!” Therefore, Scripture states,“However, you shall not eat its blood.”   רק את דמו לא תאכל: שלא תאמר הואיל וכולו היתר הבא מכלל איסור הוא, שהרי קדוש ונשחט בחוץ בלא פדיון ונאכל, יכול יהא אף הדם מותר, תלמוד לומר רק את דמו לא תאכל:

Second Portion

Deuteronomy Chapter 16

1Keep the month of spring, and make the Passover offering to the Lord, your God, for in the month of spring, the Lord, your God, brought you out of Egypt at night.   אשָׁמוֹר֙ אֶת־חֹ֣דֶשׁ הָֽאָבִ֔יב וְעָשִׂ֣יתָ פֶּ֔סַח לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ כִּ֞י בְּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָֽאָבִ֗יב הוֹצִ֨יאֲךָ֜ יְהֹוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ מִמִּצְרַ֖יִם לָֽיְלָה:
Keep the month of spring: Heb. אָבִיב. Before it [Nissan] arrives, watch that it should be fit for the אָבִיב, ripening [capable of producing ripe ears of barley by the sixteenth of the month], to offer up in it the omer meal offering. And if not, proclaim it a leap year [thereby enabling you to wait another month, until the barley ripens]. — [San. 11b]   שמור את חדש האביב: מקודם בואו שמור, שיהא ראוי לאביב להקריב בו את מנחת העומר, ואם לאו, עבר את השנה:
[for in the month of spring the Lord, your God, brought you] out of Egypt at night: But did they not go out by day, as it is said, “on the morrow of the Passover the children of Israel went out…” (Num. 33:3)? However, since during the night Pharaoh gave them permission to leave, as it is said, “So he called for Moses and Aaron at night [and said, ‘Rise up, go out from among my people…]’ ” (Exod. 12:31), [therefore, here it says “at night”]. — [Ber. 9a]   ממצרים לילה: והלא ביום יצאו, שנאמר (במדבר לג, ג) ממחרת הפסח יצאו בני ישראל וגו', אלא לפי שבלילה נתן להם פרעה רשות לצאת, שנאמר (שמות יב, לא) ויקרא למשה ולאהרן לילה וגו':
2You shall slaughter the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, your God, [of the] flock, and [the Festival sacrifices of the] cattle, in the place which the Lord will choose to establish His Name therein.   בוְזָבַ֥חְתָּ פֶּ֛סַח לַֽיהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ צֹ֣אן וּבָקָ֑ר בַּמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִבְחַ֣ר יְהֹוָ֔ה לְשַׁכֵּ֥ן שְׁמ֖וֹ שָֽׁם:
You shall slaughter the Passover sacrifice to the Lord, your God, [of the] flock: As it is said, “You may take [it] either from the sheep or from the goats” (Exod. 12:5).   וזבחת פסח לה' אלהיך צאן: שנאמר (שמות יב ה) מן הכבשים ומן העזים תקחו:
and…cattle: These are slaughtered as the chagigah [Festival offering]. If a large group was formed for the Passover offering, they bring a Festival offering along with it, so that the Passover sacrifice will be eaten [after a sufficient meal, and therefore] after the required satiation. [Everyone had to designate himself to a particular company of people, which was then relevant to one particular Passover offering (Pes. 69a-70b).] Our Rabbis also derived many other things from this verse. — [Sifrei ; Pes. 70a]   ובקר: תזבח לחגיגה. שאם נמנו על הפסח חבורה מרובה מביאים עמו חגיגה כדי שיהא נאכל על השובע, ועוד למדו רבותינו דברים הרבה מפסוק זה:
3You shall not eat leaven with it; for seven days you shall eat with it matzoth, the bread of affliction, for in haste you went out of the land of Egypt, so that you shall remember the day when you went out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.   גלֹֽא־תֹאכַ֤ל עָלָיו֙ חָמֵ֔ץ שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֛ים תֹּֽאכַל־עָלָ֥יו מַצּ֖וֹת לֶ֣חֶם עֹ֑נִי כִּ֣י בְחִפָּז֗וֹן יָצָ֨אתָ֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם לְמַ֣עַן תִּזְכֹּ֗ר אֶת־י֤וֹם צֵֽאתְךָ֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֥י חַיֶּֽיךָ:
the bread of affliction: [I.e.,] bread that brings to mind the affliction they suffered in Egypt. — [Sifrei]   לחם עני: לחם שמזכיר את העוני שנתענו במצרים:
for in haste you went out of the land of Egypt: And the dough [that you had prepared for eating] did not have time to become leavened, so this [matzah] will be for you as a reminder. And the haste [here] is not on your part, but on the part of the Egyptians, for so it says, “So the Egyptians took hold of the people [to hasten to send them out of the land]” (Exod. 12:33). - [Sifrei; Ber. 9a]   כי בחפזון יצאת: ולא הספיק בצק להחמיץ וזה יהיה לך לזכרון. וחפזון לא שלך היה אלא של מצרים, שכן הוא אומר (שמות יב, לג) ותחזק מצרים על העם וגו':
so that you shall remember: By eating the Passover sacrifice and the matzah, the day you went out [of the land of Egypt].   למען תזכור: על ידי אכילת הפסח והמצה, את יום צאתך:

Third Portion

Deuteronomy Chapter 16

4And no leaven shall be seen with you within all your border for seven days; neither shall any of the flesh you slaughter on the preceding day in the afternoon, remain all night until the morning.   דוְלֹא־יֵֽרָאֶ֨ה לְךָ֥ שְׂאֹ֛ר בְּכָל־גְּבֻֽלְךָ֖ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֑ים וְלֹֽא־יָלִ֣ין מִן־הַבָּשָׂ֗ר אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּזְבַּ֥ח בָּעֶ֛רֶב בַּיּ֥וֹם הָֽרִאשׁ֖וֹן לַבֹּֽקֶר:
neither shall any of the flesh you slaughter on the preceding day in the afternoon, remain all night until the morning: This is an admonition regarding leaving over the flesh of the Passover sacrifice, offered up by future generations, because [so far this prohibition] had been mentioned only with regard to the Passover sacrifice offered in Egypt (see Exod. 12:10). And יוֹם רִאשׁוֹן stated here is the fourteenth of Nissan [the preceding day, and not the fifteenth, which is the first day of Passover], just as it says:“but on the preceding day (בַּיוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן) you shall clear away leaven from your houses” (Exod. 12:15). Now since Scripture digressed from the subject of the Passover sacrifice and began to speak of the rules pertaining to the seven days [of the Festival]-such as, “seven days you shall eat with it matzoth ” (verse 3); “And no leaven shall be seen with you within all your border for seven days” (verse 4)-it was necessary to specify to which slaughtering [Scripture] is admonishing. For had it written only “neither shall any of the flesh you slaughter in the afternoon, remain all night until the morning” [without saying “the preceding day”], I might have thought that the peace offerings slaughtered during all the seven days are also subject to [the prohibition of] “And you shall not leave any of it until the morning,” (Exod. 12:10), and may be eaten only for [one] day and a night. Therefore, it is written:“on the preceding day in the evening,” [thereby clarifying that the verse is referring to the Passover sacrifice]. Another explanation: Scripture is referring to the Festival offering brought on the fourteenth of Nissan [and not to the specific Passover sacrifice], and it teaches with reference to it that it may be eaten for two days [and the intervening night]. Now the רִאשׁוֹן mentioned here [according to this explanation], is the first day of the Festival [i.e., the fifteenth of Nissan, rather than the preceding day]. And this is the meaning of the verse: The flesh of the Festival offering, which you slaughtered in the afternoon, shall not remain overnight after the first day of the Festival until the morning of the second day [the sixteenth of Nissan], but rather, it is to be eaten on the fourteenth and the fifteenth [and the intervening night]. And thus it is taught in tractate Pes. (71b).   ולא ילין מן הבשר אשר תזבח בערב ביום הראשון לבקר: אזהרה למותיר בפסח דורות, לפי שלא נאמר אלא בפסח מצרים, ויום ראשון האמור כאן הוא י"ד בניסן, כמה דאת אמר (שמות יב, טו) אך ביום הראשון תשביתו שאור מבתיכם. ולפי שנסתלק הכתוב מענינו של פסח והתחיל לדבר בחקות שבעת ימים, כגון שבעת ימים תאכל עליו מצות ולא יראה לך שאור בכל גבולך, הוצרך לפרש באיזו זביחה הוא מזהיר, שאם כתב ולא ילין מן הבשר אשר תזבח בערב לבקר הייתי אומר שלמים הנשחטים כל שבעה כולן בבל תותירו ואינן נאכלין אלא ליום ולילה, לכך כתב בערב ביום הראשון. דבר אחר בחגיגת י"ד הכתוב מדבר, ולמד עליה שנאכלת לשני ימים. והראשון האמור כאן, ביום טוב הראשון הכתוב מדבר. וכן משמעות המקרא, בשר חגיגה אשר תזבח בערב, לא ילין ביום טוב הראשון עד בקרו של שני, אבל נאכלת היא בארבעה עשר ובחמשה עשר, כך היא שנויה במסכת פסחים (עא ב):
5You shall not sacrifice the Passover offering within any of your cities, which the Lord, your God, is giving you.   הלֹ֥א תוּכַ֖ל לִזְבֹּ֣חַ אֶת־הַפָּ֑סַח בְּאַחַ֣ד שְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ אֲשֶׁר־יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ:
6Except at the place which the Lord, your God, will choose to establish His Name-there you shall slaughter the Passover offering in the afternoon, as the sun sets, at the appointed time that you went out of Egypt.   וכִּי אִם־אֶל־הַמָּק֞וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֨ר יְהֹוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֨יךָ֙ לְשַׁכֵּ֣ן שְׁמ֔וֹ שָׁ֛ם תִּזְבַּ֥ח אֶת־הַפֶּ֖סַח בָּעָ֑רֶב כְּב֣וֹא הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ מוֹעֵ֖ד צֵֽאתְךָ֥ מִמִּצְרָֽיִם:
in the afternoon, as the sun sets, at the appointed time that you went out of Egypt: These are three separate times. Towards evening---after six hours slaughter it. At sunset eat it. At the time you left you burn it, meaning that it is disqualified as notar, and must be removed to the burning site.   בערב כבוא השמש מועד צאתך ממצרים: הרי שלשה זמנים חלוקים; בערב משש שעות ולמעלה זבחהו, וכבוא השמש תאכלהו, ומועד צאתך, אתה שורפהו. כלומר, נעשה נותר ויצא לבית השרפה:
7And you shall roast [it] and eat [it] in the place which the Lord, your God, will choose, and you shall turn away in the morning and go to your dwellings.   זוּבִשַּׁלְתָּ֙ וְאָ֣כַלְתָּ֔ בַּמָּק֕וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִבְחַ֛ר יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ בּ֑וֹ וּפָנִ֣יתָ בַבֹּ֔קֶר וְהָֽלַכְתָּ֖ לְאֹֽהָלֶֽיךָ:
And you shall roast [it]: Heb. וּבִשַּׁלְתָּ. [Here] this term means“roasted in fire” (צְלִי אֵשׁ) (see Exod. 12:9), for roasting is also included in the general term of בִּשּׁוּל, “cooking.”   ובשלת: זהו צלי אש, שאף הוא קרוי בשול:
and you shall turn away in the morning [and go to your dwellings]: [i.e.,] the morning of the second day [of Passover]. This teaches that [the pilgrim] is required to remain [in Jerusalem] the night when the Festival terminates. — [Sifrei ; Pes. 95b; Chag. 17a-b]   ופנית בבקר: לבקרו של שני, מלמד שטעון לינה ליל של מוצאי יום טוב:
8For six days you shall eat matzoth, and on the seventh day there shall be a halt to the Lord, your God. You shall not do any work [on it].   חשֵׁ֥שֶׁת יָמִ֖ים תֹּאכַ֣ל מַצּ֑וֹת וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י עֲצֶ֨רֶת֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ לֹ֥א תַֽעֲשֶׂ֖ה מְלָאכָֽה:
For six days you shall eat matzoth: But elsewhere it says, “For seven days [you shall eat matzoth]!” (Exod. 12:15). [The solution is:] For seven days you shall eat matzoth from the old [produce] and six days [i.e., the last six days, after the omer has been offered] you may eat matzoth prepared from the new [crop]. Another explanation: It teaches that the eating of matzoh on the seventh day of Passover is not obligatory, and from here you learn [that the same law applies] to the other six days [of the Festival], For the seventh day was included in a general statement [in the verse “For seven days you shall eat matzoth ,” but in the verse: “Six days you shall eat matzoth ”] it has been taken out of this general [statement], to teach us that eating matzoh [on the seventh day] is not obligatory, but optional. [Now we have aready learned that if something is singled out of a general statement, we apply the relevant principle not only to itself but to every thing included in the general category. Thus the seventh day] is excluded here not to teach regarding itself, rather to teach regarding the entire generalization [i.e., the entire seven days of the Festival]. Just as on the seventh day the eating of matzah is optional, so too, on all the other days, the eating of matzah is optional. The only exception is the first night [of Passover], which Scripture has explicitly established as obligatory, as it is said, “in the evening, you shall eat matzoth” (Exod. 12:18). - [Mechilta on Exod 12:18; Pes. 120a]   ששת ימים תאכל מצות: ובמקום אחר הוא אומר (שמות יב, טו) שבעת ימים, שבעה מן הישן וששה מן החדש. דבר אחר למד על אכילת מצה בשביעי, שאינה חובה, ומכאן אתה למד לששת ימים. שהרי שביעי בכלל היה ויצא מן הכלל ללמד, שאין אכילת מצה בו חובה אלא רשות, ולא ללמד על עצמו יצא אלא ללמד על הכלל כולו יצא, מה שביעי רשות אף כולם רשות, חוץ מלילה הראשון שהכתוב קבעו חובה, שנאמר (שמות יב, יח) בערב תאכלו מצות:
[and on the seventh day there shall be] a halt to the Lord your God: עִצֶרֶת. Keep yourself back from work. Another explanation: [עִצֶרֶת means] a gathering for eating and drinking, as the expression,“Let us detain (נַעַצְרָה) you” (Judg. 13:15).   עצרת לה' אלהיך: עצור עצמך מן המלאכה. דבר אחר כנופיא של מאכל ומשתה, לשון (שופטים יג, טו) נעצרה נא אותך:

Fourth Portion

Deuteronomy Chapter 16

9You shall count seven weeks for yourself; from[the time] the sickle is first put to the standing crop, you shall begin to count seven weeks.   טשִׁבְעָ֥ה שָֽׁבֻעֹ֖ת תִּסְפָּר־לָ֑ךְ מֵֽהָחֵ֤ל חֶרְמֵשׁ֙ בַּקָּמָ֔ה תָּחֵ֣ל לִסְפֹּ֔ר שִׁבְעָ֖ה שָֽׁבֻעֽוֹת:
from [the time] the sickle is first put to the standing crop, [you shall begin to count seven weeks]: [I.e.,] from the time the omer is harvested [on the sixteenth of Nissan], which is the beginning of the harvest. — [see Lev . 23:10, Sifrei ; Men. 71a]   מהחל חרמש בקמה: משנקצר העומר שהוא ראשית הקציר:
10And you shall perform the Festival of Weeks to the Lord, your God, the donation you can afford to give, according to how the Lord, your God, shall bless you.   יוְעָשִׂ֜יתָ חַ֤ג שָֽׁבֻעוֹת֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ מִסַּ֛ת נִדְבַ֥ת יָֽדְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּתֵּ֑ן כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר יְבָֽרֶכְךָ֖ יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ:
the donation you can afford to give: [I.e.,] sufficient generous donation from you; according to the blessing [that God bestows upon you], bring peace offerings of happiness [these are extra peace offerings in addition to the Festival offerings] and invite guests to eat [with you].   מסת נדבת ידך: די נדבת ידך, הכל לפי הברכה, הבא שלמי שמחה, וקדש קרואים לאכול:
11And you shall rejoice before the Lord, your God, -you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite who is within your cities, and the stranger, and the orphan, and the widow, who are among you, in the place which the Lord, your God, will choose to establish His Name therein.   יאוְשָֽׂמַחְתָּ֞ לִפְנֵ֣י | יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ אַתָּ֨ה וּבִנְךָ֣ וּבִתֶּ֘ךָ֘ וְעַבְדְּךָ֣ וַֽאֲמָתֶ֒ךָ֒ וְהַלֵּוִי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בִּשְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ וְהַגֵּ֛ר וְהַיָּת֥וֹם וְהָֽאַלְמָנָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּקִרְבֶּ֑ךָ בַּמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִבְחַר֙ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ לְשַׁכֵּ֥ן שְׁמ֖וֹ שָֽׁם:
the Levite… the stranger, the orphan, and the widow: [God says:] These are My four, corresponding to your four, [namely,] “Your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant.” If you shall gladden Mine, I will gladden yours. — [Midrash Aggadah , Midrash Hagadol . Compare Tanchuma 18, Pesikta d’Rav Kahana p.100a. Note that in incunabula editions, this comment of Rashi is connected to the preceding one: and invite guests to eat [with you]: the Levite… the stranger, the orphan, and the widow. [God says:] These are My four…]   והלוי והגר והיתום והאלמנה: ארבעה שלי כנגד ארבעה שלך, בנך ובתך ועבדך ואמתך, אם אתה משמח את שלי, אני משמח את שלך:
12And you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall keep and perform these statutes.   יבוְזָ֣כַרְתָּ֔ כִּי־עֶ֥בֶד הָיִ֖יתָ בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְשָֽׁמַרְתָּ֣ וְעָשִׂ֔יתָ אֶת־הַֽחֻקִּ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה:
And you shall remember that you were a slave [in Egypt]: On this condition did I redeem you [from Egypt], that you keep and perform these statutes.   וזכרת כי עבד היית וגו': על מנת כן פדיתיך, שתשמור ותעשה את החוקים האלה:

Fifth Portion

Deuteronomy Chapter 16

13You shall make yourself the Festival of Sukkoth for seven days, when you gather in [the produce] from your threshing floor and your vat.   יגחַ֧ג הַסֻּכֹּ֛ת תַּֽעֲשֶׂ֥ה לְךָ֖ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֑ים בְּאָ֨סְפְּךָ֔ מִגָּרְנְךָ֖ וּמִיִּקְבֶֽךָ:
You shall make yourself the Festival of Sukkoth…] when you gather in [the produce]-: [i.e.,] at the time of the ingathering, when you bring the summer fruits into the house. Another explanation:“when you gather in [the produce] from your threshing floor and your vat” (‏בְּאָסְפְּךָ מִגָּרְנְ‏ךָ וּמִיִּקְבֶךָ) teaches that we should cover the sukkah [only] with the waste products that come from the threshing floor and the vat [i.e., with things that have grown from the ground, have become detached, and are not susceptible to ritual uncleanness. Since they are not foods and are not vessels, they are not susceptible to spiritual uncleanness. - R.H. 13a; Suk. 12a]   באספך: בזמן האסיף שאתה מכניס לבית פירות הקיץ. דבר אחר באספך מגרנך ומיקבך, למד שמסככין את הסוכה בפסולת גורן ויקב:
14And you shall rejoice in your Festival-you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the orphan, and the widow, who are within your cities.   ידוְשָֽׂמַחְתָּ֖ בְּחַגֶּ֑ךָ אַתָּ֨ה וּבִנְךָ֤ וּבִתֶּ֨ךָ֙ וְעַבְדְּךָ֣ וַֽאֲמָתֶ֔ךָ וְהַלֵּוִ֗י וְהַגֵּ֛ר וְהַיָּת֥וֹם וְהָֽאַלְמָנָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ:
15Seven days you shall celebrate the Festival to the Lord, your God, in the place which the Lord shall choose, because the Lord, your God, will bless you in all your produce, and in all the work of your hands, and you will only be happy.   טושִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֗ים תָּחֹג֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ בַּמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַ֣ר יְהֹוָ֑ה כִּ֣י יְבָֽרֶכְךָ֞ יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ בְּכֹ֤ל תְּבוּאָֽתְךָ֙ וּבְכֹל֙ מַֽעֲשֵׂ֣ה יָדֶ֔יךָ וְהָיִ֖יתָ אַ֥ךְ שָׂמֵֽחַ:
and you will only be happy: According to its simple meaning, this is not an expression denoting a command, but rather an expression of an assurance [i.e., I promise you that you will be happy]. But according to its oral interpretation, [our Rabbis] learned from this to include the night before the last day of the Festival for the obligation of rejoicing. — [see Suk. 48a; Sifrei]   והיית אך שמח: לפי פשוטו אין זה לשון צווי אלא לשון הבטחה, ולפי תלמודו למדו מכאן לרבות לילי יום טוב האחרון לשמחה:
16Three times in the year, every one of your males shall appear before the Lord, your God, in the place He will choose: on the Festival of Matzoth and on the Festival of Weeks, and on the Festival of Sukkoth, and he shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.   טזשָׁל֣וֹשׁ פְּעָמִ֣ים | בַּשָּׁנָ֡ה יֵֽרָאֶה֩ כָל־זְכ֨וּרְךָ֜ אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י | יְהֹוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ בַּמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִבְחָ֔ר בְּחַ֧ג הַמַּצּ֛וֹת וּבְחַ֥ג הַשָּֽׁבֻע֖וֹת וּבְחַ֣ג הַסֻּכּ֑וֹת וְלֹ֧א יֵֽרָאֶ֛ה אֶת־פְּנֵ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה רֵיקָֽם:
and he shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed: But bring burnt-offerings of appearance (עוֹלוֹת רְאִיָּה) [which are obligatory when appearing before the Lord in Jerusalem on the Festivals] and Festival peace-offerings. - [Chag. 8b]   ולא יראה את פני ה' ריקם: אלא הבא עולות ראייה ושלמי חגיגה:
17[Every] man [shall bring] as much as he can afford, according to the blessing of the Lord, your God, which He has given you.   יזאִ֖ישׁ כְּמַתְּנַ֣ת יָד֑וֹ כְּבִרְכַּ֛ת יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָֽתַן־לָֽךְ:
[Every] man [shall bring] as much as he can afford: One who has many eaters [i.e., a large family] and many possessions should bring many burnt-offerings and many peace-offerings. — [Sifrei; Chag. 8b]   איש כמתנת ידו: מי שיש לו אוכלין הרבה ונכסים מרובין יביא עולות מרובות ושלמים מרובים:

Maftir Portion

Numbers Chapter 28

26On the day of the first fruits, when you offer up a new meal offering to the Lord, on your festival of Weeks; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall not perform any mundane work.   כווּבְי֣וֹם הַבִּכּוּרִ֗ים בְּהַקְרִ֨יבְכֶ֜ם מִנְחָ֤ה חֲדָשָׁה֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֔ה בְּשָֽׁבֻעֹ֖תֵיכֶ֑ם מִקְרָא־קֹ֨דֶשׁ֙ יִֽהְיֶ֣ה לָכֶ֔ם כָּל־מְלֶ֥אכֶת עֲבֹדָ֖ה לֹ֥א תַֽעֲשֽׂוּ:
On the day of the first fruits: The festival of Weeks [Shavuoth] is called the first fruits of the wheat harvest, because of the two loaves, which were the first of the wheat offerings to be brought from the new [crop]. — [Men. 84b]   וביום הבכורים: חג השבועות קרוי בכורי קציר חטים על שם שתי הלחם, שהם ראשונים למנחת חטים הבאים מן החדש:
27You shall offer up a burnt offering with a spirit of satisfaction to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in the first year.   כזוְהִקְרַבְתֶּ֨ם עוֹלָ֜ה לְרֵ֤יחַ נִיחֹ֨חַ֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֔ה פָּרִ֧ים בְּנֵֽי־בָקָ֛ר שְׁנַ֖יִם אַ֣יִל אֶחָ֑ד שִׁבְעָ֥ה כְבָשִׂ֖ים בְּנֵ֥י שָׁנָֽה:
28Their meal offerings [shall be] fine flour mixed with oil; three tenths for each bull and two tenths for the ram.   כחוּמִ֨נְחָתָ֔ם סֹ֖לֶת בְּלוּלָ֣ה בַשָּׁ֑מֶן שְׁלשָׁ֤ה עֶשְׂרֹנִים֙ לַפָּ֣ר הָֽאֶחָ֔ד שְׁנֵי֙ עֶשְׂרֹנִ֔ים לָאַ֖יִל הָֽאֶחָֽד:
29One tenth for each lamb, for all seven lambs.   כטעִשָּׂרוֹן֙ עִשָּׂר֔וֹן לַכֶּ֖בֶשׂ הָֽאֶחָ֑ד לְשִׁבְעַ֖ת הַכְּבָשִֽׂים:
30One young male goat to atone for you.   לשְׂעִ֥יר עִזִּ֖ים אֶחָ֑ד לְכַפֵּ֖ר עֲלֵיכֶֽם:
31You shall offer this up besides the continual burnt offering and its meal offering they shall be unblemished for you, as well as their libations.   לאמִלְּבַ֞ד עֹלַ֧ת הַתָּמִ֛יד וּמִנְחָת֖וֹ תַּֽעֲשׂ֑וּ תְּמִימִ֥ם יִֽהְיוּ־לָכֶ֖ם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶֽם:
they shall be unblemished for you, as well as their libations: Even the libations shall be unblemished. Our Rabbis learned from here that wine that has turned moldy is unfit for libations. - [Men. 87a]   תמימים יהיו לכם ונסכיהם: אף הנסכים יהיו תמימים. למדו רבותינו מכאן שהיין שהעלה קמחין פסול לנסכים:

Haftarah

Habakkuk Chapter 2

20But the Lord is in His Holy Temple. Silence the whole earth before Him.   כוַֽיהֹוָ֖ה בְּהֵיכַ֣ל קָדְשׁ֑וֹ הַ֥ס מִפָּנָ֖יו כָּל־הָאָֽרֶץ:
But the Lord is in His Holy Temple: ready to exact retribution.  
Silence the whole earth before Him: הַס is an expression of silencing and the silence of destruction.  

Habakkuk Chapter 3

1A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet concerning the errors.   אתְּפִלָּ֖ה לַֽחֲבַקּ֣וּק הַנָּבִ֑יא עַ֖ל שִׁגְיֹנֽוֹת:
concerning the errors: This may be interpreted according to the Targum . However, according to the apparent meaning, Habakkuk is begging for mercy for himself because he spoke rebelliously: (1: 4) “Therefore Torah is slackened,” and (verse 14) “You have made man like the fish of the sea.” He criticized the Divine standard of justice.  
2O Lord, I heard a report of You; I feared, O Lord, Your deed. In the midst of the years, revive it; in the midst of the years, let it be known. In anger You shall remember to have mercy.   ביְהֹוָ֗ה שָׁמַ֣עְתִּי שִׁמְעֲךָ֘ יָרֵאתִי֒ יְהֹוָ֗ה פָּֽעָלְךָ֙ בְּקֶ֚רֶב שָׁנִים֙ חַיֵּ֔יהוּ בְּקֶ֥רֶב שָׁנִ֖ים תּוֹדִ֑יעַ בְּרֹ֖גֶז רַחֵ֥ם תִּזְכּֽוֹר:
I heard a report of You: that from days of yore You always inflicted retribution upon those who provoked You, yet You tolerate this wicked man.  
I feared: I said, “How has the Divine standard of justice changed because of Israel’s iniquity?”  
Your deed. In the midst of the years: Your original deed, that You would wreak vengeance for us upon our enemies in the midst of the years of trouble in which we are found.  
revive it: Awaken it and restore it.  
in the midst of the years: And in the midst of these years let it be known.  
In anger: In the anger that You will vent upon the wicked, You will remember to have mercy.  
to have mercy: like לְרַחֵם, to have mercy.  
You shall remember: You shall remember to have mercy on Israel.  
3God came from Teman; yea, the Holy One from Mt. Paran, with everlasting might. His glory covered the heavens and His splendor filled the earth.   גאֱל֙וֹהַּ֙ מִתֵּימָ֣ן יָב֔וֹא וְקָד֥וֹשׁ מֵֽהַר־פָּארָ֖ן סֶ֑לָה כִּסָּ֚ה שָׁמַ֙יִם֙ הוֹד֔וֹ וּתְהִלָּת֖וֹ מָֽלְאָ֥ה הָאָֽרֶץ:
God: The prophet now mentions before God His original deed, which he begs Him to revive - the deed of the love of Israel and the retribution of the first generations: When You came to give the Torah, You went around to Esau and Ishmael, and they did not accept it.  
Teman: Esau.  
Paran: Ishmael, as Scripture states (Gen. 21:21): “And he dwelt in the desert of Paran.”  
His glory covered the heavens: at Sinai for Israel.  
4And there was a brightness like the light; they had rays from His hand, and there was His strength hidden.   דוְ֙נֹגַהּ֙ כָּא֣וֹר תִּֽהְיֶ֔ה קַרְנַ֥יִם מִיָּד֖וֹ ל֑וֹ וְשָׁ֖ם חֶבְי֥וֹן עֻזּֽוֹ (כתיב עֻזֹּֽה) :
And there was a brightness: on that day.  
like the light: Like the special light of the seven days of Creation. So did Jonathan render it.  
rays: The expression of a light, which, when piercing and shining through a hole, appears like protruding horns. Similarly, (Ex. 34:29) “For the skin of his face shone.”  
from His hand: From the hand of the Holy One, blessed be He, they came to them.  
and there was His strength hidden: As the Targum renders: There His strength, which had previously been hidden, was revealed in the secret place of the Most High.  
5A pestilence went before Him, and sparks went out at His feet.   הלְפָנָ֖יו יֵ֣לֶךְ דָּ֑בֶר וְיֵצֵ֥א רֶ֖שֶׁף לְרַגְלָֽיו:
A pestilence went before Him: I found in a Midrash Aggadah: At the time the Holy One, blessed be He, gave the Torah to Israel, He drove away the Angel of Death to divert him to other things, lest he stand to accuse and say, “You are giving the Torah to a nation that is destined to deny you at the end of forty days?”  
and sparks went out at His feet: Fiery angels came with Him to Sinai.  
6He stood and meted out to the earth; He saw and caused nations to wander. And the everlasting mountains were shattered; the everlasting hills were humbled. The procedures of the world are His.   ועָמַ֣ד | וַיְמֹ֣דֶד אֶ֗רֶץ רָאָה֙ וַיַּתֵּ֣ר גּוֹיִ֔ם וַיִּתְפֹּֽצְצוּ֙ הַרְרֵי־עַ֔ד שַׁח֖וּ גִּבְע֣וֹת עוֹלָ֑ם הֲלִיכ֥וֹת עוֹלָ֖ם לֽוֹ:
He stood and meted out to the earth: He waited to examine minutely the case of the generation of the Flood, to mete out to them a measure for a measure, and He meted it out. “He stood” is to be understood in the sense of (Isa. 3: 13) “The Lord stands to plead, and He stands to judge the peoples.” He waits and examines their case minutely.  
and meted out to the earth: They sinned with heat, and they were judged with boiling water.  
He saw: the generation of separation, who, since they were of one language, all came upon the plan, as it is written (Gen. 1 1:1): “And all the earth was of one language.”  
and caused nations to wander: He caused them to jump into seventy languages as it is said (Lev. 11:21): “To jump with them on the earth,” and (Job 37:1) “My heart trembles and jumps from its place.”  
the everlasting mountains: The heavenly princes of the nations.  
the procedures of the world are His: He demonstrated to them that all the procedures of the world are His.  
7Because of iniquity I saw the tents of Cushan; the curtains of the land of Midian quaked.   זתַּ֣חַת אָ֔וֶן רָאִ֖יתִי אָֽהֳלֵ֣י כוּשָׁ֑ן יִרְגְּז֕וּן יְרִיע֖וֹת אֶ֥רֶץ מִדְיָֽן:
Because of iniquity: that was found in Israel.  
I saw the tents of Cushan: standing in the open and inflicting injury upon Israel, and when they humbled themselves before you…  
the curtains… quaked: All is to be understood according to the Targum .  
8Was the Lord angry with the rivers? Is His wrath against the rivers, or His fury against the sea? Only that You rode on Your steeds with Your chariots of salvation.   חהֲבִנְהָרִים֙ חָרָ֣ה יְהֹוָ֔ה אִם־בַּנְּהָרִים֙ אַפֶּ֔ךָ אִם־בַּיָּ֖ם עֶבְרָתֶ֑ךָ כִּ֚י תִרְכַּב֙ עַל־סוּסֶ֔יךָ מַרְכְּבֹתֶ֖יךָ יְשׁוּעָֽה:
Was… with the rivers?: Some questions are in the affirmative. Have we seen that He performed all these? The explanation of the verse is according to the Targum.  
Your chariots: were salvation for us.  
9Your bow revealed itself; The oaths to the tribes were a perpetual statement; You split the earth into rivers.   טעֶרְיָ֚ה תֵעוֹר֙ קַשְׁתֶּ֔ךָ שְׁבֻע֥וֹת מַטּ֖וֹת אֹ֣מֶר סֶ֑לָה נְהָר֖וֹת תְּבַקַּֽע־אָֽרֶץ:
Your bow revealed itself: Your might was revealed.  
the oaths to the tribes: The oaths that You swore to the tribes.  
perpetual statement: A statement that is to last forever. אֹמֶר is vowelized with a “pattah,” [meaning a “seggol”] and the accent is on the first syllable, making it a noun.  
You split the earth into rivers: According to the Targum .  
10Mountains saw You and quaked. A stream of water passed. The deep gave forth its voice. The heaven raised up its thanks.   ירָא֚וּךָ יָחִ֙ילוּ֙ הָרִ֔ים זֶ֥רֶם מַ֖יִם עָבָ֑ר נָתַ֚ן תְּהוֹם֙ קוֹל֔וֹ ר֖וֹם יָדֵ֥יהוּ נָשָֽׂא:
Mountains saw You and quaked: The mountains of the streams of Arnon that cleft to one another.  
A stream of water passed: When they crossed the Jordan, the water was “completely cut off,” and the flow of the stream of water passed downstream; the water “which came down from above stood and rose up.”  
The deep gave forth its voice: The inhabitants of the land praised Him.  
The heaven raised up its thanks: The host of the heaven thanked Him.  
11The sun and the moon stood in their dwellings; to the light of Your arrows they go, to the brightness of the lightning of Your spear.   יאשֶׁ֥מֶשׁ יָרֵ֖חַ עָ֣מַד זְבֻ֑לָה לְא֚וֹר חִצֶּ֙יךָ֙ יְהַלֵּ֔כוּ לְנֹ֖גַהּ בְּרַ֥ק חֲנִיתֶֽךָ:
stood in their dwellings: in their dwellings. In every word that requires a “lammed” at the beginning - Scripture placed a “he” at the end [meaning “to”]. They explained the phrase as referring to the war of Gibeon, as the Targum paraphrases it.  
to the light of Your arrows they go: Israel.  
12With fury You tread the earth; with wrath You trample nations.   יבבְּזַ֖עַם תִּצְעַד־אָ֑רֶץ בְּאַ֖ף תָּד֥וּשׁ גּוֹיִֽם:
With fury You tread the earth: to drive out the seven nation [the heathens of Canaan].  
13You went forth to rescue Your people, to rescue Your anointed. You have crushed the head of the house of the wicked, uncovering it from the foundation to the neck-forever.   יגיָצָ֙אתָ֙ לְיֵ֣שַׁע עַמֶּ֔ךָ לְיֵ֖שַׁע אֶת־מְשִׁיחֶ֑ךָ מָחַ֚צְתָּ רֹאשׁ֙ מִבֵּ֣ית רָשָׁ֔ע עָר֛וֹת יְס֥וֹד עַד־צַוָּ֖אר סֶֽלָה:
to rescue Your anointed: Saul and David.  
uncovering it from the foundation: The walls of their enemies.  
to the neck: The height of the walls and the towers.  
14You pierced the heads of his villages with his war clubs. They storm to scatter me. Their joy was when they could devour a poor one in secret.   ידנָקַ֚בְתָּ בְמַטָּיו֙ רֹ֣אשׁ פְּרָזָ֔יו (כתיב פְּרָזָ֔ו) יִסְעֲר֖וּ לַֽהֲפִיצֵ֑נִי עֲלִ֣יצֻתָ֔ם כְּמוֹ־לֶֽאֱכֹ֥ל עָנִ֖י בַּמִּסְתָּֽר:
You pierced the heads… with war clubs: Sennacherib and his company.  
the heads of his villages: The heads of his towns and his castles, as in (Deut. 3:5) “The open towns” and (Zech. 2: 8) “Jerusalem shall be inhabited without walls.”  
they storm: Who were storming with a tempest to scatter me. [Sennacherib] was the staff with which you chastised the nations. When he came and stormed to scatter me, You pierced the heads of his troops with his staffs, with which he had come to chastise me.  
their joy: was when they could…  
devour a poor one in secret: Israel, known as a poor people.  
15You trampled in the sea with Your steeds, a heap of many waters.   טודָּרַ֥כְתָּ בַיָּ֖ם סוּסֶ֑יךָ חֹ֖מֶר מַ֥יִם רַבִּֽים:
You trampled in the sea: You trampled upon [Sennacherib’s] hordes, which were as heavy as the sand by the sea.  
a heap of many waters: Jonathan renders. upon a heap, an expression of (Exod. 8:10) “many heaps.”  
16I heard, and my inward parts trembled; my lips quivered at the sound. Decay entered my bones, and I quaked in my place, that [the time] I would rest is destined for a day of trouble-to bring up a people that will troop back.   טזשָׁמַ֣עְתִּי | וַתִּרְגַּ֣ז בִּטְנִ֗י לְקוֹל֙ צָֽלְל֣וּ שְׂפָתַ֔י יָב֥וֹא רָקָ֛ב בַּֽעֲצָמַ֖י וְתַחְתַּ֣י אֶרְגָּ֑ז אֲשֶׁ֚ר אָנ֙וּחַ֙ לְי֣וֹם צָרָ֔ה לַֽעֲל֖וֹת לְעַ֥ם יְגוּדֶֽנּוּ:
I heard, and my inward parts trembled: Jonathan rendered. Said Babylon, “I heard, and the kings trembled before the judgement meted out upon the Egyptians.”  
my lips quivered at the sound: At the sound of the report, trembling took hold of me until my lips knocked one against the other and their sound was heard.  
quivered: An expression of (Zech. 14:20) “The bells of the horses.” Tentir in O.F., to tinkle.  
and I quaked in my place: In my place, I quake.  
that [the time] I would rest is destined for a day of trouble: That this tranquility of mine is destined for a day of trouble.  
to bring up a people that will troop back: For the day that He said to bring up from there the people that He will cause to troop back, to return with its troops to its land.  
17For a fig tree shall not blossom; neither is there produce on the vines. The labor of the olive tree shall fail, and the grain field shall not produce food. The flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no cattle in the stalls.   יזכִּֽי־תְאֵנָ֣ה לֹֽא־תִפְרָ֗ח וְאֵ֚ין יְבוּל֙ בַּגְּפָנִ֔ים כִּחֵשׁ֙ מַֽעֲשֵׂה־זַ֔יִת וּשְׁדֵמ֖וֹת לֹא־עָ֣שָׂה אֹ֑כֶל גָּזַ֚ר מִמִּכְלָה֙ צֹ֔אן וְאֵ֥ין בָּקָ֖ר בָּֽרְפָתִֽים:
For a fig tree shall not blossom: As the Targum renders. However, the phrase may be interpreted according to its simple meaning: From now on, none of Babylon’s deeds shall succeed.  
the grain field: a white field.  
from the fold: a stall for sheep.  
18Yet, I will rejoice in the Lord; I will jubilate in the God of my salvation.   יחוַֽאֲנִ֖י בַּֽיהֹוָ֣ה אֶֽעֱל֑וֹזָה אָגִ֖ילָה בֵּֽאלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׁעִֽי:
Yet I: the nation of Israel, will rejoice in the Lord.  
19.To the conductor [to play] with my melodies: To the Levite who conducts the music in the Temple. I will compose for him [the Levites’ conductor] with my melodies, and the Levite[s] will accompany him with musical instruments.  
To the conductor: As it is stated (Ezra 3:8) “… appointed the Levites from twenty years old and upward to superintend the work of the house of the Lord.”  
with my melodies: This is an expression of a vocal melody to raise and lower, orgenedors in O.F.  
19God the Lord is my strength. He made my feet [as swift] as the hind's, and he guides me on my high places. To the conductor [to play] with my melodies!   יטיֱהֹוִ֚ה אֲדֹנָי֙ חֵילִ֔י וַיָּ֚שֶׂם רַגְלַי֙ כָּֽאַיָּל֔וֹת וְעַ֥ל בָּֽמוֹתַ֖י יַדְרִכֵ֑נִי לַֽמְנַצֵּ֖ח בִּנְגִינוֹתָֽי:
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