Torah Reading for Tzav

Parshat Tzav
Shabbat, 20 Adar II, 5784
30 March, 2024
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Complete: (Leviticus 6:1 - 8:36; Numbers 19:1-22; Ezekiel 36:16-36)
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First Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 6

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,   אוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
2Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: That is the burnt offering which burns on the altar all night until morning, and the fire of the altar shall burn with it.   בצַ֤ו אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ וְאֶת־בָּנָ֣יו לֵאמֹ֔ר זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הָֽעֹלָ֑ה הִ֣וא הָֽעֹלָ֡ה עַל֩ מוֹקְדָ֨ה עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֤חַ כָּל־הַלַּ֨יְלָה֙ עַד־הַבֹּ֔קֶר וְאֵ֥שׁ הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ תּ֥וּקַד בּֽוֹ:
Command Aaron: Heb. צַו. The expression צַו always denotes urging [to promptly and meticulously fulfill a particular commandment] for the present and also for future generations. Rabbi Simeon taught: Scripture especially needs to urge [people to fulfill commandments,] where monetary loss is involved. — [Torath Kohanim 6:1]   צַו אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן: אֵין צַו אֶלָּא לְשׁוֹן זֵרוּז מִיָּד וּלְדוֹרוֹת; אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן, בְּיוֹתֵר צָרִיךְ הַכָּתוּב לְזָרֵז בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ חֶסְרוֹן כִּיס (ספרא):
This is the law of the burnt-offering…: This passage comes to teach us that the burning of [sacrificial] fats and parts [of an animal] is valid throughout the entire night [following the day it is offered up]. — [Meg. 21a] And [this passage also] teaches us regarding invalid sacrifices: which one, if it has already been brought up [on the altar], must be taken down, and which one, if it has been brought up [on the altar], need not be taken down. [And how do we know the latter case from Scripture?] Because every [instance of] תּוֹרַת [in the Torah] comes to include. [Thus here, it comes] to say that there is one law (תּוֹרָה for all sacrifices that go up [on the altar], even invalid ones, namely, that if they have already been brought up [on the altar], they need not be taken down. [However,]   זֹאת תּוֹרַת הָֽעֹלָה וגו': הֲרֵי הָעִנְיָן הַזֶּה בָּא לְלַמֵּד עַל הֶקְטֵר חֲלָבִים וְאֵבָרִים שֶׁיְּהֵא כָּשֵׁר כָּל הַלַּיְלָה, וּלְלַמֵּד עַל הַפְּסוּלִין אֵי זֶה אִם עָלָה יֵרֵד, וְאֵי זֶה אִם עָלָה לֹא יֵרֵד, שֶׁכָּל תּוֹרָה לְרַבּוֹת הוּא בָּא, לוֹמַר — תּוֹרָה אַחַת לְכָל הָעוֹלִים, וַאֲפִלוּ פְּסוּלִין, שֶׁאִם עָלוּ לֹא יֵרְדוּ (שם):
That is the burnt-offering: Heb. הִוא הַָעֹלָה [While the words תּוֹרַת הַָעֹלָה include invalid offerings, the words הִוא הַָעֹלָה come] to exclude the case of animals which have cohabited with a human, whether the animal was an active or a passive party to the transgression, and similar cases, in which their becoming invalid did not occur within the Holy [Temple precincts], but rather, they became invalid before they even arrived at the courtyard [of the Holy Temple]. - [Torath Kohanim 6:3]   הִוא הָֽעֹלָה: לְמַעֵט אֶת הָרוֹבֵעַ וְאֶת הַנִּרְבָּע וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶן, שֶׁלֹּא הָיָה פְּסוּלָן בַּקֹּדֶשׁ, שֶׁנִּפְסְלוּ קֹדֶם שֶׁבָּאוּ לָעֲזָרָה (שם ח):
3And the kohen shall don his linen tunic, and he shall don his linen trousers on his flesh. And he shall lift out the ashes into which the fire has consumed the burnt offering upon the altar, and put them down next to the altar.   גוְלָבַ֨שׁ הַכֹּהֵ֜ן מִדּ֣וֹ בַ֗ד וּמִכְנְסֵי־בַד֘ יִלְבַּ֣שׁ עַל־בְּשָׂרוֹ֒ וְהֵרִ֣ים אֶת־הַדֶּ֗שֶׁן אֲשֶׁ֨ר תֹּאכַ֥ל הָאֵ֛שׁ אֶת־הָֽעֹלָ֖ה עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ וְשָׂמ֕וֹ אֵ֖צֶל הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ:
his linen tunic: Heb. מִדּוֹ, lit. his measure. This is כֻּתֹּנֶת, a long tunic (see Exod. 28:39:40). Now why does it say מִדּוֹ ? [To teach us] that it must be [made] according to his size [of the kohen wearing it]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:7]   מִדּוֹ בַד: הִיא הַכֻּתֹּנֶת, וּמָה תַּלְמוּד לוֹמָר מִדּוֹ? שֶׁתְּהֵא כְּמִדָּתוֹ (שם):
on his flesh: i.e., nothing must interpose between [the trousers and his flesh]. — [Zev. 19a]   עַל־בְּשָׂרוֹ: שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא דָּבָר חוֹצֵץ בֵּינְתַיִם (זבחים י"ט):
and he shall lift out the ashes: He would scoop out a full pan of ashes from the innermost [mass of ashes from] burnt out sacrificial parts [on the altar] and deposit them at the east side of the ramp [that led up to the altar (see Exod. 20:23, Rashi)]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:11; Tamid 28b]   וְהֵרִים אֶת־הַדֶּשֶׁן: הָיָה חוֹתֶה מְלֹא מַחְתָּה מִן הַמְאֻכָּלוֹת הַפְּנִימִיּוֹת וְנוֹתְנָן בְּמִזְרָחוֹ שֶׁל כֶּבֶשׁ (תמיד כ"ח):
the ashes into which the fire has consumed the burnt-offering: and made it into ashes, and some of these ashes the kohen should lift out and put them down next to the altar.   הַדֶּשֶׁן אֲשֶׁר תֹּאכַל הָאֵשׁ אֶת־הָֽעֹלָה: וַעֲשָׂאַתָּה דֶּשֶׁן, מֵאוֹתוֹ דֶּשֶׁן יָרִים תְּרוּמָה ושמו אצל המזבח:
upon the altar: If he finds any [animal] parts which were not yet consumed, he must put them back onto the altar, after raking the burning embers in all directions and scooping out some of the innermost [ashes], because it is said, “the burnt-offering upon the altar,” [i.e., while it is still in the form of a burnt-offering, and not yet ashes, it must remain “upon the altar”]. — [Yoma 45a]   עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ: מָצָא אֵבָרִים שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא נִתְאַכְּלוּ, מַחֲזִירָן עַל מִזְבֵּחַ לְאַחַר שֶׁחָתָה גֶּחָלִים אֵילָךְ וָאֵילָךְ וְנָטַל מִן הַפְּנִימִיּוֹת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר אֶת הָעֹלָה עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ]:
4He shall then take off his garments and put on other garments, and he shall take out the ashes to a clean place outside the camp.   דוּפָשַׁט֙ אֶת־בְּגָדָ֔יו וְלָבַ֖שׁ בְּגָדִ֣ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים וְהוֹצִ֤יא אֶת־הַדֶּ֨שֶׁן֙ אֶל־מִח֣וּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶ֔ה אֶל־מָק֖וֹם טָהֽוֹר:
He shall then take off his garments: This is not an obligation, but proper practice, that, by taking out the ashes, he should not soil the garments in which he constantly officiates. [By analogy:] The clothes worn [by a servant] while cooking a pot [of food] for his master, he should not wear when he mixes a glass [of wine] for his master. Hence, [the verse continues,] “and put on other garments,” inferior to those [garments of the kehunah he had been wearing till now]. — [Yoma 23b]   וּפָשַׁט אֶת־בְּגָדָיו: אֵין זוֹ חוֹבָה אֶלָּא דֶּרֶךְ אֶרֶץ, שֶׁלֹּא יְלַכְלֵךְ בְּהוֹצָאַת הַדֶּשֶׁן בְּגָדִים שֶׁהוּא מְשַׁמֵּשׁ בָּהֶן תָּמִיד — בְּגָדִים שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בָּהֶן קְדֵרָה לְרַבּוֹ, אַל יִמְזֹג בָּהֶן כּוֹס לְרַבּוֹ, לְכָךְ וְלָבַשׁ בְּגָדִים אֲחֵרִים פְּחוּתִין מֵהֶם (ספרא):
and he shall take out the ashes: [By contrasting verse 3, “And he shall lift out (וְהֵריִם) the ashes,” with verse 4 here, “And he shall take out (וְהוֹצִיא) the ashes,” we see that there were two distinct obligations with regards to removing ashes from the altar: a) תּרוּמַת הַדֶּשֶׁן, “lifting out” some of the innermost ashes from the altar and placing them next to the altar, and b) הוֹצָאַת הַדֶּשֶׁן, “taking out” the heap of ashes from atop the altar when they became overflowing, to a place “outside the camp.” Thus, our verse here, “And he shall take out the ashes,” refers to those ashes] which were heaped up in the apple-shaped pile [of ashes on top of the altar]. When this pile became so large that there was no longer any room on the wood-pile, he [the kohen] would take it out of there. Now, this was not a daily obligation (Tamid 28b), but lifting out [some innermost ashes] was a daily obligation. — [Tamid 20a]   וְהוֹצִיא אֶת־הַדֶּשֶׁן: הַצָּבוּר בַּתַּפּוּחַ, כְּשֶׁהוּא הַרְבֵּה וְאֵין מָקוֹם לַמַּעֲרָכָה, מוֹצִיאוֹ מִשָּׁם; וְאֵין זֶה חוֹבָה לְכָל יוֹם, אֲבָל הַתְּרוּמָה חוֹבָה בְּכָל יוֹם (תמיד כ"ח):
5And the fire on the altar shall burn on it; it shall not go out. The kohen shall kindle wood upon it every morning, and upon it, he shall arrange the burnt offering and cause the fats of the peace offerings to [go up in] smoke upon it.   הוְהָאֵ֨שׁ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֤חַ תּֽוּקַד־בּוֹ֙ לֹ֣א תִכְבֶּ֔ה וּבִעֵ֨ר עָלֶ֧יהָ הַכֹּהֵ֛ן עֵצִ֖ים בַּבֹּ֣קֶר בַּבֹּ֑קֶר וְעָרַ֤ךְ עָלֶ֨יהָ֙ הָֽעֹלָ֔ה וְהִקְטִ֥יר עָלֶ֖יהָ חֶלְבֵ֥י הַשְּׁלָמִֽים:
And the fire on the altar shall burn on it: Heb. תּוּקַד. [In this passage,] we have many phrases employing the term יְקִידָה, “burning: ” עַל מוֹקְדָה, וְאֵשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ תּוּקַד בּוֹ (verse 2), הַמִּזְבֵּחַ תּוּקַד בּוֹ וְהָאֵשׁ עַל (verse 5), and אֵשׁ תָּמִיד תּוּקַד עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ (verse 6). All these are expounded on in Tractate Yoma (45a), where [it is discussed how] our Rabbis differ regarding the number of wood-piles [that had to be arranged on that altar].   וְהָאֵשׁ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ תּֽוּקַד־בּוֹ: רִבָּה כָּאן יְקִידוֹת הַרְבֵּה — על מוקדה, ואש המזבח תוקד בו, והאש על המזבח תוקד בו, אש תמיד תוקד על המזבח, כֻּלָּן נִדְרְשׁוּ בְּמַסֶּכֶת יוֹמָא (דף מ"ה), שֶׁנֶּחְלְקוּ רַבּוֹתֵינוּ בְּמִנְיַן הַמַּעֲרָכוֹת שֶׁהָיוּ שָׁם:
and upon it, he shall arrange the burnt-offering: [This teaches us that] the תָּמִיד עוֹלַת, the [morning] daily burnt-offering, must come first [in the order of sacrifices offered up on the altar]. - [Pes. 58b]   וְעָרַךְ עָלֶיהָ הָֽעֹלָה: עוֹלַת תָּמִיד הִיא תִּקְדֹּם (מנחות מ"ט):
the fats of the peace-offerings: Heb. עָלֶיהָ חֶלְבֵי הַשְּׁלָמִים, [i.e.] if they bring peace-offerings [they are to be offered up on that fire]. Our Rabbis derived from here, however, “with it (עָלֶיהָ), i.e., with the morning burnt-offering [i.e., after the morning burnt-offering, but not after the evening burnt-offering], complete (הַשְּׁלֵם) all the sacrifices [of the day].” Hence, there must be no sacrifice offered after the [evening] daily burnt-offering. - [Pes. 58b]   חֶלְבֵי הַשְּׁלָמִֽים: אִם יָבִיאוּ שָׁם שְׁלָמִים, וְרַבּוֹתֵינוּ לָמְדוּ מִכָּאן "עָלֶיהָ" — עַל עוֹלַת הַבֹּקֶר הַשְׁלֵם כָּל הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת כֻּלָּם, מִכָּאן שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא דָּבָר מְאֻחָר לְתָמִיד שֶׁל בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם (ספרא):
6A continuous fire shall burn upon the altar; it shall not go out.   ואֵ֗שׁ תָּמִ֛יד תּוּקַ֥ד עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ לֹ֥א תִכְבֶּֽה:
A continuous fire: Heb. אֵשׁ תָּמִיד, the fire regarding which it says, “[to kindle the lamps] continually (תָּמִיד)” (Exod. 27:20) this fire must also be kindled from [the fire] on the outer altar. — [Yoma 45b]   אֵשׁ תָּמִיד: אֵשׁ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר בּוֹ תָּמִיד, הִיא שֶׁמַּדְלִיקִין בָּהּ אֶת הַנֵּרוֹת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר בָּה לְהַעֲלֹת נֵר תָּמִיד (שמות כ"ז), אַף הִיא מֵעַל מִזְבֵּחַ הַחִיצוֹן תּוּקַד (יומא מ"ה):
it shall not go out: [Since “it shall not go out” is stated twice, once in verse 5 and a second time here,] anyone who extinguishes the fire on top of the altar, transgresses two negative commandments.   לֹא תִכְבֶּֽה: הַמְכַבֶּה אֵשׁ עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ עוֹבֵר בִּשְׁנֵי לָאוִין:
7And this is the law of the meal offering: that Aaron's sons shall bring it before the Lord, to the front of the altar.   זוְזֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הַמִּנְחָ֑ה הַקְרֵ֨ב אֹתָ֤הּ בְּנֵי־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֔ה אֶל־פְּנֵ֖י הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ:
And this is the law of the meal-offering: Heb. וְזֹאת תּוֹרַת הַמִּנְחָה. [Since the תּוֹרַת (law) is always inclusive, the Torah teaches us that there is] one law for all meal-offerings, to require that they have oil and frankincense, as explained in this section. For one might think that only meal-offerings of ordinary Israelites [i.e., non- kohanim] need oil and frankincense, because their meal-offerings require scooping out (קְמִיצָה). How do we know [that] meal-offerings of kohanim, which are burned in their entirety (see verse 16 below), [also require oil and frankincense]? Scripture, therefore, תּוֹרַת [an inclusive term, in this case coming to include all meal-offerings in the requirement of oil and frankincense]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:24]   וְזֹאת תּוֹרַת הַמִּנְחָה: תּוֹרָה אַחַת לְכֻלָּן — לְהַטְעִינָן שֶׁמֶן וּלְבוֹנָה הָאֲמוּרִין בָּעִנְיָן, שֶׁיָּכוֹל אֵין לִי טְעוּנוֹת שֶׁמֶן וּלְבוֹנָה אֶלָּא מִנְחַת יִשְֹרָאֵל שֶׁהִיא נִקְמֶצֶת, מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים שֶׁהִיא כָּלִיל מִנַּיִן? תַּלְמוּד לוֹמָר תּוֹרַת (ספרא):
shall bring it: This refers to bringing the offering near the south-western corner [of the altar]. [And how do we know that it must be brought near this specific corner? Because the verse says:]   הַקְרֵב אֹתָהּ: הִיא הַגָּשָׁה בְּקֶרֶן דְּרוֹמִית מַעֲרָבִית (שם):
before the Lord: This refers to the western [side of the altar], which faced the Tent of Meeting, [and then it says:]   לִפְנֵי ה': הוּא מַעֲרָב שֶׁהוּא לְצַד אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד:
to the front of the altar: This refers to the south [side of the altar], which is the front of the altar for the ramp-כֶּבֶשׂ, [leading up to it] was placed on that side [of the altar. Hence, the south-western corner of the altar]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:26]   אֶל־פְּנֵי הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ: הוּא הַדָּרוֹם, שֶׁהוּא פָּנָיו שֶׁל מִזְבֵּחַ, שֶׁהַכֶּבֶשׁ נָתוּן לְאוֹתוֹ הָרוּחַ (סוטה י"ד):
8And he shall lift out of it in his fist, from the fine flour of the meal offering and from its oil and all the frankincense that is on the meal offering, and he shall cause its reminder to [go up in] smoke on the altar as a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.   חוְהֵרִ֨ים מִמֶּ֜נּוּ בְּקֻמְצ֗וֹ מִסֹּ֤לֶת הַמִּנְחָה֙ וּמִשַּׁמְנָ֔הּ וְאֵת֙ כָּל־הַלְּבֹנָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־הַמִּנְחָ֑ה וְהִקְטִ֣יר הַמִּזְבֵּ֗חַ רֵ֧יחַ נִיחֹ֛חַ אַזְכָּֽרָתָ֖הּ לַֽיהֹוָֽה:
And he shall lift out of it: i.e., out of what is attached, meaning that [the amount of the mixture from where he lifts out,] should be a complete tenth [of an ephah,] at one time, namely at the time of the scooping. — [Torath Kohanim 6:27]   וְהֵרִים מִמֶּנּוּ: מִן הַמְחֻבָּר — שֶׁיְּהֵא עִשָּׂרוֹן שָׁלֵם בְּבַת אַחַת בִּשְׁעַת קְמִיצָה (ספרא):
in his fist: [This teaches us that] he may not make a measure for a fistful [but rather, he must use his fingers directly]. - [Torath Kohanim 6:27]   בְּקֻמְצוֹ: שֶׁלֹּא יַעֲשֶֹה מִדָּה לַקֹּמֶץ (שם):
from the fine flour of the meal-offering and from its oil: [Now, we already know that the flour to be scooped up is mixed with oil, so why does the verse specifically mention oil here?] From here, we learn that the fistful [must be taken] from a place [in the meal-offering] where there is an abundance of its oil [i.e., where the oil is mixed thoroughly with the flour]. — [Sotah 14b]   מִסֹּלֶת הַמִּנְחָה וּמִשַּׁמְנָהּ: מִכָּאן שֶׁקּוֹמֵץ מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁנִּתְרַבָּה שַׁמְנָהּ (סוטה י"ד):
the meal-offering: [I.e., from that particular meal-offering;] it must not be mingled with another [meal-offering]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:27]   הַמִּנְחָה: שֶׁלֹּא תְּהֵא מְעֹרֶבֶת בְּאַחֶרֶת (ספרא):
and all the frankincense that is on the meal-offering, and he shall cause to [go up in] smoke: [meaning] that he must gather up [all] its frankincense after the scooping, and cause it to go up in smoke. And since Scripture specifically stated this law only in one case of the meal-offerings mentioned in וַיִּקְרָא (see Lev.2:2), Scripture found it necessary to repeat this section [including this law], to include all [kinds of] meal-offerings, in accordance with their law.   וְאֵת כָּל־הַלְּבֹנָה אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמִּנְחָה וְהִקְטִיר: מְלַקֵּט אֶת לְבוֹנָתָהּ לְאַחַר קְמִיצָה וּמַקְטִירוֹ; וּלְפִי שֶׁלֹּא פֵּרֵשׁ כֵּן אֶלָּא בְּאַחַת מִן הַמְּנָחוֹת בְּוַיִּקְרָא, הֻצְרַךְ לִשְׁנוֹת פָּרָשָׁה זוֹ, לִכְלֹל כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת כְּמִשְׁפָּטָן:
9And Aaron and his sons shall eat whatever is left over from it. It shall be eaten as unleavened bread in a holy place; they shall eat it in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting.   טוְהַנּוֹתֶ֣רֶת מִמֶּ֔נָּה יֹֽאכְל֖וּ אַֽהֲרֹ֣ן וּבָנָ֑יו מַצּ֤וֹת תֵּֽאָכֵל֙ בְּמָק֣וֹם קָדֹ֔שׁ בַּֽחֲצַ֥ר אֹֽהֶל־מוֹעֵ֖ד יֹֽאכְלֽוּהָ:
in a holy place: And which place is this? In the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting. — [Torath Kohanim 6:32]   בְּמָקוֹם קָדֹשׁ: וְאֵיזֶהוּ? בַּחֲצַר אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד:
10It shall not be baked leavened. [As] their portion, I have given it to them from My fire offerings. It is a holy of holies, like the sin offering and like the guilt offering.   ילֹ֤א תֵֽאָפֶה֙ חָמֵ֔ץ חֶלְקָ֛ם נָתַ֥תִּי אֹתָ֖הּ מֵֽאִשָּׁ֑י קֹ֤דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁים֙ הִ֔וא כַּֽחַטָּ֖את וְכָֽאָשָֽׁם:
It shall not be baked leavened. [As] their portion: [literally, “It must not be baked leavened, their portion.” I.e., from the juxtaposition of these words, is derived the law that] even the leftover portions [of the meal-offering, which go to the kohanim,] are prohibited to be leavened. — [Men. 55a]   לֹא תֵֽאָפֶה חָמֵץ חֶלְקָם: אַף הַשְּׁיָרִים אֲסוּרִים בְּחָמֵץ (מנחות נ"ה):
like the sin-offering and like the guilt-offering: [This refers to two different cases:] “Like a sin-offering” refers to the meal-offering of a sinner. [How is this sacrifice like a sin-offering? Insofar as just as the sin-offering must be sacrificed for that specific purpose, so too, the מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא ] if [the kohen] performed the scooping while having in mind that it should not be for the purpose of this sacrifice, it is invalid. And “like a guilt-offering” refers to a meal- offering brought as a voluntary donation. Therefore, if [the kohen] performed the scooping while having in mind that it should not be for the purpose of this sacrifice, it is still valid. — [Torath Kohanim 6:35]   כַּֽחַטָּאת וְכָֽאָשָֽׁם: מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא הֲרֵי הִיא כְּחַטָּאת, לְפִיכָךְ קְמָצָהּ שֶׁלֹא לִשְׁמָהּ פְּסוּלָה, מִנְחַת נְדָבָה הֲרֵי הִיא כְּאָשָׁם, לְפִיכָךְ קְמָצָהּ שֶׁלֹּא לִשְׁמָהּ כְּשֵׁרָה (ספרא):
11Any male among Aaron's sons may eat it. [This is] an eternal statute for your generations from the fire offerings of the Lord. Anything that touches them shall become holy.   יאכָּל־זָכָ֞ר בִּבְנֵ֤י אַֽהֲרֹן֙ יֹֽאכְלֶ֔נָּה חָק־עוֹלָם֙ לְדֹרֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם מֵֽאִשֵּׁ֖י יְהֹוָ֑ה כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּ֥ע בָּהֶ֖ם יִקְדָּֽשׁ:
Any male: Even if he has a blemish [which disqualifies him from performing the sacrificial service]. And why is this stated? If [this refers] to eating [the meal-offering, this is already stated [in Lev. 21:22, where Scripture says, referring to a kohen who has a blemish], “The offerings to his God from the holiest of the holy things [and from the holy things he may eat].” Rather, [Scripture here comes] to include blemished kohanim in the equal division [of meal-offerings, among all the kohanim [of the watch (מִשְׁמָר) , see Rashi Lev. 7:9)]   כָּל־זָכָר: אֲפִלּוּ בַּעַל מוּם; לָמָּה נֶאֱמַר? אִם לַאֲכִילָה הֲרֵי כְּבָר אָמוּר, לֶחֶם אֱלֹהָיו מִקָּדְשֵׁי הַקֳּדָשִׁים וְגוֹ' (ויקרא כ"א), אֶלָּא לְרַבּוֹת בַּעֲלֵי מוּמִין לְמַחֲלֹקֶת (ספרא):
Anything that touches [them, shall become holy]: Sacrifices that have a lesser degree of holiness or ordinary food that comes in contact with a meal-offering and absorbs from it,   כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּע וגו': קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים אוֹ חֻלִּין שֶׁיִּגְּעוּ בָּהּ וְיִבְלְעוּ מִמֶּנָּה:
shall become holy: to be like it [i.e., like the meal-offering], that if it is invalid, they will become invalid; and if it is valid, they will have to be eaten under the same stringency as the meal-offering [namely, within holy ground and only during the day of offering and the night following, until midnight]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:38; Zev. 97b]   יִקְדָּֽשׁ: לִהְיוֹת כָּמוֹהָ, שֶׁאִם פְּסוּלָה יִפָּסְלוּ, וְאִם כְּשֵׁרָה יֵאָכְלוּ כְּחֹמֶר הַמִּנְחָה (שם):

Second Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 6

12And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,   יבוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
13This is the offering of Aaron and his sons, which they shall offer to the Lord, on the day when [one of them] is anointed: One tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a perpetual meal offering, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening.   יגזֶ֡ה קָרְבַּן֩ אַֽהֲרֹ֨ן וּבָנָ֜יו אֲשֶׁר־יַקְרִ֣יבוּ לַֽיהֹוָ֗ה בְּיוֹם֙ הִמָּשַׁ֣ח אֹת֔וֹ עֲשִׂירִ֨ת הָֽאֵפָ֥ה סֹ֛לֶת מִנְחָ֖ה תָּמִ֑יד מַֽחֲצִיתָ֣הּ בַּבֹּ֔קֶר וּמַֽחֲצִיתָ֖הּ בָּעָֽרֶב:
This is the offering of Aaron and his sons: Ordinary kohanim must also offer [a meal-offering, consisting of] a tenth of an ephah [of flour], on the day they are inaugurated into service. The Kohen Gadol, however, must bring [this meal-offering] every day, as it is said, “a perpetual meal-offering…” (verse 15), “And the kohen who is anointed instead of him from among his sons …an eternal statute.” - [Torath Kohanim 6:39, 44]   זֶה קָרְבַּן אַֽהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו: אַף הַהֶדְיוֹטוֹת מַקְרִיבִין עֲשִׂירִית הָאֵפָה בַּיּוֹם שֶׁהֵן מִתְחַנְּכִין לָעֲבוֹדָה, אֲבָל כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל בְּכָל יוֹם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר מִנְחָה תָּמִיד וְגוֹ' וְהַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ תַּחְתָּיו מִבָּנָיו וְגוֹ' חָק עוֹלָם:
14It shall be made with oil on a shallow pan, after bringing it scalded and repeatedly baked; you shall offer a meal offering of broken pieces, [with] a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.   ידעַל־מַֽחֲבַ֗ת בַּשֶּׁ֛מֶן תֵּֽעָשֶׂ֖ה מֻרְבֶּ֣כֶת תְּבִיאֶ֑נָּה תֻּֽפִינֵי֙ מִנְחַ֣ת פִּתִּ֔ים תַּקְרִ֥יב רֵֽיחַ־נִיחֹ֖חַ לַֽיהֹוָֽה:
scalded: Boiling water is poured over it [i.e., over the dough], until it is thoroughly scalded. — [Torath Kohanim 6:46]   מֻרְבֶּכֶת: חֲלוּטָה בְּרוֹתְחִין כָּל צָרְכָּהּ (שם):
repeatedly baked: Heb. תֻּפִינֵי, baked many times over, namely, after the scalding (חֲלִיטָה), he bakes it in an oven and afterwards fries it in a shallow pan. — [Men. 50b]   תֻּֽפִינֵי: אֲפוּיָה אֲפִיּוֹת הַרְבֵּה — אַחַר חֲלִיטָתָהּ אוֹפָהּ בַּתַּנּוּר וְחוֹזֵר וּמְטַגְּנָהּ בַּמַּחֲבַת (מנחות נ'):
a meal-offering of broken pieces: [This] teaches [us] that it requires breaking up. [Old Rashi edition continues: But not really breaking of the offering into separate pieces and crumbs, since it is not scooped, but he folds it in two, and folds it again in four, [first] vertically and [then] horizontally. However, he does not separate it [into pieces]. In this form, he burns it as a fire-offering. This is explained in Torath Kohanim. — [see Torath Kohanim 6:48, Men. 75b]   מִנְחַת פִּתִּים: מְלַמֵּד שֶׁטְּעוּנָה פְּתִיתָה:
15And the kohen who is anointed instead of him from among his sons, shall prepare it; [this is] an eternal statute; it shall be completely burnt to the Lord.   טווְהַכֹּהֵ֨ן הַמָּשִׁ֧יחַ תַּחְתָּ֛יו מִבָּנָ֖יו יַֽעֲשֶׂ֣ה אֹתָ֑הּ חָק־עוֹלָ֕ם לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה כָּלִ֥יל תָּקְטָֽר:
who is anointed instead of him from among his sons: [This is to be understood as if transposed: The kohen] who is anointed from among his sons instead of him.   הַמָּשִׁיחַ תַּחְתָּיו מִבָּנָיו: הַמָּשִׁיחַ מִבָּנָיו תַּחְתָּיו:
It shall be completely burnt: [When there is a קְמִיצָה procedure, what is scooped out is burned on the altar, and the remainder is eaten by the kohanim. However, in this offering,] there is no קְמִיצָה procedure to enable any remainder to be eaten; but, it is burnt in its entirety. Similarly, any voluntary meal-offering brought by a kohen, must be completely burned.   כָּלִיל תָּקְטָֽר: אֵין נִקְמֶצֶת לִהְיוֹת שְׁיָרֶיהָ נֶאֱכָלִין אֶלָּא כֻּלָּהּ כָּלִיל, וְכֵן כָּל מִנְחַת כֹּהֵן שֶׁל נְדָבָה כָּלִיל תִּהְיֶה:
16Every meal offering of a kohen shall be completely burnt; it shall not be eaten.   טזוְכָל־מִנְחַ֥ת כֹּהֵ֛ן כָּלִ֥יל תִּֽהְיֶ֖ה לֹ֥א תֵֽאָכֵֽל:
completely: Heb. כָּלִיל All of it must be equally offered to God on High.   כָּלִיל: כֻּלָּהּ שָׁוָה לְגָבוֹהַּ:
17And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,   יזוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
18Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the law of the sin offering: The sin offering shall be slaughtered before the Lord in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. It is a holy of holies.   יחדַּבֵּ֤ר אֶל־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ וְאֶל־בָּנָ֣יו לֵאמֹ֔ר זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הַֽחַטָּ֑את בִּמְק֡וֹם אֲשֶׁר֩ תִּשָּׁחֵ֨ט הָֽעֹלָ֜ה תִּשָּׁחֵ֤ט הַֽחַטָּאת֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֔ה קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁ֖ים הִֽוא:
19The kohen who offers it up as a sin offering shall eat it; it shall be eaten in a holy place, in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting.   יטהַכֹּהֵ֛ן הַֽמְחַטֵּ֥א אֹתָ֖הּ יֹאכְלֶ֑נָּה בְּמָק֤וֹם קָדשׁ֙ תֵּֽאָכֵ֔ל בַּֽחֲצַ֖ר אֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד:
who offers it as a sin offering: Heb. הַמְחַטֵּא אתהּ, who performs the components of its service, i.e., the one through whom it becomes a sin-offering. [Thus, the word הַמְחַטֵּא means, “the one who makes it into a sin-offering (חַטָּאת).”]   הַֽמְחַטֵּא אֹתָהּ: הָעוֹבֵד עֲבוֹדוֹתֶיהָ — שֶׁהִיא נַעֲשֵׂית חַטָּאת עַל יָדוֹ:
The kohen who offers it as a sin offering shall eat it: [Any kohen] fit for the service; this comes to exclude a kohen who is unclean at the time of the dashing of the blood, who does not take a share in the flesh. - [Torath Kohanim 6:58] But, it is impossible to say that [this verse] prohibits other kohanim from eating it, except the kohen who dashes its blood, for it says further (verse 22),“Any male among the kohanim may eat it.”   הַֽמְחַטֵּא אֹתָהּ יֹאכְלֶנָּה: הָרָאוּי לַעֲבוֹדָה; יָצָא טָמֵא בִּשְׁעַת זְרִיקַת דָּמִים, שֶׁאֵינוֹ חוֹלֵק בַּבָּשָׂר; וְאִי אֶפְשָׁר לוֹמַר שֶׁאוֹסֵר שְׁאָר כֹּהֲנִים בַּאֲכִילָתָהּ חוּץ מִן הַזּוֹרֵק דָּמָהּ, שֶׁהֲרֵי נֶאֱמַר לְמַטָּה כָּל זָכָר בַּכֹּהֲנִים יֹאכַל אֹתָהּ (זבחים צ"ט):
20Anything that touches its flesh shall become holy, and if any of its blood is sprinkled on a garment, [the area of the garment] upon which it has been sprinkled, you shall wash in a holy place.   ככֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּ֥ע בִּבְשָׂרָ֖הּ יִקְדָּ֑שׁ וַֽאֲשֶׁ֨ר יִזֶּ֤ה מִדָּמָהּ֙ עַל־הַבֶּ֔גֶד אֲשֶׁר֙ יִזֶּ֣ה עָלֶ֔יהָ תְּכַבֵּ֖ס בְּמָק֥וֹם קָדֽשׁ:
Anything that touches its flesh: Any item of food that touches it and absorbs from it. — [Torath Kohanim 6:60]   כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּע בִּבְשָׂרָהּ: כָּל דְּבַר אֹכֶל אֲשֶׁר יִגַּע וְיִבְלַע מִמֶּנָּה:
shall become holy: to be like it, insofar as: If [that sin-offering] is invalid, it [whatever touched the sin-offering], becomes invalid, and if [that sin-offering] is valid, it [whatever touched the sin-offering] must be eaten under the same stringency as the sin-offering [namely, only during the day of offering and the following night. — [Torath Kohanim 6:60]   יִקְדָּשׁ: לִהְיוֹת כָּמוֹהָ — אִם פְּסוּלָה תִּפָּסֵל, וְאִם הִיא כְּשֵׁרָה, תֵּאָכֵל כַּחֹמֶר שֶׁבָּהּ:
and if some of its blood is sprinkled on a garment: Heb. וַאֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה, [usually, and what will be sprinkled …, which would mean that the blood must be sprinkled on the garment. Therefore, Rashi remarks that אֲשֶׁר in this case is like אִם, and the verse is to be rendered:] And if some of its blood is sprinkled on a garment, [the area of the garment] which it has been sprinkled, shall be washed within the courtyard [of the Holy Temple]. — [Torath Kohanim 6:63]   וַֽאֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה מִדָּמָהּ עַל־הַבֶּגֶד: וְאִם הֻזָּה מִדָּמָהּ עַל הַבֶּגֶד, אוֹתוֹ מְקוֹם הַדָּם שֶׁבַּבֶּגֶד אֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה עָלֶיה, תְּכַבֵּס בְּתוֹךְ הָעֲזָרָה:
upon which it has been sprinkled: [The verb יִזֶּה is in the passive form, having the meaning: To be sprinkled and thus here, the phrase, אֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה עָלֶיהָ means, “upon which it has been sprinkled”]. This is similar to the verse, “neither will the gratification of their desire be extended (יִטֶּה) to the earth” (Job 15:29), [where the verb יִטֶּה is also in the passive form, with the meaning:] “to be extended.”   אֲשֶׁר־יִזֶּה: יְהֵא נִזֶּה, כְּמוֹ וְלֹא יִטֶּה לָאָרֶץ מִנְלָם (איוב ט"ו) — יְהֵא נָטוּי:
21An earthenware vessel in which it is cooked shall be broken, but if it is cooked in a copper vessel, it shall be purged and rinsed with water.   כאוּכְלִי־חֶ֛רֶשׂ אֲשֶׁ֥ר תְּבֻשַּׁל־בּ֖וֹ יִשָּׁבֵ֑ר וְאִם־בִּכְלִ֤י נְח֨שֶׁת֙ בֻּשָּׁ֔לָה וּמֹרַ֥ק וְשֻׁטַּ֖ף בַּמָּֽיִם:
[An earthenware vessel in which it is cooked,] shall be broken: Because the absorption that had been absorbed in the vessel becomes נוֹתָר [literally, “left over.” I.e., the food remains within the vessel’s wall (see next Rashi), and subsequently, when the time limit for eating the sacrifice has expired, the absorption in the vessel wall is “left over.” Since נוֹתָר, “left over,” must be destroyed by burning, the food in the wall of this earthenware vessel must be destroyed by breaking the vessel]. The same law [of breaking the earthenware vessel in which meat of a sacrifice has been cooked,] applies also to all holy sacrifices [i.e., not just the sin-offering].   יִשָּׁבֵר: לְפִי שֶׁהַבְּלִיעָה שֶׁנִּבְלַעַת בּוֹ נַעֲשֶׂה נוֹתָר, וְהוּא הַדִּין לְכָל הַקֳּדָשִׁים:
it is to be purged: Heb. וּמֹרַק, an expression stemming from the same root as “and with the ointments of the women (וּבְתַמְרוּקֵי הַנָשִׁים)” (Esther 2:12), [substances used for cleansing and perfuming women.] Escuremant in Old French [like the English, “scouring”].   וּמֹרַק: לְשׁוֹן תַּמְרוּקֵי הַנָּשִׁים (אסתר ב'), אשקור"מנט בְּלַעַז:
purged and rinsed: to expel its absorption. [This is in the case of a metal vessel.] But an earthenware vessel, Scripture teaches you here [by requiring that it be broken,] that it never rids itself of its defect. - [Pes. 30b]   וּמֹרַק וְשֻׁטַּף: לִפְלֹט אֶת בְּלִיעָתוֹ, אֲבָל כְּלִי חֶרֶס לִמֶּדְךָ הַכָּתוּב כָּאן שֶׁאֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא מִידֵי דָּפְיוֹ לְעוֹלָם (עבודה זרה ל"ד):
22Every male among the kohanim may eat it. It is a holy of holies.   כבכָּל־זָכָ֥ר בַּכֹּֽהֲנִ֖ים יֹאכַ֣ל אֹתָ֑הּ קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁ֖ים הִֽוא:
Every male among the kohanim may eat it: From here, we learn that, “[The kohen] who offers it up as a sin-offering [shall eat it],” stated above (verse 19) does not come to exclude all other kohanim, but to exclude one who is unfit to offer it up as a sin-offering.   כָּל־זָכָר בַּכֹּֽהֲנִים יֹאכַל אֹתָהּ: הָא לָמַדְתָּ שֶׁהַמְחַטֵּא אוֹתָהּ הָאָמוּר לְמַעְלָה לֹא לְהוֹצִיא שְׁאָר הַכֹּהֲנִים, אֶלָּא לְהוֹצִיא אֶת שֶׁאֵינוֹ רָאוּי לְחִטּוּי:
23But any sin offering some of whose blood was brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy, shall not be eaten; it shall be burned in fire.   כגוְכָל־חַטָּ֡את אֲשֶׁר֩ יוּבָ֨א מִדָּמָ֜הּ אֶל־אֹ֧הֶל מוֹעֵ֛ד לְכַפֵּ֥ר בַּקֹּ֖דֶשׁ לֹ֣א תֵֽאָכֵ֑ל בָּאֵ֖שׁ תִּשָּׂרֵֽף:
But any sin-offering [some of whose blood was brought into the Tent of Meeting … shall not be eaten]: [This verse teaches us] that if one brings any of the blood of a sin-offering to be sacrificed on the outside altar, inside [the Holy], it [the sacrifice] becomes invalid. — [Zev. 81b]   וְכָל־חַטָּאת וגו': שֶׁאִם הִכְנִיס מִדַּם חַטָּאת הַחִיצוֹנָה לִפְנִים פְּסוּלָה:
any: [This seemingly superfluous word comes] to include all other holy sacrifices [in this law].   וְכָל־: לְרַבּוֹת שְׁאָר קָדָשִׁים (ספרא):

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 7

1And this is the law of the guilt offering. It is a holy of holies.   אוְזֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הָֽאָשָׁ֑ם קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁ֖ים הֽוּא:
It is a holy of holies: It shall be sacrificed, but an animal substituted for it may not be sacrificed, [rather it remains in pasture until it becomes defective and then is redeemed]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:79]   קֹדֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁים הֽוּא: הוּא קָרֵב וְאֵין תְּמוּרָתוֹ קְרֵבָה (ספרא):
2They shall slaughter the guilt offering in the place where they slaughter the burnt offering; and its blood shall be dashed upon the altar, around.   בבִּמְק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִשְׁחֲטוּ֙ אֶת־הָ֣עֹלָ֔ה יִשְׁחֲט֖וּ אֶת־הָֽאָשָׁ֑ם וְאֶת־דָּמ֛וֹ יִזְרֹ֥ק עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ סָבִֽיב:
They shall slaughter: Heb. יִשְׁחֲטוּ. [By using the plural verb, יִשְׁחֲטוּ, Scripture here has seemingly] come to describe many slaughterers [i.e., it has included the case of a communal guilt-offering, which has “many slaughterers,” i.e., is slaughtered for many]. However, since we do not find a case of a communal guilt-offering [mentioned in Scriptures, the verse is understood somewhat differently: it uses the plural pronoun,] as it links the guilt-offering with the burnt-offering [where we do have a case of a communal sacrifice], in order to include also the communal burnt-offering in the requirement that it too be slaughtered in the northern sector [of the Holy Temple courtyard, just as is required of an individual’s burnt-offering]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:82] [Rashi , as amended by Maharshal in Yerioth Shelomo , quoted by Leket Bahir. For alternative interpretations, see Chavel, Yosef Hallel. Many scholars consider this comment an addendum to Rashi because it does not appear in any early editions or manuscripts.]   יִשְׁחֲטוּ: רִבָּה לָנוּ שְׁחִיטוֹת הַרְבֵּה; לְפִי שֶׁמָּצִינוּ אָשָׁם בְּצִבּוּר, נֶאֱמַר "יִשְׁחֲטוּ" — רַבִּים, וּתְלָאוֹ בְּעוֹלָה, לְהָבִיא עוֹלַת צִבּוּר לַצָּפוֹן:
3And all of its fat he shall offer from it: the tail and the fat covering the innards,   גוְאֵ֥ת כָּל־חֶלְבּ֖וֹ יַקְרִ֣יב מִמֶּ֑נּוּ אֵ֚ת הָֽאַלְיָ֔ה וְאֶת־הַחֵ֖לֶב הַֽמְכַסֶּ֥ה אֶת־הַקֶּֽרֶב:
All of its fat…: Until here, the sacrificial parts of a guilt-offering had not yet been delineated. This is why Scripture needs to delineate them here (verses 34). However, [the sacrificial parts of] the sin-offering have already been delineated in the parashah of וַיִּקְרָא (see Lev. 4:89), [and that is why its sacrificial parts were not delineated in the section describing the law of the sin-offering (see verses 6:18-23 above)].   וְאֵת כָּל־חֶלְבּוֹ וגו': עַד כָּאן לֹא נִתְפָּרְשׁוּ אֵמוּרִין בָּאָשָׁם, לְכָךְ הֻצְרַךְ לְפָרְשָׁם כָּאן, אֲבָל חַטָּאת כְּבָר נִתְפָּרֵשׁ בָּהּ בְּפָרָשַׁת וַיִּקְרָא:
the tail: [In the case of the peace-offering, the Torah treated sheep and goat offerings as two separate entities, by specifying the sacrificial procedures for each one separately (see Lev. 3:7-15). Why, then, is no distinction made between sheep and goats in the case of guilt-offerings?] Since [for] a guilt-offering only a ram (אַיִל) or a lamb (כֶּבֶשׂ) may be brought, and rams and lambs are included in [the category of those animals whose] tail [is one of the sacrificial parts, [no distinction is made between sheep and goats].   אֵת הָֽאַלְיָה: לְפִי שֶׁאָשָׁם אֵינוֹ בָּא אֶלָּא אַיִל אוֹ כֶּבֶשׂ, וְאַיִל וְכֶבֶשׂ נִתְרַבּוּ בְּאַלְיָה:
4and the two kidneys [along] with the fat that is upon them, which is on the flanks, and the diaphragm with the liver; along with the kidneys he shall remove it.   דוְאֵת֙ שְׁתֵּ֣י הַכְּלָיֹ֔ת וְאֶת־הַחֵ֨לֶב֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עֲלֵיהֶ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־הַכְּסָלִ֑ים וְאֶת־הַיֹּתֶ֨רֶת֙ עַל־הַכָּבֵ֔ד עַל־הַכְּלָיֹ֖ת יְסִירֶֽנָּה:
5And the kohen shall cause them to [go up in] smoke on the altar as a fire offering to the Lord. It is a guilt offering.   הוְהִקְטִ֨יר אֹתָ֤ם הַכֹּהֵן֙ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חָה אִשֶּׁ֖ה לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה אָשָׁ֖ם הֽוּא:
It is a guilt-offering: Heb. אָשָׁם הוּא, [meaning that it is a guilt-offering] until its name is removed from it [by sending it out to pasture]. This teaches us concerning a guilt-offering whose owner has died, or whose owner has [lost the original animal, and subsequently] received atonement [through another animal], although it [the original guilt-offering animal] stands ready that its value [in money used to buy another animal which] is to be offered up as an עוֹלַת קַיִץ מִזְבֵּחַ (i.e., “a burnt-offering which was provision for the altar”; see Rashi, Lev. 1:2), nevertheless, if the [original guilt-offerings] were slaughtered, [if this had been done] before they are sent out to pasture. [Actually, the law is that the animals in these cases, the animal is sent out to pasture so that it become blemished and consequently unfit for sacrifice. Then it is sold, and its proceeds used for burnt-offerings for “provision for the altar.” Here, however, Rashi tells us that the status of “guilt-offering” is removed from the animal as soon as it is sent out to pasture, even before it becomes blemished. This expression, הוּא אָשָׁם, “It is a guilt-offering,”] does not come to teach us that a guilt-offering becomes invalid if it was sacrificed for another purpose [other than for a guilt-offering], as they expounded on [the word] הִיא in the case of the sin-offering (see Rashi Lev. 4:24, 5:9). [That is] because in the case of a guilt-offering, Scripture states “It is a guilt-offering” only after the sacrificial parts have been burnt. [And if we say that the verse is teaching us that the guilt-offering must be sacrificed for that specific purpose, not for any other, then this law must include also the procedure of burning the sacrificial parts, that they too must be burned for the purpose of a guilt-offering]. However, [we learned in Tractate Zev. (5b) that in the case of a guilt-offering,] if its sacrificial parts were not offered up [at all], it is valid.   אָשָׁם הֽוּא: עַד שֶׁיִּנָּתֵק שְׁמוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ, לִמֵּד עַל אָשָׁם שֶׁמֵּתוּ בְּעָלָיו אוֹ שֶׁנִּתְכַּפְּרוּ בְּעָלָיו, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁעוֹמֵד לִהְיוֹת דָּמָיו עוֹלֶה לְקַיִץ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, אִם שְׁחָטוֹ סְתָם, אֵינוֹ כָּשֵׁר לְעוֹלָה קֹדֶם שֶׁנִּתַּק לִרְעִיָּה; וְאֵינוֹ בָּא לְלַמֵּד עַל הָאָשָׁם שֶׁיְּהֵא פָּסוּל שֶׁלֹּא לִשְׁמוֹ — כְּמוֹ שֶׁדָּרְשׁוּ הוּא הַכָּתוּב בַּחַטָּאת — לְפִי שֶׁאָשָׁם לֹא נֶאֱמַר בּוֹ אָשָׁם הוּא אֶלָּא לְאַחַר הַקְטָרַת אֵמוּרִין, וְהוּא עַצְמוֹ שֶׁלֹּא הֻקְטְרוּ אֵמוּרָיו כָּשֵׁר (זבחים ה'):
6Any male among the kohanim may eat it; it shall be eaten in a holy place. It is a holy of holies.   וכָּל־זָכָ֥ר בַּכֹּֽהֲנִ֖ים יֹֽאכְלֶ֑נּוּ בְּמָק֤וֹם קָדוֹשׁ֙ יֵֽאָכֵ֔ל קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁ֖ים הֽוּא:
It is a holy of holies: [But has this not already been stated in verse 1?] This is expounded on in Torath Kohanim (7:84).   קֹדֶשׁ קָֽדָשִׁים הֽוּא: בְּתוֹרַת כֹּהֲנִים הוּא נִדְרָשׁ:
7Like the sin offering, so is the guilt offering, they have one law; the kohen who effects atonement through it to him it shall belong.   זכַּֽחַטָּאת֙ כָּֽאָשָׁ֔ם תּוֹרָ֥ה אַחַ֖ת לָהֶ֑ם הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֲשֶׁ֥ר יְכַפֶּר־בּ֖וֹ ל֥וֹ יִֽהְיֶֽה:
They have one law: in regard to this matter:   תּוֹרָה אַחַת לָהֶם: בְּדָבָר זֶה:
the kohen who effects atonement through it: i.e., [any kohen] who is fit to effect atonement, takes a share in it. This excludes one who immersed himself on that day [for his uncleanness, who may not perform the sacrificial service or eat holy things until sunset], one lacking atonement [if he did not yet bring his sacrifice on the day after his immersion, such as a זָב or a מְצֹרָע], and one whose close relative died on that day, [who is also disqualified from performing the sacrificial service]. - [Torath Kohanim 7:86]   הַכֹּהֵן אֲשֶׁר יְכַפֶּר־בּוֹ: הָרָאוּי לְכַפָּרָה חוֹלֵק בּוֹ, פְּרָט לִטְבוּל יוֹם וּמְחֻסַּר כִּפּוּרִים וְאוֹנֵן (ספרא):
8And the kohen who offers up a person's burnt offering, the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered up, belongs to the kohen; it shall be his.   חוְהַ֨כֹּהֵ֔ן הַמַּקְרִ֖יב אֶת־עֹ֣לַת אִ֑ישׁ ע֤וֹר הָֽעֹלָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִקְרִ֔יב לַכֹּהֵ֖ן ל֥וֹ יִֽהְיֶֽה:
the skin of the burnt-offering which he has offered, belongs to the kohen; it shall be his: This excludes one who immersed himself on that day, one lacking atonement, and one whose close relative died on that day. — [Torath Kohanim 7:89]   עוֹר הָֽעֹלָה אֲשֶׁר הִקְרִיב לַכֹּהֵן לוֹ יִֽהְיֶֽה: פְּרָט לִטְבוּל יוֹם וּמְחֻסַּר כִּפּוּרִים וְאוֹנֵן שֶׁאֵין חוֹלְקִים בָּעוֹרוֹת (שם):
9And any meal offering baked in an oven, and any one made in a deep pan or in a shallow pan, belongs to the kohen who offers it up; it shall be his.   טוְכָל־מִנְחָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר תֵּֽאָפֶה֙ בַּתַּנּ֔וּר וְכָל־נַֽעֲשָׂ֥ה בַמַּרְחֶ֖שֶׁת וְעַל־מַֽחֲבַ֑ת לַכֹּהֵ֛ן הַמַּקְרִ֥יב אֹתָ֖הּ ל֥וֹ תִֽהְיֶֽה:
belongs to the kohen who offers it up: One might think that it belongs to him alone. Scripture, therefore, states (in the next verse), “[And any meal-offering…] shall belong to all the sons of Aaron.” One might think, then, that it [indeed] belongs to all of them. Scripture, therefore, states (in the preceding verse), “belongs to the kohen who offers it up.” So how [can this be reconciled]? [It belongs] to the family of the day when they offer it up. [The kohanim were divided into twenty-four divisions called “watches,” each watch being on duty for the temple service for one week. Each day of the week, a different family of kohanim from that week’s watch was on duty. When a kohen offered up an Israelite’s meal-offering, it was shared equally among all of his family, who were on duty that day]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:92]   לַכֹּהֵן הַמַּקְרִיב אֹתָהּ וגו': יָכוֹל לוֹ לְבַדּוֹ, תַּלְמוּד לוֹמָר לכל בני אהרן תהיה, יָכוֹל לְכֻלָּן, תַּלְמוּד לוֹמָר לכהן המקריב, הָא כֵּיצַד? לְבֵית אָב שֶׁל יוֹם שֶׁמַּקְרִיבִין אוֹתָהּ (שם):
10And any meal offering mixed with oil or dry, shall belong to all the sons of Aaron, one like the other.   יוְכָל־מִנְחָ֥ה בְלוּלָֽה־בַשֶּׁ֖מֶן וַֽחֲרֵבָ֑ה לְכָל־בְּנֵ֧י אַֽהֲרֹ֛ן תִּֽהְיֶ֖ה אִ֥ישׁ כְּאָחִֽיו:
mixed with oil: This is a voluntarily donated meal-offering. - [see Lev. 2:1]   בְלוּלָֽה־בַשֶּׁמֶן: זוֹ מִנְחַת נְדָבָה:
or dry: This is a sinner’s meal-offering (Lev. 5:11) and the meal-offering of jealousies [sacrificed during the investigation ritual of the סוֹטָה, woman suspected of adultery] (Num. 5:15), which do not contain oil [and thus the term “dry”].   וַֽחֲרֵבָה: זוֹ מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא וּמִנְחַת קְנָאוֹת שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶן שֶׁמֶן:

Third Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 7

11And this is the law of the peace offering, which he shall bring to the Lord.   יאוְזֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת זֶ֣בַח הַשְּׁלָמִ֑ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר יַקְרִ֖יב לַֽיהֹוָֽה:
12If he is bringing it as a thanksgiving offering, he shall offer, along with the thanksgiving offering unleavened loaves mixed with oil, unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and scalded flour mixed with oil.   יבאִ֣ם עַל־תּוֹדָה֘ יַקְרִיבֶ֒נּוּ֒ וְהִקְרִ֣יב | עַל־זֶ֣בַח הַתּוֹדָ֗ה חַלּ֤וֹת מַצּוֹת֙ בְּלוּלֹ֣ת בַּשֶּׁ֔מֶן וּרְקִיקֵ֥י מַצּ֖וֹת מְשֻׁחִ֣ים בַּשָּׁ֑מֶן וְסֹ֣לֶת מֻרְבֶּ֔כֶת חַלֹּ֖ת בְּלוּלֹ֥ת בַּשָּֽׁמֶן:
If he is bringing it as a thanksgiving-offering: i.e., if [he is bringing the offering] to give thanks [to God] for a miracle that had happened to him, for instance, those who made a sea-voyage [and returned safely] or journeyed in the desert, or those who had been imprisoned [and were subsequently released], or a sick person who recovered. All these are required to give thanks [to God], for regarding them, it is written, “They shall give thanks to the Lord for His kindness and for his wonders to the children of men. And they shall slaughter sacrifices of thanksgiving” (Ps. 107:2122). If on account of one of these one vowed [to bring] these peace-offerings, then they are שַׁלְמֵי תּוֹדָה “thanksgiving peace-offerings,” which require the [accompanying offering of] bread, mentioned in this passage, and they may be eaten only on the day [that they were offered] and the night [that follows], as is specified here.   אִם עַל־תּוֹדָה יַקְרִיבֶנּוּ: אִם עַל דְּבַר הוֹדָאָה עַל נֵס שֶׁנַּעֲשָׂה לוֹ, כְּגוֹן יוֹרְדֵי הַיָּם וְהוֹלְכֵי מִדְבָּרוֹת וַחֲבוּשֵׁי בֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים וְחוֹלֶה שֶׁנִּתְרַפֵּא — שֶׁהֵן צְרִיכִין לְהוֹדוֹת, שֶׁכָּתוּב בָּהֶן יוֹדוּ לַה' חַסְדּוֹ וְנִפְלְאוֹתָיו לִבְנֵי אָדָם וְיִזְבְּחוּ זִבְחֵי תוֹדָה (תהילים ק"ז) — אִם עַל אַחַת מֵאֵלֶּה נָדַר שְׁלָמִים הַלָּלוּ, שַׁלְמֵי תּוֹדָה הֵן, וּטְעוּנוֹת לֶחֶם הָאָמוּר בָּעִנְיָן, וְאֵין נֶאֱכָלִין אֶלָּא לְיוֹם וְלַיְלָה, כְּמוֹ שֶׁמְּפֹרָשׁ כָּאן:
he shall offer, along with the thanksgiving-offering: four kinds of bread: חַלּוֹת, loaves, רְקִיקִין, wafers, רְבוּכָה, scalded loaves, [which are] three types of unleavened bread (מַצָּה,) and it is written, “with leavened loaves.” Each kind consists of ten loaves. Thus it is explained in [Tractate] Men. (77b). And the total volume [of all of the accompanying bread] amounted to five Jerusalem se’ah [where one Jerusalem se’ah equals two-fifths of an ephah], which is equivalent to six se’ah by desert standard [where one se’ah by desert standard, smaller than the Jerusalem measure, equals one-third of an ephah , because all of the loaves comprised a volume of] twenty tenths [of an ephah] (Men. 76b-77a). [Now, each leavened loaf comprised a volume of one-tenth of an ephah . Thus, since there were ten of these loaves, as above, the total leavened volume came to one ephah . The unleavened volume, i.e., the total volume of all the other three kinds of unleavened loaves, also equaled one ephah . Hence, the total volume of the accompanying bread was twenty tenths of an ephah, i.e., two ephoth.]   וְהִקְרִיב עַל־זֶבַח הַתּוֹדָה: אַרְבָּעָה מִינֵי לֶחֶם — חַלּוֹת וּרְקִיקִין וּרְבוּכָה, שְׁלוֹשָׁה מִינֵי מַצָּה, וּכְתִיב עַל חַלֹּת לֶחֶם חָמֵץ וְגוֹ'; וְכָל מִין וָמִין עֶשֶׂר חַלּוֹת, כָּךְ מְפֹרָשׁ בִּמְנָחוֹת, וְשִׁעוּרָן חָמֵשׁ סְאִין יְרוּשַׁלְמִיּוֹת, שֶׁהֵן ו' מִדְבָּרִיּוֹת, כ' עִשָּׂרוֹן (מנחות ע"ו):
scalded flour: means: Bread [made from dough that is] thoroughly scalded by boiling water.   מֻרְבֶּכֶת: לֶחֶם חָלוּט בְּרוֹתְחִין כָּל צָרְכּוֹ:
13Along with loaves of leavened bread, he shall bring his offering along with his thanksgiving peace offering.   יגעַל־חַלֹּת֙ לֶ֣חֶם חָמֵ֔ץ יַקְרִ֖יב קָרְבָּנ֑וֹ עַל־זֶ֖בַח תּוֹדַ֥ת שְׁלָמָֽיו:
he shall… bring his offering…along with his thanksgiving peace-offering: [Scripture, in addition to verse 12, repeats the link between the accompanying bread and the sacrifice itself.] [This] tells [us]: This bread does not acquire intrinsic holiness that it should become invalid if taken out [of the Holy precincts], or if it comes into contact with a טְבוּל יוֹם [a person who has immersed for his uncleanness, but for whom the sun has not yet set to effect his cleanness], and that it cannot be redeemed to become non-consecrated-until the sacrifice [i.e., until the thanksgiving peace-offering it accompanies] is slaughtered. — [Men. 78b]   יַקְרִיב קָרְבָּנוֹ עַל־זֶבַח: מַגִּיד שֶׁאֵין הַלֶּחֶם קָדוֹשׁ קְדֻשַּׁת הַגּוּף — לִפָּסֵל בְּיוֹצֵא וּטְבוּל יוֹם וּמִלָּצֵאת לְחֻלִּין בְּפִדְיוֹן — עַד שֶׁיִּשָּׁחֵט הַזֶּבַח (ספרא):
14And he shall bring from it one out of each offering, as a separation for the Lord; the kohen who dashes the blood of the peace offering it shall be his.   ידוְהִקְרִ֨יב מִמֶּ֤נּוּ אֶחָד֙ מִכָּל־קָרְבָּ֔ן תְּרוּמָ֖ה לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה לַכֹּהֵ֗ן הַזֹּרֵ֛ק אֶת־דַּ֥ם הַשְּׁלָמִ֖ים ל֥וֹ יִֽהְיֶֽה:
one out of each offering: One loaf out of each kind. He shall take these as a תְּרוּמָה, a separation for the kohen officiating at his sacrifice. The rest [of the sacrifice] is eaten by the owner with the exception of the breast and the thigh, as the waving of the breast and the thigh of peace-offerings is delineated below (see verse 34), and a thanksgiving-offering is called a peace-offering [and consequently, we apply the laws of a peace-offering to it]. — [Zev. 4a]   אֶחָד מִכָּל־קָרְבָּן: לֶחֶם אֶחָד מִכָּל מִין וָמִין יִטֹּל תְּרוּמָה לַכֹּהֵן הָעוֹבֵד עֲבוֹדָתוֹ, וְהַשְּׁאָר נֶאֱכָל לַבְּעָלִים (מנחות ע"ז); וּבָשָׂר לַבְּעָלִים חוּץ מֵחָזֶה וְשׁוֹק שֶׁבָּהּ, כְּמוֹ שֶׁמְּפֹרָשׁ לְמַטָּה תְּנוּפַת חָזֶה וְשׁוֹק בִּשְׁלָמִים, וְהַתּוֹדָה קְרוּיָה שְׁלָמִים:
15And the flesh of his thanksgiving peace offering shall be eaten on the day it is offered up; he shall not leave any of it over until morning.   טווּבְשַׂ֗ר זֶ֚בַח תּוֹדַ֣ת שְׁלָמָ֔יו בְּי֥וֹם קָרְבָּנ֖וֹ יֵֽאָכֵ֑ל לֹֽא־יַנִּ֥יחַ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ עַד־בֹּֽקֶר:
And the flesh of his thanksgiving peace-offering: [The verse could have said, “And its flesh.” Consequently,] there are many inclusions here, namely: to include the sin-offering, the guilt-offering, the ram of the nazarite, the חֲגִיגָה, festival-offering of the fourteenth day [of Nissan, i.e., the eve of Passover]-that they all may be eaten only on the day [they were offered up] and the [following] night. — [Torath Kohanim 7:112]   וּבְשַׂר זֶבַח תּוֹדַת שְׁלָמָיו: יֵשׁ כָּאן רִבּוּיִין הַרְבֵּה, לְרַבּוֹת חַטָּאת וְאָשָׁם וְאֵיל נָזִיר וַחֲגִיגַת אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר שֶׁיִּהְיוּ נֶאֱכָלִין לְיוֹם וְלַיְלָה (ספרא):
shall be eaten on the day it is offered up: and like the time limit for eating its flesh, so is the time limit for its bread. - [Torath Kohanim 7:112]   בְּיוֹם קָרְבָּנוֹ יֵֽאָכֵל: וְכִזְמַן בְּשָׂרָהּ זְמַן לַחְמָהּ:
he shall not leave any of it over until morning: He may, however, eat it during the entire night. If so, why did [our Sages] say that [it may be eaten only] until midnight? In order to distance people from a transgression [to ensure that people stay far away from the limit decreed by the Torah and do not eat if after dawn]. — [Ber. 2a]   לֹֽא־יַנִּיחַ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּֽקֶר: אֲבָל אוֹכֵל הוּא כָּל הַלַּיְלָה, אִם כֵּן לָמָּה אָמְרוּ עַד חֲצוֹת? כְּדֵי לְהַרְחִיק אָדָם מִן הָעֲבֵרָה (שם):
16But if his sacrifice is a vow or a voluntary donation, on the day he offers up his sacrifice it may be eaten, and on the next day, whatever is left over from it, may be eaten.   טזוְאִם־נֶ֣דֶר | א֣וֹ נְדָבָ֗ה זֶ֚בַח קָרְבָּנ֔וֹ בְּי֛וֹם הַקְרִיב֥וֹ אֶת־זִבְח֖וֹ יֵֽאָכֵ֑ל וּמִמָּ֣חֳרָ֔ת וְהַנּוֹתָ֥ר מִמֶּ֖נּוּ יֵֽאָכֵֽל:
But if [his sacrifice] is a vow or a voluntary donation: that he did not bring it to give thanks for a miracle, it does not require bread, and it may be eaten for two days [namely, the day of offering and the following day], as is delineated in this section.   וְאִם־נֶדֶר אוֹ נְדָבָה: שֶׁלֹּא הֱבִיאָהּ עַל הוֹדָאָה שֶׁל נֵס, אֵינָהּ טְעוּנָה לֶחֶם, וְנֶאֱכֶלֶת לִשְׁנֵי יָמִים כְּמוֹ שֶׁמְּפֹרָשׁ בָּעִנְיָן:
and on the next day, whatever is left over from it: on the first day, may be eaten. [The Hebrew is וְהַנּוֹתָר, lit. and whatever is left over.] This vav [which prefixes the word וְהַנּוֹתָר] is superfluous [and the word is to be understood as though it said, הַנּוֹתָר]. There are many similar examples [of extra vavs] in Scripture, e.g., “And these are the sons of Zibe’on: Aiah (וְאַיֶָּה) and Anah” (Gen. 36:24); “ permitting the Sanctuary (וְקֹדֶשׁ) and the host to be trampled” (Dan. 8:13).   וּמִמָּחֳרָת וְהַנּוֹתָר מִמֶּנּוּ: בָּרִאשׁוֹן יאכל. וי"ו זוֹ יְתֵרָה הִיא, וְיֵשׁ כָּמוֹהָ הַרְבֵּה בַּמִּקְרָא, כְּגוֹן וְאֵלֶה בְנֵי צִבְעוֹן וְאַיָּה וַעֲנָה (בראשית ל"ו), תֵּת וְקֹדֶשׁ וְצָבָא מִרְמָס (דניאל ח'):
17However, whatever is left over from the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day, shall be burnt in fire.   יזוְהַנּוֹתָ֖ר מִבְּשַׂ֣ר הַזָּ֑בַח בַּיּוֹם֙ הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֔י בָּאֵ֖שׁ יִשָּׂרֵֽף:
18And if any of the flesh of his peace offering is to be eaten on the third day, it shall not be accepted; it shall not count for the one who offers it; [rather,] it shall be rejected, and the person who eats of it shall bear his sin.   יחוְאִ֣ם הֵֽאָכֹ֣ל יֵֽ֠אָכֵ֠ל מִבְּשַׂר־זֶ֨בַח שְׁלָמָ֜יו בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי֘ לֹ֣א יֵֽרָצֶה֒ הַמַּקְרִ֣יב אֹת֗וֹ לֹ֧א יֵֽחָשֵׁ֛ב ל֖וֹ פִּגּ֣וּל יִֽהְיֶ֑ה וְהַנֶּ֛פֶשׁ הָֽאֹכֶ֥לֶת מִמֶּ֖נּוּ עֲו‍ֹנָ֥הּ תִּשָּֽׂא:
And…is to be eaten: Scripture is referring to someone who, at the time of slaughtering [the sacrifice], intends to eat it on the third day [in which case the sacrifice becomes invalid]. Now, one might think, however, that [the Torah means that the sacrifice does not become invalid because of intention, but] if one eats of it on the third day, that it would become invalid retroactively [as the verse literally means]. Scripture, therefore, says, הַמַּקְרִיב אוֹתוֹ לֹא יֵחָשֵׁב, meaning that it is invalidated only at the time of sacrificing it [i.e., slaughtering], and not on the third day. [Torath Kohanim 7:118] Hence, its explanation [of the verse] is as follows: At the time of sacrificing [slaughtering] the offering, this [intention] shall not enter one’s thoughts, and if one had this intention [at the time of slaughtering], it shall be rejected (פִּגּוּל).   וְאִם הֵֽאָכֹל יֵֽאָכֵל וגו': בִּמְחַשֵּׁב בַּשְּׁחִיטָה לְאָכְלוֹ בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי הַכָּתוּב מְדַבֵּר; יָכוֹל אִם אָכַל מִמֶּנּוּ בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי יִפָּסֵל לְמַפְרֵעַ, תַּלְמוּד לוֹמַר הַמַּקְרִיב אֹתוֹ לֹא יֵחָשֵׁב — בִּשְׁעַת הַקְרָבָה הוּא נִפְסָל וְאֵינוֹ נִפְסָל בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי; וְכֵן פֵּרוּשׁוֹ: בִּשְׁעַת הַקְרָבָתוֹ לֹא תַּעֲלֶה זֹאת בְּמַחֲשָׁבָה, וְאִם חִשֵּׁב פִּגּוּל יִהְיֶה (זבחים כ"ט):
and the person who eats of it: Even within the [normally permitted] time limit, “shall bear his sin.”   וְהַנֶּפֶשׁ הָֽאֹכֶלֶת מִמֶּנּוּ: אֲפִלּוּ בְּתוֹךְ הַזְּמַן עונה תשא:
19And the flesh that touches anything unclean shall not be eaten. It shall be burned in fire. But regarding the flesh, anyone who is clean may eat [the] flesh.   יטוְהַבָּשָׂ֞ר אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּ֤ע בְּכָל־טָמֵא֙ לֹ֣א יֵֽאָכֵ֔ל בָּאֵ֖שׁ יִשָּׂרֵ֑ף וְהַ֨בָּשָׂ֔ר כָּל־טָה֖וֹר יֹאכַ֥ל בָּשָֽׂר:
And the flesh: of holy peace-offerings, “ that touches anything unclean shall not be eaten.” [This verse is not referring to piggul.]   וְהַבָּשָׂר: שֶׁל קֹדֶשׁ שְׁלָמִים אשר יגע בכל טמא לא יאכל:
But regarding the flesh: Heb. וְהַבָָּשָׂר. [The word וְהַבָָּשָׂר, the second time it occurs in this verse, seems superfluous. However,] it comes to include a limb, part of which went outside [its prescribed boundaries, to inform us] that the inner part is permitted [to be eaten]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:128]   וְהַבָּשָׂר: לְרַבּוֹת אֵבֶר שֶׁיָּצָא מִקְצָתוֹ — שֶׁהַפְּנִימִי מֻתָּר (ספרא):
anyone who is clean may eat [the] flesh: What is Scripture coming to teach here? Since Scripture says, “and the blood of your sacrifices shall be poured…and you shall eat the meat” (Deut. 12:27), one might think that only the owner may eat of the peace-offering, therefore, Scripture says here, “anyone who is clean may eat [the] flesh.” - [Torath Kohanim 7:30, 129]   כָּל־טָהוֹר יֵֽאָכֵל בָּשָֽׂר: מַה תַּלְמוּד לוֹמָר? לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וְדַם זְבָחֶיךָ יִשָּׁפֵךְ וְגוֹ' וְהַבָּשָֹר תֹּאכֵל (דברים י"ב), יָכוֹל לֹא יֹאכְלוּ שְׁלָמִים אֶלָּא הַבְּעָלִים, לְכָךְ נֶאֱמַר כָּל טָהוֹר יֹאכַל בָּשָֹר (ספרא):
anyone who is clean may eat [the] flesh: This means: All that I have forbidden you regarding a sin-offering and a guilt-offering, namely, that if they go outside the hangings [of the courtyard of the Tabernacle, or the boundaries of the Temple courtyard], they become prohibited as the verse says, “They shall eat it in the courtyard” (Lev. 6:9), concerning this flesh [of peace-offerings, which are קֳדָשִׁים קַלִּים, sacrifices with a lesser degree of holiness], I say to you, “Anyone who is clean may eat [the] flesh” even [outside the Temple courtyard,] throughout the entire city [of Jerusalem].)   וְהַבָּשָׂר כָּל־טָהוֹר יֵֽאָכֵל בָּשָֽׂר: כְּלוֹמַר, כָּל מַה שֶּׁאָסַרְתִּי לְךָ בְּחַטָּאת וְאָשָׁם, שֶׁאִם יָצְאוּ חוּץ לַקְּלָעִים אֲסוּרִין — כְּמוֹ שֶׁכָּתוּב בַּחֲצַר אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד יֹאכְלוּהָ (ויקרא ו') — בְּבָשָׂר זֶה אֲנִי אוֹמֵר לְךָ כָּל טָהוֹר יֹאכַל בָּשָׂר אֲפִלּוּ בְּכָל הָעִיר):
20A person who eats the flesh of a peace-offering of the Lord, while his uncleanness is upon him, that soul shall be cut off from its people.   כוְהַנֶּ֜פֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר־תֹּאכַ֣ל בָּשָׂ֗ר מִזֶּ֤בַח הַשְּׁלָמִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַֽיהֹוָ֔ה וְטֻמְאָת֖וֹ עָלָ֑יו וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מֵֽעַמֶּֽיהָ:
while his uncleanness is upon him: Scripture is referring to uncleanness of the body. [I.e., an unclean person who eats from the holy peace-offering, in which case, he incurs excision]. [Torath Kohanim 7:131] However, one who is clean, who eats the unclean flesh [of a peace-offering], is not punished with excision; nevertheless, he is punished for transgressing the Scriptural admonition [in the previous verse], “And the flesh that touches anything unclean, [shall not be eaten]. ” The admonition regarding an unclean person who eats clean flesh, however, is not written explicitly in the Torah, but our Sages derived this through a גְּזֵרָה שָׁוָה [an instance of similar wording. They had a tradition in certain Scriptural passages, that two common key words or expressions serve to link the laws of these seemingly unconnected passages. Here, the word טֻמְאָתוֹ appears in our verse and in Num. 19:13, and since the prohibition in Numbers has an admonition attached to it, so too, here, our prohibition is considered to have an admonition attached to it]. [Mak. 14b] Now, there are three mentions of the punishment of excision regarding persons who eat holy sacrificial meat, while their body is unclean [first, in Lev. 22:3, “Any man from among any of your offspring, who comes near the holy (sacrifices)…that soul shall be cut off,” where “comes near” means to eat (see Rashi there), and the second and third mentions are these verses (20 and 21).] Our Rabbis expounded on them in [Tractate] Shevuoth (7a), as follows: One of them is [needed to state] the general law; one of them is [needed to state] a particular case [namely, the peace-offering, in order to preclude the eating of certain clean foods that are not sacrificed on the altar, which do not have the punishment of excision]; and one of them is needed to teach us that the קָרְבָָּן עוֹלֶה וְיוֹרֵד [an ascending and descending sacrifice, namely an offering which has different options, an animal, birds, or flour, according to the ability of the one who brings it] that [when the verse says, “he incurs guilt” (Lev. 5:2), and may bring a קָרְבָּן עוֹלֶה וְיוֹרֵד Scripture is exclusively referring to the case [of a person in an unclean state, who] defiles the Sanctuary [i.e., enters it while in the unclean state], or [if he eats from] its holy sacrifices.   וְטֻמְאָתוֹ עָלָיו: בְּטֻמְאַת הַגּוּף הַכָּתוּב מְדַבֵּר, אֲבָל טָהוֹר שֶׁאָכַל אֶת הַטָּמֵא אֵינוֹ עָנוּשׁ כָּרֵת אֶלָּא אַזְהָרַת והבשר אשר יגע בכל טמא וגו'; וְאַזְהָרַת טָמֵא שֶׁאָכַל אֶת הַטָּהוֹר אֵינָהּ מְפֹרֶשֶׁת בַּתּוֹרָה, אֶלָּא חֲכָמִים לְמָדוּהָ בִּגְזֵרָה שָׁוָה; שָׁלוֹשׁ כָּרֵתוֹת אֲמוּרוֹת בְּאוֹכְלֵי קָדָשִׁים בְּטֻמְאַת הַגּוּף, וּדְרָשׁוּם רַבּוֹתֵינוּ בִּשְׁבוּעוֹת אַחַת לִכְלָל, וְאַחַת לִפְרָט, וְאַחַת לְלַמֵּד עַל קָרְבָּן עוֹלֶה וְיוֹרֵד שֶׁלֹּא נֶאֱמַר אֶלָּא עַל טֻמְאַת מִקְדָּשׁ וְקָדָשָׁיו:
21And a person who touches anything unclean, whether uncleanness from a human or an unclean animal [carcass] or any unclean [carcass of an] abominable creature, and then eats of the flesh of a peace offering to the Lord, that soul shall be cut off from its people.   כאוְנֶ֜פֶשׁ כִּֽי־תִגַּ֣ע בְּכָל־טָמֵ֗א בְּטֻמְאַ֤ת אָדָם֙ א֣וֹ | בִּבְהֵמָ֣ה טְמֵאָ֗ה א֚וֹ בְּכָל־שֶׁ֣קֶץ טָמֵ֔א וְאָכַ֛ל מִבְּשַׂר־זֶ֥בַח הַשְּׁלָמִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מֵֽעַמֶּֽיהָ:
22And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:   כבוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
23Speak to the Children of Israel, saying: You shall not eat any fat of an ox, sheep, or goat.   כגדַּבֵּ֛ר אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לֵאמֹ֑ר כָּל־חֵ֜לֶב שׁ֥וֹר וְכֶ֛שֶׂב וָעֵ֖ז לֹ֥א תֹאכֵֽלוּ:
24The fat of carrion and the fat of an animal with a fatal disease or injury, may be used for any work, but you shall not eat it.   כדוְחֵ֤לֶב נְבֵלָה֙ וְחֵ֣לֶב טְרֵפָ֔ה יֵֽעָשֶׂ֖ה לְכָל־מְלָאכָ֑ה וְאָכֹ֖ל לֹ֥א תֹֽאכְלֻֽהוּ:
may be used for any work: [Scripture already permits the use of carrion (see Deut. 14:21); surely, the fats are included in the rest of the animal. So what is this verse teaching us?] It comes to teach us that the fat does not impart the uncleanness which is imparted by carrion [in general]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:139]   יֵֽעָשֶׂה לְכָל־מְלָאכָה: בָּא וְלִמֵּד עַל הַחֵלֶב שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְטַמֵּא טֻמְאַת נְבֵלוֹת:
however, you shall not eat it: [We already know that eating fat is prohibited (see Lev. 3: 17), and we also know that eating carrion and treifah is prohibited (see Deut. 14:21 and Exod. 22:30). So what is this verse teaching us? The answer is that] the Torah says: "The prohibition of carrion or treifah is superimposed upon the prohibition of fats insofar as if someone eats it, he is liable also for transgressing the prohibition of [eating] carrion [or eating treifah], and you do not say that one prohibition cannot be superimposed on another prohibition. - [Zev. 70a]   וְאָכֹל לֹא תֹֽאכְלֻֽהוּ: אָמְרָה תּוֹרָה, יָבֹא אִסּוּר נְבֵלָה וּטְרֵפָה וְיָחוּל עַל אִסּוּר חֵלֶב, שֶׁאִם אֲכָלוֹ יִתְחַיֵּב אַף עַל לָאו שֶׁל נְבֵלָה, וְלֹא תֹּאמַר אֵין אִסּוּר חָל עַל אִסּוּר (זבחים ע'):
25For anyone who eats fat of animals from which sacrifices are brought as fire offerings to the Lord, the soul who eats [it] shall be cut off from its people.   כהכִּ֚י כָּל־אֹכֵ֣ל חֵ֔לֶב מִן־הַ֨בְּהֵמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר יַקְרִ֥יב מִמֶּ֛נָּה אִשֶּׁ֖ה לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הָֽאֹכֶ֖לֶת מֵֽעַמֶּֽיהָ:
26And you shall not eat any blood in any of your dwelling places, whether from birds or from animals.   כווְכָל־דָּם֙ לֹ֣א תֹֽאכְל֔וּ בְּכֹ֖ל מֽוֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם לָע֖וֹף וְלַבְּהֵמָֽה:
in any of your dwelling places: Since this prohibition [of eating blood] is an obligation relevant to a person, rather than being dependent on land, it applies to all dwelling places [of the Jews, whether in Israel or outside of it]. [But one might think it obvious that since it is a personal obligation, it would apply anywhere, as is indeed the rule. So why should it be stated here?] In Tractate Kiddushin, chapter one (37b), it is explained why this is necessary to be stated.   בְּכֹל מֽוֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶם: לְפִי שֶׁהִיא חוֹבַת הַגּוּף וְאֵינָהּ חוֹבַת קַרְקַע נוֹהֶגֶת בְּכָל מוֹשָׁבוֹת, וּבְמַסֶּכֶת קִדּוּשִׁין בְּפֶרֶק א' מְפֹרָשׁ לָמָּה הֻצְרַךְ לוֹמַר:
[And you shall not eat any blood…] whether from birds or from animals: Excluded [from this prohibition is] the blood of fish and locusts. — [Torath Kohanim 7:143]   לָעוֹף וְלַבְּהֵמָֽה: פְּרָט לְדַם דָּגִים וַחֲגָבִים (כריתות כ'):
27Any person who eats any blood, that soul shall be cut off from its people.   כזכָּל־נֶ֖פֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר־תֹּאכַ֣ל כָּל־דָּ֑ם וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מֵֽעַמֶּֽיהָ:
28And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:   כחוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
29Speak to the Children of Israel, saying: Anyone who brings his peace offering to the Lord, shall bring his sacrifice to the Lord from his peace offering.   כטדַּבֵּ֛ר אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לֵאמֹ֑ר הַמַּקְרִ֞יב אֶת־זֶ֤בַח שְׁלָמָיו֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֔ה יָבִ֧יא אֶת־קָרְבָּנ֛וֹ לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה מִזֶּ֥בַח שְׁלָמָֽיו:
30His own hands shall bring the fire offerings of the Lord. The fat, on the breast, he shall bring it, the breast, to wave it as a waving before the Lord.   ליָדָ֣יו תְּבִיאֶ֔ינָה אֵ֖ת אִשֵּׁ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה אֶת־הַחֵ֤לֶב עַל־הֶֽחָזֶה֙ יְבִיאֶ֔נּוּ אֵ֣ת הֶֽחָזֶ֗ה לְהָנִ֥יף אֹת֛וֹ תְּנוּפָ֖ה לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה:
His own hands shall bring: That the owner’s hand should be above, with the fats and the breast placed in it, and the kohen’s hand should be beneath [it. With the portions arranged in this manner,] they wave them. — [Men. 61b]   יָדָיו תְּבִיאֶינָה וגו': שֶׁתְּהֵא יַד הַבְּעָלִים מִלְּמַעְלָה, וְהַחֵלֶב וְהֶחָזוֹת נְתוּנִין בָּהּ, וְיַד כֹּהֵן מִלְּמַטָּה וּמְנִיפָן (מנחות ס"א):
the fire-offerings of the Lord: And what are the “fire-offerings” [referred to here]? They are “the fat…on the breast.”   אֵת אִשֵּׁי ה': וּמָה הֵן הָאִשִּׁים?
he shall bring it: When he brings it from the slaughtering area, he places the fat on the breast, but when he gives it into the hand of the kohen who is to perform the waving, the breast is situated above and the fat below. This is what is mentioned elsewhere (10:15),“They shall bring the thigh of the elevated-offering and the breast as a wave-offering upon the fats of the fire-offerings, to wave.” After the waving, he gives it to the kohen who will burn it. The breast is now situated below [and the fats above]. This is what is stated (9:20), “And they placed the fats upon the breasts, and he caused to [go up in] smoke the fats on the altar.” We learn that three kohanim are required for it. Thus it is explained in Tractate Menachoth (62a).   אֵת הַחֵלֶב עַל־הֶֽחָזֶה יְבִיאֶנּוּ: כְּשֶׁמְּבִיאוֹ מִבֵּית הַמִּטְבָּחַיִם נוֹתֵן חֵלֶב עַל הֶחָזֶה, וּכְשֶׁנּוֹתְנוֹ לְיַד הַכֹּהֵן הַמֵּנִיף נִמְצָא הֶחָזֶה לְמַעְלָה וְהַחֵלֶב לְמַטָּה, וְזֶהוּ הָאָמוּר בְּמָקוֹם אַחֵר שׁוֹק הַתְּרוּמָה וַחֲזֵה הַתְּנוּפָה עַל אִשֵּׁי הַחֲלָבִים יָבִיאוּ לְהָנִיף וְגוֹ' (ויקרא י'), וּלְאַחַר הַתְּנוּפָה נוֹתְנוֹ לַכֹּהֵן הַמַּקְטִיר, וְנִמְצָא הֶחָזֶה לְמַטָּה, וְזֶהוּ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וַיָּשִֹימוּ אֶת הַחֲלָבִים עַל הֶחָזוֹת וַיַּקְטֵר הַחֲלָבִים הַמִּזְבֵּחָה (שם ט'), לִמְּדָנוּ שֶׁשְּׁלוֹשָׁה כֹּהֲנִים זְקוּקִין לָהּ, כָּךְ מְפֹרָשׁ בִּמְנָחוֹת:
The fat, on the breast, he shall bring it: Why is the breast brought? To wave it he brings it, but not that it should be part of the “fire-offerings.” Since it is stated: “the fire-offerings of the Lord. The fat, on the breast,” one might think that the breast is also included in the fire-offerings; therefore, the verse continues, “The breast to wave…”   אֵת הַחֵלֶב עַל־הֶֽחָזֶה יְבִיאֶנּוּ: וְאֶת הֶחָזֶה לָמָּה מֵבִיא? לְהָנִיף אוֹתוֹ הוּא מְבִיאוֹ וְלֹא שֶׁיְּהֵא הוּא מֵהָאִשִּׁים: לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר את אשי ה' את החלב על החזה יָכוֹל שֶׁיְּהֵא אַף הֶחָזֶה לָאִשִּׁים, לְכָךְ נֶאֱמַר את החזה להניף וגו':
31And the kohen shall cause the fat to [go up in] smoke on the altar, and the breast shall belong to Aaron and his sons.   לאוְהִקְטִ֧יר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֶת־הַחֵ֖לֶב הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חָה וְהָיָה֙ הֶֽחָזֶ֔ה לְאַֽהֲרֹ֖ן וּלְבָנָֽיו:
And the kohen will cause the fat to [go up in] smoke: and afterwards, the breast “shall belong to Aaron.” [Hence,] we learn that the meat [of the sacrifice] shall not be eaten while the sacrificial parts are [still] off the altar [i.e., before they have been burnt]. — [Torath Kohanim 7:151]   וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־הַחֵלֶב: וְאֲחַר כַּךְ והיה החזה לאהרן, לִמְּדָנוּ שֶׁאֵין הַבָּשָׂר נֶאֱכָל בְּעוֹד שֶׁהָאֵמוּרִים לְמַטָּה מִן הַמִּזְבֵּחַ (ספרא):
32And you shall give the right thigh as an elevation offering to the kohen, from your peace offering.   לבוְאֵת֙ שׁ֣וֹק הַיָּמִ֔ין תִּתְּנ֥וּ תְרוּמָ֖ה לַכֹּהֵ֑ן מִזִּבְחֵ֖י שַׁלְמֵיכֶֽם:
the right thigh: refers to [the part of the animal’s hind leg extending] from the אַרְכּוּבָה [knee-joint, the bone and the flesh of which are usually] sold together with the head, up till the middle joint [of the upper leg] which is called סֹבֶךְ שֶׁל רֶגֶל. [The animal’s leg has three sections to it; thus, the שׁוֹק is the middle of those three sections.] [Chul. 134b]   שׁוֹק: מִן הַפֶּרֶק שֶׁל אַרְכֻּבָּה הַנִּמְכֶּרֶת עִם הָרֹאשׁ עַד הַפֶּרֶק הָאֶמְצָעִי שֶׁהוּא סֹבֶךְ שֶׁל רֶגֶל (חולין קל"ד):
33[Anyone] of the sons of Aaron who offers up the blood of the peace offering and the fat he shall have the right thigh as a portion.   לגהַמַּקְרִ֞יב אֶת־דַּ֧ם הַשְּׁלָמִ֛ים וְאֶת־הַחֵ֖לֶב מִבְּנֵ֣י אַֽהֲרֹ֑ן ל֧וֹ תִֽהְיֶ֛ה שׁ֥וֹק הַיָּמִ֖ין לְמָנָֽה:
who offers up the blood…: i.e., who is fit [to perform] the dashing of its blood and to burn its fats. Thus excluded from receiving a share in the meat [of the breast and thigh], is a kohen who is unclean at the time of the dashing of the blood or at the time of the burning of the fats. — [Torath Kohanim 7:153]   הַמַּקְרִיב אֶת־דַּם הַשְּׁלָמִים וגו': מִי שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי לִזְרִיקָתוֹ וּלְהַקְטִיר חֲלָבָיו, יָצָא טָמֵא בִּשְׁעַת זְרִיקַת דָּמִים אוֹ בִּשְׁעַת הֶקְטֵר חֲלָבִים שֶׁאֵינוֹ חוֹלֵק בַּבָּשָׂר (ספרא):
34For I have taken the breast of the waving and the thigh of the elevation from the children of Israel, from their peace offerings, and I have given them to Aaron the kohen and to his sons as an eternal statute, from the children of Israel.   לדכִּי֩ אֶת־חֲזֵ֨ה הַתְּנוּפָ֜ה וְאֵ֣ת | שׁ֣וֹק הַתְּרוּמָ֗ה לָקַ֨חְתִּי֙ מֵאֵ֣ת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִזִּבְחֵ֖י שַׁלְמֵיהֶ֑ם וָֽאֶתֵּ֣ן אֹ֠תָ֠ם לְאַֽהֲרֹ֨ן הַכֹּהֵ֤ן וּלְבָנָיו֙ לְחָק־עוֹלָ֔ם מֵאֵ֖ת בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל:
waving…elevation: [The term תְּנוּפָה, waving, denotes a forward and backward motion, while the term תְּרוּמָה, elevation, denotes an upward and downward motion. Since both terms are used here, we learn that] the kohen would move them forward and backward, upward and downward. — [Torath Kohanim 7:150]   תנופה, תרומה: מוֹלִיךְ וּמֵבִיא מַעֲלֶה וּמוֹרִיד (מנחות ס"ב):
35This is [the grant for] Aaron's anointment and his sons' anointment, from the fire offerings of the Lord, on the day that He brought them near, to be kohanim for the Lord.   להזֹ֣את מִשְׁחַ֤ת אַֽהֲרֹן֙ וּמִשְׁחַ֣ת בָּנָ֔יו מֵֽאִשֵּׁ֖י יְהֹוָ֑ה בְּיוֹם֙ הִקְרִ֣יב אֹתָ֔ם לְכַהֵ֖ן לַֽיהֹוָֽה:
36Which the Lord commanded to give them on the day that He anointed them, from the children of Israel. [This is] an eternal statute for their generations.   לואֲשֶׁ֠ר צִוָּ֨ה יְהֹוָ֜ה לָתֵ֣ת לָהֶ֗ם בְּיוֹם֙ מָשְׁח֣וֹ אֹתָ֔ם מֵאֵ֖ת בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל חֻקַּ֥ת עוֹלָ֖ם לְדֹֽרֹתָֽם:
37This is the law for the burnt offering, for the meal offering, and for the sin offering, and for the guilt offering, and for the investitures, and for the peace offering,   לזזֹ֣את הַתּוֹרָ֗ה לָֽעֹלָה֙ לַמִּנְחָ֔ה וְלַֽחַטָּ֖את וְלָֽאָשָׁ֑ם וְלַ֨מִּלּוּאִ֔ים וּלְזֶ֖בַח הַשְּׁלָמִֽים:
and for the investitures: The day of the initiation into the kehunah.   וְלַמִּלּוּאִים: לְיוֹם חִנּוּךְ הַכְּהֻנָּה:
38which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, on the day He commanded the children of Israel to offer up their sacrifices to the Lord in the Sinai Desert.   לחאֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֧ה יְהֹוָ֛ה אֶת־משֶׁ֖ה בְּהַ֣ר סִינָ֑י בְּי֨וֹם צַוֹּת֜וֹ אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְהַקְרִ֧יב אֶת־קָרְבְּנֵיהֶ֛ם לַֽיהֹוָ֖ה בְּמִדְבַּ֥ר סִינָֽי:

Fourth Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 8

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,   אוַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר:
2Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and the sin offering bull, and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread,   בקַ֤ח אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ וְאֶת־בָּנָ֣יו אִתּ֔וֹ וְאֵת֙ הַבְּגָדִ֔ים וְאֵ֖ת שֶׁ֣מֶן הַמִּשְׁחָ֑ה וְאֵ֣ת | פַּ֣ר הַֽחַטָּ֗את וְאֵת֙ שְׁנֵ֣י הָֽאֵילִ֔ים וְאֵ֖ת סַ֥ל הַמַּצּֽוֹת:
Take Aaron: This section was stated seven days before the erection of the Sanctuary, [and should have been stated earlier in Exod. Parashath Pekudei , which discusses the erection and consecration processes. [However], there is no [sequence of] earlier and later events in the Torah [i.e., Scripture does not always follow chronological order].   קַח אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן: פָּרָשָׁה זוֹ נֶאֶמְרָה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים קֹדֶם הֲקָמַת הַמִּשְׁכָּן, שֶׁאֵין מֻקְדָּם וּמְאֻחָר בַּתּוֹרָה:
Take Aaron: Take him over with [persuasive] words and attract him. — [Torath Kohanim 8:165]   קַח אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן: קָחֶנּוּ בִדְבָרִים וּמָשְׁכֵהוּ:
and the sin-offering bull [and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread]: [Which sin-offering bull, two rams, etc?] These are the ones mentioned in the section dealing with the command of the investitures in [parashath] וְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה, (Exod. Chapter 29), and now, on the first day of the investitures, He came back and urged him [in the matter] at the time they were to be put into practice.   וְאֶת־פַּר הַֽחַטָּאת וגו': אֵלּוּ הָאֲמוּרִים בְּעִנְיַן צַוָּאַת הַמִּלּוּאִים בִּוְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה, וְעַכְשָׁיו בְּיוֹם רִאשׁוֹן לַמִּלּוּאִים חָזַר וְזֵרְזוֹ בִשְׁעַת מַעֲשֶֹה:
3And assemble the entire community at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.   גוְאֵ֥ת כָּל־הָֽעֵדָ֖ה הַקְהֵ֑ל אֶל־פֶּ֖תַח אֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד:
Assemble [the entire community] at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting: This is one of the instances where a small [area] accommodated a large [number of people]. — [Lev. Rabbah 10:9]   הַקְהֵל אֶל־פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵֽד: זֶה אֶחָד מִן הַמְּקוֹמוֹת שֶׁהֶחֱזִיק מֻעָט אֶת הַמְרֻבֶּה (ויקרא רבה י'):
4And Moses did as the Lord had commanded him, and the community assembled at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.   דוַיַּ֣עַשׂ משֶׁ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֹת֑וֹ וַתִּקָּהֵל֙ הָֽעֵדָ֔ה אֶל־פֶּ֖תַח אֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד:
5And Moses said to the community: This is the thing the Lord has commanded to do.   הוַיֹּ֥אמֶר משֶׁ֖ה אֶל־הָֽעֵדָ֑ה זֶ֣ה הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָה֖ לַֽעֲשֽׂוֹת:
This is the thing [the Lord has commanded to do]: [Moses said to Israel:] “The things you will see me doing before you, have all been commanded to me by the Holy One, blessed is He, that they be done; so do not say that I am doing them for my own honor or for my brother’s honor!” I have explained the entire passage involving the investitures in [parashath] וְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה (Exod. 29).   זֶה הַדָּבָר: דְּבָרִים שֶׁתִּרְאוּ שֶׁאֲנִי עוֹשֶׂה לִפְנֵיכֶם, צִוַּנִי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לַעֲשׂוֹת, וְאַל תֹּאמְרוּ לִכְבוֹדִי וְלִכְבוֹד אָחִי אֲנִי עוֹשֶֹׁה; כָּל הָעִנְיָן הַזֶּה פֵּרַשְׁתִּי בְּ"וְאַתָּה תְּצַוֶּה":
6And Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and bathed them in water.   ווַיַּקְרֵ֣ב משֶׁ֔ה אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹ֖ן וְאֶת־בָּנָ֑יו וַיִּרְחַ֥ץ אֹתָ֖ם בַּמָּֽיִם:
7And he placed the tunic upon him [Aaron], girded him with the sash, clothed him with the robe, placed the ephod upon him, girded him with the band of the ephod, and adorned him with it.   זוַיִּתֵּ֨ן עָלָ֜יו אֶת־הַכֻּתֹּ֗נֶת וַיַּחְגֹּ֤ר אֹתוֹ֙ בָּֽאַבְנֵ֔ט וַיַּלְבֵּ֤שׁ אֹתוֹ֙ אֶת־הַמְּעִ֔יל וַיִּתֵּ֥ן עָלָ֖יו אֶת־הָֽאֵפֹ֑ד וַיַּחְגֹּ֣ר אֹת֗וֹ בְּחֵ֨שֶׁב֙ הָֽאֵפֹ֔ד וַיֶּאְפֹּ֥ד ל֖וֹ בּֽוֹ:
8And he placed the choshen upon him, and he inserted into the choshen the Urim and the Tummim.   חוַיָּ֥שֶׂם עָלָ֖יו אֶת־הַח֑שֶׁן וַיִּתֵּן֙ אֶל־הַח֔שֶׁן אֶת־הָֽאוּרִ֖ים וְאֶת־הַתֻּמִּֽים:
The Urim: An inscription bearing the explicit Name of God.   אֶת־הָֽאוּרִים: כְּתָב שֶׁל שֵׁם הַמְפֹרָשׁ:
9And he placed the cap on his [Aaron's] head, and he placed on the cap, towards his face, the golden showplate, the holy crown, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   טוַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֶת־הַמִּצְנֶ֖פֶת עַל־רֹאשׁ֑וֹ וַיָּ֨שֶׂם עַל־הַמִּצְנֶ֜פֶת אֶל־מ֣וּל פָּנָ֗יו אֵ֣ת צִ֤יץ הַזָּהָב֙ נֵ֣זֶר הַקֹּ֔דֶשׁ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־משֶֽׁה:
and he placed on the cap: The sky-blue cords affixed to the showplate he placed over the cap. Thus the showplate was suspended on (עַל) the cap.   וַיָּשֶׂם עַל־הַמִּצְנֶפֶת: פְּתִילֵי תְכֵלֶת הַקְּבוּעִים בַּצִּיץ נָתַן עַל הַמִּצְנֶפֶת, נִמְצָא הַצִּיץ תָּלוּי בַּמִּצְנֶפֶת:
10And Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the Sanctuary and everything in it and sanctified them.   יוַיִּקַּ֤ח משֶׁה֙ אֶת־שֶׁ֣מֶן הַמִּשְׁחָ֔ה וַיִּמְשַׁ֥ח אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּ֖ן וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־בּ֑וֹ וַיְקַדֵּ֖שׁ אֹתָֽם:
11And he sprinkled from it upon the altar seven times, and he anointed the altar and all its vessels and the washstand and its base, to sanctify them.   יאוַיַּ֥ז מִמֶּ֛נּוּ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ שֶׁ֣בַע פְּעָמִ֑ים וַיִּמְשַׁ֨ח אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֜חַ וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָ֗יו וְאֶת־הַכִּיֹּ֛ר וְאֶת־כַּנּ֖וֹ לְקַדְּשָֽׁם:
And he sprinkled from it upon the altar: I do not know where [in Scripture] he was commanded to perform these sprinklings.   וַיַּז מִמֶּנּוּ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ: לֹא יָדַעְתִּי הֵיכָן נִצְטַוָּה בַּהַזָּאוֹת הַלָּלוּ:
12And he poured some of the anointing oil upon Aaron's head, and he anointed him to sanctify him.   יבוַיִּצֹק֙ מִשֶּׁ֣מֶן הַמִּשְׁחָ֔ה עַ֖ל רֹ֣אשׁ אַֽהֲרֹ֑ן וַיִּמְשַׁ֥ח אֹת֖וֹ לְקַדְּשֽׁוֹ:
And he poured…and anointed [him]: At first, he [Moses] poured [the oil] on his [Aaron’s] head, and afterwards, he placed it between his eyelids, and drew it with his finger, from one [eyelid] to the other. — [Ker. 5b]   וַיִּצֹק וַיִּמְשַׁח: בַּתְּחִלָּה יוֹצֵק עַל רֹאשׁוֹ וְאַחַר כָּךְ נוֹתֵן בֵּין רִיסֵי עֵינָיו וּמוֹשֵׁךְ בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ מִזֶּה לָזֶה (הוריות י"ב):
13And Moses brought Aaron's sons forward and clothed them with tunics, girded them with sashes, and bound them up with high hats, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   יגוַיַּקְרֵ֨ב משֶׁ֜ה אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י אַֽהֲרֹ֗ן וַיַּלְבִּשֵׁ֤ם כֻּתֳּנֹת֙ וַיַּחְגֹּ֤ר אֹתָם֙ אַבְנֵ֔ט וַיַּֽחֲב֥שׁ לָהֶ֖ם מִגְבָּע֑וֹת כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־משֶֽׁה:
and bound them up: Heb. וַיַּחִבשׁ, an expression denoting binding.   וַיַּֽחֲבשׁ: לְשׁוֹן קְשִׁירָה:

Fifth Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 8

14And he brought the sin offering bull close, and Aaron and his sons leaned their hands [forcefully] upon the head of the sin offering bull.   ידוַיַּגֵּ֕שׁ אֵ֖ת פַּ֣ר הַֽחַטָּ֑את וַיִּסְמֹ֨ךְ אַֽהֲרֹ֤ן וּבָנָיו֙ אֶת־יְדֵיהֶ֔ם עַל־רֹ֖אשׁ פַּ֥ר הַֽחַטָּֽאת:
15And he slaughtered [it], and Moses took the blood, and placed it on the horns of the altar, around, with his finger, and he purified the altar. And he poured the blood at the base of the altar, and sanctified it [the altar], to effect atonement upon it.   טווַיִּשְׁחָ֗ט וַיִּקַּ֨ח משֶׁ֤ה אֶת־הַדָּם֙ וַ֠יִּתֵּ֠ן עַל־קַרְנ֨וֹת הַמִּזְבֵּ֤חַ סָבִיב֙ בְּאֶצְבָּע֔וֹ וַיְחַטֵּ֖א אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ וְאֶת־הַדָּ֗ם יָצַק֙ אֶל־יְס֣וֹד הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ וַיְקַדְּשֵׁ֖הוּ לְכַפֵּ֥ר עָלָֽיו:
and he purified the altar: He cleansed and purified it [to convert it] from its alien state, into holiness.   וַיְחַטֵּא אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ: חִטְּאוֹ וְטִהֲרוֹ מִזָּרוּת לִכָּנֵס לִקְדֻשָּׁה:
and sanctified it: with this service.   וַיְקַדְּשֵׁהוּ: בַּעֲבוֹדָה זוֹ:
to effect atonement upon it: [i.e., to effect] all atonements from now on.   לְכַפֵּר עָלָֽיו: מֵעַתָּה כָּל הַכַּפָּרוֹת:
16And he took all the fat which was on the innards, and the diaphragm with the liver, and the two kidneys together with their fat. And Moses caused [them] to [go up in] smoke on the altar.   טזוַיִּקַּ֗ח אֶת־כָּל־הַחֵ֘לֶב֘ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־הַקֶּ֒רֶב֒ וְאֵת֙ יֹתֶ֣רֶת הַכָּבֵ֔ד וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּ֥י הַכְּלָיֹ֖ת וְאֶת־חֶלְבְּהֶ֑ן וַיַּקְטֵ֥ר משֶׁ֖ה הַמִּזְבֵּֽחָה:
and the diaphragm of the liver: Besides the liver, [meaning] that he took a little of the liver along with the diaphragm.   הַכָּבֵד: לְבַד הַכָּבֵד, שֶׁהָיָה נוֹטֵל מְעַט מִן הַכָּבֵד עִמָּהּ:
17And the bull, its hide, its flesh, and its waste, he burned with fire outside the camp, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   יזוְאֶת־הַפָּ֤ר וְאֶת־עֹרוֹ֙ וְאֶת־בְּשָׂר֣וֹ וְאֶת־פִּרְשׁ֔וֹ שָׂרַ֣ף בָּאֵ֔שׁ מִח֖וּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶ֑ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־משֶֽׁה:
18And he brought near the burnt offering ram, and Aaron and his sons leaned their hands [forcefully] upon the head of the ram.   יחוַיַּקְרֵ֕ב אֵ֖ת אֵ֣יל הָֽעֹלָ֑ה וַיִּסְמְכ֞וּ אַֽהֲרֹ֧ן וּבָנָ֛יו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־רֹ֥אשׁ הָאָֽיִל:
19And he slaughtered [it], and Moses dashed the blood on the altar, around.   יטוַיִּשְׁחָ֑ט וַיִּזְרֹ֨ק משֶׁ֧ה אֶת־הַדָּ֛ם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ סָבִֽיב:
20And he cut up the ram into its pieces, and Moses made the head, the pieces and the fat [go up in] smoke.   כוְאֶ֨ת־הָאַ֔יִל נִתַּ֖ח לִנְתָחָ֑יו וַיַּקְטֵ֤ר משֶׁה֙ אֶת־הָרֹ֔אשׁ וְאֶת־הַנְּתָחִ֖ים וְאֶת־הַפָּֽדֶר:
21But the innards and the legs, he washed in water, and Moses made the entire ram [go up in] smoke on the altar. It was a burnt offering [with] a pleasing fragrance, a fire offering to the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   כאוְאֶת־הַקֶּ֥רֶב וְאֶת־הַכְּרָעַ֖יִם רָחַ֣ץ בַּמָּ֑יִם וַיַּקְטֵר֩ משֶׁ֨ה אֶת־כָּל־הָאַ֜יִל הַמִּזְבֵּ֗חָה עֹלָ֨ה ה֤וּא לְרֵֽיחַ־נִיחֹ֨חַ֙ אִשֶּׁ֥ה הוּא֙ לַֽיהֹוָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־משֶֽׁה:

Sixth Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 8

22And he brought near the second ram, the ram of the investitures, and Aaron and his sons leaned their hands [forcefully] upon the ram's head.   כבוַיַּקְרֵב֙ אֶת־הָאַ֣יִל הַשֵּׁנִ֔י אֵ֖יל הַמִּלֻּאִ֑ים וַיִּסְמְכ֞וּ אַֽהֲרֹ֧ן וּבָנָ֛יו אֶת־יְדֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־רֹ֥אשׁ הָאָֽיִל:
the ram of the investitures: Heb. אֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים. [This expression is equivalent to] אֵיל הַשְּׁלָמִים, “the completion ram” [i.e., the word מִלֻּאִים does not mean “inauguration,” but rather,] it denotes שְׁלָמִים, for these rams filled (מְמַלְּאִים) and completed (מַשְׁלִימִים) the [status of the] kohanim in their kehunah. — [see Torat Kohanim 8:184]   אֵיל הַמִּלֻּאִים: אֵיל הַשְּׁלָמִים, שֶׁמִּלּוּאִים לְשׁוֹן שְׁלָמִים, שֶׁמְּמַלְּאִין וּמַשְׁלִימִין אֶת הַכֹּהֲנִים בִּכְהֻנָּתָם:
23And he slaughtered [it], and Moses took some of its blood, and placed it on the cartilage of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.   כגוַיִּשְׁחָ֓ט | וַיִּקַּ֤ח משֶׁה֙ מִדָּמ֔וֹ וַיִּתֵּ֛ן עַל־תְּנ֥וּךְ אֹֽזֶן־אַֽהֲרֹ֖ן הַיְמָנִ֑ית וְעַל־בֹּ֤הֶן יָדוֹ֙ הַיְמָנִ֔ית וְעַל־בֹּ֥הֶן רַגְל֖וֹ הַיְמָנִֽית:
24And he brought Aaron's sons forward, and Moses placed some of the blood on the cartilage of their right ears, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet, and Moses dashed the blood on the altar, around.   כדוַיַּקְרֵ֞ב אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י אַֽהֲרֹ֗ן וַיִּתֵּ֨ן משֶׁ֤ה מִן־הַדָּם֙ עַל־תְּנ֤וּךְ אָזְנָם֙ הַיְמָנִ֔ית וְעַל־בֹּ֤הֶן יָדָם֙ הַיְמָנִ֔ית וְעַל־בֹּ֥הֶן רַגְלָ֖ם הַיְמָנִ֑ית וַיִּזְרֹ֨ק משֶׁ֧ה אֶת־הַדָּ֛ם עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ סָבִֽיב:
25And he took the fat, the tail, all the fat which was on the innards, the diaphragm of the liver, the two kidneys together with their fat and the right thigh.   כהוַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת־הַחֵ֣לֶב וְאֶת־הָֽאַלְיָ֗ה וְאֶת־כָּל־הַחֵ֘לֶב֘ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־הַקֶּ֒רֶב֒ וְאֵת֙ יֹתֶ֣רֶת הַכָּבֵ֔ד וְאֶת־שְׁתֵּ֥י הַכְּלָיֹ֖ת וְאֶת־חֶלְבְּהֶ֑ן וְאֵ֖ת שׁ֥וֹק הַיָּמִֽין:
26And out of the basket of unleavened bread that was before the Lord, he took one loaf of unleavened bread, and one loaf of oily bread, and one wafer, and he placed them on top of the fats and the right thigh.   כווּמִסַּ֨ל הַמַּצּ֜וֹת אֲשֶׁ֣ר | לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֗ה לָ֠קַ֠ח חַלַּ֨ת מַצָּ֤ה אַחַת֙ וְחַלַּ֨ת לֶ֥חֶם שֶׁ֛מֶן אַחַ֖ת וְרָקִ֣יק אֶחָ֑ד וַיָּ֨שֶׂם֙ עַל־הַ֣חֲלָבִ֔ים וְעַ֖ל שׁ֥וֹק הַיָּמִֽין:
and one loaf of oily bread: This refers to the רְבוּכָה, the loaves made by scalding [the dough] with boiling water, [and are called “oily bread,”] because a large quantity of oil was used for it, equal to that used for the loaves and the wafers combined. Thus it is explained in [Tractate] Men. (78a; 89a).   וְחַלַּת לֶחֶם שֶׁמֶן: הִיא רְבוּכָה שֶׁהָיָה מַרְבֶּה בָּהּ שֶׁמֶן כְּנֶגֶד הַחַלּוֹת וְהָרְקִיקִין, כָּךְ מְפֹרָשׁ בִּמְנָחוֹת (דף פ"ט):
27And then he placed it all on Aaron's palms and on his sons' palms, and he waved them as a waving before the Lord.   כזוַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶת־הַכֹּ֔ל עַ֚ל כַּפֵּ֣י אַֽהֲרֹ֔ן וְעַ֖ל כַּפֵּ֣י בָנָ֑יו וַיָּ֧נֶף אֹתָ֛ם תְּנוּפָ֖ה לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה:
28And Moses took them from their hands and made them [go up in] smoke on the altar along with the burnt offering. They were investiture offerings, as a pleasing fragrance, a fire offering to the Lord.   כחוַיִּקַּ֨ח משֶׁ֤ה אֹתָם֙ מֵעַ֣ל כַּפֵּיהֶ֔ם וַיַּקְטֵ֥ר הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חָה עַל־הָֽעֹלָ֑ה מִלֻּאִ֥ים הֵם֙ לְרֵ֣יחַ נִיחֹ֔חַ אִשֶּׁ֥ה ה֖וּא לַֽיהֹוָֽה:
[And Moses…] caused them to [go up in] smoke on the altar: Moses performed the service throughout all the seven days of investitures, [dressed] in a white robe. — [A.Z. 34a]   וַיַּקְטֵר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה: מֹשֶׁה שִׁמֵּשׁ כָּל שִׁבְעַת יְמֵי הַמִּלּוּאִים בְּחָלוּק לָבָן (עבודה זרה ל"ד):
along with the burnt-offering: after [he had burnt] the burnt-offering. With the exception of this one, we do not find anywhere [in Scripture], [a case of] a thigh of a peace-offering being offered up [on the altar].   עַל־הָֽעֹלָה: אַחַר הָעוֹלָה, וְלֹא מָצִינוּ שׁוֹק שֶׁל שְׁלָמִים קָרֵב בְּכָל מָקוֹם חוּץ מִזֶּה:
29And Moses took the breast and waved it as a waving before the Lord. It belonged to Moses as a portion from the ram of the investitures, as the Lord had commanded Moses.   כטוַיִּקַּ֤ח משֶׁה֙ אֶת־הֶ֣חָזֶ֔ה וַיְנִיפֵ֥הוּ תְנוּפָ֖ה לִפְנֵ֣י יְהֹוָ֑ה מֵאֵ֣יל הַמִּלֻּאִ֗ים לְמשֶׁ֤ה הָיָה֙ לְמָנָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶת־משֶֽׁה:

Seventh Portion

Vayikra (Leviticus) Chapter 8

30And Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the altar, and he sprinkled it on Aaron and on his garments, and on his sons, and on his sons' garments, and he sanctified Aaron, his garments, his sons and his sons' garments with him.   לוַיִּקַּ֨ח משֶׁ֜ה מִשֶּׁ֣מֶן הַמִּשְׁחָ֗ה וּמִן־הַדָּם֘ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֒חַ֒ וַיַּ֤ז עַל־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ עַל־בְּגָדָ֔יו וְעַל־בָּנָ֛יו וְעַל־בִּגְדֵ֥י בָנָ֖יו אִתּ֑וֹ וַיְקַדֵּ֤שׁ אֶת־אַֽהֲרֹן֙ אֶת־בְּגָדָ֔יו וְאֶת־בָּנָ֛יו וְאֶת־בִּגְדֵ֥י בָנָ֖יו אִתּֽוֹ:
31And Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, "Cook the flesh at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and eat it there, and the bread that is in the basket of the investiture offerings, as I have commanded, saying, 'Aaron and his sons shall eat it.'   לאוַיֹּ֨אמֶר משֶׁ֜ה אֶל־אַֽהֲרֹ֣ן וְאֶל־בָּנָ֗יו בַּשְּׁל֣וּ אֶת־הַבָּשָׂר֘ פֶּ֣תַח אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵד֒ וְשָׁם֙ תֹּֽאכְל֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ וְאֶ֨ת־הַלֶּ֔חֶם אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּסַ֣ל הַמִּלֻּאִ֑ים כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֤ר צִוֵּ֨יתִי֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אַֽהֲרֹ֥ן וּבָנָ֖יו יֹֽאכְלֻֽהוּ:
32And whatever is left over from the flesh and the bread, you shall burn in fire.   לבוְהַנּוֹתָ֥ר בַּבָּשָׂ֖ר וּבַלָּ֑חֶם בָּאֵ֖שׁ תִּשְׂרֹֽפוּ:
33And you shall not leave the entrance of the Tent of Meeting for seven days, until the day of the completion of your investiture days, he will inaugurate you for seven days.   לגוּמִפֶּ֩תַח֩ אֹ֨הֶל מוֹעֵ֜ד לֹ֤א תֵֽצְאוּ֙ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֔ים עַ֚ד י֣וֹם מְלֹ֔את יְמֵ֖י מִלֻּֽאֵיכֶ֑ם כִּ֚י שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֔ים יְמַלֵּ֖א אֶת־יֶדְכֶֽם:
34As he did on this day, so the Lord has commanded to do, to effect atonement for you.   לדכַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה בַּיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה צִוָּ֧ה יְהֹוָ֛ה לַֽעֲשׂ֖ת לְכַפֵּ֥ר עֲלֵיכֶֽם:
so the Lord has commanded to do: on all the seven days [of investitures]. And our Rabbis expounded on the verse as follows: [The word] לַעִשׂת alludes to the procedure involving the “red cow”; (see Num. Chapter 19) [the word] לְכַפֵּר alludes to the service of Yom Kippur. And this comes to teach us that [just as there were seven days of the investitures, so too,] the Kohen Gadol [who performed the service on Yom Kippur,] was required to separate [from his home] seven days before Yom Kippur, and so was the kohen who performed the burning of the “red cow.”   צִוָּה ה' לַֽעֲשׂת: כָּל שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים; וְרַבּוֹתֵינוּ דָרְשׁוּ, לעשת — זֶה מַעֲשֵׂה פָרָה, לכפר — זֶה מַעֲשֵׂה יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, וּלְלַמֵּד שֶׁכֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל טָעוּן פְּרִישָׁה קֹדֶם יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים שִׁבְעַת יָמִים, וְכֵן הַכֹּהֵן הַשּׂוֹרֵף אֶת הַפָּרָה (ספרא):
35And you shall stay day and night for seven days at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. You shall observe the Lord's command, so that you will not die, for thus I was commanded.   להוּפֶ֩תַח֩ אֹ֨הֶל מוֹעֵ֜ד תֵּֽשְׁב֨וּ יוֹמָ֤ם וָלַ֨יְלָה֙ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֔ים וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֛ם אֶת־מִשְׁמֶ֥רֶת יְהֹוָ֖ה וְלֹ֣א תָמ֑וּתוּ כִּי־כֵ֖ן צֻוֵּֽיתִי:
So that you will not die: But if you do not do so, you incur the death penalty.   וְלֹא תָמוּתוּ: הָא אִם לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ כֵן הֲרֵי אַתֶּם חַיָּבִים מִיתָה:
36And Aaron and his sons did all the things that the Lord commanded through Moses.   לווַיַּ֥עַשׂ אַֽהֲרֹ֖ן וּבָנָ֑יו אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה בְּיַד־משֶֽׁה:
And Aaron and his sons did [all the things]: To tell their praise, namely, that they did not deviate to the right or to the left.   וַיַּעַשׂ אַֽהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו: לְהַגִּיד שִׁבְחָן, שֶׁלֹא הִטּוּ יָמִין וּשְֹמֹאל:

Maftir Portion

Bamidbar (Numbers) Chapter 19

1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:   אוַיְדַבֵּ֣ר יְהֹוָ֔ה אֶל־משֶׁ֥ה וְאֶל־אַֽהֲרֹ֖ן לֵאמֹֽר:
2This is the statute of the Torah which the Lord commanded, saying, Speak to the children of Israel and have them take for you a perfectly red unblemished cow, upon which no yoke was laid.   בזֹ֚את חֻקַּ֣ת הַתּוֹרָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר דַּבֵּ֣ר | אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְיִקְח֣וּ אֵלֶ֩יךָ֩ פָרָ֨ה אֲדֻמָּ֜ה תְּמִימָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר אֵֽין־בָּהּ֙ מ֔וּם אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹֽא־עָלָ֥ה עָלֶ֖יהָ עֹֽל:
This is the statute of the Torah: Because Satan and the nations of the world taunt Israel, saying, “What is this commandment, and what purpose does it have?” Therefore, the Torah uses the term “statute.” I have decreed it; You have no right to challenge it. — [Yoma 67b]   זֹאת חֻקַּת הַתּוֹרָה: לְפִי שֶׁהַשָּׂטָן וְאֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם מוֹנִין אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, לוֹמַר מַה הַמִּצְוָה הַזֹּאת וּמַה טַּעַם יֵשׁ בָּהּ? לְפִיכָךְ כָּתַב בָּהּ חֻקָּה — גְּזֵרָה הִיא מִלְּפָנַי, אֵין לְךָ רְשׁוּת לְהַרְהֵר אַחֲרֶיהָ (יומא ס"ז):
and have them take for you: It will always be called on your name; 'the cow which Moses prepared in the desert.’- [Mid. Tanchuma Chukath 8, see Etz Yosef]   וְיִקְחוּ אֵלֶיךָ: לְעוֹלָם הִיא נִקְרֵאת עַל שִׁמְךָ — פָּרָה שֶׁעָשָׂה מֹשֶׁה בַּמִּדְבָּר:
perfectly red: Heb. אֲדֻמָּה תְּמִימָה, lit., red, perfect. It shall be perfect in redness, so that two black hairs disqualify it. — [Sifrei Chukath 5]   אֲדֻמָּה תְּמִימָה: שֶׁתְּהֵא תְמִימָה בְּאַדְמִימוּת, שֶׁאִם הָיוּ בָהּ שְׁתֵּי שְׂעָרוֹת שְׁחֹרוֹת פְּסוּלָה (פרה פ"ב):
3And you shall give it to Eleazar the kohen, and he shall take it outside the camp and slaughter it in his presence.   גוּנְתַתֶּ֣ם אֹתָ֔הּ אֶל־אֶלְעָזָ֖ר הַכֹּהֵ֑ן וְהוֹצִ֤יא אֹתָהּ֙ אֶל־מִח֣וּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶ֔ה וְשָׁחַ֥ט אֹתָ֖הּ לְפָנָֽיו:
Eleazar: The mitzvah was performed by the deputy [to the kohen gadol]. — [Sifrei Chukath 8]   אֶלְעָזָר: מִצְוָתָהּ בַּסְּגָן (ספרי):
outside the camp: Outside all three camps. — [Yoma 68a]   אֶל־מִחוּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶה: חוּץ לְשָׁלוֹשׁ מַחֲנוֹת:
and slaughter it in his presence: A non- kohen slaughters it while Eleazar watches. — [Yoma 42a]   וְשָׁחַט אֹתָהּ לְפָנָֽיו: זָר שׁוֹחֵט וְאֶלְעָזָר רוֹאֶה (שם; יומא מ"ב):
4Eleazar the kohen shall take from its blood with his finger and sprinkle it toward the front of the Tent of Meeting seven times.   דוְלָקַ֞ח אֶלְעָזָ֧ר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן מִדָּמָ֖הּ בְּאֶצְבָּע֑וֹ וְהִזָּ֞ה אֶל־נֹ֨כַח פְּנֵ֧י אֹֽהֶל־מוֹעֵ֛ד מִדָּמָ֖הּ שֶׁ֥בַע פְּעָמִֽים:
toward the front of the Tent of Meeting: [In later generations, when this rite will be performed outside the Temple in Jerusalem,] he is to stand to the east of Jerusalem and to direct his gaze toward the entrance to the Temple while sprinkling the blood. — [Sifrei Chukath 14]   אֶל־נֹכַח פְּנֵי אֹֽהֶל־מוֹעֵד: עוֹמֵד בְּמִזְרָחוֹ שֶׁל יְרוּשָׁלַיִם וּמִתְכַּוֵּן וְרוֹאֶה פִתְחוֹ שֶׁל הֵיכָל בִּשְׁעַת הַזָּאַת הַדָּם (ספרי; זבחים ק"ה):
5The cow shall then be burned in his presence; its hide, its flesh, its blood, with its dung he shall burn it.   הוְשָׂרַ֥ף אֶת־הַפָּרָ֖ה לְעֵינָ֑יו אֶת־עֹרָ֤הּ וְאֶת־בְּשָׂרָהּ֙ וְאֶת־דָּמָ֔הּ עַל־פִּרְשָׁ֖הּ יִשְׂרֹֽף:
6The kohen shall take a piece of cedar wood, hyssop, and crimson wool, and cast them into the burning of the cow.   ווְלָקַ֣ח הַכֹּהֵ֗ן עֵ֥ץ אֶ֛רֶז וְאֵז֖וֹב וּשְׁנִ֣י תוֹלָ֑עַת וְהִשְׁלִ֕יךְ אֶל־תּ֖וֹךְ שְׂרֵפַ֥ת הַפָּרָֽה:
7The kohen shall wash his garments and bathe his flesh in water, and then he may enter the camp, and the kohen shall be unclean until evening.   זוְכִבֶּ֨ס בְּגָדָ֜יו הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְרָחַ֤ץ בְּשָׂרוֹ֙ בַּמַּ֔יִם וְאַחַ֖ר יָבֹ֣א אֶל־הַמַּֽחֲנֶ֑ה וְטָמֵ֥א הַכֹּהֵ֖ן עַד־הָעָֽרֶב:
enter the camp: The camp of the Divine Presence, because no ritually unclean person is banished from two camps, except one who experienced a flow, one who experienced a seminal emission, or one afflicted with tzara’ath. [Hence, he is admitted to the one camp from which he was banished.] - [Pes. 67a]   אֶל־הַמַּֽחֲנֶה: לְמַחֲנֵה שְׁכִינָה, שֶׁאֵין טָמֵא מְשֻׁלָּח חוּץ לִשְׁתֵּי מַחֲנוֹת אֶלָּא זָב וּבַעַל קֶרִי וּמְצֹרָע (עי' פסחים ס"ז):
and the kohen shall be unclean until evening: Transpose it [the verse] and explain it [thus]: He shall be unclean until evening, and then he may enter the camp.   וְטָמֵא הַכֹּהֵן עַד־הָעָֽרֶב: סָרְסֵהוּ וְדָרְשֵׁהוּ — וְטָמֵא עַד הָעֶרֶב וְאַחַר יָבֹא אֶל הַמַּחֲנֶה:
8The one who burns it shall wash his clothes in water and cleanse his body in water, and he shall be unclean until evening.   חוְהַשֹּׂרֵ֣ף אֹתָ֔הּ יְכַבֵּ֤ס בְּגָדָיו֙ בַּמַּ֔יִם וְרָחַ֥ץ בְּשָׂר֖וֹ בַּמָּ֑יִם וְטָמֵ֖א עַד־הָעָֽרֶב:
9A ritually clean person shall gather the cow's ashes and place them outside the camp in a clean place, and It shall be as a keepsake for the congregation of the children of Israel for sprinkling water, [used] for cleansing.   טוְאָסַ֣ף | אִ֣ישׁ טָה֗וֹר אֵ֚ת אֵ֣פֶר הַפָּרָ֔ה וְהִנִּ֛יחַ מִח֥וּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶ֖ה בְּמָק֣וֹם טָה֑וֹר וְ֠הָֽיְתָ֠ה לַֽעֲדַ֨ת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל לְמִשְׁמֶ֛רֶת לְמֵ֥י נִדָּ֖ה חַטָּ֥את הִֽוא:
and place them outside the camp: He divided it into three parts; one was put on the Mount of Olives, one was divided among all the watches, and one who put on the rampart surrounding the Temple area. The one given to the watches was outside the courtyard, allowing access to it for the inhabitants of outlying cities, whoever needed to purify himself. The one on the Mount of Olives was for the kohanim gedolim to sanctify themselves from it for use with other [red] cows. The one put on the rampart was kept as a keepsake by Scriptural ruling, as it says, "It shall be as a keepsake for the congregation of Israel." — [Sifrei Chukath 30, Parah 3:11 Tosefta Parah 3:8]   וְהִנִּיחַ מִחוּץ לַמַּֽחֲנֶה: לִשְׁלֹשָׁה חֲלָקִים מְחַלְּקָהּ, אֶחָד נָתַן בְּהַר הַמִּשְׁחָה, וְאֶחָד מִתְחַלֵּק לְכָל הַמִּשְׁמָרוֹת, וְאֶחָד נָתַן בַּחֵיל (ספרי; פרה פ"ג), זֶה שֶׁל מִשְׁמָרוֹת הָיָה חוּץ לָעֲזָרָה, לִטֹּל מִמֶּנּוּ בְּנֵי הָעֲיָרוֹת וְכָל הַצְּרִיכִין לִטָּהֵר, וְזֶה שֶׁבְּהַר הַמִּשְׁחָה כֹּהֲנִים גְּדוֹלִים לְפָרוֹת אֲחֵרוֹת מְקַדְּשִׁין הֵימֶנָּה, וְזֶה שֶׁבַּחֵיל נָתוּן לְמִשְׁמֶרֶת מִגְּזֵרַת הַכָּתוּב, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר והיתה לעדת בני ישראל למשמרת:
for sprinkling water: Heb. לְמֵי נִדָּה, water used for sprinkling, as in, “they cast (וַיַּדּוּ) a stone at me” (Lam. 3: 53); “to cast down (לְיַדּוֹת) the horns of the nations” (Zech. 2:4); an expression denoting throwing.   לְמֵי נִדָּה: לְמֵי הַזָּיָה, כְּמוֹ "וַיַּדּוּ אֶבֶן בִּי" (איכה ג'), "לְיַדּוֹת אֶת קַרְנוֹת הַגּוֹיִם" (זכריה ב'), לְשׁוֹן זְרִיקָה:
for purification: חַטָּאת, an expression of cleansing (חִטּוּי), according to its simple meaning, but according to its halachoth, Scripture calls it חַטָּאת, “sin-offering,” to tell us that it is like holy objects, and using it for personal benefit is forbidden. — [Sifrei Chukath 34]   חַטָּאת הִֽוא: לְשׁוֹן חִטּוּי, כִּפְשׁוּטוֹ, וּלְפִי הִלְכוֹתָיו קְרָאָהּ הַכָּתוּב חַטָּאת, לוֹמַר שֶׁהִיא כְּקָדָשִׁים לֵאָסֵר בַּהֲנָאָה (עי' ספרי; מנחות נ"א):
10The one who gathers the cow's ashes shall wash his clothes, and he shall be unclean until evening. It shall be an everlasting statute for the children of Israel and for the proselyte who resides in their midst.   יוְכִבֶּ֠ס הָֽאֹסֵ֨ף אֶת־אֵ֤פֶר הַפָּרָה֙ אֶת־בְּגָדָ֔יו וְטָמֵ֖א עַד־הָעָ֑רֶב וְהָֽיְתָ֞ה לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְלַגֵּ֛ר הַגָּ֥ר בְּתוֹכָ֖ם לְחֻקַּ֥ת עוֹלָֽם:
11Anyone touching the corpse of a human soul shall become unclean for seven days.   יאהַנֹּגֵ֥עַ בְּמֵ֖ת לְכָל־נֶ֣פֶשׁ אָדָ֑ם וְטָמֵ֖א שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים:
12On the third and seventh days, he shall cleanse himself with it, so that he can become clean. But if he does not sprinkle himself with it on the third and seventh days, he shall not become clean.   יבה֣וּא יִתְחַטָּא־ב֞וֹ בַּיּ֧וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֛י וּבַיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖י יִטְהָ֑ר וְאִם־לֹ֨א יִתְחַטָּ֜א בַּיּ֧וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֛י וּבַיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖י לֹ֥א יִטְהָֽר:
He shall cleanse himself with it: With these ashes. - [Sifrei Chukath 39]   הוּא יִתְחַטָּא־בוֹ: בָּאֵפֶר הַזֶּה:
13Whoever touches the corpse of a human soul which dies, and he does not cleanse himself, he has defiled the Mishkan of the Lord, and that soul shall be cut off from Israel. For the sprinkling water was not sprinkled on him, so he remains unclean, and his uncleanness remains upon him.   יגכָּל־הַנֹּגֵ֡עַ בְּמֵ֣ת בְּנֶ֩פֶשׁ֩ הָֽאָדָ֨ם אֲשֶׁר־יָמ֜וּת וְלֹ֣א יִתְחַטָּ֗א אֶת־מִשְׁכַּ֤ן יְהֹוָה֙ טִמֵּ֔א וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כִּי֩ מֵ֨י נִדָּ֜ה לֹֽא־זֹרַ֤ק עָלָיו֙ טָמֵ֣א יִֽהְיֶ֔ה ע֖וֹד טֻמְאָת֥וֹ בֽוֹ:
corpse of a human soul: Which type of corpse? That of a human soul, to exclude an animal, that its uncleanness does not require sprinkling. Another explanation: “Of a human soul” refers to a quarter [of a log] of blood [necessary for maintaining life] - [Chul. 72a]   בְּמֵת בְּנֶפֶשׁ: וְאֵי זֶה מֵת? שֶׁל נֶפֶשׁ הָאָדָם, לְהוֹצִיא נֶפֶשׁ בְּהֵמָה שֶׁאֵין טֻמְאָתָהּ צְרִיכָה הַזָּאָה; דָּבָר אַחֵר, בנפש זוֹ רְבִיעִית דָּם (חולין ע"ב):
he has defiled the Mishkan of the Lord: If he enters the courtyard even after [ritual] immersion, without having been sprinkled on both the third and seventh days. — [Sifrei Chukath 45]   אֶת־מִשְׁכַּן ה' טִמֵּא: אִם נִכְנַס לָעֲזָרָה אֲפִלּוּ בִטְבִילָה בְּלֹא הַזָּאַת שְׁלִישִׁי וּשְׁבִיעִי:
his uncleanness remains: Although he [ritually] immersed himself. - [Sifrei Chukath 45]   עוֹד טֻמְאָתוֹ בֽוֹ: , אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁטָּבַל:
14This is the law: if a man dies in a tent, anyone entering the tent and anything in the tent shall be unclean for seven days.   ידזֹ֚את הַתּוֹרָ֔ה אָדָ֖ם כִּֽי־יָמ֣וּת בְּאֹ֑הֶל כָּל־הַבָּ֤א אֶל־הָאֹ֨הֶל֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר בָּאֹ֔הֶל יִטְמָ֖א שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים:
anyone entering the tent: while the corpse is inside.   כָּל־הַבָּא אֶל־הָאֹהֶל: בְּעוֹד שֶׁהַמֵּת בְּתוֹכוֹ:
15Any open vessel which has no seal fastened around it becomes unclean.   טווְכֹל֙ כְּלִ֣י פָת֔וּחַ אֲשֶׁ֛ר אֵֽין־צָמִ֥יד פָּתִ֖יל עָלָ֑יו טָמֵ֖א הֽוּא:
any open vessel: Scripture refers to an earthenware vessel, whose exterior does not accept contamination, only its interior. Thus, if the seal around its top is not securely fastened, it becomes contaminated. But if there is a securely fastened seal, it remains clean. - [Sifrei Chukath 50, Chul. 25a]   וְכֹל כְּלִי פָתוּחַ: בִּכְלִי חֶרֶס הַכָּתוּב מְדַבֵּר, שֶׁאֵין מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה מִגַּבּוֹ אֶלָּא מִתּוֹכוֹ, לְפִיכָךְ אִם אֵין מְגוּפַת צְמִידָתוֹ פְּתוּלָה עָלָיו יָפֶה בְּחִבּוּר, טָמֵא הוּא, הָא אִם יֵשׁ צָמִיד פָּתִיל עָלָיו טָהוֹר (שם כ"ה):
fastened: Heb. פָּתִיל, an expression meaning “fastened” in Hebrew. Similarly, “[With] divine bonds נִפְתַּלְתּי, I have been joined, with my sister” (Gen. 30:8).   פָּתִיל: לְשׁוֹן מְחֻבָּר בִּלְשׁוֹן עִבְרִי, וְכֵן (בראשית ל') "נַפְתּוּלֵי אֱלֹהִים נִפְתַּלְתִּי" — נִתְחַבַּרְתִּי עִם אֲחוֹתִי:
16Anyone who touches one slain by the sword, or a corpse, or a human bone or a grave, in an open field, he shall be unclean for seven days.   טזוְכֹ֨ל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּ֜ע עַל־פְּנֵ֣י הַשָּׂדֶ֗ה בַּֽחֲלַל־חֶ֨רֶב֙ א֣וֹ בְמֵ֔ת אֽוֹ־בְעֶ֥צֶם אָדָ֖ם א֣וֹ בְקָ֑בֶר יִטְמָ֖א שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים:
in an open field: The Sages expounded [on this phrase] to include the top and side of a coffin (Sifrei Chukath 56, Chul. 72a). But the simple meaning is that in an open field, where there is no tent, a corpse contaminates through contact.   עַל־פְּנֵי הַשָּׂדֶה: רַבּוֹתֵינוּ דָרְשׁוּ לְרַבּוֹת גּוֹלֵל וְדוֹפֵק (ספרי; חולין ע"ב). וּפְשׁוּטוֹ — עַל פְּנֵי הַשָּׂדֶה, שֶׁאֵין שָׁם אֹהֶל, מְטַמֵּא הַמֵּת שָׁם בִּנְגִיעָה:
17They shall take for that unclean person from the ashes of the burnt purification offering, and it shall be placed in a vessel [filled] with spring water.   יזוְלָֽקְחוּ֙ לַטָּמֵ֔א מֵֽעֲפַ֖ר שְׂרֵפַ֣ת הַֽחַטָּ֑את וְנָתַ֥ן עָלָ֛יו מַ֥יִם חַיִּ֖ים אֶל־כֶּֽלִי:
18A ritually clean person shall take the hyssop and dip it into the water and sprinkle it on the tent, on all the vessels, and on the people who were in it, and on anyone who touched the bone, the slain person, the corpse, or the grave.   יחוְלָקַ֨ח אֵז֜וֹב וְטָבַ֣ל בַּמַּ֘יִם֘ אִ֣ישׁ טָהוֹר֒ וְהִזָּ֤ה עַל־הָאֹ֨הֶל֙ וְעַל־כָּל־הַכֵּלִ֔ים וְעַל־הַנְּפָשׁ֖וֹת אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָֽיוּ־שָׁ֑ם וְעַל־הַנֹּגֵ֗עַ בַּעֶ֨צֶם֙ א֣וֹ בֶֽחָלָ֔ל א֥וֹ בַמֵּ֖ת א֥וֹ בַקָּֽבֶר:
19The ritually clean person shall sprinkle on the unclean person on the third day and on the seventh day, and he shall cleanse him on the seventh day, and he shall wash his clothes and bathe in water, and he shall become ritually clean in the evening.   יטוְהִזָּ֤ה הַטָּהֹר֙ עַל־הַטָּמֵ֔א בַּיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֖י וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֑י וְחִטְּאוֹ֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י וְכִבֶּ֧ס בְּגָדָ֛יו וְרָחַ֥ץ בַּמַּ֖יִם וְטָהֵ֥ר בָּעָֽרֶב:
and he shall cleanse him: This consummates his cleansing.   וְחִטְּאוֹ בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי: הוּא גְמַר טָהֳרָתוֹ (עי' ספרי):
20If a person becomes unclean and does not cleanse himself, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation, for he has defiled the Sanctuary of the Lord; the sprinkling waters were not sprinkled upon him. He is unclean.   כוְאִ֤ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִטְמָא֙ וְלֹ֣א יִתְחַטָּ֔א וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִ֖וא מִתּ֣וֹךְ הַקָּהָ֑ל כִּי֩ אֶת־מִקְדַּ֨שׁ יְהֹוָ֜ה טִמֵּ֗א מֵ֥י נִדָּ֛ה לֹֽא־זֹרַ֥ק עָלָ֖יו טָמֵ֥א הֽוּא:
If a person becomes unclean…: If “Sanctuary” is stated [here], why need it say “ Mishkan …” [in verse 13]? The answer is that if it would say “ Mishkan,” I would say that the person is punished with excision only if he enters the Mishkan in a state of uncleanness because the Mishkan was anointed with the anointing oil, but if he enters the Temple in a state of uncleanness, he would not be punished since the Temple was not anointed with the anointing oil. If it would say, “Sanctuary,” denoting the Temple, I would say that only for entering the Temple in a state of uncleanness, would he be punished by excision because its sanctity is permanent, but for entering the Mishkan in a state of uncleanness, he would not be punished because its sanctity was temporary. Therefore, it was necessary to mention both,]… as it is stated in [Tractate] Shevuoth [16b].   וְאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִטְמָא וגו': אִם נֶאֱמַר מִקְדָּשׁ לָמָּה נֶאֱמַר מִשְׁכָּן? כו' כִּדְאִיתָא בִשְׁבוּעוֹת (דף ט"ז):
21This shall be for them as a perpetual statute, and the one who sprinkles the sprinkling waters shall wash his clothes, and one who touches the sprinkling waters shall be unclean until evening.   כאוְהָֽיְתָ֥ה לָהֶ֖ם לְחֻקַּ֣ת עוֹלָ֑ם וּמַזֵּ֤ה מֵֽי־הַנִּדָּה֙ יְכַבֵּ֣ס בְּגָדָ֔יו וְהַנֹּגֵ֨עַ֙ בְּמֵ֣י הַנִּדָּ֔ה יִטְמָ֖א עַד־הָעָֽרֶב:
and the one who sprinkles the sprinkling waters: Our Rabbis said that the one who sprinkles is actually ritually clean, but this teaches us that the one who carries the purifying waters becomes defiled with a stringent uncleanness, for even the clothes he is wearing are contaminated, unlike the one who merely touches [the sprinkling waters]. Scripture uses the expression מַזֵּה, “the one who sprinkles” to teach that the waters do not contaminate until there is an amount of water adequate for sprinkling. — [Yoma 14a]   וּמַזֵּה מֵֽי־הַנִּדָּה: רַבּוֹתֵינוּ אָמְרוּ שֶׁהַמַּזֶּה טָהוֹר, וְזֶה בָא לְלַמֵּד שֶׁהַנּוֹשֵׂא מֵי חַטָּאת טָמֵא טֻמְאָה חֲמוּרָה לְטַמֵּא בְגָדִים שֶׁעָלָיו, מַה שֶּׁאֵין כֵּן בַּנּוֹגֵעַ, וְזֶה שֶׁהוֹצִיא בִּלְשׁוֹן "מַזֶּה", לוֹמַר לְךָ שֶׁאֵינָן מְטַמְּאִין עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא בָהֶן שִׁעוּר הַזָּאָה (נדה ט'):
and the one who touches… shall be unclean: but he is not required to wash his clothes.   וְהַנֹּגֵעַ יִטְמָא: וְאֵין טָעוּן כִּבּוּס בְּגָדִים:
22Whatever the unclean one touches shall become unclean, and anyone touching him shall be unclean until evening.   כבוְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּע־בּ֥וֹ הַטָּמֵ֖א יִטְמָ֑א וְהַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַנֹּגַ֖עַת תִּטְמָ֥א עַד־הָעָֽרֶב:
Whatever the unclean one touches: I.e., this unclean one who was defiled by a corpse [touches], “becomes unclean.”   וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר־יִגַּע־בּוֹ הַטָּמֵא: הַזֶּה שֶׁנִּטְמָא בְּמֵת, יטמא:
and anyone touching: him, that is, the one defiled by a corpse-   וְהַנֶּפֶשׁ הַנֹּגַעַת: בּוֹ: בִּטְמֵא מֵת:
shall be unclean until evening: From here we derive that a corpse is the supreme source of contamination, whereas one touching it is a primary source of contamination, who can in turn defile another person [through contact]. This is the explanation [of this passage] according to its literal meaning and the laws associated with it. I have transcribed a homiletic interpretation from the commentary of R. Moshe Hadarshan [the preacher], which is as follows: [2]   תִּטְמָא עַד־הָעָֽרֶב: כָּאן לָמַדְנוּ שֶׁהַמֵּת אֲבִי אֲבוֹת הַטֻּמְאָה, וְנוֹגֵעַ בּוֹ אַב הַטֻּמְאָה וּמְטַמֵּא אָדָם; זֶה פֵרוּשָׁהּ לְפִי מַשְׁמָעָהּ וְהִלְכוֹתֶיהָ. וּמִדְרַשׁ אַגָּדָה הֶעְתַּקְתִּי מִיסוֹדוֹ שֶׁל רַבִּי מֹשֶׁה הַדַּרְשָׁן וְזֶהוּ:
and have them take for you: From their own [possessions]; just as they removed their own golden earrings for the [golden] calf, so shall they bring this [cow] from their own [possessions] in atonement. — [Midrash Aggadah]   ויקחו אליך: מִשֶּׁלָּהֶם, כְּשֵׁם שֶׁהֵם פֵּרְקוּ נִזְמֵי הַזָּהָב לָעֵגֶל מִשֶּׁלָּהֶם, כָּךְ יָבִיאוּ זוֹ לְכַפָּרָה מִשֶּׁלָּהֶם: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
a red cow: This can be compared to the son of a maidservant who soiled the king’s palace. They said, “Let his mother come and clean up the mess.” Similarly, let the cow come and atone for the calf. — [Midrash Aggadah and Tanchuma Chukath 8]   פרה אדמה: מָשָׁל לְבֶן שִׁפְחָה שֶׁטִּנֵּף פָּלָטִין שֶׁל מֶלֶךְ, אָמְרוּ תָּבֹא אִמּוֹ וּתְקַנֵּחַ הַצּוֹאָה, כָּךְ תָּבֹא פָרָה וּתְכַפֵּר עַל הָעֵגֶל (תנחומא): [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
red: Alluding to [the verse], “if they [your sins] prove to be as red as crimson dye” (Isa. 1:18), for sin is described as [being] ‘red.’ - [Midrash Aggadah]   אדמה: עַל שֵׁם "אִם יַאְדִּימוּ כַתּוֹלָע" (ישעיהו א'), שֶׁהַחֵטְא קָרוּי אָדֹם: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
perfectly: An allusion to the Israelites, who were perfect, but became blemished. Let this come and atone for them so that they regain their perfection. — [See Midrash Aggadah.]   תמימה: עַל שֵׁם יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁהָיוּ תְמִימִים, וְנַעֲשׂוּ בוֹ בַּעֲלֵי מוּמִין, תָּבֹא זוֹ וּתְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיהֶם וְיַחְזְרוּ לְתַמּוּתָם: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
and upon which no yoke was laid: Just as they cast off from themselves the yoke of Heaven. — [Midrash Aggadah] [3]   לא עלה עליה על: כְּשֵׁם שֶׁפָּרְקוּ מֵעֲלֵיהֶם עֹל שָׁמַיִם: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
to Eleazar the kohen: just as they assembled against Aaron, who was a kohen, to make the calf, but because Aaron made the calf, this service was not performed through him, for the prosecution cannot serve as the defense. — [Midrash Aggadah] [5]   אל אלעזר הכהן: כְּשֵׁם שֶׁנִּקְהֲלוּ עַל אַהֲרֹן, שֶׁהוּא כֹּהֵן, לַעֲשׂוֹת הָעֵגֶל; וּלְפִי שֶׁאַהֲרֹן עָשָׂה אֶת הָעֵגֶל לֹא נִתְּנָה לוֹ עֲבוֹדָה זוֹ עַל יָדוֹ, שֶׁאֵין קַטֵּיגוֹר נַעֲשֶׂה סַנֵּיגוֹר: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
The cow shall then be burned: just as the calf was burned. - [Midrash Aggadah]   ושרף את הפרה: כְּשֵׁם שֶׁנִּשְׂרַף הָעֵגֶל: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
a piece of cedar wood, hyssop, and of crimson wool: These three types [of objects] correspond to the three thousand men who fell because of the [sin of the golden] calf. The cedar is the highest of all trees, and the hyssop is the lowest of them all. This symbolizes that the one of high standing who acts haughtily and sins should lower himself like a hyssop and a worm [for the תּוֹלַעַת means ‘worm’ as well as ‘crimson.’ See Rashi on Isa. 1:18], and he will then gain atonement. - [Midrash Aggadah] [9]   עץ ארז ואזוב ושני תולעת: שְׁלֹשָׁה מִינִין הַלָּלוּ כְּנֶגֶד שְׁלֹשֶׁת אַלְפֵי אִישׁ שֶׁנָּפְלוּ בָעֵגֶל, וְאֶרֶז הוּא הַגָּבוֹהַּ מִכָּל הָאִילָנוֹת וְאֵזוֹב נָמוּךְ מִכֻּלָּם, סִימָן שֶׁהַגָּבוֹהַּ שֶׁנִּתְגָּאָה וְחָטָא יַשְׁפִּיל אֶת עַצְמוֹ כְּאֵזוֹב וְתוֹלַעַת וְיִתְכַּפֵּר לוֹ: [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]
a keepsake: Just as the transgression of the calf is preserved throughout the generations for retribution, for there is no reckoning [punishment] which does not include a reckoning for the calf, as it says, “But on the day I make an accounting [of sins upon them], I will bring their sin to account…” (Exod. 32:34). Just as the calf defiled all those who were involved in it, so does the cow render unclean all those involved with it. And just as they were cleansed through its ashes, as it says, “[he] scattered [the ashes of the burned calf] upon the surface of the water” (ibid. 20), so [with the cow], “They shall take for that unclean person from the ashes of the burnt purification offering…” (verse 17). - [Midrash Aggadah]   למשמרת: כְּמוֹ שֶׁפֶּשַׁע הָעֵגֶל שָׁמוּר לְדוֹרוֹת לְפֻרְעָנוּת, וְאֵין לְךָ פְּקֻדָּה שֶׁאֵין בָּהּ מִפְּקֻדַּת הָעֵגֶל, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר "וּבְיוֹם פָּקְדִי וּפָקַדְתִּי" וְגוֹ' (שמות ל"ב), וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁהָעֵגֶל מְטַמֵּא כָּל הָעוֹסְקִים בּוֹ, כָּךְ פָּרָה תְטַמֵּא כָּל הָעוֹסְקִין בּוֹ, וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁנִּטְהֲרוּ בְּאֶפְרוֹ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר "וַיִּזֶר עַל פְּנֵי הַמַּיִם" וְגוֹ' (שם), כָּךְ "וְלָקְחוּ לַטָּמֵא מֵעֲפַר שְׂרֵפַת הַחַטָּאת" וְגוֹ": [רש"י בשם ר' משה הדרשן]


Yechezkel (Ezekiel) Chapter 36

16And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:   טזוַיְהִ֥י דְבַר־יְהֹוָ֖ה אֵלַ֥י לֵאמֹֽר:
17"Son of man! The house of Israel, as long as they lived on their own land, they defiled it by their way and by their misdeeds, like the uncleanness of a woman in the period of her separation was their way before Me.   יזבֶּן־אָדָ֗ם בֵּ֚ית יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יֹֽשְׁבִ֣ים עַל־אַדְמָתָ֔ם וַיְטַמְּא֣וּ אוֹתָ֔הּ בְּדַרְכָּ֖ם וּבַֽעֲלִֽילוֹתָ֑ם כְּטֻמְאַת֙ הַנִּדָּ֔ה הָֽיְתָ֥ה דַרְכָּ֖ם לְפָנָֽי:
Son of man! The house of Israel, as long as they lived, etc., like the uncleanness of a woman in the period of her separation: Scripture likened them to a woman in the period of her separation, whose husband looks forward to when she will become clean, and longs to return to her.   בן אדם בית ישראל יושבים על אדמתם וגו': כטומאת הנדה המשילה הכתוב לנדה שבעלה מצפה מתי תטהר ותאב לשוב אליה:
18Wherefore I poured My wrath upon them for the blood that they had shed in the land, because they had defiled it with their idols.   יחוָֽאֶשְׁפֹּ֚ךְ חֲמָתִי֙ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם עַל־הַדָּ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־שָֽׁפְכ֣וּ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וּבְגִלּֽוּלֵיהֶ֖ם טִמְּאֽוּהָ:
19And I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed through the countries. According to their way and their misdeeds did I judge them.   יטוָֽאָפִ֚יץ אֹתָם֙ בַּגּוֹיִ֔ם וַיִּזָּר֖וּ בָּֽאֲרָצ֑וֹת כְּדַרְכָּ֥ם וְכַֽעֲלִילוֹתָ֖ם שְׁפַטְתִּֽים:
20And they entered the nations where they came, and they profaned My Holy Name, inasmuch as it was said of them, 'These are the people of the Lord, and they have come out of His land.'   כוַיָּב֗וֹא אֶל־הַגּוֹיִם֙ אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֣אוּ שָׁ֔ם וַֽיְחַלְּל֖וּ אֶת־שֵׁ֣ם קָדְשִׁ֑י בֶּֽאֱמֹ֚ר לָהֶם֙ עַם־יְהֹוָ֣ה אֵ֔לֶּה וּמֵֽאַרְצ֖וֹ יָצָֽאוּ:
And they entered: [Heb. וַיָבוֹא, lit. and he entered.] Since he says, “the house of Israel” at the beginning of the segment, He refers to them in the singular throughout the segment. According to Midrash Aggadah: the Holy One, blessed be He, came with them in exile and bent His ear [to hear] what the captors were saying. “Behold these are God’s people, and He had no power to save them.” In Midrash Lamentations Rabbah (Proem 15).   ויבוא: לפי שאמר בית ישראל בראש הפרשה קרא כל הפרשה בלשון יחיד ומדרש אגדה הקב"ה בא עמהם בגולה והטה אוזן מה היו אומרים השבאין הרי אלו עם ה' ולא היה לו יכולת להצילן במדרש איכה רבתי:
and they profaned My Holy Name: They lowered My honor. And what is the profanation? In that their enemies said of them, “These are the people of the Lord, and they have come out of His land, and He had no power to save His people and His land.”   ויחללו את שם קדשי: השפילו את כבודי ומהו החילול באמור אויביהם עליהם עם ה' אלה ומארצו יצאו ולא היה יכולת בידו להציל את עמו ואת ארצו:
21But I had pity on My Holy Name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the nations to which they had come.   כאוָֽאֶחְמֹ֖ל עַל־שֵׁ֣ם קָדְשִׁ֑י אֲשֶׁ֚ר חִלְּל֙וּהוּ֙ בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בַּגּוֹיִ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֥אוּ שָֽׁמָּה:
22Therefore, say to the house of Israel; So says the Lord God: Not for your sake do I do this, O house of Israel, but for My Holy Name, which you have profaned among the nations to which they have come.   כבלָכֵ֞ן אֱמֹ֣ר לְבֵֽית־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל כֹּ֚ה אָמַר֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה לֹ֧א לְמַֽעַנְכֶ֛ם אֲנִ֥י עֹשֶׂ֖ה בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כִּ֚י אִם־לְשֵֽׁם־קָדְשִׁי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חִלַּלְתֶּ֔ם בַּגּוֹיִ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֥אתֶם שָֽׁם:
Not for your sake, etc.: is the salvation that I shall save you [by].   לא למענכם אני עושה: התשועה שאושיעכם:
23And I will sanctify My great Name, which was profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am the Lord-is the declaration of the Lord God-when I will be sanctified through you before their eyes.   כגוְקִדַּשְׁתִּ֞י אֶת־שְׁמִ֣י הַגָּד֗וֹל הַֽמְחֻלָּל֙ בַּגּוֹיִ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר חִלַּלְתֶּ֖ם בְּתוֹכָ֑ם וְיָֽדְע֨וּ הַגּוֹיִ֜ם כִּֽי־אֲנִ֣י יְהֹוָ֗ה נְאֻם֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה בְּהִקָּֽדְשִׁ֥י בָכֶ֖ם לְעֵֽינֵיהֶֽם:
And I will sanctify My… Name: Now what is the sanctification?“I will take you from among the nations.”   וקדשתי את שמי: ומה הוא הקידוש ולקחתי אתכם מן הגוים:
24For I will take you from among the nations and gather you from all the countries, and I will bring you to your land.   כדוְלָֽקַחְתִּ֚י אֶתְכֶם֙ מִן־הַגּוֹיִ֔ם וְקִבַּצְתִּ֥י אֶתְכֶ֖ם מִכָּל־הָֽאֲרָצ֑וֹת וְהֵֽבֵאתִ֥י אֶתְכֶ֖ם אֶל־אַדְמַתְכֶֽם:
25And I will sprinkle clean water upon you, and you will be clean; from all your impurities and from all your abominations will I cleanse you.   כהוְזָֽרַקְתִּ֧י עֲלֵיכֶ֛ם מַ֥יִם טְהוֹרִ֖ים וּטְהַרְתֶּ֑ם מִכֹּ֧ל טֻמְאֽוֹתֵיכֶ֛ם וּמִכָּל־גִּלּֽוּלֵיכֶ֖ם אֲטַהֵ֥ר אֶתְכֶֽם:
clean water: I will grant you atonement and remove your uncleanliness by sprinkling purification water, which removes [even the highest degree of defilement,] the defilement caused by a corpse.   מים טהורים: אכפר עליכם ואעביר טומאותיכם בהזית מי חטאת המעבירין טומאת המת:
26And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the heart of stone out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh.   כווְנָתַתִּ֚י לָכֶם֙ לֵ֣ב חָדָ֔שׁ וְר֥וּחַ חֲדָשָׁ֖ה אֶתֵּ֣ן בְּקִרְבְּכֶ֑ם וַֽהֲסִ֨רֹתִ֜י אֶת־לֵ֚ב הָאֶ֙בֶן֙ מִבְּשַׂרְכֶ֔ם וְנָֽתַתִּ֥י לָכֶ֖ם לֵ֥ב בָּשָֽׂר:
a new heart: An inclination that has been renewed for the better.   לב חדש: יצר שנתחדש לטובה:
27And I will put My spirit within you and bring it about that you will walk in My statutes and you will keep My ordinances and do [them].   כזוְאֶת־רוּחִ֖י אֶתֵּ֣ן בְּקִרְבְּכֶ֑ם וְעָשִׂ֗יתִי אֵ֚ת אֲשֶׁר־בְּחֻקַּי֙ תֵּלֵ֔כוּ וּמִשְׁפָּטַ֥י תִּשְׁמְר֖וּ וַֽעֲשִׂיתֶֽם:
28Then will you dwell in the land that I gave your fathers, and you will be a people to Me, and I will be to you as a God.   כחוִֽישַׁבְתֶּ֣ם בָּאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָתַ֖תִּי לַֽאֲבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם וִֽהְיִ֚יתֶם לִי֙ לְעָ֔ם וְאָ֣נֹכִ֔י אֶֽהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם לֵֽאלֹהִֽים:
29And I will save you from all your uncleannesses, and I will call to the corn and will multiply it, and I will not decree famine again over you.   כטוְהֽוֹשַׁעְתִּ֣י אֶתְכֶ֔ם מִכֹּ֖ל טֻמְאֽוֹתֵיכֶ֑ם וְקָרָ֚אתִי אֶל־הַדָּגָן֙ וְהִרְבֵּיתִ֣י אֹת֔וֹ וְלֹֽא־אֶתֵּ֥ן עֲלֵיכֶ֖ם רָעָֽב:
30And I will multiply the fruit of the tree and the produce of the field, so that you shall no more have to accept the shame of famine among the nations.   לוְהִרְבֵּיתִי֙ אֶת־פְּרִ֣י הָעֵ֔ץ וּתְנוּבַ֖ת הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה לְמַ֗עַן אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א תִקְח֥וּ ע֛וֹד חֶרְפַּ֥ת רָעָ֖ב בַּגּוֹיִֽם:
31And you shall remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe yourselves in your own eyes on account of your sins and on account of your abominations.   לאוּזְכַרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־דַּרְכֵיכֶ֣ם הָֽרָעִ֔ים וּמַֽעַלְלֵיכֶ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹֽא־טוֹבִ֑ים וּנְקֹֽטֹתֶם֙ בִּפְנֵיכֶ֔ם עַל עֲו‍ֹנֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם וְעַ֖ל תּֽוֹעֲבֹֽתֵיכֶֽם:
and you will loathe yourselves in your own eyes: [Heb. וּנְקטֹתֶם,] demonir in Old French, to melt. You will melt in yourselves, from your shame over the evil recompense that you repaid Me whereas I recompense you with good.   ונקוטותם בפניכם: דמוניי"ר בלע"ז תמקו בעצמיכם בבשתכם על הגמול הרע אשר גמלתם לפני ואני גומל לכם טובה:
32Not for your sake do I do it, says the Lord God, may it be known to you; be ashamed and confounded for your ways, O house of Israel.   לבלֹ֧א לְמַֽעַנְכֶ֣ם אֲנִֽי־עֹשֶׂ֗ה נְאֻם֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה יִוָּדַ֖ע לָכֶ֑ם בּ֧וֹשׁוּ וְהִכָּֽלְמ֛וּ מִדַּרְכֵיכֶ֖ם בֵּ֥ית יִשְׂרָאֵֽל:
33So says the Lord God: On the day that I will have cleansed you from all your iniquities, and I will resettle the cities, and the ruins shall be built up.   לגכֹּ֚ה אָמַר֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה בְּיוֹם֙ טַֽהֲרִ֣י אֶתְכֶ֔ם מִכֹּ֖ל עֲו‍ֹנֽוֹתֵיכֶ֑ם וְהֽוֹשַׁבְתִּי֙ אֶת־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים וְנִבְנ֖וּ הֶֽחֳרָבֽוֹת:
34And the desolate land shall be worked, instead of its lying desolate in the sight of all that pass by.   לדוְהָאָ֥רֶץ הַֽנְשַׁמָּ֖ה תֵּֽעָבֵ֑ד תַּחַת אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָֽיְתָ֣ה שְׁמָמָ֔ה לְעֵינֵ֖י כָּל־עוֹבֵֽר:
And the desolate land: The land that was desolate until now will be tilled and sown.   והארץ הנשמה תעבד: הארץ אשר היתה שממה עד הנה תהיה נעבדת ונזרעת:
35And they shall say, 'This land that was desolate has become like the Garden of Eden, and the cities that were destroyed and desolate and pulled down have become settled as fortified [cities].'   להוְאָֽמְר֗וּ הָאָ֚רֶץ הַלֵּ֙זוּ֙ הַנְּשַׁמָּ֔ה הָֽיְתָ֖ה כְּגַן־עֵ֑דֶן וְהֶֽעָרִ֧ים הֶֽחֳרֵב֛וֹת וְהַֽנְשַׁמּ֥וֹת וְהַנֶּֽהֱרָס֖וֹת בְּצוּר֥וֹת יָשָֽׁבוּ:
has become like the Garden of Eden: [Heb. הָיְתָה,] has now been transformed into being like the Garden of Eden.   היתה כגן עדן: עכשיו נהפכה להיות כגן עדן:
and the cities that were destroyed: these many days, have now become settled as fortified cities.   והערים החרבות: זה ימים רבים עכשיו בצורות ישבו:
36And the nations that are left round about you shall know that I, the Lord, have built up the ruined places and have planted the desolate ones; I, the Lord, have spoken, and I will perform [it].   לווְיָֽדְע֣וּ הַגּוֹיִ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִשָּֽׁאֲרוּ֘ סְבִיבֽוֹתֵיכֶם֒ כִּ֣י | אֲנִ֣י יְהֹוָ֗ה בָּנִ֙יתִי֙ הַנֶּֽהֱרָס֔וֹת נָטַ֖עְתִּי הַֽנְשַׁמָּ֑ה אֲנִ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה דִּבַּ֥רְתִּי וְעָשִֽׂיתִי:
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