Exodus Chapter 33

12Moses said to the Lord: "Look, You say to me: 'Bring this people up!' But You have not informed me whom You will send with me. And You said: 'I have known you by name and you have also found favor in My eyes.'   יבוַיֹּ֨אמֶר משֶׁ֜ה אֶל־יְהֹוָ֗ה רְ֠אֵ֠ה אַתָּ֞ה אֹמֵ֤ר אֵלַי֙ הַ֚עַל אֶת־הָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֔ה וְאַתָּה֙ לֹ֣א הֽוֹדַעְתַּ֔נִי אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־תִּשְׁלַ֖ח עִמִּ֑י וְאַתָּ֤ה אָמַ֨רְתָּ֙ יְדַעְתִּ֣יךָ בְשֵׁ֔ם וְגַם־מָצָ֥אתָ חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינָֽי:
Look, You say to me: Heb. רְאֵה, lit., see. רְאֵה means: Direct Your eyes and Your heart on Your words. [I.e., think about what You are saying!] You say to me [“Lead”] but You have not informed me [who will come with us]. You said to me, “Behold, I am sending an angel” (Exod. 23:20), [yet] this is not considered informing because I do not want it [to occur this way]. [Reggio edition: I do not want him.] -[See Exod. Rabbah 45:4]   רְאֵה אַתָּה אֹמֵר אֵלַי: רְאֵה – תֵּן עֵינֶיךָ וְלִבְּךָ עַל דְּבָרֶיךָ אַתָּה אֹמֵר אֵלַי וגו' וְאַתָּה לֹא הֽוֹדַעְתַּנִי וגו': וַאֲשֶׁר אָמַרְתָּ לִי הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי שֹׁלֵחַ מַלְאָךְ, אֵין זוֹ הוֹדָעָה, שֶׁאֵין אֲנִי חָפֵץ בָּהּ:
And You said: ‘I have known you by name’: [which means that God is saying:] I have recognized you from other people with a name of importance. For [God] said to me [Moses]: “Behold, I am coming to you in the thickness of the cloud… and they will also believe in you forever” (Exod. 19:9).   וְאַתָּה אָמַרְתָּ יְדַעְתִּיךָ בְשֵׁם: הִכַּרְתִּיךָ מִשְּׁאָר בְּנֵי אָדָם בְּשֵׁם חֲשִׁיבוּת, שֶׁהֲרֵי אָמַרְתָּ לִי הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי בָּא אֵלֶיךָ בְּעַב הֶעָנָן וְגוֹ' וְגַם בְּךָ יַאֲמִינוּ לְעוֹלָם (שמות י"ט):
13And now, if I have indeed found favor in Your eyes, pray let me know Your ways, so that I may know You, so that I may find favor in Your eyes; and consider that this nation is Your people."   יגוְעַתָּ֡ה אִם־נָא֩ מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֜ן בְּעֵינֶ֗יךָ הֽוֹדִעֵ֤נִי נָא֙ אֶת־דְּרָכֶ֔ךָ וְאֵדָ֣עֲךָ֔ לְמַ֥עַן אֶמְצָא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֶ֑יךָ וּרְאֵ֕ה כִּ֥י עַמְּךָ֖ הַגּ֥וֹי הַזֶּֽה:
And now: If it is true that I have found favor in Your eyes, pray let me know Your ways, [i.e.,] what reward You give to those who find favor in Your eyes.   וְעַתָּה וגו': אִם אֱמֶת שֶׁמָּצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ הודעני נא את דרכך. מַה שָּׂכָר אַתָּה נוֹתֵן לְמוֹצְאֵי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ:
so that I may know You, so that I may find favor in Your eyes: And with this I will know the standard of Your recompense, [i.e.,] what constitutes finding favor, since I have found favor in Your eyes. The explanation of “so that I may find favor” means: in order that I may recognize how great the reward of finding favor [with You] is.   וְאֵדָעֲךָ לְמַעַן אֶמְצָא־חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ: וְאֵדַע בָּזוֹ מִדַּת תַּגְמוּלֶיךָ – מַה הִיא מְצִיאַת חֵן שֶׁמָּצָאתִי בְּעֵינֶיךָ; וּפִתְרוֹן למען אמצא חן – לְמַעַן אַכִּיר כַּמָּה שְׂכַר מְצִיאַת הַחֵן:
and consider that this nation is Your people: That You should not say, “and I will make you into a great nation” and [then] forsake these [people]. See [i.e., remember] that they are Your people from long ago, and if You reject them, I would not rely on [only] those descendants who come from my loins to survive; make known to me [now] the payment of my reward through this people. Although our Rabbis expounded on this in tractate Berachoth (7a), I have come to reconcile the verses according to their context and their sequence.   וּרְאֵה כִּי עַמְּךָ הַגּוֹי הַזֶּֽה: שֶׁלֹּא תֹאמַר וְאֶעֱשֶׂה אוֹתְךָ לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל וְאֶת אֵלֶּה תַּעֲזֹב, רְאֵה כִּי עַמְּךָ הֵם מִקֶּדֶם, וְאִם בָּהֶם תִּמְאַס, אֵינִי סוֹמֵךְ עַל הַיּוֹצְאִים מֵחֲלָצַי שֶׁיִּתְקַיְּמוּ, וְאֶת תַּשְׁלוּם הַשָּׂכָר שֶׁלִּי בָּעָם הַזֶּה תּוֹדִיעֵנִי; וְרַבּוֹתֵינוּ דָרְשׁוּ בְּמַסֶּכֶת בְּרָכוֹת (דף ז'), וַאֲנִי לְיַשֵּׁב הַמִּקְרָאוֹת עַל אָפְנֵיהֶם וְעַל סִדְרָם בָּאתִי:
14So He said, "My Presence will go, and I will give you rest."   ידוַיֹּאמַ֑ר פָּנַ֥י יֵלֵ֖כוּ וַֽהֲנִחֹ֥תִי לָֽךְ:
So He said, “My Presence will go…”: Heb. פָּנַי יֵלֵכוּ, lit., My countenance will go. [This is to be understood] as the Targum [Onkelos] renders: [שְׁכִנְתִּי תְהַ], I will no longer send an angel; I Myself will go, similar to [the verse:] “and you personally go (הֹלְכִים וּפָנֶי) to battle” (II Sam. 17:11).   וַיֹּאמַר פָּנַי יֵלֵכוּ: כְּתַרְגּוּמוֹ – לֹא אֶשְׁלַח עוֹד מַלְאָךְ, אֲנִי בְעַצְמִי אֵלֵךְ, כְּמוֹ וּפָנֶיךָ הוֹלְכִים בַּקְּרָב (שמואל ב י״ז:י״א):
15And he said to Him, "If Your Presence does not go [with us], do not take us up from here.   טווַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֵלָ֑יו אִם־אֵ֤ין פָּנֶ֨יךָ֙ הֹֽלְכִ֔ים אַל־תַּֽעֲלֵ֖נוּ מִזֶּֽה:
And he said to Him: This is what I want, because [I] do not [want you to] take us up from here [if it is] through an angel.   וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו: בְּזוֹ אֲנִי חָפֵץ, כִּי עַל יְדֵי מַלְאָךְ אַל תַּעֲלֵנוּ מִזֶּה:
16For how then will it be known that I have found favor in Your eyes, I and Your people? Is it not in that You will go with us? Then I and Your people will be distinguished from every [other] nation on the face of the earth."   טזוּבַמֶּ֣ה | יִוָּדַ֣ע אֵפ֗וֹא כִּֽי־מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֤ן בְּעֵינֶ֨יךָ֙ אֲנִ֣י וְעַמֶּ֔ךָ הֲל֖וֹא בְּלֶכְתְּךָ֣ עִמָּ֑נוּ וְנִפְלִ֨ינוּ֙ אֲנִ֣י וְעַמְּךָ֔ מִכָּ֨ל־הָעָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה:
For how then will it be known: [I.e., how] will the finding of favor be known? Is it not in that You will go with us? One other thing I ask of You [I ask] that Your Shechinah shall no longer rest upon heathen nations. -[from Ber. 7a]   וּבַמֶּה יִוָּדַע אֵפוֹא: יִוָּדַע מְצִיאַת הַחֵן, הלוא בלכתך עמנו. וְעוֹד דָּבָר אֲנִי שׁוֹאֵל מִמְּךָ, שֶׁלֹּא תַשְׁרֶה שְׁכִינָתְךָ עוֹד עַל אֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם.
Then I and Your people will be distinguished: Heb. וְנִפְלִינוּ. In this respect, we will be separated from every [other] nation, like “And the Lord will make a separation (וְהִפְלָה) …between the livestock of Egypt” (Exod. 9:4).   וְנִפְלִינוּ אֲנִי וְעַמֶּךָ: וְנִהְיֶה מֻבְדָּלִים בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה מִכָּל הָעָם (ברכות ז'), כְּמוֹ וְהִפְלָה ה' בֵּין מִקְנֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל וְגוֹ' (שמות ט'):