1

A mourner who neglected to observe mourning during the first seven days, whether inadvertently or intentionally, may fulfill his obligation during the thirty day period, with the exception of tearing his garments. If he did not tear his garments, at his moment of grief, he should not tear them, for tearing the garments are of no avail except during the first seven days which are considered a time of grief. For his father or mother one must tear his garments at any time.

א

אָבֵל שֶׁלֹּא נָהַג אֲבֵלוּת תּוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה, בֵּין בְּשׁוֹגֵג בֵּין בְּמֵזִיד, מַשְׁלִים אוֹתָה כָּל שְׁלֹשִׁים, חוּץ מִן הַקְּרִיעָה, שֶׁאִם לֹא קָרַע בִשְׁעַת חִמּוּם, אֵינוֹ קוֹרֵעַ אֶלָּא בְּתוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה, דְּחָשִיב שְׁעַת חִמּוּם. וְעַל אָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ, קוֹרֵעַ לְעוֹלָם.

2

If a child under thirteen years loses a relative, even if he becomes thirteen years of age during the first seven days of mourning, since he was exempt at the time of death, the laws of mourning are cancelled for him.1 However he should observe the twelve month period of mourning for his father or mother, which is for their honor.

ב

קָטֹן שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת, אֲפִלּוּ גָדַל תּוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה, כֵּיוָן שֶׁבִּשְעַת מִיתָה הָיָה פָטוּר, בָטֵל מִמֶּנּוּ כָּל דִּין אֲבֵלוּת, אַךְ בַּאֲבֵלוּת דִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ עַל אָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ שֶׁהִיא מִשּׁוּם כְּבוֹדָם, יֶשׁ לוֹ לִנְהוֹג.

3

If a sick person was notified about the death of a relative for whom he must mourn, and he recovered during the first seven days, he should complete the remaining days. Similarly, with regard to the thirty days of mourning, he should complete the remaining days. But he does not have to make up the days that passed when he was ill, because then, too, he had observed partial mourning. This is comparable to Shabbos, which is included in the seven days of mourning, and does not suspend it. Similarly, a woman who had given birth does not need to make up the days that passed during her confinement, but merely completes the remaining days of mourning.

ג

חוֹלֶה שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁחַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו וְנוֹדַע לוֹ, אִם הִבְרִיא תּוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה, גּוֹמֵר הַיָמִים הַנִּשְׁאָרִים. וְכֵן תּוֹךְ שְׁלֹשִׁים, גּוֹמֵר הַיָמִים הַנִּשְׁאָרִים. אֲבָל אֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְהַשְׁלִים הַיָמִים שֶׁעָבְרוּ בְחָלְיוֹ, מִשּׁוּם דְּאָז נָהַג גַּם כֵּן מִקְצָת אֲבֵלוּת, וְדוֹמֶה לְשַׁבָּת דְּעוֹלָה וְאֵינָהּ מַפְסֶקֶת (וּלְעִנְיַן הַקְּרִיעָה, עַיֵן לְעֵיל סִימָן קצח סָעִיף יב). וְכֵן הַיּוֹלֶדֶת גַּם כֵּן אֵינָהּ צְרִיכָה לְהַשְׁלִים הַיָמִים שֶׁעָבְרוּ עָלֶיהָ בְּלֵדָתָהּ, רַק גּוֹמֶרֶת הַיָמִים הַנִּשְׁאָרִים.