During the first seven days of mourning, the mourner may not leave his house. However, if a death occurs in his family, or even if a stranger dies, and there are not enough people to attend the funeral and burial, he is permitted to leave his house even on the first day of mourning. If he is summoned by the authorities, or if he must attend to something very urgent to him as otherwise he will sustain a great loss, he is permitted to leave his house, but he should put some earth in his shoes.


כָּל שִׁבְעָה, אֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא מִבֵּיתוֹ. אַךְ אִם מֵת לוֹ מֵת, אוֹ אֲפִלּוּ אֵצֶל אַחֵר, אֶלָּא שֶׁאֵין שָׁם כְּדֵי מִטָּה וְקוֹבְרֶיהָ, יוֹצֵא אֲפִלּוּ בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן. אִם שָׁלַח הַמּוֹשֵׁל לִקְרוֹא לוֹ, אוֹ שֶׁצָּרִיךְ לָלֶכֶת לִשְׁאָר דָּבָר שֶׁצָּרִיךְ לוֹ הַרְבֵּה, כְּגוֹן דָּבָר הָאָבֵד, מֻתָּר לוֹ לָצֵאת, וְיִתֵּן עָפָר בְּמִנְעָלָיו.


Even for the purpose of going to the synagogue to pray, the mourner is not allowed to leave his house during the seven days of mourning, except on Shabbos. However, if he is unable to gather a quorum of ten men for a minyan and would be compelled to pray alone, and there is a minyan in his neighborhood, he may leave his house to go and pray there, in order not to miss praying with a minyan.


אֲפִלּוּ לְבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת לְהִתְפַּלֵל, אֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא בְּתוֹךְ שִׁבְעָה, רַק בְּשַׁבָּת. אַךְ אִם אִי אֶפְשָׁר לֶאֱסוֹף עֲשָׂרָה וִיהֵא מֻכְרָח לְהִתְפַּלֵל בִּיחִידוּת וּבִשְׁכוּנָתוֹ יֵשׁ מִנְיָן, יָכוֹל לָצֵאת לָלֶכֶת לִהִתְפַּלֵל שָׁם, שֶׁלֹּא לְהִתְבַּטֵּל מִתְּפִלָּה בְּצִבּוּר.


If a mourner has to circumcise his son, he may go to the synagogue for this purpose even during the first three days of mourning. If the mourner is the Sandek or Mohel, he may not leave the house on that account, during the first three days of mourning. After the first three days, he should pray at home, and when the infant is brought to the synagogue to be circumcised, he may then go to the synagogue. If there is no other Mohel in the city. he may go even on the first day of mourning.


אִם הָאָבֵל צָרִיךְ לָמוּל אֶת בְּנוֹ, הוֹלֵךְ לְבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת אֲפִלּוּ תּוֹךְ שְׁלשָׁה יָמִים. וְאִם הָאָבֵל הוּא סַנְדָּק אוֹ מּוֹהֵל, לֹא יֵצֵא תּוֹךְ שְׁלשָׁה, וּלְאַחַר שְׁלשָׁה יִתְפַּלֵּל בְּבֵיתוֹ, וּכְשֶׁמְּבִיאִין אֶת הַתִּינוֹק לָמוּל, הוֹלֵךְ לְבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת. וְאִם אֵין מוֹהֵל אַחֵר בָּעִיר, הוֹלֵךְ אֲפִלּוּ בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן.