SECTION 359 The Laws [Governing] a Plot of Land behind Homes (1-2)

סימן שנט דִּין רְחָבָה שֶׁאֲחוֹרֵי הַבָּתִּים וּבוֹ ב' סְעִיפִים:

1 One may carry only four cubits in a lot behind homes1 [when the lot is] larger than beis sasayim and was not enclosed for the purpose of human habitation, as is the law regarding a karpeif2that was not enclosed for the purpose of habitation.3 If, however, [the lot] is only the size of beis sasayim4 [or less than that], it is not governed by the laws of a karpeif. It is permitted to carry [objects] from [the lot] to the home and from the home to [the lot] because, unlike a karpeif, [the lot] is not a separate domain from the house5 even though it was not enclosed for the purpose of habitation.

א רְחָבָה שֶׁאֲחוֹרֵי הַבָּתִּיםא יְתֵרָה עַל בֵּית סָאתַיִם וְלֹא הֻקְּפָה לְדִירָה,ב אֵין מְטַלְטְלִין בָּהּ אֶלָּא בְּד' אַמּוֹת,1 כְּדִין קַרְפֵּף2 שֶׁלֹּא הֻקַּף לְדִירָה.ג,3 אֲבָל אִם אֵין בָּהּ אֶלָּא בֵּית סָאתַיִם4, אֵין לָהּ דִּין קַרְפֵּף, וּמֻתָּר לְטַלְטֵל מִתּוֹכָהּ לַבַּיִת וּמִבַּיִת לְתוֹכָהּ, לְפִי שֶׁאֵינָהּ רְשׁוּת מְחֻלֶּקֶת מִן הַבַּיִת כְּמוֹ קַרְפֵּף,5 אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא הֻקְּפָה לְדִירָה:ד

2 If the person [first] opened up an entrance to [the lot] from his home and [only] afterwards enclosed [the lot], even if a threshing floor intervenes between [the lot] and the house, we do not say that the entrance was opened because of the threshing floor and there is no entrance to the lot. Instead, it is assumed that [the entrance] was opened for the [sake of the] lot, and [the lot] is considered as enclosed for the purpose of habitation. It is permitted to carry objects in the entire [lot] even if it is larger than beis sasayim.

The reason that we are not [presently] careful about carrying in lots that are found behind homes is that in the present age, it can be assumed that [the lots] were enclosed for the purpose of habitation, as stated in sec. 358[:10] with regard to a karpeif.6

ב וְאִם פָּתַח בָּהּ פֶּתַח מִבֵּיתוֹ וְאַחַר כָּךְ הִקִּיפָהּ,ה אֲפִלּוּ אִם יֵשׁ שָׁם גֹּרֶן בֵּינָהּ לַבַּיִת – אֵין אוֹמְרִים שֶׁבִּשְׁבִיל הַגֹּרֶן הוּא שֶׁנִּפְתַּח פֶּתַח זֶהו וְאֵין כַּאן פֶּתַח לָרְחָבָה,1 אֶלָּא סְתָמָא נִפְתַּח לָרְחָבָהז וַהֲרֵי הוּא מֻקֶּפֶת לְדִירָה, וּמֻתָּר לְטַלְטֵל בְּכֻלָּהּ אֲפִלּוּ הִיא יוֹתֵר מִבֵּית סָאתַיִם.

וּמַה שֶּׁאֵין אָנוּ נִזְהָרִים מִלְּטַלְטֵל בַּחֲצֵרוֹת שֶׁאֲחוֹרֵי הַבָּתִּים – מִשּׁוּם שֶׁבִּזְמַן הַזֶּה סְתָמָן מֻקֶּפֶת לְדִירָה,ח כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִמָּן שנ"חט גַּבֵּי קַרְפֵּף:6