SECTION 327 The Laws Governing Anointing Oneself on Shabbos (1-5)

סימן שכז דִּינֵי סִיכָה בְּשַׁבָּת וּבוֹ ה' סְעִיפִים:

1 A person who feels discomfort in his loins may not apply (a mixture of) oil and vinegar.1 [The rationale is that] it is only common to anoint oneself with these substances for therapeutic purposes, and whenever it is apparent that one is performing an activity for therapeutic purposes, it is forbidden for the reason to be explained in sec. 328[:1]. One may, however, anoint oneself with oil2 (alone).3

This does not apply with regard to rose oil,3 because it is very expensive and rare, and it is unusual to apply it other than for therapeutic purposes. In a place where rose oil is [easily] available and people commonly apply it even for purposes that are not curative, it is permitted to anoint oneself with it even for therapeutic purposes.

In these regions, where it is not common practice to anoint oneself with [any] oil except for therapeutic purposes, it is forbidden to anoint oneself with any oil for therapeutic purposes since it is evident that this is his intent. Therefore, it is forbidden [for a person] to apply oil to [his] head that has sores.

א הַחוֹשֵׁשׁ בְּמָתְנָיו – לֹא יָסוּךְ שֶׁמֶן וְחֹמֶץא (מְעֹרָבִיםב),1 מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין דֶּרֶךְ לָסוּךְ בָּהֶם אֶלָּא לִרְפוּאָה,ג וְכָל שֶׁהַדָּבָר נִכָּר שֶׁמִּתְכַּוֵּן לִרְפוּאָה – אָסוּר, מִטַּעַם שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִימָן שכ"ח.ד

אֲבָל סָךְ הוּא בַּשֶּׁמֶןה, 2 (לְבַדּוֹו),3 אֲבָל לֹא בְּשֶׁמֶן וֶרֶד,ז, 3 לְפִי שֶׁדָּמָיו יְקָרִים וְאֵינוֹ מָצוּי, וְאֵין רְגִילִים לָסוּךְ בּוֹ אֶלָּא לִרְפוּאָה.ח וְאִם הוּא מָקוֹם שֶׁמָּצוּי בּוֹ שֶׁמֶן וֶרֶד וְדֶרֶךְ בְּנֵי אָדָם לְסוּכוֹ שֶׁלֹּא לִרְפוּאָה – מֻתָּר לָסוּךְ בּוֹ אֲפִלּוּ לִרְפוּאָה.ט

וּבִמְקוֹמוֹת אֵלּוּ שֶׁאֵין נוֹהֲגִין לָסוּךְ בַּשֶּׁמֶן כִּי אִם לִרְפוּאָה – אָסוּר לָסוּךְ בְּשׁוּם שֶׁמֶן לִרְפוּאָה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַדָּבָר נִכָּר שֶׁמִּתְכַּוֵּן לִרְפוּאָה.י וְלָכֵן אָסוּר לָסוּךְ הָרֹאשׁ שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ חֲטָטִין:יא

2 It is permitted to anoint oneself and have one’s entire body massaged by hand for pleasure,4 provided one deviates from his weekday practice, i.e., [he should] be anointed and massaged at the same time, and one should not massage vigorously,5 but [rather, he should massage] gently.4

ב מֻתָּר לָסוּךְ וּלְמַשְׁמֵשׁ בְּיָד עַל כָּל הַגּוּף לַהֲנָאָה.יב, 4 וּבִלְבַד שֶׁיְּשַׁנֶּה מִדֶּרֶךְ חֹל,יג דְּהַיְנוּ שֶׁיָּסוּךְ וִימַשְׁמֵשׁ בְּיַחַד,יד וְלֹא יְמַשְׁמֵשׁ בְּכֹחַטו, 5 אֶלָּא בְּרִפְיוֹן יָדַיִם:טז, 4

3 One may not scrape his body with an implement that is designated for that purpose6 as one does during the week, unless his hands or his feet are soiled with mud or filth. If one has a scraper designated for Shabbos, it is permitted [to use it to scrape his body]. On this basis, maidens have adopted the custom of [using] a hog-hair brush that is designated for Shabbos,7as stated in sec. 303.8

ג אֵין מְגָרְדִיןיז בִּכְלִי הַמְיֻחָד לְכָךְיח כְּדֶרֶךְ חֹל,יט, 6 אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן הָיוּ יָדָיו אוֹ רַגְלָיו מְטֻנָּפוֹת בְּטִיט אוֹ צוֹאָה.כ וְאִם הָיָה לוֹ מְגָרֶדֶת הַמְיֻחֶדֶת לְשַׁבָּת – מֻתָּר.כא וּמִזֶּה נָהֲגוּ הַבְּתוּלוֹת לִהְיוֹת לָהֶן כְּלִי מִשְּׂעַר חֲזִיר הַמְיֻחָד לְשַׁבָּת,כב, 7 כְּמוֹ שֶׁנִּתְבָּאֵר בְּסִימָן ש"ג:כג, 8

4 A person should not apply oil to his foot while he is wearing a new shoe or sandal,9 because the remnants of the oil will soften the leather of [the footwear]. This is similar to processing [the leather. One] may, however, apply [oil] to his foot and then insert it into a shoe, or apply [oil] to his body and roll on a leather [mat],9 provided a sufficient amount of oil to process [the leather] will not run off his body. [The person] is permitted to do so even if there is sufficient [oil] to polish [the leather],9 provided he does not intend to polish [the leather].10 [That would be forbidden as] a decree [instituted lest] one process [the leather].

ד לֹא יָסוּךְ רַגְלוֹ בַּשֶּׁמֶן כְּשֶׁהִיא בְּתוֹךְ הַמִּנְעָל אוֹ הַסַּנְדָּלכד הַחֲדָשִׁים,כה, 9 מִפְּנֵי שֶׁעוֹרָן מִתְרַכֵּךְ עַל יְדֵי לִכְלוּךְ הַשֶּׁמֶן, וְדוֹמֶה לְעִבּוּד.כו

אֲבָל סָךְ הוּא אֶת רַגְלוֹ וְאַחַר כָּךְ מַנִּיחָהּ בַּמִּנְעָל, וְסָךְ הוּא אֶת כָּל גּוּפוֹ וּמִתְעַגֵּל עַל גַּבֵּי הָעוֹר,9 וְאֵינוֹ חוֹשֵׁשׁ.כז וְהוּא שֶׁלֹּא יְהֵא בַּשֶּׁמֶן הַנִּשּׁוֹף מִגּוּפוֹ שִׁעוּר כְּדֵי לְעַבְּדוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ יֵשׁ בּוֹ כְּדֵי לְצַחְצְחוֹ – מֻתָּר.כח, 9 וְהוּא שֶׁלֹּא יִתְכַּוֵּן הוּא אֲפִלּוּ לְצַחְצְחוֹ,כט, 10 גְּזֵרָה מִשּׁוּם לְעַבְּדוֹ:ל

5 One who treads on a hide until it becomes firm, or softens [the leather] with his hands, extending it and leveling it as leather workers do, is liable11 for performing [the forbidden labor of] processing leather.12

ה הַדּוֹרֵס עַל הָעוֹרלא עַד שֶׁיִּתְקַשֶּׁה, אוֹ הַמְרַכְּכוֹ בְּיָדָיו וּמוֹשְׁכוֹ וּמַשְׁוֶה אוֹתוֹ כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁהָאֻמָּנִים עוֹשִׂים –חַיָּב11 מִשּׁוּם מְעַבֵּד:לב, 12