SECTION 603 [Additional Stringencies to be Observed During the Ten Days of Teshuvah.] (1)

סימן תרג וּבוֹ סָעִיף אֶחָד:

1 Even a person who throughout the year does not make a point of observing [the restriction against eating] bread baked by a non-Jewish baker (see Yoreh Deah, sec. 112[:2])1 should nevertheless observe this restriction during the Ten Days of Teshuvah.

If one cannot bake [his bread] personally, he should kasher2 the oven in which the non-Jews bake by throwing a sliver of wood into it, as stated in Yoreh Deah, sec. 112[:9].

Nevertheless, one who is traveling on a journey [may take certain leniencies]. If there is no bread that was baked by Jews within four mil3 from his present location and he wishes to eat, he may eat bread baked by a non-Jewish baker even during the Ten Days of Teshuvah, just as this is permitted during the remainder of the year, as stated in Yoreh Deah, loc. cit.

Every individual should scrutinize and examine his actions and repent for his [conduct] during the Ten Days of Teshuvah. [When one is] in doubt [as to whether or not he committed] a particular sin, more serious teshuvah is required than when he knows for certain that he sinned. [The rationale is that] when one is certain that he sinned, he regrets [his conduct] with all his heart. When, however, he is in doubt [as to whether he] sinned, he will soothe his heart and say, “Perhaps I did not sin.” Hence, he will not regret his sin thoroughly and may thus remain liable for its punishment. For this reason, the sacrifice brought as a conditional guilt-offering4 [to atone] for the possibility that one sinned had to be more costly than the sin-offering5 brought [to atone] for a sin that one knows he committed.

א אַף מִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ נִזְהָר בְּכָל הַשָּׁנָה מִפַּת שֶׁל פַּלְטֵר גּוֹי (עַיֵּן בְּיוֹרֶה דֵעָה סִימָן קי"בא,1), מִכָּל מָקוֹם בַּעֲשֶׂרֶת יְמֵי תְּשׁוּבָה יֵשׁ לוֹ לִזָּהֵר מִמֶּנּוּ.ב וְאִם אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לֶאֱפוֹת בְּעַצְמוֹ – יַכְשִׁיר2 אֶת הַתַּנּוּר שֶׁאוֹפִין בּוֹ גּוֹיִם, שֶׁיַּשְׁלִיךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתוֹךְ הַתַּנּוּר קֵיסָם אֶחָדג כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּיוֹרֶה דֵעָה סִימַן קי"ב.ד מִכָּל מָקוֹם, מִי שֶׁהוֹלֵךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ אִם אֵין לְפָנָיו פַּת שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל עַד יוֹתֵר מֵאַרְבַּע מִילִין3 מִמָּקוֹם שֶׁהוּא עוֹמֵד בּוֹ וְרוֹצֶה לֶאֱכֹל – מֻתָּר לוֹ לֶאֱכֹל פַּת שֶׁל פַּלְטֵר גּוֹי אֲפִלּוּ בַּעֲשֶׂרֶת יְמֵי תְּשׁוּבָה כְּמוֹ שֶׁמֻּתָּר בִּשְׁאָר יְמוֹת הַשָּׁנָהה כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּיוֹרֶה דֵעָה שָׁם.ו

וְיֵשׁ לְכָל אָדָם לְחַפֵּשׂ וּלְמַשְׁמֵשׁז בְּמַעֲשָׂיו וְלָשׁוּב מֵהֶם בַּעֲשֶׂרֶת יְמֵי תְּשׁוּבָה,ח וּסְפֵק עֲבֵרָה צְרִיכָה יוֹתֵר תְּשׁוּבָה מֵעֲבֵרָה וַדָּאִית, כִּי עַל עֲבֵרָה וַדָּאִית אָדָם מִתְחָרֵט בְּכָל לִבּוֹ, אֲבָל סְפֵק עֲבֵרָה הוּא מִתְבָּרֵךְ בִּלְבָבוֹ לוֹמַר שֶׁמָּא לֹא עָשִׂיתִי עֲבֵרָה וְאֵינוֹ מִתְחָרֵט עָלֶיהָ חֲרָטָה גְּמוּרָהט וַהֲרֵי נִשְׁאָר עֹנֶשׁ הָעֲבֵרָה עָלָיו,י וּלְכָךְ הָיָה צָרִיךְ קָרְבַּן אָשָׁם4 תָּלוּי הַבָּא עַל הַסָּפֵק לִהְיוֹת יוֹתֵר בְּיֹקֶר מִקָּרְבַּן חַטָּאת5 הַבָּא עַל הַוַּדַּאי:יא