You must perform your deeds in a concealed manner, so that people will not note your piety. But before you reach a high level you must act openly. 1 Otherwise, if you act openly like [the rest of] the world, and only inwardly seek to be pious, you may be drawn to become like [the rest of] the world. 2 Your [good] intention of lishmah (for its own sake) may thus result in [the very opposite thereof, that it is done] shelo lishmah (not for its own sake). 3