“These are the accounts of the mishkan (Tabernacle), mishkan ha’edut (the Tabernacle of Testimony)...”

-Pekudei 38:21

Our sages note that the term mishkan is mentioned twice in this verse. This two-fold reference is an allusion to the Mikdash (Sanctuary in Jerusalem) which was taken away as a mashkon (collateral) for Israel’s repentance, by being destroyed twice (i.e., the first Beit Hamikdash and the second Beit Hamikdash) for the iniquities of Israel.

This means that the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash was not intended to be a permanent loss to Israel. It was taken only as a pledge, as surety, and it will be restored eventually.

Jewish law requires that he who takes collateral must guard it carefully and in due time must restore it to its owner. When the cause for the Sanctuary’s removal (“the iniquities of Israel”) will be corrected, it will be returned to us, fully intact. The third Beit Hamikdash will thus contain all the qualities of its two predecessors.