Moses returned to G‑d and said: ‘Lord! Why have You mistreated this people. . . Since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your Name, he made things worse for this people, and You have not saved this people at all!’ ”

-Shemot 5:22-23

Moses was a faithful shepherd. When he saw the suffering of Israel and the pain inflicted upon them by the galut, he ventured to cry out on their behalf with the daring argument, “Why have You mistreated this people.” Moses did not doubt the Divine justice and knew very well that one is not to question G‑d’s ways. Nonetheless, he did not refrain from crying out and praying for an end to the harsh galut and an immediate redemption.

To be sure, G‑d responded by saying: “Alas, for those who are gone and whose likes are no more to be found. I have good reason to lament the passing of the patriarchs.. who did not question My dealings with them, yet you say: ‘Why have you mistreated this people!’” Even so, G‑d had this plaint of Moses recorded in the Torah. Everything in the Torah offers everlasting instruction to every Jew in all times. There is then a lesson for all of us to learn from this conduct of Moses, as follows:

When noting the persistence of the galut, we are not to resign ourselves to this situation. We are not to simply accept the galut by saying “thus is the will of G‑d.” The harshness of the galut is indeed a sign that the redemption is near, yet it is still bitter and painful. Thus, even while reaffirming our absolute faith in the principle that “The ways of G‑d are just,” we are also to express our anguish with the prayerful outcry “Ad Matay-How much longer?” and ask for the immediate coming of Moshiach.