There is a stringency that applies with regard to an animal1 brought as a sin-offering that does not apply [even] to other sacrifices of the most sacred order. If blood from an animal brought as a sin-offering will spew from the container in which the blood was received2 onto a garment before [the blood] was sprinkled [on the altar],3 that garment is obligated to by washed with water4 in the Temple Courtyard, as [Leviticus 6:20] states: "If its blood is spewed on a garment, that which it has been spewed upon must be washed in a holy place."


חֹמֶר בְּחַטַּאת הַבְּהֵמָה מִשְּׁאָר קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים. שֶׁדַּם חַטַּאת הַבְּהֵמָה שֶׁנִּתַּז מִן הַכְּלִי שֶׁקִּבֵּל בּוֹ הַדָּם קֹדֶם הַזָּיָה עַל הַבֶּגֶד טָעוּן כִּבּוּס בְּמַיִם בָּעֲזָרָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו כ) "וַאֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה מִדָּמָהּ עַל הַבֶּגֶד אֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה עָלֶיהָ תְּכַבֵּס בְּמָקוֹם קָדשׁ":


A garment made from wool or linen,5 a soft hide,6 or a garment from goat's hair7 is required to be washed. A firm hide, however, is considered as wood8 and one should scrape the blood from it.

[The above applies to] the blood of sin-offerings that are eaten or those which are burnt,9 but not to sin-offerings from fowl, as implied by [ibid.:18]: "the sin-offering will be slaughtered," i.e., the Torah is speaking about [an offering] that is slaughtered and not one that is killed by melikah.10


אֶחָד הַבֶּגֶד וְאֶחָד הָעוֹר הָרַךְ וְאֶחָד הַשַּׂק טְעוּנִין כִּבּוּס. אֲבָל הָעוֹר הַקָּשֶׁה הֲרֵי הוּא כְּעֵץ וְגוֹרֵד הַדָּם מֵעָלָיו. וְאֶחָד דַּם חַטָּאת הַנֶּאֱכֶלֶת אוֹ דַּם חַטָּאת הַנִּשְׂרֶפֶת אֲבָל לֹא דַּם חַטַּאת הָעוֹף. שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו יח) "תִּשָּׁחֵט הַחַטָּאת" בְּנִשְׁחֶטֶת הַכָּתוּב מְדַבֵּר לֹא בְּנִמְלֶקֶת:


When a sin-offering was disqualified, its blood need not be washed [from garments]. This applies whether there was a time when it could have been acceptable or there was never a time when it could have been acceptable.

What is meant by [an offering] that had a time when it could have been acceptable? One which was left overnight, that became impure, or that was taken outside of the Temple Courtyard.11 What is meant by [an offering] that never had a time when it could have been acceptable? One that was disqualified because of [the manner in which] it was slaughtered12 or the manner in which its blood was sprinkled.


חַטָּאת שֶׁנִּפְסְלָה אֵין דָּמָהּ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. בֵּין שֶׁהָיְתָה לָהּ שְׁעַת הַכּשֶׁר בֵּין שֶׁלֹּא הָיְתָה לָהּ שְׁעַת הַכּשֶׁר. אֵי זוֹ הִיא שֶׁהָיְתָה לָהּ שְׁעַת הַכּשֶׁר. שֶׁלָּנָה וְשֶׁנִּטְמֵאת וְשֶׁיָּצָאת חוּץ לָעֲזָרָה. וְאֵי זוֹ הִיא שֶׁלֹּא הָיְתָה לָהּ שְׁעַת הַכּשֶׁר. שֶׁנִּפְסְלָה בִּשְׁחִיטָה אוֹ בִּזְרִיקַת הַדָּם:


Only the place where the blood [was absorbed] must be washed.13 [The above applies provided the garment or] utensil14 is susceptible to contract ritual impurity and is fit to be washed. If, however, the blood spews on a wooden utensil or a metal utensil, it need not be washed because it is not fit to be washed. Instead, one should merely scrape the blood off.


אֵין טָעוּן כִּבּוּס אֶלָּא מְקוֹם הַדָּם בִּלְבַד. וְהוּא שֶׁיִּהְיֶה עַל כְּלִי שֶׁרָאוּי לְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה וְרָאוּי לְכִבּוּס. אֲבָל אִם נִתַּז עַל כְּלִי עֵץ אוֹ כְּלִי מַתֶּכֶת אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס לְפִי שֶׁאֵינָן רְאוּיִין לְכִבּוּס אֶלָּא גּוֹרְדָן בִּלְבַד:


If [the blood] spewed onto the skin of a fish, it is not necessary to wash it, for [the skin of a fish] is not susceptible to ritual impurity.15 If it was spewed onto the hide of an animal that was not skinned, it need not be washed. If, however, [the hide] was skinned [from the animal], it must be washed. Even though it is not susceptible to ritual impurity in its present state,16 it will be susceptible to ritual impurity after it has been treated.


נִתַּז עַל עוֹר הַדָּג אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס לְפִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ רָאוּי לְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. אֲבָל אִם נִתַּז עַל עוֹר בְּהֵמָה. עַד שֶׁלֹּא הֻפְשַׁט אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. אַחַר שֶׁהֻפְשַׁט טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. שֶׁאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה עַתָּה הֲרֵי הוּא רָאוּי לְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה לְאַחַר שֶׁיִּתְעַבֵּד:

Mishneh Torah (Moznaim)

Featuring a modern English translation and a commentary that presents a digest of the centuries of Torah scholarship which have been devoted to the study of the Mishneh Torah by Maimonides.


If blood spewed from [the animal's] neck onto a garment, it sputtered from the corner of the altar [to a garment],17 or the blood spilled to the floor [of the Temple Courtyard],18 it was gathered and then it spewed on to a garment, there is no requirement that [the garment] be washed, as [the prooftext] states: "If its blood is spewed...."19 [Implied is that the requirement] was stated only with regard to blood that was received in a sacred utensil and is fit to be sprinkled [on the altar], [because it is] of sufficient measure [to be sprinkled].20


נִתַּז מִן הַצַּוָּאר עַל הַבֶּגֶד אוֹ מֵעַל קֶרֶן הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אוֹ שֶׁנִּשְׁפָּךְ הַדָּם עַל הָרִצְפָּה וַאֲסָפוֹ וְנִתַּז מִמֶּנּוּ עַל הַבֶּגֶד אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו כ) "וַאֲשֶׁר יִזֶּה מִדָּמָהּ". לֹא אָמַרְתִּי אֶלָּא בְּדָם שֶׁנִּתְקַבֵּל בִּכְלִי שָׁרֵת וְרָאוּי לְהַזָּיָה וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ כְּדֵי הַזָּיָה:


If the four presentations of blood21 were made and then some of the remainder of the blood spewed from the container onto a garment, it need not be washed even though the remainder of the blood was not yet poured out on the base [of the altar].22 Similar principles apply with regard to the sin-offerings that are burnt.23


נָתַן אַרְבַּע הַמַּתָּנוֹת וְאַחַר כָּךְ נִתַּז מִן הַכּוֹס עַל הַבֶּגֶד מִשְּׁיָרֵי הַדָּם אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא זָרַק הַשְּׁיָרִים עַל הַיְסוֹד. וְכֵן בְּחַטָּאוֹת הַנִּשְׂרָפוֹת:


[If the blood of a sin-offering] sputtered from [a priest's] finger after he performed its sprinkling with his hand, [the garment onto which it sputtered] need not be washed, because the remainder of the blood on his finger is not acceptable for sprinkling.24


נִתַּז מֵאֶצְבָּעוֹ אַחַר שֶׁיָּצָאת הַזָּיָה מִיָּדוֹ אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס שֶׁשְּׁיָרֵי הַדָּם שֶׁבָּאֶצְבַּע פְּסוּלִין לְהַזָּיָה:


If [the blood] spewed from one garment to another, the second garment need not be washed.25 If [blood] spewed on an impure garment, it need not be washed.26

If blood from a sin-offering sputtered onto a garment and then ordinary blood27 sputtered onto the blood from the sin-offering, it must be washed.28 If, however, ordinary blood - or even blood from a burnt-offering - sputtered onto a garment and then blood from a sin-offering sputtered on to it, it is not required to be washed, because [the blood from the sin-offering] is not absorbed in [the garment].29


נִתַּז מִן הַבֶּגֶד לְבֶגֶד שֵׁנִי אֵין הַבֶּגֶד הַשֵּׁנִי טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. נִתַּז עַל בֶּגֶד טָמֵא אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. נִתַּז דַּם הַחַטָּאת עַל הַבֶּגֶד וְנִתַּז עַל דַּם הַחַטָּאת דַּם חֻלִּין טָעוּן כִּבּוּס. אֲבָל אִם נִתַּז דַּם הַחֻלִּין תְּחִלָּה (אוֹ אֲפִלּוּ דַּם עוֹלָה) וְנִתַּז עָלָיו דַּם הַחַטָּאת אֵינוֹ טָעוּן כִּבּוּס שֶׁהֲרֵי לֹא נִבְלַע בּוֹ:


When the place [stained by] the blood is washed, it should be washed very thoroughly with water until no trace [of the blood] remains. All of the seven detergents30 that are used [to determine whether] a stain is blood or not31 should be used to [wash away] the blood of a sin-offering with the exception of urine, for urine should not be brought into the Temple.32


כְּשֶׁמְּכַבְּסִין אֶת מְקוֹם הַדָּם מְכַבְּסִין אוֹתוֹ בְּמַיִם יָפֶה יָפֶה עַד שֶׁלֹּא יִשָּׁאֵר לוֹ רשֶׁם. וְכָל שִׁבְעַת הַסַּמְמָנִים שֶׁמַּעֲבִירִין עַל הַכֶּתֶם מַעֲבִירִין עַל דַּם חַטָּאת. חוּץ מִמֵּי רַגְלַיִם שֶׁאֵין מַכְנִיסִין מֵי רַגְלַיִם לַמִּקְדָּשׁ:


An earthernware vessel in which a sin-offering that is to be eaten33 was cooked must be broken34 in the Temple Courtyard. A metal vessel in which [a sin-offering] was cooked must be cleansed35 and rinsed in water36 in the Temple Courtyard, as [Leviticus 6:21] states: "An earthenware vessel in which it is cooked shall be broken."

Although this verse does not state "in a holy place,"37 the same laws that apply to washing [a garment] apply. Just as the washing must be performed in a sacred place, so too, the breaking of an earthenware vessel and the cleansing and the rinsing of a metal utensil must be performed in a holy place. [These laws apply equally to] a utensil in which [the sin-offering] was cooked and one into which it was poured while it was boiling.38


כְּלִי חֶרֶשׂ שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלָה בּוֹ הַחַטָּאת הַנֶּאֱכֶלֶת טָעוּן שְׁבִירָה בָּעֲזָרָה. וּכְלִי מַתָּכוֹת שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלָה בּוֹ טָעוּן מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה בְּמַיִם בָּעֲזָרָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו כא) "וּכְלִי חֶרֶס אֲשֶׁר תְּבֻשַּׁל בּוֹ יִשָּׁבֵר". אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא נֶאֱמַר כָּאן (ויקרא ז ו) (ויקרא טז כד) "בְּמָקוֹם קָדוֹשׁ" הֲרֵי דִּינָן כְּדִין הַכִּבּוּס. מָה כִּבּוּס הַבֶּגֶד בַּקֹּדֶשׁ אַף שְׁבִירַת כְּלִי חֶרֶס וּשְׁטִיפַת כְּלִי מַתָּכוֹת וּמְרִיקָתוֹ בַּקֹּדֶשׁ. וְאֶחָד כְּלִי שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בּוֹ אוֹ כְּלִי שֶׁהֶעֱרָה לְתוֹכוֹ רוֹתֵחַ:


"Cleansing" is performed with hot water and "rinsing" with cold water.39 The prooftext mentions "water," [excluding] wine, wine mixed with water, or other liquids. The thorough cleansing and rinsing [of the vessel] should resemble the thorough cleansing and rinsing of a cup.40

A spit and a grill [used to cook the meat of a sin-offering] must be purged41 in water that is heated by fire and then washed [in cold water].42


מְרִיקָה בְּחַמִּין וּשְׁטִיפָה בְּצוֹנֵן. בְּמַיִם לֹא בְּיַיִן וְלֹא בְּמֶזֶג וְלֹא בִּשְׁאָר מַשְׁקִין. וְהַמְּרִיקָה וְהַשְּׁטִיפָה כִּמְרִיקַת הַכּוֹס וּשְׁטִיפָתוֹ. וְהַשִּׁפּוּד וְהָאַסְכָּלָה מַגְעִילָן בְּמַיִם חַמִּים עַל גַּבֵּי הָאֵשׁ וְאַחַר כָּךְ מְדִיחָן:


When does the above apply? When one cooked [sacrificial meat] in these utensils after their blood was sprinkled as required by law. If, however, he cooked in [these utensils] before the sprinkling [of the blood]43 or he cooked meat from sin-offerings that were to be burnt in such utensils,44 it is not necessary that they be washed thoroughly and rinsed.45

If one cooked [the meat of a sin-offering] in [only] a portion of a utensil, the entire utensil must be washed thoroughly and rinsed.46


בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בָּהֶן אַחַר שֶׁנִּזְרַק דָּמָהּ כְּהִלְכָתוֹ. אֲבָל אִם בִּשֵּׁל קֹדֶם זְרִיקָה אוֹ שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בָּהּ בְּשַׂר חַטָּאת הַנִּשְׂרֶפֶת אֵינוֹ טָעוּן מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה. בִּשֵּׁל בְּמִקְצָת הַכְּלִי כֻּלּוֹ טָעוּן מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה:


There is an unresolved doubt [concerning the ruling] when meat [from a sacrificial offering] was roasted in the space of an earthenware oven:47 Must [the oven] be destroyed48 since [the meat] was cooked inside of it49 or need it not be destroyed, since it did not touch it?50 [The above] does not apply only with regard to a sin-offering. Instead, all utensils that were used for [meat] from sacrificial offerings with hot water,51 whether sacrifices of the highest degree of sanctity or sacrifices of a lesser degree of sanctity, are required to be washed thoroughly and rinsed after52 the time for eating from them.53 Similarly, a spit and a grill should be purged after eating [from the sacrifice which they were used to cook].

They should not be left until one desires to eat from them a second time.54 Instead, when the time for eating from them is completed, one should purge the grill and the spit and wash thoroughly and rinse the utensil whether it be a metal utensil or an earthenware utensil.55 [There is] one exception: [the meat from] a sin-offering. An earthenware utensil [in which it was cooked] must be broken. [Nevertheless,] one may cook [in a utensil] and do so a second and third time immediately, whether using a metal utensil or an earthenware utensil. [The requirement to] wash it thoroughly and rinse it [applies only] at the conclusion of the time permitted to partake [from these sacrificial foods].


צָלָה הַבָּשָׂר [בַּאֲוִיר] תַּנּוּר שֶׁל חֶרֶס יֵשׁ בַּדָּבָר סָפֵק אִם יִשָּׁבֵר הוֹאִיל וְנִתְבַּשְּׁלָה בּוֹ אוֹ לֹא יִשָּׁבֵר הוֹאִיל וְלֹא נָגְעָה בּוֹ. וְלֹא בְּחַטָּאת בִּלְבַד אֶלָּא כָּל הַכֵּלִים שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּמְּשִׁין בָּהֶן בְּקָדָשִׁים עַל יְדֵי חַמִּין בֵּין קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים בֵּין קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים טְעוּנִין מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה עֵקֶב אֲכִילָה. וְכֵן הַשִּׁפּוּד וְהָאַסְכָּלָה מַגְעִילָן עֵקֶב אֲכִילָה. וְאֵינוֹ מְנִיחָן עַד זְמַן אֲכִילָה שְׁנִיָּה. אֶלָּא כְּשֶׁיַּשְׁלִים לֶאֱכל יַגְעִיל הַשִּׁפּוּד וְהָאַסְכָּלָה וִימָרֵק וְיִּשְׁטֹף הַכְּלִי בֵּין כְּלֵי מַתָּכוֹת בֵּין כְּלֵי חֶרֶס חוּץ מִן הַחַטָּאת שֶׁשּׁוֹבֵר בָּהּ כְּלֵי חֶרֶס. וּמְבַשֵּׁל וְשׁוֹנֶה וּמְשַׁלֵּשׁ מִיָּד בֵּין בִּכְלֵי מַתָּכוֹת בֵּין בִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס וּמְמָרֵק וְשׁוֹטֵף עַד סוֹף אֲכִילָה:


Utensils made from animal turds,56 stone, or earth57 are not required to be thoroughly washed and rinsed even [when the meat of] a sin-offering was cooked in them. All that is necessary is that they be cleansed.58

With regard to a sin-offering, [Leviticus 6:20] states: "Anything that will touch its meat will become sanctified,"59 i.e., it will be of the same status. If it has been disqualified, anything that touches it is also disqualified. If it is kosher, anything that touches it should be eaten according to the laws that apply to it, with the same degree of holiness.60


כְּלֵי גְּלָלִים וּכְלֵי אֲבָנִים וּכְלֵי אֲדָמָה אֵינָן טְעוּנִין מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה אֲפִלּוּ בְּחַטָּאת אֶלָּא הֲדָחָה בִּלְבַד. נֶאֱמַר בְּחַטָּאת (ויקרא ו כ) "כּל אֲשֶׁר יִגַּע בִּבְשָׂרָהּ יִקְדָּשׁ" לִהְיוֹת כָּמוֹהָ. אִם פְּסוּלָה הִיא הַנּוֹגֵעַ בָּהּ פָּסוּל וְאִם כְּשֵׁרָה הַנּוֹגֵעַ בָּהּ יֹאכַל כָּמוֹהָ וּבִקְדֻשָּׁתָהּ:


When does the above apply? When [the flavor of the meat of a sacrificial offering] was absorbed by it. If, however, it merely touched it, but its flavor was not absorbed, it does not cause it to become sanctified.61 The above applies both to a sin-offering and any other sacrificial offering, whether sacrifices of a lesser degree of sanctity or sacrifices of a severe degree of sanctity, as [implied by Leviticus 7:37]: "This is the law for the burnt-offering, the meal-offering...."62


בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים כְּשֶׁנִּבְלְעָה בּוֹ. אֲבָל נְגִיעָה בְּלֹא הַבְלָעָה אֵינָהּ מְקֻדֶּשֶׁת. וְאֶחָד הַחַטָּאת וְאֶחָד שְׁאָר קָדָשִׁים בֵּין קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים בֵּין חֲמוּרִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ז לז) "זֹאת הַתּוֹרָה לָעלָה וְלַמִּנְחָה":


If the meat [of a sacrificial offering] touched a cake63 and [its flavor] was absorbed in a portion of it, [the cake] does not become sanctified in its entirety. Instead, one should cut off the portion in which it was absorbed.64


נָגַע בְּשָׂרָהּ בְּרָקִיק וְנִבְלַע בְּמִקְצָתוֹ לֹא נִתְקַדֵּשׁ כֻּלּוֹ אֶלָּא חוֹתֵךְ מְקוֹם הַבֶּלַע:


[The following laws apply to] a utensil in which sacrificial food and ordinary food were cooked together or sacrifices of the highest degree of sanctity were cooked together with sacrifices of a lesser degree of sanctity. If there is a sufficient amount [of the sacrificial food] to impart its flavor,65 the entire mixture must be eaten according to the laws governing the food of the most severe category. The utensil must be thoroughly washed and rinsed according to the laws governing the food of the most severe category.66 If it did not impart its flavor to them, the foods of the more lenient category need not be eaten according to the laws governing the food of the most severe category and they are not governed by their laws at all. The utensil [in which the mixture was cooked], however, must be thoroughly washed and rinsed.67


כְּלִי שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בּוֹ קָדָשִׁים וְחֻלִּין אוֹ קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים וְקָדָשִׁים קַלִּים. אִם יֵשׁ בָּהֶן בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם הֲרֵי הַכּל נֶאֱכָל כֶּחָמוּר שֶׁבָּהֶן. וְטָעוּן הַכְּלִי מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה וְהַכּל כֶּחָמוּר שֶׁבָּהֶן לְכָל דָּבָר. וְאִם לֹא נָתַן טַעַם זֶה בָּזֶה אֵין הַקַּלִּין נֶאֱכָלִין כַּחֲמוּרִים וְאֵינָן כְּמוֹתָן לְכָל דָּבָר. אֲבָל הַכְּלִי טָעוּן מְרִיקָה וּשְׁטִיפָה:


When the blood of a sin-offering sputtered on a garment and then that garment was taken out of the Temple Courtyard, it should be returned to the Temple Courtyard and washed there.

What should be done if [the garment] became impure outside the Temple Courtyard?68 It should be torn69 so that it will become pure.70 He should then bring it into [the Temple Courtyard] and wash it there. He must leave intact a portion of the garment the size of a handkerchief, for [the relevant verse]71 speaks of a "garment," i.e., a garment must be washed.72 Even though [the remnants of the garment] are impure due to Rabbinic decree,73 because of the remnant the size of a handkerchief, since the majority of it is torn, it is ritually pure according to Scriptural Law and it is permitted to bring it into the Sanctuary to wash out the blood.74


בֶּגֶד שֶׁנִּתַּז עָלָיו דַּם הַחַטָּאת וְיָצָא חוּץ לָעֲזָרָה מַחְזִירוֹ לָעֲזָרָה וּמְכַבְּסוֹ שָׁם. נִטְמָא חוּץ לָעֲזָרָה כֵּיצַד יַעֲשֶׂה. קוֹרְעוֹ כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּטְהַר וּמַכְנִיסוֹ וּמְכַבְּסוֹ בִּפְנִים. וְצָרִיךְ לְהָנִיחַ בּוֹ שָׁלֵם כְּדֵי מַעֲפֹרֶת לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו כ) "בֶּגֶד" צָרִיךְ לְכַבֵּס בֶּגֶד. וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא טָמֵא מִדִּבְרֵיהֶם מִפְּנֵי כְּדֵי הַמַּעֲפֹרֶת שֶׁנִּשְׁאֲרָה בּוֹ כֵּיוָן שֶׁנִּקְרַע רֻבּוֹ טָהוֹר מִן הַתּוֹרָה וּמֻתָּר לְהַכְנִיסוֹ לַמִּקְדָּשׁ לְכַבֵּס הַדָּם:


What should be done when blood from a sin-offering sputtered on [the High Priest's] cloak,75 it was taken out [of the Temple Courtyard], and became impure? [The difficulty is that] one who tears it is liable for lashes, as we explained. He should bring it into [the Temple Courtyard] less than three fingerbreadths at a time76 and wash it in [the Temple Courtyard]. After all the blood has been washed off it little by little, it should be immersed [in a mikveh]77 outside [the Temple Courtyard].


מְעִיל שֶׁנִּתַּז עָלָיו דַּם חַטָּאת וְיָצָא וְנִטְמָא לַחוּץ כֵּיצַד הוּא עוֹשֶׂה וַהֲרֵי הַקּוֹרֵעַ אוֹתוֹ לוֹקֶה כְּמוֹ שֶׁבֵּאַרְנוּ. מַכְנִיסוֹ פָּחוֹת פָּחוֹת מִשָּׁלֹשׁ אֶצְבָּעוֹת וּמְכַבְּסוֹ בִּפְנִים. וְאַחַר שֶׁיִּתְכַּבֵּס כָּל הַדָּם מְעַט מְעַט מַטְבִּילִין אוֹתוֹ בַּחוּץ:


When an earthen-ware utensil in which a sin-offering78 was cooked was taken out of the [Temple] Courtyard, it should be brought back in and broken there.79 If it became impure outside the Temple Courtyard, it should be perforated to the extent that a small root [could protrude through it] so that it will be ritually pure,80 and then bring it back inside [the Temple Courtyard] and break it there. If it is broken with a larger hole, it should not be broken in [the Temple Courtyard], because only utensils are broken there.81

Similarly, when a metal utensil in which [sin-offerings] were cooked was taken out of the [Temple] Courtyard, it should be brought back in and thoroughly washed and rinsed there. If it became impure when it was taken out, its [bottom] should be opened82 until it becomes pure83 and then it should be brought back inside [the Temple Courtyard] [The metal] should then be flattened so that the opening becomes closed as is the form of utensils.84 Afterwards, it should be thoroughly washed and rinsed in the Temple Courtyard, as [Leviticus 6:21] states: "If [it was cooked] in a copper utensil, [it should be thoroughly washed and rinsed with water]." [Implied is that] only "utensils" are thoroughly washed in the Temple Courtyard.


כְּלִי חֶרֶס שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בּוֹ הַחַטָּאת וְיָצָא מַכְנִיסוֹ וְשׁוֹבְרוֹ בִּפְנִים. נִטְמָא בַּחוּץ נוֹקְבוֹ בִּכְדֵי שֹׁרֶשׁ קָטָן כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּטְהַר וּמַכְנִיסוֹ וְשׁוֹבְרוֹ בִּפְנִים. וְאִם נִקְּבוֹ נֶקֶב גָּדוֹל מִזֶּה אֵינוֹ שׁוֹבְרוֹ בִּפְנִים שֶׁהֲרֵי אֵינוֹ כְּלִי וְאֵין שׁוֹבְרִין בִּפְנִים אֶלָּא כֵּלִים. וְכֵן כְּלִי מַתָּכוֹת שֶׁבִּשֵּׁל בּוֹ וְיָצָא חוּץ לָעֲזָרָה מַכְנִיסוֹ וּמוֹרְקוֹ וְשׁוֹטְפוֹ בִּפְנִים. נִטְמָא כְּשֶׁיָּצָא פּוֹחֲתוֹ עַד שֶׁיִּטְהַר וּמַכְנִיסוֹ בִּפְנִים וְחוֹזֵר וּמְרַדְּדוֹ עַד שֶׁיִּסָּתֵם הַפְּחָת וְיַחְזֹר כְּתַבְנִית הַכֵּלִים. וְאַחַר כָּךְ מוֹרְקוֹ וְשׁוֹטְפוֹ בָּעֲזָרָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו כא) "וְאִם בִּכְלִי נְחשֶׁת" וְגוֹ' אֵין מוֹרְקִין בִּפְנִים אֶלָּא כֵּלִים: