1

We have already explained1 that the slaughter of consecrated animals is acceptable even when performed by non-priests.2 From the receiving of the blood and onward, the mitzvah is that of the priests.3 The blood of all the sacrifices must be received in a sacred utensil4 held by a priest's hand.5 Nevertheless, the place where they are slaughtered and their blood is received is not the same in all instances.

א

כְּבָר בֵּאַרְנוּ שֶׁשְּׁחִיטַת הַקָּדָשִׁים כְּשֵׁרָה בְּזָרִים וּמִקַּבָּלַת הַדָּם וְאֵילָךְ מִצְוַת כְּהֻנָּה וְכָל הַזְּבָחִים קִבּוּל דָּמָן בִּכְלִי שָׁרֵת בְּיַד כֹּהֵן. אֲבָל מְקוֹם שְׁחִיטָתָן וּמְקוֹם קִבּוּל דָּמָן אֵינוֹ שָׁוֶה בְּכֻלָּן:

2

What is implied? Sacrifices of the most sacred order may be slaughtered and their blood may be received6 in the any portion of [the area designated as] north of the altar whose boundaries we defined in the beginning of this book.7 Sacrifices of lesser sanctity may be slaughtered and their blood received in every place in the Temple Courtyard.

ב

כֵּיצַד. קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים אֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין אוֹתָן וְאֵין מְקַבְּלִין אֶת דָּמָן אֶלָּא בִּצְפוֹן הַמִּזְבֵּחַ בְּכָל הַמָּקוֹם שֶׁבֵּאַרְנוּ גְּבוּלוֹתָיו בִּתְחִלַּת סֵפֶר זֶה. וְקָדָשִׁים קַלִּים שְׁחִיטָתָן וְקִבּוּל דָּמָן בְּכָל מָקוֹם מִן הָעֲזָרָה:

3

What is the source that teaches the sacrifices of the most holy order may be slaughtered only in the northern portion of the Temple Courtyard. With regard to a burnt-offering, [Leviticus 1:11] states: "And it shall be slaughtered on the northern flank of the altar." And with regard to the sin-offering, [ibid. 6:18] states: "In the place where the burnt-offering is slaughtered, you shall slaughter the sin-offering." And just as a sin-offering is called a sacrifice of the most sacred order,8 so too, the burnt-offering is called, a sacrifice of the most sacred order.9 With regard to the guilt-offering, [ibid. 7:2] states: "In the place where the burnt-offering is slaughtered, you shall slaughter the guilt-offering." And an association was established between communal peace-offerings10 and sin-offerings, as [ibid. 23:19] states: "You shall offer one he-goat as a sin-offering and two sheep a year old as a peace-offering." Therefore, they are considered sacrifices of the most sacred order like a sin-offering and are slaughtered in the place where it is slaughtered.11 In the place where [these sacrificial animals] are slaughtered, their blood should be received.

ג

וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁאֵין שׁוֹחֲטִין קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים אֶלָּא בַּצָּפוֹן. שֶׁהֲרֵי נֶאֱמַר בְּעוֹלָה (ויקרא א יא) "וְשָׁחַט אֹתוֹ עַל יֶרֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ צָפֹנָה" וּבְחַטָּאת הוּא אוֹמֵר (ויקרא ו יח) "בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר תִּשָּׁחֵט הָעלָה תִּשָּׁחֵט הַחַטָּאת". וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁהַחַטָּאת נִקְרֵאת קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים כָּךְ הָעוֹלָה נִקְרֵאת קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים. וּבְאָשָׁם הוּא אוֹמֵר (ויקרא ז ב) "בִּמְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁחֲטוּ אֶת הָעלָה יִשְׁחֲטוּ אֶת הָאָשָׁם". וְשַׁלְמֵי צִבּוּר הֻקְּשׁוּ לְחַטָּאת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כג יט) "וַעֲשִׂיתֶם שְׂעִיר עִזִּים אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת וּשְׁנֵי כְבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה לְזֶבַח שְׁלָמִים" לְפִיכָךְ הֵן קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים כְּחַטָּאת וְנִשְׁחָטִין בִּמְקוֹם שְׁחִיטָתָהּ. וּמְקוֹם שְׁחִיטָה הוּא מְקוֹם הַקַּבָּלָה:

4

What is the source that teaches that sacrifices of lesser sanctity may be slaughtered in any place in the Temple Courtyard, even behind the Temple building?12With regard to the peace-offerings, [Leviticus] 3:2] states: "And you shall slaughter it at the opening to the Tent of Meeting," this indicates that all directions are acceptable,13 for a particular direction was not specified. The same applies to other sacrifices of lesser sanctity. If they were slaughtered in the Temple building itself, they are acceptable.14 If, however, they slaughtered them on the roof of the Temple building,15 they are not acceptable, for the roofs are not fit for ritual slaughter at all. It must be performed on the earth of the Temple Courtyard.

ד

וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁשּׁוֹחֲטִים קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים בְּכָל הָעֲזָרָה אֲפִלּוּ אֲחוֹרֵי הַהֵיכָל. שֶׁהֲרֵי נֶאֱמַר בִּשְׁלָמִים (ויקרא ג ב) "וּשְׁחָטוֹ פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד" לְהַכְשִׁיר כָּל הָרוּחוֹת שֶׁהֲרֵי לֹא יִחֵד לָהֶם רוּחַ. וְהוּא הַדִּין לִשְׁאָר הַקָּדָשִׁים קַלִּים. וְאִם שְׁחָטָם בַּהֵיכָל כְּשֵׁרִים. אֲבָל אִם שְׁחָטָן בְּגַגּוֹ שֶׁל הֵיכָל פְּסוּלִין שֶׁאֵין הַגַּגּוֹת רְאוּיוֹת לִשְׁחִיטָה כְּלָל אֶלָּא בְּקַרְקַע הָעֲזָרָה:

5

Peace offerings16 that were slaughtered before the gates to the Temple building were opened are unacceptable,17 as [indicated by the prooftext,] "at the opening to the Tent of Meeting," i.e., when it is open. Even if the doors were closed, [but not locked,] they are considered as locked. However, the curtain that is over [the entrance]18 does not disqualify [the offering].

ה

שְׁלָמִים שֶׁשְּׁחָטָן קֹדֶם שֶׁיִּפָּתְחוּ דַּלְתוֹת הַהֵיכָל פְּסוּלִין שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ג ב) "פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד" בִּזְמַן שֶׁפָּתוּחַ. אֲפִלּוּ הָיוּ דַּלְתוֹתָיו מֻגָּפוֹת הֲרֵי זֶה כְּנָעוּל. אֲבָל הַפָּרֹכֶת שֶׁעָלָיו אֵינָהּ פּוֹסֶלֶת:

6

The manner in which the blood of a burnt-offering, a guilt-offering, and a peace offering, whether communal or individual, is cast on the altar is the same for all three types of sacrifices at all times.

What does [the priest] do? The priest takes the blood which is in a receptacle and casts it from the receptacle19 twice, [once] on each of two of the corners of the altar on a diagonal, on the bottom half of the altar.20 [The corners were] the northeast and the southwest.21 When casting the blood on the corners, he should have the intent that the blood will surround the corners like a gamma.22 In this way, the blood from these two castings will be found on the four walls of the altar.23 For with regard to the burnt-offering and the peace-offering, [the Torah] uses24 the term "surrounding."25 This also applies to the guilt offering.26 The remainder of the blood is poured on the foundation on the southern side of the altar.

ו

הָעוֹלָה וְהָאָשָׁם וְהַשְּׁלָמִים בֵּין שֶׁל יָחִיד בֵּין שֶׁל צִבּוּר זְרִיקַת דַּם שְׁלָשְׁתָּן עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ שָׁוָה לְעוֹלָה. וְכֵיצַד הוּא עוֹשֶׂה. כְּשֶׁלּוֹקֵחַ הַכֹּהֵן הַדָּם בַּמִּזְרָק וְזוֹרֵק מִמֶּנּוּ בַּמִּזְרָק שְׁתֵּי זְרִיקוֹת עַל שְׁתֵּי זָוִיּוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ בַּאֲלַכְסוֹן מֵחֲצִי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּלְמַטָּה עַל קֶרֶן מִזְרָחִית צְפוֹנִית וְעַל קֶרֶן מַעֲרָבִית דְּרוֹמִית. וּמִתְכַּוֵּן כְּשֶׁיִּזָּרֵק הַדָּם עַל הַקֶּרֶן שֶׁיִּהְיֶה הַדָּם מַקִּיף עַל הַזָּוִיּוֹת כְּמִין גַּ''ם. כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּמָּצֵא הַדָּם שֶׁל שְׁתֵּי מַתָּנוֹת עַל אַרְבָּעָה כָּתְלֵי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר בְּעוֹלָה וּבִשְׁלָמִים (ויקרא ז ב) (ויקרא ט יח) "סָבִיב" וְהוּא הַדִּין לְאָשָׁם. וּשְׁיָרֵי הַדָּם נִשְׁפָּכִין עַל הַיְסוֹד הַדְּרוֹמִי:

7

The sin offerings from which [the priests] partake require four presentations [of blood], [one] on each of the four corners of the outer altar, on its upper half,27 for concerning it, [Leviticus 4:25] states: "On the corners of the altar.28

What should [the priest] do? When the priest takes the blood in the receptacle, he carries it to the altar. He dips the index finger of his right hand29 into the blood. He then places his thumb [on one side of the altar] and his middle finger [on the other side] and applies30 [the blood] on the point of the corner of the altar, descending until he finishes [bestowing] all the blood on his finger. He does this on each corner. If he placed the blood near the corner, within a cubit on either side, he achieves atonement [for the owner of the sacrifice].31

ז

הַחַטָּאוֹת הַנֶּאֱכָלוֹת דָּמָן טָעוּן אַרְבַּע מַתָּנוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע קַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ הַחִיצוֹן מֵחֲצִי מִזְבֵּחַ וּלְמַעְלָה לְפִי שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר בָּהּ (ויקרא ד כה) (ויקרא ד לד) "עַל קַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ". וְכֵיצַד הוּא עוֹשֶׂה. כְּשֶׁלּוֹקֵחַ הַכֹּהֵן הַדָּם בַּמִּזְרָק מוֹלִיכוֹ אֵצֶל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְטוֹבֵל אֶצְבָּעוֹ הַיְמָנִית הַסְּמוּכָה לַגּוּדָל בְּדָם. וְסוֹמֵךְ בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ הַגְּדוֹלָה מִכָּאן וּבַגּוּדָל מִכָּאן וּמְחַטֵּא וְיוֹרֵד כְּנֶגֶד חֻדָּהּ שֶׁל קֶרֶן עַד שֶׁיִּכְלֶה כָּל הַדָּם שֶׁבְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ. וְכֵן הוּא עוֹשֶׂה בְּכָל קֶרֶן וְקֶרֶן. וְאִם נָתַן סָמוּךְ לַקֶּרֶן כְּאַמָּה אַחַת מִכָּאן אוֹ מִכָּאן כִּפֵּר:

8

He must dip his finger [in the blood] before applying it to each corner. When he finishes applying it to the corner, he should clean his finger on the [outer] edge of the container.32 He then dips it in a second time, for the blood on his finger is unacceptable to place on another corner.

ח

וְצָרִיךְ לִטְבּל אֶצְבָּעוֹ עַל כָּל קֶרֶן וְקֶרֶן. וּכְשֶׁגּוֹמֵר הַנְּתִינָה עַל הַקֶּרֶן מְקַנֵּחַ אֶצְבָּעוֹ בִּשְׂפַת הַמִּזְרָק. וְאַחַר כָּךְ טוֹבֵל פַּעַם שְׁנִיָּה. שֶׁשְּׁיָרֵי הַדָּם שֶׁבְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ פְּסוּלִין לִתֵּן מֵהֶן עַל קֶרֶן אַחֶרֶת:

9

None of the other sacrifices require the application of the blood on the altar with one's finger aside from the sin-offering,33 for with regard to it [Leviticus 4:6] states: "And he shall dip his finger into the blood." There must be enough blood so that he can dip his finger into it. He should not collect the blood with his finger.

ט

אֵין בְּכָל הַקָּרְבָּנוֹת קָרְבָּן שֶׁטָּעוּן הַזָּיַת דָּם בְּאֶצְבָּעוֹ אֶלָּא חַטָּאת בִּלְבַד שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר בָּהּ (ויקרא ט ט) "וְטָבַל אֶצְבָּעוֹ בַּדָּם". וְצָרִיךְ שֶׁיִּהְיֶה שָׁם דָּם כְּדֵי טְבִילָה לֹא שֶׁיִּסָּפֵג אֶצְבָּעוֹ מִדָּם:

10

From [which] corner should he begin? He should ascend on the ramp and turn to his right, walking on the surrounding ledge. He should apply the blood to the southeast corner first and then to the second corner that is close to it, the northeast corner.34 Afterwards, he should proceed to the third corner, [the one] next to it, the northwest corner, and afterwards, to the fourth corner next to it, which is the southwest. On the base of the altar at the corner which he completed the applications of the blood, he pours out the remaining blood,35 as [Leviticus 4:17] states: "And all of the [remaining] blood he should pour on the base of the altar of the burnt-offerings."36 This refers to the base on the southern side [of the altar].

י

וּמִנַּיִן הוּא מַתְחִיל. עוֹלֶה בַּכֶּבֶשׁ וּפוֹנֶה לִימִינוֹ וּמְהַלֵּךְ עַל הַסּוֹבֵב וְנוֹתֵן בְּקֶרֶן דְּרוֹמִית מִזְרָחִית תְּחִלָּה. וְאַחַר כָּךְ בַּקֶּרֶן הַשְּׁנִיָּה הַסְּמוּכָה לָהּ שֶׁהִיא מִזְרָחִית צְפוֹנִית. וְאַחַר כָּךְ בְּקֶרֶן שְׁלִישִׁית הַסְּמוּכָה לָהּ שֶׁהִיא צְפוֹנִית מַעֲרָבִית. וְאַחַר כָּךְ בְּקֶרֶן רְבִיעִית הַסְּמוּכָה לָהּ שֶׁהִיא מַעֲרָבִית דְּרוֹמִית. וְעַל יְסוֹד אוֹתָהּ הַקֶּרֶן שֶׁהִשְׁלִים בָּהּ הַמַּתָּנוֹת הוּא שׁוֹפֵךְ שְׁיָרֵי הַדָּם שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ד יח) "וְאֵת כָּל הַדָּם יִשְׁפֹּךְ אֶל יְסוֹד מִזְבַּח" (הָעלָה) זֶה יְסוֹד דְּרוֹמִי:

11

The blood of all of the sin-offerings that are burnt37 is taken in the Temple building, and it is sprinkled there as described in the Torah.38 The remainder of the blood should be poured on the western base of the outer altar, [the one] that he encounters first when he leaves the Temple building.

יא

כָּל הַחַטָּאוֹת הַנִּשְׂרָפוֹת דָּמָם נִכְנָס לְפָנִים לַהֵיכָל וּמַזִּין מִמֶּנּוּ שָׁם כַּאֲשֶׁר מְפֹרָשׁ בַּתּוֹרָה. וּשְׁיָרֵי הַדָּם שׁוֹפְכָן עַל יְסוֹד הַמַּעֲרָבִי שֶׁל מִזְבֵּחַ הַחִיצוֹן שֶׁהוּא פּוֹגֵעַ בּוֹ תְּחִלָּה בְּצֵאתוֹ מִן הַהֵיכָל:

12

How is their blood sprinkled and how many sprinklings are made? The blood of both the bull39 and the goat40 offered on Yom Kippur require eight sprinklings between the staves [of the ark] and eight sprinklings on the curtain [before the Holy of Holies]. He then mixes together the blood of the bull and that of the goat and sprinkle four times, one on each of the four corners of the golden altar in the Temple building and seven sprinklings on the center of this altar, as will be explained in Hilchot Avodat Yom HaKippurim.41 [Even] if he did not carefully direct the sprinklings42 performed in the innermost [chamber], they are acceptable.

יב

וְהֵיכָן מַזִּין מִדָּמָן. וְכַמָּה מַזֶּה מֵהֶם. פַּר וְשָׂעִיר שֶׁל יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים דַּם כָּל אֶחָד מֵהֶן טָעוּן שְׁמוֹנֶה הַזָּיוֹת עַל בֵּין הַבַּדִּים וּשְׁמוֹנֶה עַל הַפָּרֹכֶת. וּמְעָרֵב דַּם הַפָּר וְהַשָּׂעִיר וּמַזֶּה מִשְּׁנֵיהֶם אַרְבַּע הַזָּאוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע קַרְנוֹת מִזְבַּח הַזָּהָב שֶׁבַּהֵיכָל. וְשֶׁבַע הַזָּיוֹת עַל אֶמְצָעוֹ שֶׁל מִזְבֵּחַ זֶה כְּמוֹ שֶׁיִּתְבָּאֵר בְּהִלְכוֹת עֲבוֹדַת יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים. וְאִם לֹא כִּוֵּן בַּהַזָּיוֹת שֶׁבִּפְנִים כְּשֵׁרוֹת:

13

The blood of the bulls that are burnt43 and the goats that are burnt44 should both be cast [in the following manner]. They should be sprinkled seven times on the curtain that separates between the Sanctuary and the Holy of Holies and four times on the four corners of the golden altar.45

יג

פָּרִים הַנִּשְׂרָפִין וּשְׂעִירִים הַנִּשְׂרָפִין זוֹרֵק דָּם מִכָּל אֶחָד מֵהֶם שֶׁבַע הַזָּיוֹת עַל הַפָּרֹכֶת הַמַּבְדֶּלֶת בֵּין הַקֹּדֶשׁ וּבֵין קֹדֶשׁ הַקָּדָשִׁים. וְאַרְבַּע הַזָּיוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע קַרְנוֹת מִזְבַּח הַזָּהָב:

14

With regard to the blood placed on the golden altar: When he enters [the Sanctuary],46 he stands between the altar and the Menorah47 with the altar in front of him. He should [sprinkle the blood] on the outer side of the horns of the altar. He should begin with the northeast corner and [proceed] to the northwest and then to the southwest and then to the southeast.

יד

וְכָל הַדָּמִים הַנִּתָּנִין עַל מִזְבַּח הַזָּהָב כְּשֶׁהוּא נִכְנָס עוֹמֵד בֵּין הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לַמְּנוֹרָה וְהַמִּזְבֵּחַ לְפָנָיו. וְנוֹתֵן עַל קַרְנוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִבַּחוּץ. מַתְחִיל מִקֶּרֶן מִזְרָחִית צְפוֹנִית לִצְפוֹנִית מַעֲרָבִית לְמַעֲרָבִית דְּרוֹמִית לִדְרוֹמִית מִזְרָחִית:

15

With regard to the bull brought by the anointed priest48 for the violation of any of the mitzvot, the anointed priest himself receives its blood and sprinkles it in the Sanctuary.49 If an ordinary priest received this blood and sprinkled it, it is acceptable.

טו

פַּר כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ הַבָּא עַל כָּל הַמִּצְוֹת כֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ עַצְמוֹ מְקַבֵּל דָּמוֹ וּמַזֶּה מִמֶּנּוּ מִבִּפְנִים וְאִם קִבֵּל וְהִזָּה כֹּהֵן הֶדְיוֹט כָּשֵׁר:

16

The goats [offered in atonement for] idol worship are called the goats which are burnt. The Torah does not explicitly state how their blood was sprinkled [on the altar]. Nevertheless, since they are communal sin offerings, the laws applying to them should be the same in their particulars as those applying to the bull brought because of a forgotten law, for it is also a communal sin-offering. [This applies to] the sprinkling of the blood, burning [the sacrifices], and the impurity they impart to the one who has them burnt.

טז

שְׂעִירֵי עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה וְהֵן שְׂעִירִין הַנִּשְׂרָפִין לֹא נִתְפָּרֵשׁ בָּהֶן בַּתּוֹרָה כֵּיצַד נוֹתֵן דָּמָן וּלְהֵיכָן הוּא נוֹתֵן. אֶלָּא לְפִי שֶׁהֵן חַטַּאת הַקָּהָל דִּינָן כְּדִין פַּר הֶעְלֵם שֶׁהוּא חַטַּאת הַקָּהָל לְכָל הָאָמוּר בּוֹ לְמַתַּן דָּמִים וְלִשְׂרֵפָה וּלְטַמֵּא אֶת הַשּׂוֹרֵף:

17

The blood of each [of the following], the firstborn offering, the tithe offering, and the Paschal sacrifice is required to be presented to the altar through one pouring at its base, in any direction one desires on the three corners of the altar that have a base. For, as we explained,50 the southeastern corner did not have a base.

What is the source that teaches that all that is required is one present? For with regard to the first born sacrifice, [Numbers 18:17] states: "You shall cast its blood on the altar." According to the Oral Tradition, we learned that this also applies to the tithe offering and the Paschal sacrifice. Their blood is presented once like that of the firstborn offering.

יז

הַבְּכוֹר וְהַמַּעֲשֵׂר וְהַפֶּסַח דַּם כָּל אֶחָד מֵהֶן טָעוּן מַתָּנָה אַחַת בִּשְׁפִיכָה כְּנֶגֶד הַיְסוֹד בְּאֵי זוֹ רוּחַ שֶׁיִּרְצֶה מִשְּׁלֹשׁ זָוִיּוֹת הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. שֶׁהֲרֵי קֶרֶן מִזְרָחִית דְּרוֹמִית לֹא הָיָה לָהּ יְסוֹד כְּמוֹ שֶׁבֵּאַרְנוּ. וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁאֵינָן טְעוּנִין אֶלָּא מַתָּנָה אַחַת שֶׁהֲרֵי נֶאֱמַר בִּבְכוֹר (במדבר יח יז) "וְאֶת דָּמָם תִּזְרֹק עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ" מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה לָמְדוּ שֶׁהוּא הַדִּין בְּמַעֲשֵׂר וּבְפֶסַח שֶׁנּוֹתֵן דָּמָן מַתָּנָה אַחַת כִּבְכוֹר:

18

The eimorim51 of all the sacrifices are the first [elements of the sacrifice] offered on the pyre of the altar after the blood is cast [on the altar].52 All of the sacrificial [animals] are skinned and then the eimorim are removed. They are not skinned until the blood is cast. [This applies] with the exception of the sin-offerings, for they are not skinned at all,53 as [Leviticus 16:27] states: "You shall burn with fire their hide and their flesh." Thus, [the order of sacrifice is] first the blood is cast [on the altar].54 Then the sacrificial [animals] are skinned and then their [bellies] are ripped open, the eimorim are removed and offered [on the pyre of the altar].

יח

כָּל הַזְּבָחִים מַקְטִירִין אֵימוּרֵיהֶן עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אַחַר שֶׁזּוֹרְקִין הַדָּם תְּחִלָּה. וְכָל הַזְּבָחִים מַפְשִׁיטִין אוֹתָן וְאַחַר כָּךְ מוֹצִיאִין אֶת אֵימוּרֵיהֶן. וְאֵין מַפְשִׁיטִין אוֹתָן עַד שֶׁיִּזָּרֵק הַדָּם. חוּץ מֵחֲטָאוֹת הַנִּשְׂרָפוֹת שֶׁאֵין מַפְשִׁיטִין אוֹתָם כְּלָל שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא טז כז) "אֶת עוֹרָם וְאֶת בְּשָׂרָם". נִמְצֵאתָ אוֹמֵר זוֹרֵק תְּחִלָּה וְאַחַר כָּךְ מַפְשִׁיט וְקוֹרֵעַ וּמוֹצִיא הָאֵימוּרִין וּמַקְטִיר:

19

All of the hides of the sacrifices of the most sacred order - whether communal offerings or individual offerings - are given to the priests, as [Leviticus 7:8] states: "The hide of the burnt-offering55 he offered [shall belong to that priest]." The hides of sacrifices of lesser sanctity, by contrast, are given to the owners. Whenever the flesh of a burnt-offering did not merit to be offered on the altar,56 the priests do not acquire its hide, as [implied by the above verse which] states: "the burnt-offering of a man." [We can infer that it refers only to] a burnt-offering that was acceptable for a man.

יט

כָּל עוֹרוֹת קָדְשֵׁי הַקָּדָשִׁים לַכֹּהֲנִים בֵּין בְּקָרְבְּנוֹת צִבּוּר בֵּין בְּקָרְבְּנוֹת יָחִיד שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ז ח) "עוֹר הָעלָה אֲשֶׁר הִקְרִיב". אֲבָל עוֹרוֹת קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים לַבְּעָלִים. וְכָל עוֹלָה שֶׁלֹּא זָכָה הַמִּזְבֵּחַ בִּבְשָׂרָהּ לֹא זָכוּ הַכֹּהֲנִים בְּעוֹרָהּ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ז ח) "עלַת אִישׁ" עוֹלָה שֶׁעָלְתָה לְאִישׁ:

20

In all instances that a disqualifying factor was caused in one of the sacrifices of the most sacred order before they were skinned, their hides are not granted to the priests.57 [If they are disqualified] after they are skinned, their hides are granted to the priests. All of the hides should be divided among the members of the priestly watch from Friday to Friday.58

כ

כָּל קָדְשֵׁי הַקָּדָשִׁים שֶׁאֵרַע בָּהֶן פִּסּוּל קֹדֶם הֶפְשֵׁטָן אֵין עוֹרוֹתֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים. לְאַחַר הֶפְשֵׁטָן עוֹרָן לַכֹּהֲנִים. וְכָל הָעוֹרוֹת מְחַלְּקִין אוֹתָן אַנְשֵׁי מִשְׁמָר בֵּינֵיהֶן מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת לְעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת:

21

When a person consecrates a burnt-offering to the Temple treasury59 or one consecrates his property [to the Temple treasury] and among [his possessions] were male animals concerning which the law is that they should be sacrificed as burnt-offerings,60 the hides are not given to the priests, for [the prooftext] states: "the burnt-offering of a man." This excludes the burnt-offering of the Temple treasury. Instead, the hides should be sold and the money given to the Temple treasury.

The hide of a burnt-offering brought by] a man or a woman, a gentile61 or a servant, is given to the priests. The term "man" was used only to exclude the Temple treasury.

כא

הַמַּתְפִּיס עוֹלָתוֹ לְבֶדֶק הַבַּיִת. וְכֵן הַמַּקְדִּישׁ נְכָסָיו וְהָיוּ בָּהֶן זְכָרִים שֶׁדִּינָן שֶׁיִּקָּרְבוּ עוֹלוֹת אֵין עוֹרוֹתֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר עלַת אִישׁ פְּרָט לְעוֹלַת הֶקְדֵּשׁ. אֶלָּא יִמָּכְרוּ הָעוֹרוֹת וְיִפְּלוּ לְבֶדֶק הַבַּיִת. אֶחָד (ויקרא ז ח) "עוֹלַת אִישׁ" אוֹ אִשָּׁה אוֹ עַכּוּ''ם אוֹ עֶבֶד עוֹרוֹתֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים לֹא נֶאֱמַר אִישׁ אֶלָּא לְהוֹצִיא הַהֶקְדֵּשׁ: