Rabbi Chizkiya opened [his discourse by] citing: "For [G‑d] looks to the ends of the earth and sees [all that is done] under the heavens ". (Job 28:24)[There is nothing hidden from Him.] How important it is for all human beings to observe the works of G‑d and to study Torah day and night! He who studies the Torah is glorified by G‑d on high [to the angels and the souls of the righteous in heaven] and down below, because the Torah is the Tree of Life for all those who are engrossed in it. It grants them life in this world and offers them life in the World to Come.

Come and see
[how G‑d nourishes all of creation, so that you cannot say how shall I engage in Torah and in my house there is no food or clothing?] "For He looks to the end of the earth" in order to supply them with food and provide for their needs [through malchut]. That is because it is He is constantly attentive of Her [the Shechinah] . As it is written: "The eyes of the L-rd your G‑d are always upon it [the Land of Israel, the secret of the Shechinah, providing Her with bounty] from the beginning of the year [chochma] to the end of the year [malchut]." (Deut. 11:12)

It is written of the earth, "She
[the Shechinah] brings her food from afar" [from the sefira of chochma which is above her and very far away]. (Proverbs 31:14) And then, "She" provides the beasts [all powers of the Worlds of Beriya, Yetzira, and Asiya] of the fields [outside the World of Atzilut] as it is written: "She [the Shechinah] arises also while it is yet night [and descends every midnight to the World of Beriya] and gives prey to her household and a portion to her maidens [the external forces of the lower worlds]." (Ibid. 31:15)

This is why it states "for He looks to the ends of the earth [all at once] and sees under the heavens", the lower world in all its details, in order to supply everyone with food and provisions, each and every one according to his needs, as it is written: "You open your hand, and satisfy the desire of every living thing." (Psalms 145:16)

There is another explanation of "for He looks to the ends of the earth," that He observes the doings of man and watches closely over what people are doing in the world. He "sees under the heavens," which means that He watches and keeps an eye on each and every person
[individually].

BeRahamim LeHayyim: Why did the Ari and Chida include this passage? What are they trying to teach us?

Giving and receiving are two sides of the same coin. There is only one G‑d. There is a special relationship between two 'faces' of G‑d, a giver called Zeir Anpin, and a receiver called Shechinah. The receiver is also a giver to us,and we are a receiver from Her. We are to give to G‑d, For He desires our desire. And then He opens up His hand, and satisfies all of our desires.

Giving and receiving. Better to not think of it hierarchically. Rather, perhaps a better focus is on flow and dependance. Always.


Bracketed annotations from Metok Midevash and Sulam commentaries
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