Please note: 5781 (2021) is one of the relatively rare years when the day before Passover falls on Shabbat. Please pay close attention to the following schedule, because many details are different than other years.

Thursday March 25 – 12 Nissan

Fast of the Firstborn. Since one is prohibited to fast on Shabbat (this year, the day before Passover), the fast is held on Thursday. All firstborn males are required to fast. To be exempt from fasting, one can participate in a meal marking the fulfillment of a mitzvah; such a meal is generally held in the synagogue after morning prayers on this day.

Did you remember to sell your chametz? Your local Chabad rabbi can help, or complete an online “Authorization for the Sale of Chametz” form by clicking here.

Search for the chametz after dark (click here for the exact time). Recite the blessing prior to the search, and the nullification of the chametz (Kol Chamira) following the search. Click here for more information on the search and removal of chametz.

Friday March 26—13 Nissan

Have you sold your chametz? Final call! Your local Chabad rabbi can help, or complete an online “Authorization for the Sale of Chametz” form by clicking here.

Burn your remaining (unsold) chametz before the beginning of the sixth seasonal hour (click here for the exact time). Leave behind challah loaves or rolls to be eaten during tonight's and tomorrow morning's Shabbat meals. Though it isn’t forbidden to eat chametz until the end of the fourth seasonal hour tomorrow morning, since it is impossible to destroy chametz on Shabbat – the chametz must be destroyed today.

This year, when burning the chametz, we do not recite the passage wherein we declare all chametz in our possession to be null and void. Instead this passage is recited tomorrow morning. (The Yehi Ratzon, however, is recited while burning the chametz.)

The Seder plate items and the Seder dinner food should be prepared today, the food can be warmed up after Shabbat has ended, using a flame that has been lit from the onset of the holiday. We suggest lighting a 24 or 48 hour yahrtzeit candle before Shabbat candle lighting to be used to light candles or a gas flame on the holiday.

Both Shabbat meals should be completely kosher for Passover with the exception of two ounces of bread per person per meal. (It is forbidden to eat matzah on the day before Passover.)

Light Shabbat candles, reciting blessing 1. Click here for the blessings, and here for local candle lighting times.

The challah is carefully consumed over a paper napkin or tissue. Afterwards, the paper, together with any remaining chametz crumbs, is flushed down the toilet. Extra care should be taken that no chametz crumbs should fall on the floor.

Shabbat March 27—14 Nissan
Day before Passover, Shabbat Hagadol

Morning service.
Torah reading: Leviticus 6:1–8:36.
Haftorah: Malachi 3:4–24.

Services are recited early in the morning in order to allow enough time to start the Shabbat meal and eat the challah before the end of the fourth seasonal hour (click here for the exact time).

Festive lunch meal. Once again, the challah is carefully consumed over a paper napkin or tissue. Afterwards, the paper, together with any remaining chametz crumbs, is flushed down the toilet. Extra care should be taken that no chametz crumbs should fall on the floor. After the fourth seasonal hour, it is forbidden to consume any chametz.

During the fifth seasonal hour of the morning (click here for the exact time) the nullification of the chametz (Kol Chamira) — the one normally recited while burning the chametz — is recited.

It is customary to recite “The Order of the Passover Offering” after the afternoon Minchah prayers. Since it is "Shabbat Hagadol," a large section of the Haggadah is traditionally read after Minchah, too.

According to Chabad custom, complete Hallel is recited during Maariv evening prayers. Yaale veyavo is also said.

After dark, light candles for the first day of Passover, using an existing flame, and recite blessings 2 & 4. Click here for the blessings, and here for local candle-lighting times.

First Seder: The Seder contains the observance of many biblical and rabbinical mitzvot, including: eating matzah, eating maror (bitter herbs), drinking four cups of wine, relating the story of the Exodus to our children, reclining as a symbol of freedom, etc. (Click here for a How-To Seder guide.)



Sunday March 28—15 Nissan
1st day of Passover-Yom Tov

Morning service. Full Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark.
Torah reading: Exodus 12:21–51 and Numbers 28:16–25. Haftorah: Joshua 3:5–7, 5:2–6:1, 6:27.

We start saying the prayer for dew during the Musaf prayer. The priests bless the congregation with the priestly blessing during the Musaf prayer.

“Yaaleh Veyavo” is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals. Festive lunch meal.

Complete Hallel is recited during Maariv evening prayers, followed by the “Counting of the Omer.” We count the 1st day of the Omer. The counting of the Omer is recited during each of the next forty-nine days, leading up to the holiday of Shavuot on the fiftieth day. The 49 days embody the 49 steps of self-improvement — beginning with the departure from our “personal” Egypt, until our arrival at Mount Sinai, when we are ready to accept the wisdom of the Torah.

Light candles for the 2nd day of Passover after dark, using an existing flame, and recite blessings 2 & 4. Click here for the blessings, and here for local candle lighting times.

Second Seder: The Seder contains the observance of many Biblical and Rabbinic Mitzvot, including: eating Matzah, eating Marror (bitter herbs), drinking four cups of wine, relating the story of the Exodus to our children, reclining as a symbol of freedom, etc. (Click here for a How-To Seder guide.)

Monday March 29—16 Nissan
2nd day of Passover-Yom Tov

Morning service.

“Yaaleh Veyavo” is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals. Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. Torah reading: Leviticus 22:26–23:44 and Numbers 28:16–25. Haftorah: II Kings 23:1–9, 21–25. The Musaf Amidah is recited.

Evening prayers. Atah Chonantanu is added in the Amidah. Following the Amidah, count the 2nd day of the Omer.

After nightfall, perform the Havdalah ceremony, omitting the blessings on the spices and on the candle flame.

Nightfall marks the beginning of Passover’s intermediate days. Between the first two and the last two days of Passover, we may resume much (not all) of our regular, workday activities (except on Shabbat, when regular Shabbat observances are kept); but, of course, we continue to eat Kosher for Passover foods exclusively. It is customary to drink a glass of wine or grape juice each day, in celebration of the festival.

Tuesday March 30—17 Nissan
3rd day of Passover
1st day of Chol Hamoed (intermediate days)

Morning service: In many communities, throughout the intermediate days of Passover, tefillin are not worn.

Half-Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. Torah reading: Exodus 13:1–16 and Numbers 28:19–25. The Musaf Amidah is recited. During all of the intermediate days, “Yaaleh Veyavo” is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals.

The intermediate days are observed with limited work restrictions.

After nightfall, count the 3rd day of the Omer.

Wednesday March 31—18 Nissan
4th day of Passover
2nd day of Chol Hamoed (intermediate days)

Torah reading: Exodus 22:24 - 23:19 and Numbers 28:19–25.

Morning service: In many communities, throughout the intermediate days of Passover, tefillin are not worn. Half-Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. During all of the intermediate days, “Yaaleh Veyavo” is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals.

The intermediate days are observed with limited work restrictions.

After nightfall and evening prayers, count the 4th day of the Omer.

Thursday April 1—19 Nissan
5th day of Passover
3rd day of Chol Hamoed (intermediate days)
Torah reading: Exodus 34:1-26 and Numbers 28:19–25.

Morning service: In many communities, throughout the intermediate days of Passover, tefillin are not worn.

Half-Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. Torah reading: Numbers 9:1-14 and Numbers 28:19–25. The Musaf Amidah is recited. During all of the Intermediate Days, “Yaaleh Veyavo” is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals.

After nightfall, count the 5th day of the Omer.

The Intermediate Days are observed with limited work restrictions.

Friday April 2—20 Nissan
6th day of Passover-Yom Tov
4th day of Chol Hamoed (intermediate days)

Morning service: In many communities, throughout the intermediate days of Passover, tefillin are not worn.

Half Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark. Torah reading: Numbers 9:1–14 and Numbers 28:19–25. The Musaf Amidah is recited. During all of the Intermediate Days, Yaaleh Veyavo is inserted during all prayers and in the Grace After Meals.

The Intermediate Days are observed with limited work restriction.

Light candles for the 7th day of Passover, and recite blessing 3. Click here for the blessing, and here for local candle lighting times.

Evening prayers. After the Amidah, count the 6th day of the Omer.

It is customary in many communities to remain awake all night, studying Torah, in commemoration of the great miracle of the Splitting of the Sea, which occurred on the 7th day of Passover.

Shabbat April 3—21 Nissan
7th day of Passover — Shevi'i Shel Pesach

Morning service. Half Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark.
Torah reading: Exodus 13:17–15:26 and Numbers 28:19–25.
Haftarah: II Samuel 22:1–51.

The Priests bless the congregation with the Priestly Blessing during the Musaf prayer.

Festive lunch meal.

Evening prayers. After the Amidah, count the 7th day of the Omer.

Light candles for the 8th day of Passover after dark, using an existing flame, and recite blessing 2. Click here for the blessing, and here for local candle lighting times.

Sunday April 4 – 22 Nissan
Final Day of Passover — Acharon Shel Pesach

Morning service. Half Hallel is recited. Two Torah scrolls are taken out of the ark.
Torah reading: Deuteronomy 15:19–16:17 and Numbers 28:19–25.
Haftarah: Isaiah 10:32–12:6.

The Yizkor memorial service is recited following the Torah reading.

The Priests bless the congregation with the Priestly Blessing during the Musaf prayer.

Festive lunch meal.

On this final day of Passover we strive for the highest level of freedom, and focus on the Final Redemption. Following the Baal Shem Tov’s custom, we end Passover with “Moshiach’s Feast” — a festive meal complete with matzah and four cups of wine, during which we celebrate the imminent arrival of the Messiah. The feast begins before sunset and continues until after nightfall.

Evening prayers, the weekday Amidah is recited. After the Amidah, count the 8th day of the Omer.

After nightfall, perform the Havdalah ceremony, omitting the blessings on the spices and on the candle flame.

Nightfall is the official end of Passover (for the exact time, click here). Wait an hour to give the rabbi enough time to buy back your chametz before eating it.

Monday April 5—23 Nissan

The day following the holiday is known as Isru Chag. It is forbidden to fast on this day.