Genesis Chapter 24

10And the servant took ten camels of his master's camels, and he went, and all the best of his master was in his hand; and he arose, and he went to Aram naharaim, to the city of Nahor.   יוַיִּקַּ֣ח הָ֠עֶ֠בֶד עֲשָׂרָ֨ה גְמַלִּ֜ים מִגְּמַלֵּ֤י אֲדֹנָיו֙ וַיֵּ֔לֶךְ וְכָל־ט֥וּב אֲדֹנָ֖יו בְּיָד֑וֹ וַיָּ֗קָם וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ אֶל־אֲרַ֥ם נַֽהֲרַ֖יִם אֶל־עִ֥יר נָחֽוֹר:
of his master’s camels: (Gen. Rabbah 59:11). They were distinguishable from other camels by the fact that they would go out muzzled to prevent robbery, that they should not graze in strangers’ fields.   מִגְּמַלֵּי אדוניו: נִכָּרִין הָיוּ מִשְּׁאָר גְּמַלִּים, שֶׁהָיוּ יוֹצְאִין זְמוּמִין מִפְּנֵי הַגֶּזֶל, שֶׁלֹּא יִרְעוּ בִשְׂדוֹת אֲחֵרִים (בראשית רבה):
all the best of his master was in his hand: (Gen. Rabbah ad loc.) He wrote a gift deed to Isaac for everything he owned, so that they would hasten [lit., jump] to send him their daughter.   וְכָל־טוּב אדוניו בְּיָדוֹ: שְׁטָר מַתָּנָה כָּתַב לְיִצְחָק עַל כָּל אֲשֶׁר לוֹ, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּקְפְּצוּ לִשְׁלֹחַ לוֹ בִּתָּם (בראשית רבה):
Aram-naharaim: [lit., Aram of the two rivers.] It is situated between two rivers.   אֲרַם נַֽהֲרַיִם: בֵּין שְׁתֵּי נְהָרוֹת יוֹשֶׁבֶת:
11And he made the camels kneel outside the city beside the well of water, at eventide, at the time the maidens go out to draw water.   יאוַיַּבְרֵ֧ךְ הַגְּמַלִּ֛ים מִח֥וּץ לָעִ֖יר אֶל־בְּאֵ֣ר הַמָּ֑יִם לְעֵ֣ת עֶ֔רֶב לְעֵ֖ת צֵ֥את הַשֹּֽׁאֲבֹֽת:
And he made the camels kneel: He made them lie down. — [Gen. Rabbah 59:11, Targum Jonathan]   וַיַּבְרֵךְ הַגְּמַלִּים: הִרְבִּיצָם:
12And he said, "O Lord, the God of my master Abraham, please cause to happen to me today, and perform loving kindness with my master, Abraham.   יבוַיֹּאמַר֓ | יְהֹוָ֗ה אֱלֹהֵי֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֔ם הַקְרֵה־נָ֥א לְפָנַ֖י הַיּ֑וֹם וַֽעֲשֵׂה־חֶ֕סֶד עִ֖ם אֲדֹנִ֥י אַבְרָהָֽם:
13Behold, I am standing by the water fountain, and the daughters of the people of the city are coming out to draw water.   יגהִנֵּ֛ה אָֽנֹכִ֥י נִצָּ֖ב עַל־עֵ֣ין הַמָּ֑יִם וּבְנוֹת֙ אַנְשֵׁ֣י הָעִ֔יר יֹֽצְאֹ֖ת לִשְׁאֹ֥ב מָֽיִם:
14And it will be, [that] the maiden to whom I will say, 'Lower your pitcher and I will drink,' and she will say, 'Drink, and I will also water your camels,' her have You designated for Your servant, for Isaac, and through her may I know that You have performed loving kindness with my master."   ידוְהָיָ֣ה הַנַּֽעֲרָ֗ה (כתיב הנער) אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֹמַ֤ר אֵלֶ֨יהָ֙ הַטִּי־נָ֤א כַדֵּךְ֙ וְאֶשְׁתֶּ֔ה וְאָֽמְרָ֣ה שְׁתֵ֔ה וְגַם־גְּמַלֶּ֖יךָ אַשְׁקֶ֑ה אֹתָ֤הּ הֹכַ֨חְתָּ֙ לְעַבְדְּךָ֣ לְיִצְחָ֔ק וּבָ֣הּ אֵדַ֔ע כִּֽי־עָשִׂ֥יתָ חֶ֖סֶד עִם־אֲדֹנִֽי:
her have You designated: She is worthy of him, for she will perform acts of kindness, and she is fit to enter the house of Abraham; and the expression הֹכַחְתָּ means “You chose,” esprover in Old French.   אֹתָהּ הֹכַחְתָּ: רְאוּיָה הִיא לוֹ שֶׁתְּהֵא גּוֹמֶלֶת חֲסָדִים, וּכְדַאי לִכָּנֵס בְּבֵיתוֹ שֶׁל אַבְרָהָם; וּלְשׁוֹן הֹכַחְתָּ בֵּרַרְתָּ, אפרו"בישט בלע"ז:
and through her may I know: An expression of supplication:“Let me know through her.”   וּבָהּ אֵדַע: לְשׁוֹן תְּחִנָּה, הוֹדַע לִי בָּהּ:
that You have performed loving-kindness: If she will be from his family and fit for him, I will know that You have performed loving-kindness.   כִּֽי־עָשִׂיתָ חֶסֶד: אִם תִּהְיֶה מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ וְהוֹגֶנֶת לוֹ אֵדַע כִּי עָשִׂית חֶסֶד:
15Now he had not yet finished speaking, and behold, Rebecca came out, who had been born to Bethuel the son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, and her pitcher was on her shoulder.   טווַֽיְהִי־ה֗וּא טֶ֘רֶם֘ כִּלָּ֣ה לְדַבֵּר֒ וְהִנֵּ֧ה רִבְקָ֣ה יֹצֵ֗את אֲשֶׁ֤ר יֻלְּדָה֙ לִבְתוּאֵ֣ל בֶּן־מִלְכָּ֔ה אֵ֥שֶׁת נָח֖וֹר אֲחִ֣י אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְכַדָּ֖הּ עַל־שִׁכְמָֽהּ:
16Now the maiden was of very comely appearance, a virgin, and no man had been intimate with her, and she went down to the fountain, and she filled her pitcher and went up.   טזוְהַנַּֽעֲרָ֗ה (כתיב והנער) טֹבַ֤ת מַרְאֶה֙ מְאֹ֔ד בְּתוּלָ֕ה וְאִ֖ישׁ לֹ֣א יְדָעָ֑הּ וַתֵּ֣רֶד הָעַ֔יְנָה וַתְּמַלֵּ֥א כַדָּ֖הּ וַתָּֽעַל:
a virgin: from the place of her virginity. — [Gen. Rabbah 60:5]   בְּתוּלָה: מִמְּקוֹם בְּתוּלִים (בראשית רבה):
and no man had been intimate with her: in an unnatural way. Since the daughters of the gentiles would preserve their virginity but were promiscuous in unnatural ways, Scripture attests that she was completely innocent. — [Gen. Rabbah ad loc.]   וְאִישׁ לֹא יְדָעָהּ: שֶׁלֹּא כְּדַרְכָּהּ, לְפִי שֶׁבְּנוֹת הַגּוֹיִם הָיוּ מְשַׁמְּרוֹת מְקוֹם בְּתוּלֵיהֶן וּמַפְקִירוֹת עַצְמָן מִמָּקוֹם אַחֵר, הֵעִיד עַל זוֹ שֶׁנְּקִיָּה מִכֹּל:
17And the servant ran toward her, and he said, "Please let me sip a little water from your pitcher."   יזוַיָּ֥רָץ הָעֶ֖בֶד לִקְרָאתָ֑הּ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הַגְמִיאִ֥ינִי נָ֛א מְעַט־מַ֖יִם מִכַּדֵּֽךְ:
And the servant ran toward her: Because he saw that the water had risen toward her. — [Gen. Rabbah ad loc.]   וַיָּרָץ הָעֶבֶד לִקְרָאתָהּ: לְפִי שֶׁרָאָה שֶׁעָלוּ הַמַּיִם לִקְרָאתָהּ (בראשית רבה):
Please let me sip: An expression of swallowing, humer in Old French.   הַגְמִיאִינִי נָא: לְשׁוֹן גְּמִיעָה, הומיי"ר בלע"ז:
18And she said, "Drink, my lord." And she hastened and lowered her pitcher to her hand, and she gave him to drink.   יחוַתֹּ֖אמֶר שְׁתֵ֣ה אֲדֹנִ֑י וַתְּמַהֵ֗ר וַתֹּ֧רֶד כַּדָּ֛הּ עַל־יָדָ֖הּ וַתַּשְׁקֵֽהוּ:
and lowered her pitcher: from her shoulder.   וַתֹּרֶד כַּדָּהּ: מֵעַל שִׁכְמָהּ:
19And she finished giving him to drink, and she said, "I will also draw for your camels, until they will have finished drinking."   יטוַתְּכַ֖ל לְהַשְׁקֹת֑וֹ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר גַּ֤ם לִגְמַלֶּ֨יךָ֙ אֶשְׁאָ֔ב עַ֥ד אִם־כִּלּ֖וּ לִשְׁתֹּֽת:
until they will have finished drinking: Here the word אִם is used in the sense of אִשֶׁר, that   עַד אִם־כִּלּוּ: הֲרֵי אִם מְשַׁמֵּשׁ בִּלְשׁוֹן אֲשֶׁר, אִם כִּלּוּ דַי סִפּוּקוֹן, שֶׁזּוֹ הִיא גְּמַר שְׁתִיָּתָן, כְּשֶׁשָּׁתוּ דֵּי סִפּוּקָן:
they will have finished: Onkelos renders: until they have had enough, because that is the end of their drinking, when they have drunk their fill.  
20And she hastened, and she emptied her pitcher into the trough, and she ran again to the well to draw water, and she drew for all his camels.   כוַתְּמַהֵ֗ר וַתְּעַ֤ר כַּדָּהּ֙ אֶל־הַשֹּׁ֔קֶת וַתָּ֥רָץ ע֛וֹד אֶל־הַבְּאֵ֖ר לִשְׁאֹ֑ב וַתִּשְׁאַ֖ב לְכָל־גְּמַלָּֽיו:
and she emptied: וַתְּעַר is an expression of emptying. There are many examples in the language of the Mishnah: “One who empties (הַמְעָרֵה) from one vessel to another.” It is also found in Scripture (Psalms 141:8): “Do not cast out (תְּעַר) my soul”; (Isa. 53:12): “That he poured out (הֶעֱרָה) his soul to death.”   וַתְּעַר: לְשׁוֹן נְפִיצָה, וְהַרְבֵּה יֵשׁ בִּלְשׁוֹן מִשְׁנָה הַמְעָרֶה מִכְּלִי אֶל כֶּלִי, וּבַמִּקְרָא יֵשׁ לוֹ דּוֹמֶה אַל תְּעַר נַפְשִׁי (תהילים קמא), אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱרָה לַמָּוֶת נַפְשׁוֹ (ישעיהו נ"ג):
the trough: A hollow stone from which the camels drink.   הַשֹּׁקֶת: אֶבֶן חֲלוּלָה שֶׁשּׁוֹתִים בָּה הַגְּמַלִּים:
21And the man was astonished at her, standing silent, [waiting] to know whether the Lord had caused his way to prosper or not.   כאוְהָאִ֥ישׁ מִשְׁתָּאֵ֖ה לָ֑הּ מַֽחֲרִ֕ישׁ לָדַ֗עַת הַֽהִצְלִ֧יחַ יְהֹוָ֛ה דַּרְכּ֖וֹ אִם־לֹֽא:
was astonished: Heb. מִשְׁתָּאֵה, an expression of desolation, as in (Isa. 6:11): “[until] the cities become desolate (שָׁאוּ) …and [the ground] lies waste (תִּשָׁאֶה) and desolate.”   מִשְׁתָּאֵה: לְשׁוֹן שְׁאִיָּה, כְּמוֹ שָׁאוּ עָרִים, תִּשָּׁאֶה שְׁמָמָה (שם ו'):
was astonished: מִשְׁתָּאֵה [means that] he was astonished and startled because he saw his efforts on the verge of succeeding, but he did not yet know whether she was of Abraham’s family or not. Do not be surprised by the letter “tav” in the word מִשְׁתָּאֵה [since the root is שׁאה], because there is no word [verb] whose first root-letter is a “shin,” which is used in the reflexive [Hitpa’el] form, in which a “tav” does not separate the first two letters of the root, e.g. מִשְׁתָּאֵה [here]; or (Isa. 59:15) מִשְׁתּוֹלֵל which is from the same root as תּשׁוֹלָל or (ibid. 59:16) וַיִּשְׁתּוֹמֵם, from the same root as שְׁמָמָה or (Micah 6:16): “And the statutes of Omri shall be observed (וַיִּשְתַמֵּר),” from the same root as וַיִּשְׁמֹר. Here too, מִשְׁתָּאֵה is from the same root as תִּשָׁאֶה. And just as you find the expression מְשׁוֹמֵם used concerning a person who is astonished, dumbfounded, and engrossed in thought, as in (Job 18:20): “Those who come after shall be astonished (נָשַׁמּוּ) at his day;” or (Jer. 2:12): “O heavens, be ye astonished (שׁוֹמּוּ);” or (Dan. 4: 16): “He was bewildered (אֶשְׁתּוֹמַם) for awhile;” so can you explain the expression שְׁאִיָה as referring to a person who is astonished and engrossed in thought. Onkelos, however, renders it as an expression of waiting (שְׁהִיָה): “and the man waited (שָׁהֵי),” [meaning that] he waited and stood in one place to see “whether the Lord had made his way prosper.” However, we cannot translate מִשְׁתָּאֵה as meaning שָׁתֵי, “to drink,” because [the word מִשְׁתָּאֵה] does not mean drinking, for the “aleph” does not occur in the verb “to drink” (שְׁתִּיָה).   מִשְׁתָּאֵה: מִשְׁתּוֹמֵם וּמִתְבַּהַל עַל שֶׁרָאָה דְבָרוֹ קָרוֹב לְהַצְלִיחַ, אֲבָל אֵינוֹ יוֹדֵעַ אִם מִמִּשְׁפַּחַת אַבְרָהָם הִיא אִם לָאו. וְאַל תִּתְמַהּ בַּת' שֶׁל מִשְׁתָּאֵה, שֶׁאֵין לְךָ תֵּבָה שֶׁתְּחִלַּת יְסוֹדָהּ שִׁי"ן וּמְדַבֶּרֶת בִּלְשׁוֹן מִתְפַּעֵל שֶׁאֵין תָּי"ו מַפְרִידָה בֵּין שְׁתֵּי אוֹתִיּוֹת שֶׁל עִקָּר הַיְסוֹד כְּגוֹן מִשְׁתָּאֵה, מִשְׁתּוֹלֵל מִגִּזְרַת שׁוֹלָל, וַיִּשְׁתּוֹמֵם מִגִּזְרַת שְׁמָמָה, וְיִשְׁתַּמֵּר חֻקּוֹת עָמְרִי (מיכה ו') מִגִּזְרַת וַיִּשְׁמֹר, אַף כָּאן מִשְׁתָּאֵה מִגִּזְרַת תִּשָּׁאֶה, וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁאַתָּה מוֹצֵא לְשׁוֹן מְשׁוֹמֵם בְּאָדָם נִבְהָל וְנֶאֱלָם וּבַעַל מַחֲשָׁבוֹת, כְּמוֹ עַל יוֹמוֹ נָשַׁמּוּ אַחֲרֹנִים (איוב י"ח), שֹׁמּוּ שָׁמַיִם (ירמיהו ב'), אֶשְׁתּוֹמַם כְּשָׁעָה חֲדָא (דניאל ד'), כָּךְ תְּפָרֵשׁ לְשׁוֹן שְׁאִיָּה בְּאָדָם בָּהוּל וּבַעַל מַחֲשָׁבוֹת (וְאֻנְקְלוֹס תִּרְגֵּם לְשׁוֹן שְׁהִיָּה, וְגַבְרָא שָׁהֵי, שׁוֹהֵא וְעוֹמֵד בְּמָקוֹם אֶחָד לִרְאוֹת הַהִצְלִיחַ ה' דַּרְכּוֹ; וְאֵין לְתַרְגֵּם שָׁתֵי, שֶׁהֲרֵי אֵינוֹ לְשׁוֹן שְׁתִיָּה, שֶׁאֵין אָלֶף נוֹפֶלֶת בִּלְשׁוֹן שְׁתִיָּה):
was astonished at her: [לָהּ means] he was astonished about her, as in [above 20:13]: “Say about me (לִי), ‘He is my brother;’ ” and as in [26:7]: “The people of the place asked about his wife (לְאִשׁתּוֹ).”   מִשְׁתָּאֵה לָהּ: מִשְׁתּוֹמֵם עָלֶיהָ, כְּמוֹ אִמְרִי לִי אָחִי הוּא (בראשית כ׳:י״ג) וּכְמוֹ וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ אַנְשֵׁי הַמָּקוֹם לְאִשְׁתּוֹ (שם כ"ו):
22Now it came about, when the camels had finished drinking, [that] the man took a golden nose ring, weighing half [a shekel], and two bracelets for her hands, weighing ten gold [shekels].   כבוַיְהִ֗י כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֨ר כִּלּ֤וּ הַגְּמַלִּים֙ לִשְׁתּ֔וֹת וַיִּקַּ֤ח הָאִישׁ֙ נֶ֣זֶם זָהָ֔ב בֶּ֖קַע מִשְׁקָל֑וֹ וּשְׁנֵ֤י צְמִידִים֙ עַל־יָדֶ֔יהָ עֲשָׂרָ֥ה זָהָ֖ב מִשְׁקָלָֽם:
half [a shekel]: This alludes to the shekels of Israel, half a shekel per head. — [Targum Jonathan]   בֶּקַע: רֶמֶז לְשִׁקְלֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בֶּקַע לַגֻּלְגֹּלֶת:
and two bracelets: An allusion to the two Tablets paired together. — [Gen. Rabbah (60:6), Targum Jonathan]   וּשְׁנֵי צְמִידִים: רֶמֶז לִשְׁנֵי לוּחוֹת מְצֻמָּדוֹת:
weighing ten gold [shekels]: An allusion to the Ten Commandments [inscribed] on them. — [Gen. Rabbah 60:6]   עֲשָׂרָה זָהָב מִשְׁקָלָֽם: רֶמֶז לַעֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת שֶׁבָּהֶן:
23And he said, "Whose daughter are you? Please tell me. Is there place for us for lodging in your father's house?"   כגוַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ בַּת־מִ֣י אַ֔תְּ הַגִּ֥ידִי נָ֖א לִ֑י הֲיֵ֧שׁ בֵּֽית־אָבִ֛יךְ מָק֥וֹם לָ֖נוּ לָלִֽין:
And he said, "Whose daughter are you?: He asked her this after giving her [the gifts] because he was confident that in the merit of Abraham, the Holy One, blessed be He, had caused his way to prosper.   וַיֹּאמֶר בַּת־מִי אַתְּ: לְאַחַר שֶׁנָּתַן לָהּ שְׁאָלָהּ, לְפִי שֶׁהָיָה בָּטוּחַ בִּזְכוּתוֹ שֶׁל אַבְרָהָם שֶׁהִצְלִיחַ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא דַּרְכּוֹ:
for lodging: לִין means one night’s lodging. - לִין is a noun. But she replied, לָלוּן, meaning many lodgings. — [Gen. Rabbah 60:6] [Since לָלוּן is a verb, it does not limit the number of lodgings.]   לָלִֽין: לִינָה אַחַת, לִין שֵׁם דָּבָר; וְהִיא אָמְרָה לָלוּן – כַּמָּה לִינוֹת:
24And she said to him, "I am the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Milcah, whom she bore to Nahor."   כדוַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו בַּת־בְּתוּאֵ֖ל אָנֹ֑כִי בֶּן־מִלְכָּ֕ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָֽלְדָ֖ה לְנָחֽוֹר:
the daughter of Bethuel: She answered his first question first and his last question last.   בַּת־בְּתוּאֵל: הֱשִׁיבַתּוּ עַל רִאשׁוֹן רִאשׁוֹן וְעַל אַחֲרוֹן אַחֲרוֹן:
25And she said to him, "Both straw and fodder are plentiful with us; [there is] also a place to lodge."   כהוַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו גַּם־תֶּ֥בֶן גַּם־מִסְפּ֖וֹא רַ֣ב עִמָּ֑נוּ גַּם־מָק֖וֹם לָלֽוּן:
fodder: All camel food is called מִסְפּוֹא, such as straw and barley.   מִסְפּוֹא: כָּל מַאֲכַל הַגְּמַלִים קָרוּי מִסְפּוֹא, כְּגוֹן תֶּבֶן וּשְׂעוֹרִים:
26And the man kneeled and prostrated himself to the Lord.   כווַיִּקֹּ֣ד הָאִ֔ישׁ וַיִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ לַֽיהֹוָֽה: